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Pancasila (politics)
PANCASILA (pantʃaˈsila) is the official, foundational philosophical theory of the Indonesian state. Pancasila comprises two Old Javanese words originally derived from Sanskrit
Sanskrit
: "pañca" ("five") and "sīla" ("principles")
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Pañcasīla (other)
PAñCASīLA derived from Pali
Pali
terms, "pañca" meaning five, and "sīla" meaning principles. It may refer to: * Five Precepts : the basic form of Buddhist precepts * Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence : a series of agreements between the People's Republic of China and India (drawn up in 1954) * Pancasila (politics)
Pancasila (politics)
, the Indonesian state philosophy * Pancasila Youth (Pemuda Pancasila), an Indonesian paramilitary group This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title PAñCASīLA. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article. Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title= Pañcasīla additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc
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Philosophy
PHILOSOPHY (from Greek φιλοσοφία, _philosophia_, literally "love of wisdom" ) is the study of general and fundamental problems concerning matters such as existence , knowledge , values , reason , mind , and language . The term was probably coined by Pythagoras (c. 570–495 BCE). Philosophical methods include questioning , critical discussion , rational argument and systematic presentation. Classic philosophical questions include: Is it possible to know anything and to prove it? What is most real ? However, philosophers might also pose more practical and concrete questions such as: Is there a best way to live? Is it better to be just or unjust (if one can get away with it)? Do humans have free will ? Historically, "philosophy" encompassed any body of knowledge. From the time of Ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle to the 19th century, "natural philosophy " encompassed astronomy , medicine and physics
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Indonesia
Coordinates : 5°S 120°E / 5°S 120°E / -5; 120 Republic of Indonesia _Republik Indonesia_ (Indonesian ) _ Flag National emblem MOTTO: Bhinneka Tunggal Ika _ ( Old Javanese ) "Unity in Diversity" NATIONAL IDEOLOGY : _Pancasila _ ANTHEM: _ Indonesia Raya _ "Great Indonesia" Area controlled by
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Old Javanese
OLD JAVANESE is the oldest phase of the Javanese language
Javanese language
that was spoken in areas in what is now the eastern part of Central Java
Central Java
and the whole of East Java . It has strong Sanskrit
Sanskrit
influence. While evidence of writing in Java dates to the Sanskrit
Sanskrit
"Tarumanegara inscription" of 450, the oldest example written entirely in Javanese, called the " Sukabumi
Sukabumi
inscription", is dated March 25, 804. This inscription , located in the district of Pare in the Kediri Regency
Kediri Regency
of East Java, is actually a copy of the original, dated some 120 years earlier; only this copy has been preserved. Its contents concern the construction of a dam for an irrigation canal near the river Śrī Hariñjing (nowadays Srinjing)
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Sanskrit
A few attempts at revival have been reported in Indian and Nepalese newspapers. India : 14135 Indians claimed Sanskrit to be their mother tongue in the 2001 Census of India : Nepal : 1669 Nepalis in 2011 Nepal census reported Sanskrit as their mother tongue. LANGUAGE FAMILY Indo-European * Indo-Iranian * Indo-Aryan * SANSKRIT EARLY FORM Vedic Sanskrit WRITING SYSTEM No native script. Written in various Brahmic scripts
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Indonesian Language
INDONESIAN (_bahasa Indonesia_ ) is the official language of Indonesia . It is a standardized register of Malay , an Austronesian language that has been used as a lingua franca in the multilingual Indonesian archipelago for centuries. Indonesia is the fourth most populous nation in the world. Of its large population, the majority speak Indonesian, making it one of the most widely spoken languages in the world. Most Indonesians, aside from speaking the national language, are fluent in any of more than 700 indigenous local languages ; examples include Javanese , Sundanese and Balinese , which are commonly used at home and within the local community. However, most formal education , and nearly all national mass media , governance , administration , judiciary , and other forms of communication, are conducted in Indonesian. The Indonesian name for the language is _bahasa Indonesia_ (literally "the language of Indonesia")
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Democracy
DEMOCRACY (Greek : δημοκρατία, _dēmokratía_ literally "rule of the people"), in modern usage, is a system of government in which the citizens exercise power directly or elect representatives from among themselves to form a governing body, such as a parliament . Democracy is sometimes referred to as "rule of the majority". Democracy is a system of processing conflicts in which outcomes depend on what participants do but no single force controls what occurs and its outcomes. The uncertainty of outcomes is inherent in democracy, which makes all forces struggle repeatedly for the realization of their interests, being the devolution of power from a group of people to a set of rules
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Social Justice
SOCIAL JUSTICE is the fair and just relation between the individual and society . This is measured by the explicit and tacit terms for the distribution of wealth , opportunities for personal activity and social privileges . In Western as well as in older Asian cultures , the concept of social justice has often referred to the process of ensuring that individuals fulfill their societal roles and receive what was their due from society. In the current global grassroots movements for social justice, the emphasis has been on the breaking of barriers for social mobility , the creation of safety nets and economic justice . Social justice
Social justice
assigns rights and duties in the institutions of society, which enables people to receive the basic benefits and burdens of cooperation
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Sukarno
SUKARNO (Javanese : ꦯꦸꦏꦂꦤ; 6 June 1901 – 21 June 1970) was the first President of Indonesia , serving in office from 1945 to 1967. Sukarno
Sukarno
was the leader of his country's struggle for Independence from the Netherlands . He was a prominent leader of Indonesia's nationalist movement during the Dutch colonial period, and spent over a decade under Dutch detention until released by the invading Japanese forces. Sukarno
Sukarno
and his fellow nationalists collaborated to garner support for the Japanese war effort from the population, in exchange for Japanese aid in spreading nationalist ideas. Upon Japanese surrender, Sukarno
Sukarno
and Mohammad Hatta declared Indonesian independence on 17 August 1945, and Sukarno
Sukarno
was appointed as first president
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Monotheism
MONOTHEISM has been defined as the belief in the existence of only one god that created the world, is all-powerful and intervenes in the world. A broader definition of monotheism is the belief in one god. A distinction may be made between exclusive monotheism, and both inclusive monotheism and pluriform (panentheistic ) monotheism which, while recognising various distinct gods, postulate some underlying unity. Monotheism is distinguished from henotheism , a religious system in which the believer worships one god without denying that others may worship different gods with equal validity, and monolatrism , the recognition of the existence of many gods but with the consistent worship of only one deity
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Nationalism
NATIONALISM is a range of political, social, and economic systems characterised by promoting the interests of a particular nation or ethnic group, particularly with the aim of gaining and maintaining self-governance , or full sovereignty , over the group's homeland . The political ideology therefore holds that a nation should govern itself, free from unwanted outside interference, and is linked to the concept of self-determination . Nationalism
Nationalism
is further oriented towards developing and maintaining a national identity based on shared characteristics such as culture, language, race, religion, political goals or a belief in a common ancestry. Nationalism
Nationalism
therefore seeks to preserve the nation's culture. It often also involves a sense of pride in the nation's achievements, and is closely linked to the concept of patriotism . In these terms, nationalism can be considered positive or negative
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Socialism
SOCIALISM is a range of economic and social systems characterised by social ownership and democratic control of the means of production , as well as the political theories, and movements associated with them. Social ownership may refer to forms of public , collective , or cooperative ownership, or to citizen ownership of equity . There are many varieties of socialism and there is no single definition encapsulating all of them. Social ownership is the common element shared by its various forms. Socialist
Socialist
economic systems can be divided into non-market and market forms. Non-market socialism involves the substitution of factor markets and money , with engineering and technical criteria, based on calculation performed in-kind , thereby producing an economic mechanism that functions according to different economic laws from those of capitalism
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Muslim
65–75% Sunni Islam 10–13% Shia Islam 15–20% Non-denominational Islam ~1% Ahmadiyya ~1% Other Muslim traditions, e.g
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Nationalist
NATIONALISM is a range of political, social, and economic systems characterised by promoting the interests of a particular nation or ethnic group, particularly with the aim of gaining and maintaining self-governance , or full sovereignty , over the group's homeland . The political ideology therefore holds that a nation should govern itself, free from unwanted outside interference, and is linked to the concept of self-determination . Nationalism