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Parlophone
PARLOPHONE RECORDS LIMITED (also known as PARLOPHONE RECORDS) is a German-British record label founded in Germany
Germany
in 1896 by the Carl Lindström Company as PARLOPHON. The British branch of the company was founded in 8 August 1923 as THE PARLOPHONE CO. LTD., which developed a reputation in the 1920s as a leading jazz record label. On 5 October 1926, the Columbia Graphophone Company acquired Parlophone's business, name and release library, and later merged with the Gramophone Company on 31 March 1931 to become Electric & Musical Industries Limited (EMI ). George Martin
George Martin
joined EMI
EMI
in 1950 as assistant label manager, taking over as manager in 1955. Martin produced and released a mix of product including comedy recordings of the Goons , the pianist Mrs Mills , and teen idol Adam Faith
Adam Faith
. In 1962, Martin signed the Liverpool
Liverpool
-based band The Beatles
The Beatles
, and during the 1960s, with artists such as Cilla Black , Billy J. Kramer , The Fourmost , and contemporary Manchester
Manchester
band The Hollies also signed to the label, Parlophone
Parlophone
became one of the world's most famous and prestigious record labels
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Warner Music Group
WARNER MUSIC GROUP (abbreviated as WMG, commonly referred to as WARNER MUSIC or WEA INTERNATIONAL) is an American multinational entertainment and record label conglomerate headquartered in New York City . It is one of the "big three " recording companies and the third largest in the global music industry, next to Universal Music Group (UMG) and Sony Music Entertainment (SME), being the only American music conglomerate worldwide. Formerly owned by Time Warner , the company was publicly traded on the New York Stock Exchange until May 2011, when it announced its privatization and sale to Access Industries , which was completed in July 2011. With a multibillion-dollar annual turnover, WMG employs in excess of 3,500 people and has operations in more than 50 countries throughout the world. The company owns and operates some of the largest and most successful record labels in the world, including its flagship labels Warner Bros. Records , Parlophone and Atlantic Records . WMG also owns Warner/Chappell Music , one of the world's largest music publishers
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Carl Lindström Company
CARL LINDSTRöM A.G. was a global record company founded in 1893 and based in Berlin
Berlin
, Germany
Germany
. Founded by Carl Lindström (1869–1932), a Swedish inventor living in Berlin
Berlin
, it originally produced phonographs or gramophones with the brand names "Parlograph" and "Parlophon" and eventually began producing records as well. It became the holding company for Odeon Records
Odeon Records
, Parlophone Records
Parlophone Records
(originally "Parlophon"), Beka Records
Beka Records
, Okeh Records
Okeh Records
, Fonotipia Records
Fonotipia Records
, Lyrophon, Homophon, and other labels. Lindström sold the company to Max Straus (Odeon co-founder), but Lindström remained with the company as an engineer and inventor. World War I
World War I
caused the company to cut back its holdings closing the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
branch of Odeon when war broke out. Okeh in the U.S. survived the war intact because its president, Otto Heinemann , was an American citizen. During the war, the Transoceanic Trading Company was set up in the Netherlands
Netherlands
to look after its overseas assets. Lindström returned to the UK in 1923 with the establishment of a British Parlophone
Parlophone
branch
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United Kingdom
The UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND, commonly known as the UNITED KINGDOM (UK) or BRITAIN, is a sovereign country in western Europe. Lying off the north-western coast of the European mainland , the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
includes the island of Great Britain
Great Britain
, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland
Ireland
and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
is the only part of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
that shares a land border with another sovereign state‍—‌the Republic of Ireland
Ireland
. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
, with the North Sea to its east, the English Channel to its south and the Celtic Sea to its south-south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world . The Irish Sea lies between Great Britain
Great Britain
and Ireland. With an area of 242,500 square kilometres (93,600 sq mi), the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world and the 11th-largest in Europe
Europe
. It is also the 21st-most populous country , with an estimated 65.1 million inhabitants
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Warner Bros. Records
WARNER BROS. RECORDS INC. is an American major record label established in 1958 as the foundation label of the present-day Warner Music Group (WMG), and now operates as a wholly owned subsidiary of that corporation. Warner Bros. Records was established on March 19, 1958, as the recorded-music division of the American film studio Warner Bros. For most of its early existence it was one of a group of labels owned and operated by larger parent corporations. The sequence of companies that controlled Warner Bros. and its allied labels evolved through a convoluted series of corporate mergers and acquisitions from the early 1960s to the early 2000s. Over this period, Warner Bros. Records grew from a struggling minor player in the music industry to become one of the top recording labels in the world. In 2003, these music assets were divested by their then owner Time Warner and purchased by a private equity group. This independent company traded as the Warner Music Group before being bought by Access Industries in 2011. WMG is the smallest of the three major international music conglomerates and the world's last publicly traded major music company. Cameron Strang serves as CEO of the company
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United States
Coordinates : 40°N 100°W / 40°N 100°W / 40; -100 United States
United States
of America _ Flag Great Seal MOTTO: " In God We Trust " Other traditional mottos _ * " E pluribus unum " ( Latin
Latin
) (de facto) "Out of many, one" * " Annuit c
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WEA International Inc.
WARNER MUSIC GROUP (abbreviated as WMG, commonly referred to as WARNER MUSIC or WEA INTERNATIONAL) is an American multinational entertainment and record label conglomerate headquartered in New York City . It is one of the "big three " recording companies and the third largest in the global music industry, next to Universal Music Group (UMG) and Sony Music Entertainment (SME), being the only American music conglomerate worldwide. Formerly owned by Time Warner , the company was publicly traded on the New York Stock Exchange until May 2011, when it announced its privatization and sale to Access Industries , which was completed in July 2011. With a multibillion-dollar annual turnover, WMG employs in excess of 3,500 people and has operations in more than 50 countries throughout the world. The company owns and operates some of the largest and most successful record labels in the world, including its flagship labels Warner Bros. Records , Parlophone and Atlantic Records . WMG also owns Warner/Chappell Music , one of the world's largest music publishers
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Germany
Coordinates : 51°N 9°E / 51°N 9°E / 51; 9 Federal Republic of Germany _Bundesrepublik Deutschland_ (German ) Flag Coat of arms MOTTO: "Einigkeit und Recht und Freiheit " "Unity and Justice and Freedom" (de facto) ANTHEM: _ Deutschlandlied _ (English: "Song of Germany") (third verse only) Location of Germany (dark green) – in Europe (green "> (green) – Capital and largest city Berlin 52°31′N 13°23′E / 52.517°N 13.383°E / 52.517; 13.383 Official language and national language German ETHNIC GROUPS (2015 ) * 7001790000000000000♠79.0% Germans
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Record Label
A RECORD LABEL or RECORD COMPANY is a brand or trademark associated with the marketing of music recordings and music videos . Sometimes, a record label is also a publishing company that manages such brands and trademarks, coordinates the production, manufacture , distribution , marketing, promotion, and enforcement of copyright for sound recordings and music videos; also conducting talent scouting and development of new artists ("artists and repertoire" or "A and maintains contracts with recording artists and their managers. The term "record label" derives from the circular label in the center of a vinyl record which prominently displays the manufacturer's name, along with other information
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Jazz
JAZZ is a music genre that originated in African American communities of New Orleans , United States , in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and developed from roots in blues and ragtime . Since the 1920s Jazz Age , jazz has become recognized as a major form of musical expression. It then emerged in the form of independent traditional and popular musical styles, all linked by the common bonds of African American and European American musical parentage with a performance orientation. Jazz is characterized by swing and blue notes , call and response vocals , polyrhythms and improvisation . Jazz has roots in West African cultural and musical expression , and in African-American music traditions including blues and ragtime , as well as European military band music. Although the foundation of jazz is deeply rooted within the black experience of the United States, different cultures have contributed their own experience and styles to the art form as well. Intellectuals around the world have hailed jazz as "one of America's original art forms". As jazz spread around the world, it drew on different national, regional, and local musical cultures, which gave rise to many distinctive styles. New Orleans jazz began in the early 1910s, combining earlier brass-band marches, French quadrilles , biguine , ragtime and blues with collective polyphonic improvisation
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Columbia Graphophone Company
The COLUMBIA GRAPHOPHONE COMPANY was one of the earliest gramophone companies in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
. As COLUMBIA RECORDS, it became a successful label in the 1950s and 1960s, but was eventually replaced by the newly created EMI
EMI
Records , as part of an EMI
EMI
label consolidation. This in turn was absorbed by the Parlophone Records unit of Warner Music Group . CONTENTS * 1 Early history * 2 As an EMI
EMI
label * 3 Phaseout of label by EMI
EMI
and trade mark transfer * 4 Current ownership * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links EARLY HISTORYIn 1922, Columbia Phonograph
Phonograph
, as the American Columbia Records was then known, sold its UK subsidiary Columbia Graphophone. However, in 1925 Columbia Graphophone
Graphophone
bought its former parent for $2.5 million. In 1926 Odeon Records and Parlophone Records were acquired. On 21 April 1931, the Gramophone Company
Gramophone Company
and the Columbia Graphophone Company merged and formed a new company, ELECTRIC AND MUSICAL INDUSTRIES ( EMI
EMI
). American anti-trust laws forced EMI
EMI
to sell its American Columbia operations
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Gramophone Company
The GRAMOPHONE COMPANY, based in the United Kingdom, was one of the early recording companies , was the parent organisation for the famous "His Master's Voice" (HMV ) label, and was a subsidiary of Victor Talking Machine Company . Although the company merged with the Columbia Graphophone Company in 1931 to form Electric and Musical Industries Limited ( EMI
EMI
), its name "The Gramophone Company
Gramophone Company
Limited" continued in the UK into the 1970s, appearing on sleeves and labels of records (such as _ The Dark Side of the Moon _ by Pink Floyd
Pink Floyd
, vinyl copies of which bear the copyright notice "©1973 The Gramophone Company, Ltd."). CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 First recordings * 1.2 Lawsuit impact * 1.3 Hidden discs * 1.4 Logo change * 1.5 Formation of EMI
EMI
* 2 See also * 3 References * 4 External links HISTORY Early Gramophone label with original trademark FIRST RECORDINGSThe Gramophone Company
Gramophone Company
was founded in 1898 by William Barry Owen and Trevor Williams in London, England. Owen was acting as agent for Emile Berliner , inventor of the gramophone record , whilst Williams provided the finances
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EMI
BROKEN UP: EMI Music Publishing
EMI Music Publishing
acquired by consortium led by: * Sony/ATV Music Publishing and comprising Sony Corporation of America * The Estate of Michael Jackson
Michael Jackson
* Mubadala Development Company PJSC * Jynwel Capital Limited
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George Martin
SIR GEORGE HENRY MARTIN CBE (3 January 1926 – 8 March 2016) was an English record producer, arranger, composer, conductor, audio engineer, and musician. He was referred to as the " Fifth Beatle ", including by Paul McCartney
Paul McCartney
, in reference to his extensive involvement on each of the Beatles ' original albums. Martin produced 30 number-one hit singles in the United Kingdom and 23 number-one hits in the United States. Martin produced comedy and novelty records in the early 1950s, working with Peter Sellers , Spike Milligan , and Bernard Cribbins
Bernard Cribbins
, among others. His career spanned more than six decades of work in music, film, television and live performance. He held a number of senior executive roles at media companies and contributed to a wide range of charitable causes, including his work for The Prince\'s Trust and the Caribbean
Caribbean
island of Montserrat
Montserrat
. In recognition of his services to the music industry and popular culture, he was made a Knight Bachelor in 1996
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The Goons
THE GOON SHOW was a British radio comedy programme, originally produced and broadcast by the BBC Home Service
BBC Home Service
from 1951 to 1960, with occasional repeats on the BBC Light Programme
BBC Light Programme
. The first series broadcast from 28 May to 20 September 1951, was titled CRAZY PEOPLE; subsequent series had the title The Goon Show, a title inspired, according to Spike Milligan, by a Popeye character . The show's chief creator and main writer was Spike Milligan
Spike Milligan
. The scripts mixed ludicrous plots with surreal humour , puns, catchphrases and an array of bizarre sound effects . Some of the later episodes feature electronic effects devised by the fledgling BBC Radiophonic Workshop , many of which were reused by other shows for decades. Many elements of the show satirised contemporary life in Britain, parodying aspects of show business, commerce, industry, art, politics, diplomacy, the police, the military, education, class structure, literature and film. The show was released internationally through the BBC Transcription Services (TS). :54 It was heard regularly from the 1950s in Australia, South Africa, New Zealand, India and Canada, although these TS versions were frequently edited to avoid controversial subjects. :54 NBC
NBC
began broadcasting the programme on its radio network from the mid-1950s
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Mrs Mills
GLADYS MILLS, née GLADYS JORDAN (29 August 1918 – 24 February 1978), known as MRS MILLS, was an English pianist who was active in the 1960s and 1970s, and who released many records . Her repertoire included many sing-along and party tunes made popular in the music hall . CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Career * 2.1 1960s * 2.2 1970s * 3 Legacy * 4 Discography * 4.1 EMI/ Parlophone
Parlophone
Records — singles (all mono) with the Geoff Love Orchestra * 4.2 EMI/ Parlophone
Parlophone
Records – EPs (all mono) * 4.3 EMI/ Parlophone
Parlophone
Records – LPs (PMC: mono, PCS: stereo) * 4.4 EMI/Music For Pleasure Records – LPs (all stereo) * 4.5 Other recordings (all stereo) * 5 References * 6 External links EARLY LIFEMills was born in Beckton
Beckton
, East London , England. Her uncle Henry was a harp player and her mother was a main influence in developing her musical ability. She took piano lessons from the age of 3½ to the age of seven. She married Bert Mills, with whom she moved to Loughton , Essex
Essex
, where she lived most of her life. CAREER1960SWhile working as the superintendent of a typing pool in the office of the Paymaster General
Paymaster General
in London, Mills performed as a honky-tonk pianist in the evenings and weekends
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