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Pasadena, California
PASADENA is a city in Los Angeles County, California
Los Angeles County, California
, United States . The estimated population of Pasadena was 139,731, in 2013, making it the 183rd-largest city in the United States. Pasadena is the ninth-largest city in Los Angeles
Los Angeles
County . Pasadena was incorporated on June 19, 1886, becoming one of the first cities be incorporated in what is now Los Angeles
Los Angeles
County, the only one being incorporated earlier being its namesake (April 4, 1850). It is one of the primary cultural centers of the San Gabriel Valley
San Gabriel Valley
. The city is known for hosting the annual Rose
Rose
Bowl football game and Tournament of Roses parade
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UTC−8
UTC−08:00 is an identifier for a time offset from UTC of −08. This time is used in: CONTENTS* 1 As standard time (Northern Hemisphere winter) * 1.1 North America * 2 As daylight saving time (Northern Hemisphere summer) * 2.1 North America * 3 As standard time (all year round) * 3.1 North America * 3.2 Oceania AS STANDARD TIME (NORTHERN HEMISPHERE WINTER)NORTH AMERICA* Canada
Canada
- Pacific Tim
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Daylight Saving Time
DAYLIGHT SAVING TIME (abbreviated DST), commonly referred to as DAYLIGHT SAVINGS TIME in speech, and known as SUMMER TIME in some countries, is the practice of advancing clocks during summer months so that evening daylight lasts longer, while sacrificing normal sunrise times. Typically, regions that use daylight saving time adjust clocks forward one hour close to the start of spring and adjust them backward in the autumn to standard time. George Hudson proposed the idea of daylight saving in 1895. The German Empire
German Empire
and Austria-Hungary
Austria-Hungary
organized the first nationwide implementation, starting on April 30, 1916. Many countries have used it at various times since then, particularly since the energy crisis of the 1970s . DST is generally not observed near the equator, where sunrise times do not vary enough to justify it
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Pacific Time Zone
The PACIFIC TIME ZONE (PT) is a time zone encompassing parts of western Canada, the western United States, and western Mexico. Places in this zone observe standard time by subtracting eight hours from Coordinated Universal Time
Coordinated Universal Time
( UTC−8 ). During daylight saving time , a time offset of UTC−7 is used. In the United States and Canada, this time zone is generically called the "Pacific Time Zone". Specifically, time in this zone is referred to as "Pacific Standard Time" (PST) when standard time is being observed (early November to mid-March), and "Pacific Daylight Time" (PDT) when daylight saving time (mid-March to early November) is being observed. In Mexico
Mexico
, the corresponding time zone is known as the Zona Noroeste (Northwest Zone) and observes the same daylight saving schedule as the U.S. and Canada
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Time Zone
A TIME ZONE is a region of the globe that observes a uniform standard time for legal , commercial , and social purposes. Time
Time
zones tend to follow the boundaries of countries and their subdivisions because it is convenient for areas in close commercial or other communication to keep the same time . Most of the time zones on land are offset from Coordinated Universal Time
Time
(UTC) by a whole number of hours ( UTC−12 to UTC+14), but a few zones are offset by 30 or 45 minutes (e.g. Newfoundland Standard Time is UTC−03:30, Nepal
Nepal
Standard Time
Time
is UTC+05:45, and Indian Standard Time
Time
is UTC+05:30). Some higher latitude and temperate zone countries use daylight saving time for part of the year, typically by adjusting local clock time by an hour. Many land time zones are skewed toward the west of the corresponding nautical time zones
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2010 United States Census
The 2010 UNITED STATES CENSUS, (known as "CENSUS 2010"), is the twenty-third and currently most recent United States
United States
national census . National Census Day
Census Day
, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired. The population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census . CONTENTS * 1 Introduction * 2 Major changes * 3 Cost * 4 Technology * 5 Marketing and undercounts * 6 Reapportionment * 7 Controversies * 7.1 Clemons v. Department of Commerce * 8 State rankings * 9 Metropolitan rankings * 10 City rankings * 11 References * 12 External links INTRODUCTION President Obama completing his census form in the Oval Office on March 29, 2010
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Demonym
A DEMONYM (/ˈdɛmənɪm/ ; δῆμος dẽmos "people, tribe", ὄόνομα ónoma "name") is a word that identifies residents or natives of a particular place, which is derived from the name of that particular place. It is a neologism (i.e., a recently minted term); previously GENTILIC was recorded in English dictionaries, e.g., the Oxford
Oxford
English Dictionary and Chambers Twentieth Century Dictionary. Examples of demonyms include a Swahili for a person of the Swahili coast , the colloquial Kiwi for a person from New Zealand
New Zealand
, and a Cochabambino for a person from the city of Cochabamba
Cochabamba
. Demonyms do not always clearly distinguish place of origin or ethnicity from place of residence or citizenship, and many demonyms overlap with the ethnonym for the ethnically dominant group of a region
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UTC−7
UTC−07:00 is a time offset that subtracts 7 hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). In North America, it is observed in the Mountain Time Zone during standard time , and in the Pacific Time Zone
Pacific Time Zone
during the other 8 months (see Daylight saving time
Daylight saving time
). A few places use it year-round
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ZIP Code
ZIP CODES are a system of postal codes used by the United States Postal Service since 1963. The term ZIP is an acronym for Zone Improvement Plan; it was chosen to suggest that the mail travels more efficiently and quickly (zipping along) when senders use the code in the postal address . The basic format consists of five digits. An extended 'ZIP+4' code was introduced in 1983 which includes the five digits of the ZIP Code, followed by a hyphen and four additional digits that determine a more specific location. The term ZIP Code
ZIP Code
was originally registered as a servicemark by the U.S. Postal Service, but its registration has since expired
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Rose
See List of Rosa species SYNONYMS * Hulthemia Dumort. * ×Hulthemosa Juz. (Hulthemia × Rosa)A ROSE is a woody perennial flowering plant of the genus ROSA, in the family Rosaceae
Rosaceae
, or the flower it bears. There are over a hundred species and thousands of cultivars . They form a group of plants that can be erect shrubs, climbing or trailing with stems that are often armed with sharp prickles . Flowers vary in size and shape and are usually large and showy, in colours ranging from white through yellows and reds. Most species are native to Asia
Asia
, with smaller numbers native to Europe
Europe
, North America
North America
, and northwestern Africa
Africa
. Species, cultivars and hybrids are all widely grown for their beauty and often are fragrant. Roses have acquired cultural significance in many societies
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American Football
AMERICAN FOOTBALL, referred to as FOOTBALL in the United States and Canada, and also known as "gridiron football " or simply "gridiron", is a sport played by two teams of eleven players on a rectangular field with goalposts at each end. The offense , the team with control of the oval-shaped football , attempts to advance down the field by running with or passing the ball, while the team without control of the ball, the defense, aims to stop their advance and take control of the ball for themselves. The offense must advance at least ten yards in four downs , or plays, or else they turn over the football to the opposing team; if they succeed, they are given a new set of four downs. Points are primarily scored by advancing the ball into the opposing team's end zone for a touchdown or kicking the ball through the opponent's goalposts for a field goal . The team with the most points at the end of a game wins
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Geographic Names Information System
The GEOGRAPHIC NAMES INFORMATION SYSTEM (GNIS) is a database that contains name and locative information about more than two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its territories. It is a type of gazetteer . GNIS was developed by the United States Geological Survey in cooperation with the United States Board on Geographic Names (BGN) to promote the standardization of feature names. The database is part of a system that includes topographic map names and bibliographic references. The names of books and historic maps that confirm the feature or place name are cited. Variant names, alternatives to official federal names for a feature, are also recorded. Each feature receives a permanent, unique feature record identifier, sometimes called the GNIS identifier
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Federal Information Processing Standard
FEDERAL INFORMATION PROCESSING STANDARDS (FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the United States federal government for use in computer systems by non-military government agencies and government contractors. FIPS standards are issued to establish requirements for various purposes such as ensuring computer security and interoperability, and are intended for cases in which suitable industry standards do not already exist. Many FIPS specifications are modified versions of standards used in the technical communities, such as the American National Standards Institute (ANSI), the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), and the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). CONTENTS * 1 Specific areas of FIPS standardization * 2 Data security standards * 3 Withdrawal of geographic codes * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links SPECIFIC AREAS OF FIPS STANDARDIZATIONThe U.S
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North American Numbering Plan
The NORTH AMERICAN NUMBERING PLAN (NANP) is a telephone numbering plan that encompasses 25 distinct regions in twenty countries primarily in North America, including the Caribbean
Caribbean
and the U.S. territories . Not all North American countries participate in the NANP. The NANP was originally devised in the 1940s by AT&T
AT&T
for the Bell System and independent telephone operators in North America, to unify the diverse local numbering plans that had been established in the preceding decades. AT area code 706, formerly for northwest Mexico, was reassigned to northern Georgia , surrounding the Atlanta
Atlanta
region which retained 404; and area code 903, which also served a small portion of northern Mexico, was reassigned to northeastern Texas when it split from area code 214 . Dutch-speaking Sint Maarten
Sint Maarten
joined the NANP in September 2011, receiving area code 721
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City Manager
A CITY MANAGER is an official appointed as the administrative manager of a city, in a council–manager form of city government. Local officials serving in this position are sometimes referred to as the chief executive officer (CEO) or chief administrative officer (CAO) in some municipalities. CONTENTS * 1 Description * 2 History * 3 Responsibilities * 4 Profile * 5 See also * 6 Notes * 7 Further reading * 8 External links DESCRIPTION Dayton, Ohio
Dayton, Ohio
suffered a great flood in 1913, and responded with the innovation of a paid, non-political city manager, hired by the commissioners to run the bureaucracy; civil engineers were especially preferred. Other small or middle sized American cities, especially in the West, adopted the idea. In Europe, smaller cities in the Netherlands were specially attracted by the plan
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Pacific Daylight Time
The PACIFIC TIME ZONE observes standard time by subtracting eight hours from Coordinated Universal Time
Coordinated Universal Time
( UTC−8
UTC−8
). During daylight saving time , its time offset is UTC−7 and is thus based on the mean solar time of the 105th meridian west of the Greenwich Observatory . In the United States and Canada, this time zone is generically called the PACIFIC TIME ZONE (PT). Specifically, it uses PACIFIC STANDARD TIME (PST) when observing standard time (late autumn to early spring), and PACIFIC DAYLIGHT TIME (PDT) when observing daylight saving time (early spring to late autumn). Most of Canada uses daylight saving time . In Mexico
Mexico
, the UTC−8
UTC−8
time zone is known as the NORTHWEST TIME ZONE, which is synchronized with the U.S. PDT daylight saving schedule
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