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Parliament Of India
Coordinates : 28°37′2″N 77°12′29″E / 28.61722°N 77.20806°E / 28.61722; 77.20806 PARLIAMENT OF INDIA Emblem of India
India
TYPE TYPE Bicameral HOUSES Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
HISTORY FOUNDED 26 January 1950 (67 years ago) (1950-01-26) PRECEDED BY Constituent Assembly of India
Constituent Assembly of India
LEADERSHIP PRESIDENT Ram Nath Kovind Since 25 July 2017 CHAIRMAN OF RAJYA SABHA (VICE-PRESIDENT ) Mohammad Hamid Ansari Since 25 August 2012 DEPUTY CHAIRMAN OF THE RAJYA SABHA P. J. Kurien , INC Since 21 August 2012 SPEAKER OF THE LOK SABHA Sumitra Mahajan , BJP Since 6 June 2014 DEPUTY SPEAKER OF THE LOK SABHA M
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Geographic Coordinate System
A GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATE SYSTEM is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position , and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position . A common choice of coordinates is latitude , longitude and elevation . To specify a location on a two-dimensional map requires a map projection
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State Emblem Of India
The STATE EMBLEM OF INDIA, as the national emblem of India is called, is an adaptation of the Lion Capital of Ashoka at Sarnath , preserved in the Varanasi Sarnath Museum in India. It was adopted on 26 January 1950, the day that India became a republic. The emblem forms a part of the official letterhead of the Government of India and appears on all Indian currency as well. It also functions as the national emblem of India in many places and appears prominently on Indian passports . The Ashoka Chakra (wheel) on its base features in the centre of the national flag of India . The usage of the emblem is regulated and restricted under State Emblem of India (Prohibition of Improper Use) Act, 2005 . No individual or private organisation is permitted to use the emblem for official correspondence. The actual Sarnath capital features four Asiatic lions standing back to back, symbolizing power, courage, confidence and pride mounted on a circular base. At the bottom is a horse and a bull, and at its centre is a beautiful wheel (Dharma chakra). The abacus is girded with a frieze of sculptures in high relief of The Lion of the North, The Horse of the West, The Bull of the South and The Elephant of the East, separated by intervening wheels, over a lotus in full bloom, exemplifying the fountainhead of life and creative inspiration
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Bicameralism
A BICAMERAL legislature is one in which the legislators are divided into two separate assemblies , chambers or houses. BICAMERALISM is distinguished from unicameralism , in which all of the members deliberate and vote as a single group, and from some legislatures which have three or more separate assemblies, chambers or houses. As of 2015, somewhat less than half of the world's national legislatures are bicameral. Often, the members of the two chambers are elected or selected using different methods, which vary from country to country. This can often lead to the two chambers having very different compositions of members. Enactment of primary legislation often requires a concurrent majority – the approval of a majority of members in each of the chambers of the legislature. When this is the case, the legislature may be called an example of perfect bicameralism . However, in many Westminster system parliaments, the house to which the executive is responsible can overrule the other house and may be regarded as an example of imperfect bicameralism . Some legislatures lie in between these two positions, with one house only able to overrule the other under certain circumstances
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Rajya Sabha
Coordinates : 28°37′0″N 77°12′30″E / 28.61667°N 77.20833°E / 28.61667; 77.20833 Rajya Sabha Council of States Emblem of India
India
TYPE TYPE Upper house of the Parliament of India
Parliament of India
TERM LIMITS 6 years LEADERSHIP Chairman (Vice-President ) Mohammad Hamid Ansari , Independent Since 11 August 2007 DEPUTY CHAIRMAN P. J
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Lok Sabha
Coordinates : 28°37′3″N 77°12′30″E / 28.61750°N 77.20833°E / 28.61750; 77.20833 Lok Sabha House of the People 16th Lok Sabha Emblem of India TYPE TYPE Lower house of the Parliament of India TERM LIMITS 5 years LEADERSHIP SPEAKER Sumitra Mahajan , BJP Since 6 June 2014 DEPUTY SPEAKER M. Thambidurai , AIADMK Since 13 August 2014 LEADER OF THE HOUSE Narendra Modi , BJP Since 26 May 2014 LEADER OF THE OPPOSITION Vacant, as none of the opposition parties has more than 10% of the seats
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Constituent Assembly Of India
An idea for a CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY OF INDIA was proposed in 1934 by M. N. Roy , a pioneer of the Communist movement in India
India
and an advocate of radical democracy. It became an official demand of the Indian National Congress in 1935, and was accepted by the British in August 1940. On 8 August 1940, a statement was made by Viceroy Lord Linlithgow about the expansion of the Governor-General\'s Executive Council and the establishment of a War Advisory Council. This offer, known as the August Offer , included giving full weight to minority opinions and allowing Indians to draft their own constitution. Under the Cabinet Mission Plan of 1946, elections were held for the first time for the Constituent Assembly. The Constitution of India
Constitution of India
was drafted by the Constituent Assembly, and it was implemented under the Cabinet Mission Plan on 16 May 1946. The members of the Constituent Assembly were elected by the provincial assemblies by a single, transferable-vote system of proportional representation. The total membership of the Constituent Assembly was 389: 292 were representatives of the states, 93 represented the princely states and four were from the chief commissioner provinces of Delhi, Ajmer-Merwara, Coorg (Near Madikeri) and British Baluchistan. The elections for the 296 seats assigned to the British Indian provinces were completed by August 1946
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President Of India
The PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF INDIA is the head of state of India and the commander-in-chief of the Indian Armed Forces . The President is indirectly elected by an electoral college comprising the Parliament of India (both houses) and the Legislative Assemblies of each of India\'s states and territories , who themselves are all directly elected . The office-holder serves for a term of five years; there are no term limits . The oath of the President is taken in the presence of the Chief Justice of India , and in their absence, by the most senior judge of the Supreme Court of India . Although the Article 53 of the Constitution of India states that the President can exercise his powers directly or by subordinate authority, with few exceptions, all of the executive powers vested in the President are, in practice, exercised by the Prime Minister with the help of the Council of Ministers . The President is bound by convention to act on the advice of the Prime Minister and Cabinet. The President resides in an estate known as the Rashtrapati Bhavan (which roughly translates as _President's House_) situated in Raisina Hill in New Delhi . The presidential retreats are The Retreat in Chharabra , Shimla and Rashtrapati Nilayam (_President's Place_) in Hyderabad
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Pranab Mukherjee
PRANAB KUMAR MUKHERJEE (born 11 December 1935) is an Indian politician who served as the 13th President of India from 2012 until 2017. In a political career spanning six decades, Mukherjee was a senior leader of the Indian National Congress and occupied several ministerial portfolios in the Government of India . Prior to his election as President , Mukherjee was Union Finance Minister from 2009 to 2012, and the Congress party's top troubleshooter. Mukherjee got his break in politics in 1969 when Prime Minister Indira Gandhi helped him get elected to the Rajya Sabha , the upper house of Parliament , on a Congress ticket. Following a meteoric rise, he became one of Indira Gandhi's most trusted lieutenants, and a minister in her cabinet by 1973. During the controversial Internal Emergency of 1975–77, he was accused (like several other Congress leaders) of committing gross excesses. Mukherjee's service in a number of ministerial capacities culminated in his first stint as finance minister in 1982–84. Mukherjee was also Leader of the House in the Rajya Sabha from 1980 to 1985. Mukherjee was sidelined from the Congress during the premiership of Rajiv Gandhi , Indira's son. Mukherjee had viewed himself, and not the inexperienced Rajiv, as the rightful successor to Indira following her assassination in 1984. Mukherjee lost out in the ensuing power struggle
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Chairman Of Rajya Sabha
EXECUTIVE : * President * Vice President * Prime Minister * Union Council of Ministers
Union Council of Ministers
* Cabinet Secretary of India
Cabinet Secretary of India
* Civil Services of India-------------------------PARLIAMENT : * Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
* Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
* The Chairman * The Speaker -------------------------JUDICIARY : * Supreme Court of India
Supreme Court of India
* Chief Justice of India * High Courts * District Courts Elections ELECTION COMMISSION : * Chief Election Commissioner Political parties * National parties * State parties -------------------------NATIONAL COALITIONS: * National Democratic Alliance (NDA) * United Progressive Alliance
United Progressive Alliance
(UPA) State Govt. and Local Govt
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Vice-President Of India
EXECUTIVE : * President * Vice President * Prime Minister * Union Council of Ministers
Union Council of Ministers
* Cabinet Secretary of India
Cabinet Secretary of India
* Civil Services of India-------------------------PARLIAMENT : * Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
* Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
* The Chairman * The Speaker -------------------------JUDICIARY : * Supreme Court of India
Supreme Court of India
* Chief Justice of India * High Courts * District Courts Elections ELECTION COMMISSION : * Chief Election Commissioner Political parties * National parties * State parties -------------------------NATIONAL COALITIONS: * National Democratic Alliance (NDA) * United Progressive Alliance
United Progressive Alliance
(UPA) State Govt. and Local Govt
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Mohammad Hamid Ansari
MOHAMMAD HAMID ANSARI ( pronunciation (help ·info )) (born 1 April 1937) is the 12th and current Vice President of India , also the chairman of Rajya Sabha . Ansari is the first person to be re-elected as Indian VP after Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan in 1957 . He also presently serves as President of the Indian Institute of Public Administration , Chancellor of Pondicherry University and the President of the Indian Council of World Affairs . Ansari worked as an ambassador and served as the Vice-Chancellor of the Aligarh Muslim University from 2000 to 2002. Later he was Chairman of the National Commission for Minorities from 2006 to 2007. He was elected as the Vice-President of India on 10 August 2007 and took office on 11 August 2007. He was reelected on 7 August 2012 and was sworn-in by Pranab Mukherjee , the President of India . The oath taking ceremony was conducted at Rashtrapati Bhavan on 11 August 2012. His second term will end in August 2017 since he decided not to run for a third term in the 2017 vice-presidential election . Upon the inauguration of Ram Nath Kovind as President of India in 2017, Ansari became the first Indian Vice-President to serve during the terms of three presidents
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Deputy Chairman Of The Rajya Sabha
EXECUTIVE : * President * Vice President * Prime Minister * Union Council of Ministers * Cabinet Secretary of India * Civil Services of India -------------------------PARLIAMENT : * Rajya Sabha * Lok Sabha * The Chairman * The Speaker -------------------------JUDICIARY : * Supreme Court of India * Chief Justice of India * High Courts * District Courts Elections ELECTION COMMISSION : * Chief Election Commissioner Political parties * National parties * State parties -------------------------NATIONAL COALITIONS: * National Democratic Alliance (NDA) * United Progressive Alliance (UPA) State Govt. and Local Govt. * Governor * Chief Minister * Chief Secretary -------------------------STATE LEVEL : * Vidhan Sabha * Vidhan Parishad -------------------------LOCAL GOVERNMENTS: * Divisional Commissioner * District Magistrate * Sub-Divisional Magistrate * _Rural Bodies_ * Zilla panchayats * Mandal Or Taluka Panchayats * Gram Panchayats * _Urban Bodies_ * Municipal Corporations * Municipal councils * Nagar Panchayats * Other countries * Atlas * v * t * e LIST OF DEPUTY CHAIRMAN OF THE RAJYA SABHA DEPUTY CHAIRMAN TERM PARTY S. V
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P. J. Kurien
PALLATH JOSEPH "P. J." KURIEN is an Indian politician, social worker and educationist who is the Deputy Chairman of the Rajya Sabha , the upper house of the Parliament of India . A leader of the Indian National Congress party, Kurien previously served as a Union Minister in the P. V. Narasimha Rao government and was a member of the Lok Sabha for six consecutive terms from 1980 to 1999. He was elected to the Rajya Sabha in 2005. CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Positions held * 2.1 Controversy * 3 References * 4 External links EARLY LIFE P. J. Kurien was born on 31 March 1941 to P. G. Joseph and Rachel Joseph at Vennikulam in Tiruvalla , Pathanamthitta District , Kerala. He had his early education at St. Behanas High School, Vennikulam. For higher education, he attended St. Thomas College, Kozhencherry , Kerala and at Government Science College, Rewa , Madhya Pradesh . He was a professor of Physics at St. Thomas College, Kozhencherry, when he entered politics. POSITIONS HELD * 1980-84 Member, Seventh Lok Sabha
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Indian National Congress
The INDIAN NATIONAL CONGRESS ( pronunciation (help ·info )) (INC, often called CONGRESS) is a broad-based political party in India . Founded in 1885, it was the first modern nationalist movement to emerge in the British Empire in Asia and Africa. From the late 19th-century, and especially after 1920, under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi , Congress became the principal leader of the Indian independence movement , with over 15 million members and over 70 million participants. The Congress led India to independence from Great Britain , and powerfully influenced other anti-colonial nationalist movements in the Brit