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Pandya
The Pandyan dynasty
Pandyan dynasty
was an ancient Tamil dynasty, one of the three Tamil dynasties, the other two being the Chola
Chola
and the Chera.[3] The kings of the three dynasties were referred to as the Three Crowned Kings of Tamilakam.[4] The Early Pandyans ruled parts of Southern India
Southern India
from at least 4th century BCE. Pandyan rule ended in the first half of the 16th century CE.[5] They initially ruled their country Pandya Nadu
Pandya Nadu
from Korkai, a seaport on the southernmost tip of the Indian Peninsula, and in later times moved to Madurai. Fish being their flag, Pandyas
Pandyas
were experts in water management, agriculture(mostly near river banks) and fisheries and they were eminent sailors and sea traders too. Pandyan was well known since ancient times, with contacts, even diplomatic, reaching the Roman Empire
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Buddhism
Buddhism
Buddhism
(/ˈbʊdɪzəm, ˈbuː-/)[1][2] is a religion[3][4] and dharma that encompasses a variety of traditions, beliefs and spiritual practices largely based on original teachings attributed to the Buddha and resulting interpreted philosophies. Buddhism
Buddhism
originated in Ancient India
India
sometime between the 6th and 4th centuries BCE, from where it spread through much of Asia, whereafter it declined in India
India
during the Middle Ages. Two major extant branches of Buddhism
Buddhism
are generally recognized by scholars: Theravada
Theravada
(Pali: "The School of the Elders") and Mahayana
Mahayana
(Sanskrit: "The Great Vehicle")
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Naming Conventions Of Ancient Tamil Country
Naming conventions of the Tamilakam
Tamilakam
in the Sangam literature
Sangam literature
have been one of the foremost concerns of Tamilology. The Surnames of the Caṅkam Age: Literary & Tribal, published in 1968 sought to offer one of the earliest treatments in this area.Contents1 Background 2 Tolkappiyam classifications 3 Wilden classifications 4 Tantaipeyar 5 Fives parts of a name5.1 Dynastic name 5.2 Titles6 See also 7 References7.1 BibliographyBackground[edit] The Cankam literature is thematically divided into akam and puram. The poets worked under a convention of anonymity, not exposing the names of the heroes, heroines and friends in their poems, particularly in the former, in order to underline the universality of the feelings expressed in their poetry.[1] Tolkappiyam classifications[edit] The Tolkāppiyam identifies ten categories of names
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Delhi Sultanate
The Delhi
Delhi
Sultanate
Sultanate
(Persian:دهلی سلطان, Urdu:دہلی سلیٹیٹ) was a Muslim
Muslim
sultanate based mostly in Delhi
Delhi
that stretched over large parts of the Indian subcontinent
Indian subcontinent
for 320 years (1206–1526).[5][6] Five dynasties ruled over the Delhi
Delhi
Sultanate sequentially: the Mamluk
Mamluk
dynasty (1206–90), the Khalji dynasty (1290–1320), the Tughlaq dynasty
Tughlaq dynasty
(1320–1414),[7] the Sayyid dynasty (1414–51), and the Lodi dynasty
Lodi dynasty
(1451–1526)
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Sanskrit
A few attempts at revival have been reported in Indian and Nepalese newspapers. India: 14,135 Indians claimed Sanskrit
Sanskrit
to be their mother tongue in the 2001 Census of India:[2] Nepal: 1,669 Nepalis
Nepalis
in 2011
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Iron Age
Iron
Iron
Age metallurgy Ancient iron production↓ Ancient historyMediterranean, Greater Persia, South Asia, ChinaHistoriographyGreek, Roman, Chinese, MedievalThe Iron
Iron
Age is the final epoch of the three-age system, preceded by the Stone Age
Stone Age
(Neolithic) and the Bronze
Bronze
Age. It is an archaeological era in the prehistory and protohistory of Europe
Europe
and the Ancient Near East, and by analogy also used of other parts of the Old World
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Monarchy
A monarchy is a form of government in which a group, generally a family representing a dynasty (aristocracy), embodies the country's national identity and its head, the monarch, exercises the role of sovereignty. The actual power of the monarch may vary from purely symbolic (crowned republic), to partial and restricted (constitutional monarchy), to completely autocratic (absolute monarchy). Traditionally the monarch's post is inherited and lasts until death or abdication. In contrast, elective monarchies require the monarch to be elected.[1] Both types have further variations as there are widely divergent structures and traditions defining monarchy. For example, in some[which?] elected monarchies only pedigrees are taken into account for eligibility of the next ruler, whereas many hereditary monarchies impose requirements regarding the religion, age, gender, mental capacity, etc
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Vizhinjam
Vizhinjam
Vizhinjam
( IPA
IPA
[ʋiɻiɲːam]) is a natural port located close to international shipping routes in Thiruvananthapuram
Thiruvananthapuram
city in the Indian state of Kerala. Kovalam
Kovalam
beach lies 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) from Vizhinjam
Vizhinjam
while the area is known for its Ayurvedic
Ayurvedic
treatment centers and internationally acclaimed beach resorts. As of 2001[update], the population was 18,566.Contents1 Seaport development 2 Wave energy 3 History3.1 Cave temple4 Transport 5 Demographics 6 See also 7 References 8 External linksSeaport development[edit] Vizhinjam International Seaport
Vizhinjam International Seaport
is an international deepwater multi-purpose shipping hub in its initial stages of development
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Pande
Pandey/Pande (Hindi: पाण्डेय) (Nepali: पाण्डे/पाँडे) is a surname found among the communities of India
India
and both Bahun
Bahun
and
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Velirs
The Velir were a royal house of minor dynastic kings and aristocratic chieftains in Tamilakam
Tamilakam
in the early historic period of South India.[1][2] They were vassals and rivals of the Ventars (Chera, Chola and Pandya
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Sambuvaraya
The Sambhuvaraya chieftains once ruled the Tonda Mandalam region of South India. Among them was Edirili Chola Sambhuvaraya, a vassal under Rajadhiraja Chola II and Kulotunga Chola III, who ruled the northern part of Tondamandalam, now comprising the districts of Vellore, Tiruvannamalai, Kancheepuram, Kadalur Tiruvallur, Nellore, and Chittoor.Contents1 Origin 2 Rajagambhiram fort 3 See also 4 References 5 Further reading 6 External linksOrigin[edit] The Sambhuvaraya capital was at Marudaraya Padaveedu, now known as Padavedu in Poluru taluk, Tiruvannamala district, Tamil Nadu.[1] Padaveedu (also spelt Padavedu) is the site of the popular Sri Yellamma temple (Renuka Parameswari temple).[citation needed] The first chieftain identified is Omaindha Munnutruvan Palliyana Karanamanikyam, whose name appears in an ancient inscription.[citation needed] He is considered to be the ancestor of the Sengineni Sambhuvarayas. He is identified during Parantaka Chola’s rule
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South Asian Stone Age
The South Asian Stone Age
South Asian Stone Age
covers the Palaeolithic, Mesolithic
Mesolithic
and Neolithic
Neolithic
periods in South Asia. Evidence for the most ancient anatomically modern Homo sapiens
Homo sapiens
in South Asia
South Asia
has been found in the cave sites of Cudappah
Cudappah
of India, Batadombalena
Batadombalena
and Belilena
Belilena
in Sri Lanka.[1] In Mehrgarh, in what is today western Pakistan, the Neolithic
Neolithic
began c. 7000 BCE and lasted until 3300 BCE and the first beginnings of the Bronze Age
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Hinduism
ArtsBharatanatyam Kathak Kathakali Kuchipudi Manipuri Mohiniyattam Odissi Sattriya Bhagavata Mela Yakshagana Dandiya Raas Carnatic musicRites of passageGarbhadhana Pumsavana Simantonayana Jatakarma Namakarana Nishkramana Annaprashana Chudakarana Karnavedha Vidyarambha Upanayana Keshanta Ritushuddhi Samavartana Vivaha AntyeshtiAshrama DharmaAshrama: Brahmacharya Grihastha Vanaprastha SannyasaFestivalsDiwali Holi Shivaratri Navaratri Durga
Durga
Puja Ramlila Vijayadashami-Dussehra


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Tamil Language
 Sri Lanka  Singapore  India:Tamil Nadu[3] Puducherry[4] Andaman & Nicobar Islands[5]Recognised minority language in Malaysia[6]  Mauritius[7]  South Africa[8]Language codesISO 639-1 taISO 639-2 tamISO 639-3 Variously: tam – Modern Tamil oty – Old Tamil ptq – Pattapu BhashaiLinguist Listoty Old TamilGlottolog tamil1289  Modern Tamil[9] oldt1248  Old Tamil[10]Linguasphere 49-EBE-aThis article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode
Unicode
characters. For an introductory guide on IPA symbols, see Help:IPA.This article contains Indic text. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks or boxes, misplaced vowels or missing conjuncts instead of Indic text.Tamil is written in a non-Latin script
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Outline Of South Asian History
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the history of South Asia: History of South Asia
South Asia
South Asia
South Asia

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Korkai
Korkai
Korkai
is a small village in the Srivaikuntam
Srivaikuntam
taluk of Thoothukudi district in Tamil Nadu, India. It was called Pandya-Kavada in the Kapatapuram in Kalithogai. It is situated about 3 km north of the Thamirabarani River
Thamirabarani River
and about 6 km from the shore of Bay of Bengal. Korkai
Korkai
was the capital, principal center of trade and important port of the Early Pandyan Kingdom. At that time, it was located on the banks of the Tamraparani River and at the sea coast, forming a natural harbour. Due to excessive sedimentation, the sea has receded about 6 km in the past 2000 years, leaving Korkai
Korkai
well inland today. The famous urn burial site, Adichanallur, is located about 15 km
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