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Parliament Of India
Coordinates : 28°37′2″N 77°12′29″E / 28.61722°N 77.20806°E / 28.61722; 77.20806 PARLIAMENT OF INDIA Emblem of India
India
TYPE TYPE Bicameral HOUSES Rajya Sabha Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
HISTORY FOUNDED 26 January 1950 (67 years ago) (1950-01-26) PRECEDED BY Constituent Assembly of India
Constituent Assembly of India
LEADERSHIP PRESIDENT Ram Nath Kovind Since 25 July 2017 CHAIRMAN OF RAJYA SABHA (VICE-PRESIDENT ) Mohammad Hamid Ansari Since 25 August 2012 DEPUTY CHAIRMAN OF THE RAJYA SABHA P. J. Kurien , INC Since 21 August 2012 SPEAKER OF THE LOK SABHA Sumitra Mahajan , BJP Since 6 June 2014 DEPUTY SPEAKER OF THE LOK SABHA M
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Indian General Election, 2019
Narendra Modi BJP ELECTED PRIME MINISTER TBD TBD GENERAL ELECTIONS are due to be held in India
India
by 2019 to constitute the seventeenth Lok Sabha . CONTENTS * 1 Electoral system * 2 Parties and alliances * 2.1 United Progressive Alliance * 3 References ELECTORAL SYSTEMThe 543 elected members of the Lok Sabha will be elected from single-member constituencies by first-past-the-post voting . The President of India
India
nominates an additional two members
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Indian General Election, 2014
Manmohan Singh INC SUBSEQUENT PRIME MINISTER Narendra Modi BJP The INDIAN GENERAL ELECTION OF 2014 was held to constitute the 16th Lok Sabha , electing members of parliament for all 543 parliamentary constituencies of India. Running in nine phases from 7 April to 12 May 2014, it was the longest election in the country's history. According to the Election Commission of India , 814.5 million people were eligible to vote, with an increase of 100 million voters since the last general election in 2009 , making it the largest-ever election in the world. Around 23.1 million or 2.7% of the total eligible voters were aged 18–19 years. A total of 8,251 candidates contested for the 543 Lok Sabha seats. The average election turnout over all nine phases was around 66.38%, the highest ever in the history of Indian general elections
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Parliament House (India)
The SANSAD BHAWAN (Parliament Building) is the house of the Parliament of India
India
, located in New Delhi
New Delhi
. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Building * 2.1 Proposal for a new building * 2.2 2001 Parliament attack * 3 Gallery * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links HISTORYOriginally called the House of Parliament, it was designed by the British architect Edwin Lutyens and Herbert Baker
Herbert Baker
in 1912-1913 and construction began in 1921 and ended in 1927. The opening ceremony of the Parliament House, then called the Central Legislative Assembly, was performed on 18 January 1927 by Lord Irwin , the Viceroy of India . The third session of Central Legislative Assembly
Central Legislative Assembly
was held in this house on 19 January 1927
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Sansad Marg
SANSAD MARG (Hindi : संसद मार्ग; English: Parliament Street) is a street located in New Delhi
New Delhi
, India
India
. The road leads to Parliament House or Sansad , hence the name. The Parliament House, designed by Herbert Baker
Herbert Baker
, is located at the one end of Sansad Marg, which runs perpendicular to the Rajpath in Lutyens\' Delhi and ends at Connaught Place Circle
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New Delhi
NEW DELHI (/ˌnjuː ˈdɛli/ ( listen )) is the capital of India and one of Delhi
Delhi
city's 11 districts . Although colloquially Delhi
Delhi
and New Delhi
Delhi
are used interchangeably to refer to the National Capital Territory of Delhi, these are two distinct entities, with New Delhi forming a small part of Delhi. The National Capital Region is a much larger entity comprising the entire National Capital Territory of Delhi
Delhi
along with adjoining districts. It is surrounded by Haryana on three sides and Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
on the east. The foundation stone of the city was laid by George V, Emperor of India
India
during the Delhi
Delhi
Durbar of 1911
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Indian Rajya Sabha Elections, 2017
RAJYA SABHA ELECTIONS held in India
India
on 21 July and 8 August 2017 to elect ten members of the Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
, replacing those who retired in July and August 2017. CONTENTS * 1 Members retiring * 2 Members elected * 2.1 Goa
Goa
* 2.2 Gujarat
Gujarat
* 2.3 West Bengal
West Bengal
* 3 Bye-elections * 4 References MEMBERS RETIRINGThe following members retired in 2017
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First-past-the-post Voting
A FIRST-PAST-THE-POST (abbreviated as FPTP, 1STP, 1PTP or FPP) voting method is one in which voters indicate on a ballot the candidate of their choice, and the candidate who receives most votes wins. First-past-the-post voting
First-past-the-post voting
is one of several plurality voting methods. It is a common, but not universal, feature of electoral systems with single-member electoral divisions ; in fact, first-past-the-post voting is widely practiced in close to one third of the world's countries. Some notable examples include the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
, the United States
United States
, Canada
Canada
, India
India
and most of the colonies and protectorates either currently or formerly belonging to these countries
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Majority Government
A MAJORITY GOVERNMENT is a government formed by a governing party that has an absolute majority of seats in the legislature or parliament in a parliamentary system . This is as opposed to a minority government , where the largest party in a legislature only has a plurality of seats. A majority government is usually assured of having its legislation passed and rarely, if ever, has to fear being defeated in parliament. In contrast, a minority government must constantly bargain for support from other parties in order to pass legislation and avoid being defeated on motions of no confidence . The term "majority government" may also be used for a stable coalition of two or more parties to form an absolute majority. One example of such an electoral coalition is in Australia
Australia
, where the Liberal and National parties have run as an electoral bloc for decades
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United Progressive Alliance
The UNITED PROGRESSIVE ALLIANCE (UPA) is a coalition of centre-left political parties in India
India
formed after the 2004 general election . One of the members of UPA is Indian National Congress
Indian National Congress
, whose National President Sonia Gandhi is also the chairperson of the UPA
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Voting System
An ELECTORAL SYSTEM is the set of rules that determines how elections and referendums are conducted and how their results are determined. Political electoral systems are organized by governments, while non-political elections may take place in business, non-profit organisations and informal organisations. Electoral systems consist of sets of rules that govern all aspects of the voting process: when elections occur, who is allowed to vote , who can stand as a candidate, how ballots are marked and cast , how the ballots are counted (electoral method), limits on campaign spending , and other factors that can affect the outcome. Political electoral systems are defined by constitutions and electoral laws, are typically conducted by election commissions , and can use multiple types of elections for different offices
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Single Transferable Vote
The SINGLE TRANSFERABLE VOTE (STV) is a voting system designed to achieve proportional representation through ranked voting in multi-seat organizations or constituencies (voting districts). Under STV, an elector (voter) has a single vote that is initially allocated to their most preferred candidate and, as the count proceeds and candidates are either elected or eliminated, is transferred to other candidates according to the voter's stated preferences, in proportion to any surplus or discarded votes. The exact method of reapportioning votes can vary (see Counting methods ). The system provides approximately proportional representation, enables votes to be cast for individual candidates rather than for parties, and—compared to first-past-the-post voting —reduces "wasted" votes (votes on sure losers or sure winners) by transferring them to other candidates
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India
INDIA, officially the REPUBLIC OF INDIA (Bhārat Gaṇarājya), is a country in South Asia
South Asia
. It is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country (with over 1.2 billion people ), and the most populous democracy in the world. It is bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea
Arabian Sea
on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal
Bengal
on the southeast. It shares land borders with Pakistan
Pakistan
to the west; China
China
, Nepal
Nepal
, and Bhutan
Bhutan
to the northeast; and Myanmar (Burma) and Bangladesh
Bangladesh
to the east. In the Indian Ocean, India
India
is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
and the Maldives
Maldives

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Constitution Of India
The CONSTITUTION OF INDIA is the supreme law of India
India
. It lays down the framework defining fundamental political principles, establishes the structure, procedures, powers and duties of government institutions and sets out fundamental rights, directive principles and the duties of citizens. It is the longest written constitution of any sovereign country in the world. B. R. Ambedkar
B. R. Ambedkar
, the chairman of the Drafting Committee, is widely considered to be its chief architect. It imparts constitutional supremacy and not parliamentary supremacy , as it is not created by the Parliament but, by a constituent assembly, and adopted by its people, with a declaration in its preamble . Parliament cannot override the constitution . It was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 26 November 1949, and came into effect on 26 January 1950
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Member Of Parliament, Rajya Sabha
EXECUTIVE : * President * Vice President * Prime Minister * Union Council of Ministers
Union Council of Ministers
* Cabinet Secretary of India * Civil Services of India
Civil Services of India
-------------------------PARLIAMENT : * Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
* Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
* The Chairman * The Speaker -------------------------JUDICIARY : * Supreme Court of India
Supreme Court of India
* Chief Justice of India
Chief Justice of India
* High Courts * District Courts Elections ELECTION COMMISSION : * Chief Election Commissioner Political parties * National parties * State parties -------------------------NATIONAL COALITIONS: * National Democratic Alliance (NDA) * United Progressive Alliance
United Progressive Alliance
(UPA) State Govt
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Single-member District
A SINGLE-MEMBER DISTRICT or SINGLE-MEMBER CONSTITUENCY is an electoral district that returns one officeholder to a body with multiple members such as a legislature . This is also sometimes called SINGLE-WINNER VOTING or WINNER TAKES ALL. The alternative are multi-member districts , or the election of a body by the whole electorate voting as one constituency. A number of electoral systems use single-member districts, including plurality voting (first past the post), two-round systems , instant-runoff voting (IRV), approval voting , range voting , Borda count , and Condorcet methods (such as the Minimax Condorcet
Minimax Condorcet
, Schulze method , and Ranked Pairs
Ranked Pairs
). Of these, plurality and runoff voting are the most common
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