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Pala Empire
The PALA EMPIRE was an imperial power during the Late Classical period on the Indian subcontinent , which originated in the region of Bengal . It is named after its ruling dynasty, whose rulers bore names ending with the suffix of _Pala_, which meant "protector" in the ancient language of Prakrit . They were followers of the Mahayana and Tantric schools of Buddhism . The empire was founded with the election of Gopala as the emperor of Gauda in 750 CE. The Pala stronghold was located in Bengal and Bihar , which included the major cities of Vikrampura , Pataliputra , Gauda , Monghyr , Somapura , Ramvati ( Varendra ), Tamralipta and Jaggadala . The Palas were astute diplomats and military conquerors. Their army was noted for its vast war elephant cavalry
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Palas (other)
PALAS may refer to: * Palas, a type of striped kilim , a flatwoven rug; also the woollen robes of dervishes * Palas
Palas
, that part of a medieval imperial palace or castle containing the great hall and other prestigious state rooms. * Pala dynasty of South Asia * Palas, a type of glutinous rice dish.* Geographical places * Palas, Iran , a village in Iran * Palas, Romania , a town in Romania * Palas, Turkey , a town in Turkey * Las
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Bikrampur
BIKRAMPUR ("City of Courage") is a pargana situated 12 miles (19 km) south of Dhaka
Dhaka
, the modern capital city of Bangladesh . It lies in the Munshiganj District
Munshiganj District
of Bangladesh. It is a historic region in Bengal
Bengal
. CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Early history * 1.2 Pala Era * 1.3 Chandra Era * 1.4 Sen Era * 1.5 Mughal Era * 2 Prominent people from Bikrampur * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links HISTORYEARLY HISTORY Ashoka , the emperor of the Maurya Dynasty , ruled all of the Indian subcontinent from ca. 269 BC to 232 BC. Being a devotee of Gautama Buddha , he propagated Buddhism across his kingdom which included Bikrampur to the east. Following the high ideals of this religion, Pala Kings came to Bikrampur to rule the region
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Pataliputra
PATALIPUTRA ( IAST : Pāṭaliputra), adjacent to modern-day Patna
Patna
, was a city in ancient India, originally built by Magadha
Magadha
ruler Ajatashatru in 490 BCE as a small fort (Pāṭaligrāma) near the Ganges
Ganges
river
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Gauḍa (city)
GAUḍA, GAUR, or GOUR, also known as LAKHNAUTI, is a ruined city on the Indo-Bangla border, most of the former citadel is located in present-day the Malda district of West Bengal , India
India
, while a smaller part is located in Nawabganj District of Bangladesh . This city was on the east bank of the Ganges
Ganges
river , 40 kilometres (25 mi) downstream from Rajmahal
Rajmahal
, 12 km south of Malda . Howeverver, the current course of the Ganges
Ganges
is far away from the ruins
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Munger
MUNGER is a twin city and a Municipal Corporation situated in the Indian state of Bihar . It is the administrative headquarters of Munger district
Munger district
and Munger Division . It is the fifth largest city of Bihar and second largest city in Eastern Bihar. Historically, Munger
Munger
is known for being an ancient seat of rule. The twin city comprises Munger
Munger
and Jamalpur situated on the southern bank of the river Ganges
Ganges
. It is situated 60 km west of Bhagalpur
Bhagalpur
, and 180 km east of capital city Patna
Patna

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Somapura
SOMAPURA MAHAVIHARA (Bengali : সোমপুর মহাবিহার Shompur Môhabihar) in Paharpur, Badalgachhi Upazila , Naogaon District , Bangladesh
Bangladesh
is among the best known Buddhist
Buddhist
viharas in the Indian Subcontinent
Indian Subcontinent
and is one of the most important archaeological sites in the country. It was designated as a UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site
in 1985. It dates from a similar time period to the nearby Halud Vihara
Vihara
and to the Sitakot Vihara
Vihara
in Nawabganj Upazila of Dinajpur District
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Murshidabad District
MURSHIDABAD DISTRICT is a district of West Bengal
West Bengal
, in eastern India. Situated on the left bank of the river Ganges, the district is very fertile. Covering an area of 5,341 km² (2,062 sq mi) and having a population 5.863m (according to 2001 census), it is a densely populated district and the ninth most populous in India
India
(out of 640 ). Baharampur
Baharampur
town is the headquarters of the district. The Murshidabad
Murshidabad
city, which lends its name to the district, was the seat of power of the Nawabs of Bangla . All of Bengal
Bengal
was once governed from this town. A few years after Nawab
Nawab
Siraj-ud-Daula lost to the British at the Battle of Plassey
Battle of Plassey
, the capital of Bengal
Bengal
was moved to the newly founded city of Calcutta
Calcutta

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Varendra
VARENDRA (or Barind) was a region of Bengal
Bengal
, now in Bangladesh
Bangladesh
. It included the Pundravardhana or Pundra Kingdom
Pundra Kingdom
region currently part of Rangpur and Rajshahi Division
Rajshahi Division
of Bangladesh. According to Cunningham the boundary of Varendra
Varendra
was the Ganges
Ganges
and the Mahananda on the west, the Karatoya on the east, the Padma on the south and the land between Koochbihar and the Terai on the north. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Modern usage * 3 See also * 4 References HISTORY Main article: Kulin Brahmins Historical evidence attests significant presence of Brahmins in Bengal
Bengal
during the Maurya
Maurya
period
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Sanskrit
A few attempts at revival have been reported in Indian and Nepalese newspapers. India : 14135 Indians claimed Sanskrit to be their mother tongue in the 2001 Census of India : Nepal : 1669 Nepalis in 2011 Nepal census reported Sanskrit as their mother tongue. LANGUAGE FAMILY Indo-European * Indo-Iranian * Indo-Aryan * SANSKRIT EARLY FORM Vedic Sanskrit WRITING SYSTEM No native script. Written in various Brahmic scripts
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Prakrit
A PRAKRIT ( Sanskrit
Sanskrit
: प्राकृत _prākṛta_, Shauraseni : _pāuda_, Magadhi Prakrit : _pāua_) is any of several Middle Indo-Aryan languages . The Ardhamagadhi ("half-Magadhi ") Prakrit, which was used extensively to write the scriptures of Jainism
Jainism
, is often considered to be the definitive form of Prakrit, while others are considered variants thereof. Prakrit
Prakrit
grammarians would give the full grammar of Ardhamagadhi first, and then define the other grammars with relation to it. For this reason, courses teaching "Prakrit" are often regarded as teaching Ardhamagadhi
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Pali
PALI (_Pāli_) is a Prakrit language native to the Indian subcontinent . It is widely studied because it is the language of much of the earliest extant literature of Buddhism
Buddhism
as collected in the _ Pāli Canon _ or _Tipiṭaka _ and is the sacred language of some religious texts of Hinduism and all texts of _Theravāda _ Buddhism
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Buddhism
BUDDHISM ( /ˈbʊdɪzəm/ or /ˈbuːdɪzəm/ ) is a religion and dharma that encompasses a variety of traditions , beliefs and spiritual practices largely based on teachings attributed to the Buddha
Buddha
. Buddhism
Buddhism
originated in Ancient India sometime between the 6th and 4th centuries BCE, from where it spread through much of Asia
Asia
, whereafter it declined in India
India
during the Middle Ages. Two major extant branches of Buddhism
Buddhism
are generally recognized by scholars: Theravada ( Pali
Pali
: "The School of the Elders") and Mahayana ( Sanskrit
Sanskrit
: "The Great Vehicle"). Buddhism
Buddhism
is the world\'s fourth-largest religion , with over 500 million followers or 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists
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Shaivism
_Saiddhantika_ * Siddhantism _Non - Saiddhantika_ * Kashmir Shaivism * Pratyabhijna * Vama * Dakshina * Kaula : Trika -Yamala - Kubjika -
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Monarchy
A MONARCHY is a form of government in which a group, generally a family representing a dynasty , embodies the country's national identity and its head, the monarch , exercises the role of sovereignty. The actual power of the monarch may vary from purely symbolic (crowned republic ), to partial and restricted (_constitutional_ monarchy ), to completely autocratic (_absolute_ monarchy ). Traditionally the monarch's post is inherited and lasts until death or abdication. In contrast, elective monarchies require the monarch to be elected. Both types have further variations as there are widely divergent structures and traditions defining monarchy. For example, in some elected monarchies only pedigrees are taken into account for eligibility of the next ruler, whereas many hereditary monarchies impose requirements regarding the religion, age, gender, mental capacity, etc. Occasionally this might create a situation of rival claimants whose legitimacy is subject to effective election
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Gopala (Pala King)
GOPALA (ruled c. 750s–770s CE) was the founder of the Pala Dynasty of Bengal
Bengal
region of the Indian Subcontinent