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Patrapur
PATRAPUR is one of the block headquarters of Ganjam district situated south of Orissa bordering to Andhra Pradesh . It is located southwest of Berhampur and southeast of Chikiti . It is one of the biggest villages of Ganjam district , having more than 15,000 people. Patrapur
Patrapur
is a business center catering to surrounding villages. The major occupations are agriculture, trading and self-employment. People are dependent on rain for crops. There are 3 Primary Schools , one middle English School, one girls' high school and one coeducational high school. Commercial banks like Canara Bank , State Bank Of India Cooperative Banks, a court, a Fire Station, Tahasil offices, a hospital and other establishments encourage people from nearby villages to come to the town
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Geographic Coordinate System
A GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATE SYSTEM is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position , and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position . A common choice of coordinates is latitude , longitude and elevation . To specify a location on a two-dimensional map requires a map projection
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India
INDIA, officially the REPUBLIC OF INDIA (_Bhārat Gaṇarājya_), is a country in South Asia . It is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country (with over 1.2 billion people ), and the most populous democracy in the world. It is bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast. It shares land borders with Pakistan to the west; China , Nepal , and Bhutan to the northeast; and Myanmar (Burma) and Bangladesh to the east. In the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives . India's Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia . The Indian subcontinent was home to the urban Indus Valley Civilisation of the 3rd millennium BCE. In the following millennium, the oldest scriptures associated with Hinduism began to be composed. Social stratification, based on caste , emerged in the first millennium BCE, and Buddhism and Jainism arose. Early political consolidations took place under the Maurya and Gupta empires ; the later peninsular Middle Kingdoms influenced cultures as far as southeast Asia
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States And Territories Of India
India
India
is a federal union comprising twenty-nine states and seven union territories . The states and union territories are further subdivided into districts and further into smaller administrative divisions
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Orissa, India
ODISHA ( /əˈdɪsə/ ( listen ) ) (formerly ORISSA) (/ɒˈrɪsə, ɔː-, oʊ-/ ; is one of the 29 states of India , located in the eastern coast. It is surrounded by the states of West Bengal to the north-east, Jharkhand to the north, Chhattisgarh to the west and north-west, and Andhra Pradesh to the south. Odisha has 485 kilometres (301 mi) of coastline along the Bay of Bengal on its east, from Balasore to Malkangiri . It is the 9th largest state by area , and the 11th largest by population . It is also the 3rd most populous state of India in terms of tribal population. Odia (formerly known as Oriya) is the official and most widely spoken language, spoken by 33.2 million according to the 2001 Census. The ancient kingdom of Kalinga , which was invaded by the Mauryan emperor Ashoka in 261 BCE resulting in the Kalinga War , coincides with the borders of modern-day Odisha. The modern state of Orissa was established on 1 April 1936, as a province in British India , and consisted predominantly of Odia-speaking regions. April 1 is celebrated as Odisha Day . The region is also known as UTKALA and is mentioned in India's national anthem, "Jana Gana Mana ". Cuttack was made the capital of the region by Anantavarman Chodaganga in c. 1135, after which the city was used as the capital by many rulers, through the British era until 1948. Thereafter, Bhubaneswar became the capital of Odisha
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List Of Districts Of India
A DISTRICT (_zilā_) is an administrative division of an Indian state or territory . In some cases districts are further subdivided into sub-divisions , and in others directly into _tehsils_ or _talukas_ . As of 2016 there are a total of 707 districts, up from the 640 in the 2011 Census of India and the 593 recorded in the 2001 Census of India . District officials include: * Deputy Commissioner or District Magistrate or District Collector , an officer of the Indian Administrative Service , in charge of administration and revenue collection * Superintendent of Police or Deputy Commissioner of Police, an officer belonging to the Indian Police Service , responsible for maintaining law and order * Deputy Conservator of Forests , an officer belonging to the Indian Forest Service , entrusted with the management of the forests, environment and wildlife of the districtEach of these officials is aided by officers from the appropriate branch of the state government. Most districts have a distinct headquarters; Mumbai City district (MC) in Maharashtra (MH) is an example which, despite forming a district, does not have a clear headquarters, though it does have a District Collector. Mahe of Puducherry is the smallest (9 km2) district of India by area while Kutch of Gujarat is the largest (45,652 km2) district of India by area
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Oriya Language
ODIA (/əˈdiːə/ ) or ORIYA (/ɒˈriːə/ ; both renderings of Odia: ଓଡ଼ିଆ _ oḍiā_ (help ·info )), is a language spoken by 3.2% of India 's population. It is an Indo-Aryan language that is spoken mostly in eastern India , with around 40 million native speakers, as of the year 2016, from the state of Odisha , from adjoining regions of its neighboring states and by the largely migrated Odia population across India. It is the predominant language of the Indian state of Odisha, where native speakers make up 80% of the population, and also is spoken in parts of West Bengal , Jharkhand , Chhattisgarh and Andhra Pradesh . Odia is one of the many official languages of India ; it is the official language of Odisha and the second official language of Jharkhand . The language is also spoken by a sizeable population of at least 10 million people in Chhattisgarh. Odia is the sixth Indian language to be designated a Classical Language in India on the basis of having a long literary history and not having borrowed extensively from other languages. The earliest known inscription in Odia dates back to the 10th century AD
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Time Zone
A TIME ZONE is a region of the globe that observes a uniform standard time for legal, commercial, and social purposes. Timezones tend to follow the boundaries of countries and their subdivisions because it is convenient for areas in close commercial or other communication to keep the same time. Most of the time zones on land are offset from Coordinated Universal Time(UTC) by a whole number of hours ( UTC−12to UTC+14), but a few zones are offset by 30 or 45 minutes (for example Newfoundland Standard Timeis UTC−03:30, NepalStandard Timeis UTC+05:45, and Indian Standard Timeis UTC+05:30). Some higher latitude and temperate zone countries use daylight saving time for part of the year, typically by adjusting local clock time by an hour. Many land time zones are skewed toward the west of the corresponding nautical time zones . This also creates a permanent daylight saving time effect
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Indian Standard Time
INDIAN STANDARD TIME (IST) is the time observed throughout India and Sri Lanka , with a time offset of UTC+05:30 . India does not observe daylight saving time (DSTu) or other seasonal adjustments. In military and aviation time IST is designated E* ("Echo-Star"). Indian Standard Time is calculated on the basis of 82.30' E longitude , in Kakinada , (16°35′N 82°09′E / 16.58°N 82.15°E / 16.58; 82.15 ) which is nearly on the corresponding longitude reference line. In the tz database , it is represented by Asia/Kolkata . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Criticism and proposals * 3 Time signals * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links HISTORY Main article: Time in India After independence in 1947 , the Indian government established IST as the official time for the whole country, although Kolkata and Mumbai retained their own local time (known as Calcutta Time and Bombay Time ) until 1948 and 1955, respectively. The Central observatory was moved from Chennai to a location at Shankargarh Fort Allahabad district , so that it would be as close to UTC +5:30 as possible. Daylight Saving Time (DST) was used briefly during the China–Indian War of 1962 and the Indo–Pakistani Wars of 1965 and 1971
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UTC+5
UTC+05:00 is an identifier for a time offset from UTC of +05:00. This time is used in: CONTENTS* 1 As standard time (all year round) * 1.1 North Asia * 1.2 Central Asia * 1.3 South Asia * 1.4 Indian Ocean * 1.5 Antarctica * 2 See also * 3 External links AS STANDARD TIME (ALL YEAR ROUND)NORTH ASIA * Russia - Yekaterinburg Time CENTRAL ASIA* Kazakhstan (western part) - Time in Kazakhstan * Aktobe Region , Atyrau Region , Mangystau Region , West Kazakhstan Region * Uzbekistan - Time in Uzbekistan * Tajikistan * Turkmenistan SOUTH ASIA * Pakistan - Pakistan Standard Time INDIAN OCEAN * Maldives - Time in the Maldives * France - Time in France * French Southern and Antarctic Lands * Australia - Time in Australia * Heard and MacDonald Islands ANTARCTICA * Some bases in Antarctica. See also Time in Antarctica .Armenia and Azerbaijan used this as daylight saving time (DST) from 1981-2012 and 1981-2016 respectively, called Armenia Summer Time (AMST) and Azerbaijan Summer Time (AZST)
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Postal Index Number
A POSTAL INDEX NUMBER or PIN or PINCODE is a code in the post office numbering or post code system used by India Post , the Indian postal administration . The code is six digits long. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Postal zones * 3 PIN numbering * 3.1 Sorting district * 3.2 Service route * 3.3 Delivery office * 4 Delivery system * 5 References * 6 External links HISTORYThe PIN Code system was introduced on 15 August 1972 by Shriram Bhikaji Velankar, an additional secretary in the Union Ministry of Communications. The system was introduced to simplify the manual sorting and delivery of mail by eliminating confusion over incorrect addresses, similar place names and different languages used by the public. POSTAL ZONESThere are nine PIN zones in India, including eight regional zones and one functional zone (for the Indian Army). The first digit of the PIN code indicates the region. The second digit indicates the sub-region, and the third digit indicates the sorting district within the region. The final three digits are assigned to individual post offices
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Vehicle Registration Plate
A VEHICLE REGISTRATION PLATE, also known as a NUMBER PLATE (British English ) or a LICENSE PLATE ( American English ), is a metal or plastic plate attached to a motor vehicle or trailer for official identification purposes. All countries require registration plates for road vehicles such as cars, trucks, and motorcycles. Whether they are required for other vehicles, such as bicycles, boats, or tractors, may vary by jurisdiction. The registration identifier is a numeric or alphanumeric ID that uniquely identifies the vehicle owner within the issuing region's vehicle register . In some countries, the identifier is unique within the entire country, while in others it is unique within a state or province. Whether the identifier is associated with a vehicle or a person also varies by issuing agency
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Human Sex Ratio
In anthropology and demography , the HUMAN SEX RATIO is the ratio of males to females in a population . More data are available for humans than for any other species, and the human sex ratio is more studied than that of any other species, but interpreting these statistics can be difficult. Like most sexual species, the sex ratio in humans is approximately 1:1. Due to higher female fetal mortality, the sex ratio at birth worldwide is commonly thought to be 107 boys to 100 girls , although this value is subject to debate in the scientific community. The sex ratio for the entire world population is 101 males to 100 females. Depending upon which definition is used, between 0.1% and 1.7% of live births are intersex . Gender imbalance may arise as a consequence of various factors including natural factors, exposure to pesticides and environmental contaminants, war casualties, gender-selective abortions and infanticides, aging, and deliberate gendercide . Human sex ratios, either at birth or in the population as a whole, are reported in any of four ways: the ratio of males to females, the ratio of females to males, the proportion of males, or the proportion of females. If there are 108,000 males and 100,000 females the ratio of males to females is 1.080 and the proportion of males is 51.9%. Scientific literature often uses the proportion of males. This article uses the ratio of males to females, unless specified otherwise
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Male
A MALE ( ) organism is the physiological sex that produces sperm . Each spermatozoon can fuse with a larger female gamete, or ovum , in the process of fertilization . A male cannot reproduce sexually without access to at least one ovum from a female, but some organisms can reproduce both sexually and asexually. Most male mammals , including male humans, have a Y chromosome , which codes for the production of larger amounts of testosterone to develop male reproductive organs . Not all species share a common sex-determination system . In most animals , including humans , sex is determined genetically , but in some species it can be determined due to social, environmental, or other factors. For example, _ Cymothoa exigua _ changes sex depending on the number of females present in the vicinity
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Female
FEMALE (♀) is the sex of an organism , or a part of an organism, that produces non-mobile ova (egg cells). Barring rare medical conditions, most female mammals , including female humans , have two X chromosomes . CONTENTS * 1 Defining characteristics * 2 Etymology and usage * 3 Mammalian female * 4 Symbol * 5 Sex
Sex
determination * 5.1 Genetic determination * 5.2 Environmental determination * 6 See also * 7 Sources * 8 References DEFINING CHARACTERISTICSThe ova are defined as the larger gametes in a heterogamous reproduction system , while the smaller, usually motile gamete, the spermatozoon , is produced by the male . A female individual cannot reproduce sexually without access to the gametes of a male, or vice versa (an exception is parthenogenesis ). Some organisms can reproduce both sexually and asexually . There is no single genetic mechanism behind sex differences in different species and the existence of two sexes seems to have evolved multiple times independently in different evolutionary lineages . Patterns of sexual reproduction include * Isogamous species with two or more mating types with gametes of identical form and behavior (but different at the molecular level), * Anisogamous species with gametes of male and female types, * Oogamous species, which include humans in which the female gamete is very much larger than the male and has no ability to move . Oogamy is a form of anisogamy
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Climate Of India
The climate of India comprises a wide range of weather conditions across a vast geographic scale and varied topography, making generalisations difficult. Based on the Köppen system , India hosts six major climatic subtypes, ranging from arid desert in the west, alpine tundra and glaciers in the north, and humid tropical regions supporting rainforests in the southwest and the island territories. Many regions have starkly different microclimates . The nation has four seasons: winter (December, January and February), summer (March, April and May), a monsoon rainy season (June to September), and a post-monsoon period (October to November). India's geography and geology are climatically pivotal: the Thar Desert in the northwest and the Himalayas in the north work in tandem to effect a culturally and economically important monsoonal regime. As Earth's highest and most massive mountain range, the Himalayas bar the influx of frigid katabatic winds from the icy Tibetan Plateau and northerly Central Asia. Most of North India is thus kept warm or is only mildly chilly or cold during winter; the same thermal dam keeps most regions in India hot in summer. Though the Tropic of Cancer —the boundary between the tropics and subtropics—passes through the middle of India, the bulk of the country can be regarded as climatically tropical
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