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Partisans (Yugoslavia)
Chetniks * Axis powers : * Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
* Independent State of Croatia
Independent State of Croatia
( Ustaše
Ustaše
) * Government of National Salvation * Italy * Hungary
Hungary
* Bulgaria (1941–44) * Balli Kombëtar
Balli Kombëtar
BATTLES AND WARS Battle of Neretva
Battle of Neretva
, Battle of Sutjeska
Battle of Sutjeska
, Raid on Drvar , Battle of Belgrade
Belgrade
, Syrmian Front (most notable)The YUGOSLAV PARTISANS or the NATIONAL LIBERATION ARMY, officially the NATIONAL LIBERATION ARMY AND PARTISAN DETACHMENTS OF YUGOSLAVIA, was the Communist-led resistance to the Axis powers (chiefly Germany) in occupied Yugoslavia
Yugoslavia
during World War II
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World War Ii
Allied victory * Collapse of Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
* Fall of Japanese and Italian Empires * Dissolution of the League of Nations * Creation of the United Nations
United Nations
* Emergence of the United States
United States
and the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
as superpowers * Beginning of the Cold War (more... ) PARTICIPANTS ALLIES AXIS COMMANDERS AND LEADERS MAIN ALLIED LEADERS Joseph Stalin Franklin D
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Unitary National Liberation Front
The UNITARY NATIONAL LIBERATION FRONT (Serbo-Croatian : Jedinstveni narodnooslobodilački front, JNOF) or simply the NATIONAL LIBERATION FRONT (sometimes referred to as the PEOPLE\'S LIBERATION FRONT), was a World War II
World War II
political organization and Anti-fascism
Anti-fascism
movement during World War II
World War II
in Yugoslavia . It was headed by the Communist Party of Yugoslavia
Communist Party of Yugoslavia
(KPJ), and united all political parties and individuals of the republican, federalist, and left-wing political spectrum in the occupied Kingdom of Yugoslavia . The Front served as political backing to the Yugoslav Resistance movement, known as the Yugoslav Partisans . In 1945 with Partisans winning the war, the Unitary People's Liberation Front was reorganized and renamed the National Front (Narodni Front, NOF)
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Deliberative Assembly
A DELIBERATIVE ASSEMBLY is a gathering of members (of any kind of collective ) who use parliamentary procedure to make decisions . CONTENTS * 1 History of term * 2 Characteristics * 3 Rights of members * 4 Types * 4.1 Mass meeting * 4.2 Local assembly of an organized society * 4.3 Convention * 4.4 Legislative body * 4.5 Board * 5 Committees * 6 See also * 7 Notes * 8 Bibliography HISTORY OF TERMIn a speech to the electorate at Bristol in 1774, Edmund Burke described the British Parliament as a "deliberative assembly," and the expression became the basic term for a body of persons meeting to discuss and determine common action
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Communist State
A COMMUNIST STATE (sometimes referred as WORKERS\' STATE) is a state that is usually administered and governed by a single party representing the proletariat , guided by Marxist–Leninist philosophy, with the aim of achieving communism . There have been several instances of Communist states with functioning political participation processes involving several other non-Party organisations, such as trade unions , factory committees , and direct democratic participation. The term "Communist state" is used by Western historians, political scientists and media to refer to these countries. However, contrary to Western usage, these states do not describe themselves as "communist" nor do they claim to have achieved communism; they refer to themselves as _Socialist states _ or _Workers' states_ that are in the process of constructing socialism
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Polish Resistance Movement In World War II
1939-1941: Polish resistance * Polish Underground State * Union of Armed Struggle * Secret Polish Army * Other resistance movements SUPPORTED BY: * Polish government-in-exile United Kingdom 1939-1941:
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Resistance During World War II
RESISTANCE MOVEMENTS DURING WORLD WAR II occurred in every occupied country by a variety of means, ranging from non-cooperation, disinformation and propaganda, to hiding crashed pilots and even to outright warfare and the recapturing of towns. In many countries, resistance movements were sometimes also referred to as THE UNDERGROUND
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World War Ii In Yugoslavia
Allied victory * Defeat of Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
in the Balkans * Defeat and overthrow of Independent State of Croatia , Government of National Salvation , Chetniks
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Raid On Drvar
AXIS (AND COLLABORATIONIST FORCES): * Germany * Independent State of Croatia
Independent State of Croatia
* Chetniks
Chetniks
ALLIES : * Partisans * Balkan Air Force
Balkan Air Force
COMMANDERS AND LEADERS * Lothar Rendulic
Lothar Rendulic
* Ernst von Leyser * Otto Kumm
Otto Kumm
* Eduard Aldrian * Kurt Rybka * Josip Broz Tito
Josip Broz Tito
* Koča Popović
Koča Popović
* Slavko Rodić * Vlado Ćetković STRENGTH c. 20,000 German and NDH troops c
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Belgrade Offensive
SOVIETS: 4,350 dead or missing 14,488 wounded or sick 18,838 overall YUGOSLAVS: 2,953 dead (assault on Belgrade
Belgrade
only) 45,000 * v * t * e World War II
World War II
in
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Syrmian Front
The SYRMIAN FRONT (Serbo-Croatian : Srijemski front, Сремски фронт) was an Axis line of defense during World War II
World War II
. It was established as part of the Eastern Front in late October 1944 in Syrmia and east Slavonia
Slavonia
, northwest of Belgrade
Belgrade
. After the Yugoslav Partisans and the Red Army expelled the Germans from Belgrade
Belgrade
in the Belgrade Offensive , the retreating Wehrmacht
Wehrmacht
and the Croatian Armed Forces used fortifications to protect the withdrawal of German Army Group E from the Balkans
Balkans
. With help from their Soviet allies, the Partisans (by then recognized as the Yugoslav army), joined by Bulgarian and Italian forces, fought a difficult winter campaign and finally broke through the front on 12 April 1945
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House Of Karađorđević
The KARAđORđEVIć (Serbian Cyrillic : Карађорђевић, pl. Karađorđevići / Карађорђевићи, pronounced ) is a Serbian dynastic family , founded by Karađorđe Petrović , the Veliki Vožd ("Grand Leader") of Serbia
Serbia
in the early 1800s during the First Serbian Uprising . The relatively short-lived dynasty had an ongoing blood feud with the Obrenović dynasty
Obrenović dynasty
after Karađorđe's assassination in 1817, which was authorized by Miloš Obrenović
Miloš Obrenović
. The two houses subsequently traded the throne for several generations. In 1903, the Serbian Parliament chose Karađorđe's grandson, Peter Karađorđević , then living in exile, for the throne of the Kingdom of Serbia
Serbia

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Serb
b Kosovo
Kosovo
is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Serbia
Serbia
and Republic of Kosovo
Kosovo
. The 2011 census in Kosovo
Kosovo
was largely boycotted by the Serb community. c The number of people of Serb descent in North America
North America
and Australia
Australia
is higher, as people who identify as having Yugoslav ancestry (310,682 in the U.S., 48,320 in Canada
Canada
and 26,883 people in Australia
Australia
) are mostly of Serb origin
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Partisan (military)
A PARTISAN is a member of an irregular military force formed to oppose control of an area by a foreign power or by an army of occupation by some kind of insurgent activity. The term can apply to the field element of resistance movements , examples of which are the civilians who opposed Nazi German , Ustaše
Ustaše
and Fascist Italian rule in several countries during World War II
World War II
. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Polish Partisans * 3 Ukrainian Partisans * 4 Soviet Partisans
Soviet Partisans
* 5 Yugoslav Partisans
Yugoslav Partisans
* 6 List of notable partisan movements and battles * 7 See also * 8 References HISTORYThe French term "partisan", derived from the Latin, first appeared in the 17th century to describe the leader of a war-party
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Stjepan Filipović
STJEPAN FILIPOVIć (27 January 1916 – 22 May 1942) was a member of Yugoslavian National Liberation Army and People\'s Hero of Yugoslavia , who was executed during World War II
World War II
in Valjevo
Valjevo
, Serbia
Serbia
, and is famous for the photo taken of him moments before his execution. BIOGRAPHY Young Stjepan Filipović
Stjepan Filipović
(right) Monument to Filipović in Valjevo
Valjevo
Filipović was born on 27 January 1916 in Opuzen , in the Kingdom of Dalmatia , (in modern-day Croatia
Croatia
), in the last days of the Austro-Hungarian Empire . Before the outbreak of the Second World War he lived in Mostar
Mostar
, Bosnia and Herzegovina , and Kragujevac
Kragujevac
, Serbia , then both part of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia
Yugoslavia

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Death To Fascism, Freedom To The People
"DEATH TO FASCISM, FREEDOM TO THE PEOPLE!" (Serbo-Croatian : Smrt fašizmu, sloboda narodu!; Смрт фашизму, слобода народу!, Slovene : Smrt fašizmu, svoboda narodu!, Macedonian : Смрт на фашизмот, слобода на народот!, Albanian : Vdekje fashizmit, liri popullit!) was a Yugoslav Partisan motto, afterward accepted as the official slogan of the entire resistance movement, that was often quoted in post-war Yugoslavia . It was also used as a greeting formulation among the movement members both in official and unofficial correspondence during the war and for a few subsequent years, often abbreviated as "SFSN!" when written and accompanied by the clenched fist salute when spoken (one person usually saying "Smrt fašizmu!", the other responding with "Sloboda narodu!"). HISTORYThe slogan became popular after the death of Croatian Partisan Stjepan Filipović
Stjepan Filipović

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