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Petr Skoumal
PETR SKOUMAL (7 March 1938 – 28 September 2014) was a Czech musician and composer . Skoumal focused on film music. He also composed music for animated shorts (i.e. Pat "> * ^ A B Velinger, Jan (6 October 2014). "Friends, family, colleagues pay last respects to Petr Skoumal"
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Czech Republic
The CZECH REPUBLIC (/ˈtʃɛk rᵻˈpʌblɪk/ (_ listen ) CHEK-rə-PUB-lik_ ; Czech : _Česká republika_, Czech pronunciation: (_ listen )), also known as CZECHIA (/ˈtʃɛkiə/ ( listen ), CHEK-ee-ə_ ; Czech : _Česko_, pronounced ), is a nation state in Central Europe
Europe
bordered by Germany
Germany
to the west, Austria
Austria
to the south, Slovakia
Slovakia
to the east and Poland
Poland
to the northeast. The Czech Republic covers an area of 78,866 square kilometres (30,450 sq mi) with a mostly temperate continental climate and oceanic climate . It is a unitary parliamentary republic , has 10.5 million inhabitants and the capital and largest city is Prague
Prague
, with over 1.2 million residents. The Czech Republic includes the historical territories of Bohemia
Bohemia
, Moravia
Moravia
, and Czech Silesia
Czech Silesia
. The Czech state was formed in the late 9th century as the Duchy of Bohemia
Bohemia
under the Great Moravian Empire . After the fall of the Empire in 907, the centre of power transferred from Moravia
Moravia
to Bohemia
Bohemia
under the Přemyslid dynasty
Přemyslid dynasty

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Musician
A MUSICIAN (or INSTRUMENTALIST) is a person who plays a musical instrument or is musically talented. Anyone who composes, conducts, or performs music may also be referred to as a musician. Musicians can specialize in any musical style, and some musicians play in a variety of different styles depending on cultures and background. Examples of a musician's possible skills include performing , conducting , singing , composing , arranging , and the orchestration of music. CONTENTS* 1 Medieval musicians * 1.1 Notable musicians * 2 Renaissance musicians * 2.1 Notable musicians * 3 Baroque musicians * 3.1 Notable musicians * 4 Classical musicians * 4.1 Notable musicians * 5 Romantic musicians * 5.1 Notable musicians * 6 20th century * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 External links MEDIEVAL MUSICIANS _ "A chantar m\'er de so qu\'eu no volria" Written by Beatritz de Dia . ------------------------- Problems playing this file? See media help ._ Further information: Medieval music In the Middle Ages , instrumental musicians performed with soft ensembles inside and loud instruments outdoors. Many European musicians of this time catered to the Roman Catholic Church , providing arrangements structured around Gregorian chant structure and Masses from church texts
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Composer
A COMPOSER ( Latin _compōnō_; literally "one who puts together") is a person who creates or writes music , which can be vocal music (for a singer or choir ), instrumental music (e.g., for solo piano , string quartet , wind quintet or orchestra ) or music which combines both instruments and voices (e.g., opera or art song , which is a singer accompanied by a pianist). The core meaning of the term refers to individuals who have contributed to the tradition of Western classical music through creation of works expressed in written musical notation (e.g., sheet music scores). Many composers are also skilled performers, either as singers, instrumentalists , or conductors . Examples of composers who are also well known for their ability as performers include J. S. Bach (an organist ), Mozart (violin and piano ), and Beethoven , Liszt and Chopin (all skilled pianists). Involvement in practical music-making provides a composer with insight into the diverse musical elements needed for a good piece of music and it can give them practical guidance with their compositions. In broader usage, "composer" can designate people who participate in other musical traditions who create music, as well as those who create music by means other than written notation: for example, Blues or folk singers and guitarists who create songs through improvisation and recording and popular music writers of musical theatre songs and arrangements
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Pat & Mat
PAT "> , 91 episodes of the show have been produced, and it has been syndicated in a large number of countries due to its lack of dialogue. CONTENTS * 1 Name * 2 The show * 3 History * 4 Awards * 5 Controversies * 5.1 Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
* 5.2 Switzerland
Switzerland
* 6 List of episodes * 7 50th episode * 8 Titles in other languages * 9 Home media * 10 Related products * 11 References * 12 External links NAMEThe names "Pat" and "Mat" are Czech and Slovak words meaning "stalemate " and "checkmate " respectively. These words are taken from the Persian chess terms: pāt (Persian : پات‎‎) and māt (Persian : مات‎‎). THE SHOWEach episode typically features the two characters facing mostly self-made problems, and trying to solve them using a range of possible and impossible tools and construction gadgets. Their solutions appear to work, before everything suddenly goes wrong, leading to even more problems than before. However, Pat and Mat invariably find a solution in the end, usually via a surprising or innovative method. They then shake hands, before making their trademark hand gesture with a bent hand and closed fist. According to the authors, it is manual ineptitude that inspires the stories. Alongside the humour, another motif of the show is the importance of an optimistic approach towards life
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Maxipes Fík
MAXIPES FíK ("pes" in Czech means "dog") is a popular cartoon character of Czech children TV animated series. First series was shot in 1975. The author and screenwriter was Rudolf Čechura and the animator was Jiří Šalamoun . Music was composed by Petr Skoumal
Petr Skoumal
, the voice was narrated by actor Josef Dvořák
Josef Dvořák
. The second series was launched in 1978. In the memory of Maxipes Fík his birthday is celebrated in Kadaň
Kadaň
(Maxipes Fík was born in Ahníkov, a bulldozed village nearby where Rudolf Čechura was born and Josef Dvořák
Josef Dvořák
has lived and acted in Kadaň)
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The Drama Club (Prague)
THE DRAMA CLUB (Czech: Činoherní klub) is a theatre located in Prague
Prague
. The Drama Club was founded by Ladislav Smoček and Jaroslav Vostrý . The opening performance of Piknik took place on 3 March 1965. The actors in the 1970s and 1980s included Petr Čepek , Pavel Landovský , Josef Somr
Josef Somr
, Jiří Kodet , Jirina Trebicka , Libuše Šafránková and Josef Abrhám
Josef Abrhám
. On 19 November 1989, two days after the Velvet revolution , the Civic Forum
Civic Forum
was founded there. The Drama Club was awarded Alfréd Radok Award in category Theatre of the Year in 2002, and 2008. The current actors include Jaromír Dulava , Ivana Chýlková , Ondřej Vetchý and Petr Nárožný . SELECTED PERFORMANCES * 2008 – Ptákovina ( The Blunder ) by Milan Kundera , directed by Ladislav Smoček * 2006 – American Buffalo by David Mamet , d. Ondřej Sokol * 2005 – The Pillowman by Martin McDonagh , d. Ondřej Sokol * 2004 – The Goat, or, Who is Sylvia?
The Goat, or, Who is Sylvia?
by Edward Albee , d. Martin Čičvák , co-production with Slovak Arena Theatre
Arena Theatre
* 2004 – Sexual Perversity in Chicago by David Mamet , d
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Prague
Motto: " Praga Caput Rei publicae" (Latin ) "Prague, Head of the Republic" _other historical mottos _ * " Praga mater urbium" (Latin ) "Praha matka měst" (Czech ) "Prague, Mother of Cities" * " Praga Caput Regni" (Latin ) "Prague, Head of the Kingdom" Coordinates: 50°05′N 14°25′E / 50.083°N 14.417°E / 50.083; 14.417 Coordinates : 50°05′N 14°25′E / 50.083°N 14.417°E / 50.083; 14.417 COUNTRY Czech Republic
Czech Republic
FOUNDED 6th century GOVERNMENT • MAYOR
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Album
An ALBUM is a collection of audio recordings issued as a single item on CD , record , audio tape or another medium. Albums of recorded music were developed in the early 20th century, first as books of individual 78rpm records , then from 1948 as vinyl LP records played at  33 1⁄3 rpm . Vinyl LPs are still issued, though in the 21st-century album sales have mostly focused on compact disc (CD) and MP3 formats. The audio cassette was a format used from the late 1970s through to the 1990s alongside vinyl. An album may be recorded in a recording studio (fixed or mobile), in a concert venue, at home, in the field, or a mix of places. The time frame for completely recording an album varies between a few hours to several years. This process usually requires several takes with different parts recorded separately, and then brought or "mixed " together. Recordings that are done in one take without overdubbing are termed "live", even when done in a studio. Studios are built to absorb sound, eliminating reverberation , so as to assist in mixing different takes; other locations, such as concert venues and some "live rooms", allow for reverberation, which creates a "live" sound. The majority of studio recordings contain an abundance of editing, sound effects, voice adjustments, etc
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Communist
In political and social sciences , COMMUNISM (from Latin _communis_, "common, universal") is the philosophical, social, political, and economic ideology and movement whose ultimate goal is the establishment of the communist society , which is a socioeconomic order structured upon the common ownership of the means of production and the absence of social classes , money , and the state . Communism includes a variety of schools of thought, which broadly include Marxism , anarchism (anarchist communism ), and the political ideologies grouped around both. All these share the analysis that the current order of society stems from its economic system, capitalism , that in this system, there are two major social classes: the working class —who must work to survive, and who make up the majority within society—and the capitalist class —a minority who derives profit from employing the working class, through private ownership of the means of production , and that conflict between these two classes will trigger a revolution. The primary element which will enable this transformation, according to this analysis, is the social ownership of the means of production. Criticism of communism can be roughly divided into those concerning themselves with the practical aspects of 20th century communist states , and those concerning themselves with communist principles and theory
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Pavel Šrut
PAVEL ŠRUT (born 3 April 1940 in Prague
Prague
) is a Czech poet and writer. CAREERAfter graduating in 1967 from the Charles University in Prague
Prague
where he studied English and Spanish , Šrut worked as an editor in a publishing house. Since 1972, he is a freelance writer and translator . Together with poets such as Ivan Wernisch and Petr Kabeš, Šrut belongs to the famous generation of Czech poets who published their first books in the 1960s. Like so many of his contemporaries, he was not allowed to publish books of his poems during the Soviet occupation, except for books for children. His work is often done together with an award-winning Czech painter and illustrator Galina Miklínová (e. g. Verunka a kokosový dědek (2004) which is included on the IBBY list, as is his 1992 book Kočičí král which is a collection of English, Irish, Scottish and Welsh fairy-tales) and lyrics for Czech musicians like Petr Skoumal
Petr Skoumal
, and Framus Five. Apart from his celebrated poetry and books for children, he is also a translator from English and Spanish. His translations include books of Dylan Thomas
Dylan Thomas
, Robert Graves , D. H. Lawrence , Leonard Cohen , John Updike , Federico García Lorca
Federico García Lorca
, and others. Šrut lives in Zdice
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If The Pig Had Wings
IF THE PIG HAD WINGS is an album for children. It includes songs by Petr Skoumal
Petr Skoumal
, based on rhymes by Emanuel Frynta and Pavel Šrut
Pavel Šrut
. The title song is based on a rhyme "If Pigs Could Fly" by James Reeves . In 1996, Petr Skoumal
Petr Skoumal
together with stage director Jan Borna and actor Jan Vondráček turned the album into a performance staged in Divadlo v Dlouhé . It was on the repertoire for almost seventeen years
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Divadlo V Dlouhé
DIVADLO V DLOUHé is a repertoire theatre with a permanent group of actors established in 1996 as a set financed by the Municipality of Prague
Prague
. The group of actors comprises graduates of the Theatre Academy of Musical Arts, part of the actors have studied in the Department of Alternative and Marionette Theatre of this Academy. The young group is highly talented in terms of dance and music. The repertoire spans from great dramatic stories to non-traditional cabarets . The Theatre holds the Child in Dlouhá / Dítě v Dlouhé festival at which the most interesting plays for children's theatre are featured. Divadlo v Dlouhé
Divadlo v Dlouhé
was nominated several times for Alfréd Radok Award in the category Theatre of the Year. Grabbe 's Don Juan and Faust and Sestra Úzkost won the category Performance of the Year. The theatre is headed by Daniela Šálková. The key directors are Hana Burešová and Jan Borna . The most prominent actors are Miroslav Táborský , Jan Vondráček , Vlastimil Zavřel, Jaroslava Pokorná and Klára Sedláčková . Notable guest actors include Karel Roden
Karel Roden
, Martin Huba
Martin Huba
and Petr Skoumal
Petr Skoumal

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Strašnice Crematorium
STRAšNICE CREMATORIUM (in CZECH : KREMATORIUM STRAšNICE) is the largest crematory in Europe in terms of area. President Václav Havel was cremated here. The crematorium was involved in the disposal of those who had been executed by the Nazi and Communist regimes including writer Vladislav Vančura , general Josef Mašín
Josef Mašín
, politician Milada Horáková and bishop Gorazd of Prague
Prague
. CONTENTS * 1 Description * 2 Totalitarian regimes * 3 More recently * 4 References DESCRIPTION A columbarium at the crematorium The crematorium was started in 1929 and it opened in 1932 in Prague - Vinohrady
Vinohrady
, Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
(today the Czech Republic
Czech Republic
). In terms of area it is the largest crematorium in Europe. The main hall is sixteen metres high and covers an area of 450 square metres. The design brings in the hearses such that the journey into the building is down a gentle slope of three degrees. The ceremonial hall can accommodate 200 people but it has a large glass viewing area so that additional mourners can be accommodated outside. Music can either be recorded or the 100-square-metre (1,100 sq ft) hall can also use its own organ
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Radio Prague
RADIO PRAGUE (Czech : Český rozhlas 7 - Radio Praha) is the official international broadcasting station of the Czech Republic
Czech Republic
. Radio Prague
Radio Prague
broadcasts in six languages: English , German , French , Spanish , Czech and Russian . It broadcasts programmes about the Czech Republic on satellite and on the Internet. Broadcasting first began on August 31, 1936 near the spa town of Poděbrady
Poděbrady
. A Radio Prague pennant from 1986 The station broadcasts a total of 24 hours' worth of programmes per day, 3 hours of which are new programmes (one new 30-minute programme in each of the six languages); the remaining 21 hours are rebroadcasts. Rebroadcast programmes have fresh news bulletins. All programmes last for 30 minutes and have a standard layout: news, current affairs magazine and a feature. The theme of the feature changes each day and each section tailors programmes to suit its audience. The weekend broadcasts have a slightly more relaxed structure, they contain less news and more features devoted to the arts, social affairs, and music. CONTENTS * 1 International cooperation * 2 End of Shortwave Broadcasts * 3 In popular culture * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION Radio Prague
Radio Prague
produces a number of programmes in co-operation with other radio stations, and also for them
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IMDb
The INTERNET MOVIE DATABASE (abbreviated IMDB) is an online database of information related to films, television programs and video games, including cast, production crew, fictional characters, biographies, plot summaries, trivia and reviews, operated by IMDb.com, Inc., a subsidiary of Amazon . As of June 2017 , IMDb has approximately 4.4 million titles (including episodes), 8 million personalities in its database, as well as 75 million registered users. The site enables registered users to submit new material and edits to existing entries. Although all data is checked before going live, the system has been open to abuse and occasional errors are acknowledged. Users are also invited to rate any film on a scale of 1 to 10, and the totals are converted into a weighted mean -rating that is displayed beside each title, with online filters employed to deter ballot-stuffing . The site also featured message boards for authenticated users which IMDb shutdown permanently on February 20, 2017. Anyone with an internet connection can view the movie and talent pages of IMDb. A registration process is necessary however, to contribute info to the site. A registered user chooses a site name for themselves, and is given a profile page
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