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Pakistan
Coordinates : 30°N 70°E / 30°N 70°E / 30; 70 Islamic Republic
Islamic Republic
of Pakistan اسلامی جمہوریہ پاكستان ( Urdu
Urdu
) _Islāmī Jumhūriyah Pākistān_ _ Flag Emblem MOTTO: Īmān, Ittiḥād, Naẓm _ ایمان، اتحاد، نظم (Urdu) "Faith, Unity, Discipline" ANTHEM: _Qaumī Tarānah _ قومی ترانہ "The National Anthem" Area controlled by Pakistan
Pakistan
shown in dark green; parts of the Kashmir
Kashmir
region (uncontrolled) shown in light green
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Pakistan (other)
PAKISTAN usually refers to the sovereign country in South-central Asia formally named the "Islamic Republic of Pakistan"
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Geographic Coordinate System
A GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATE SYSTEM is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position , and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position . A common choice of coordinates is latitude , longitude and elevation . To specify a location on a two-dimensional map requires a map projection
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Urdu Language
URDU (/ˈʊərduː/ ; Urdu : اُردُو‎ ALA-LC : _Urdū_ (_ listen ), or MODERN STANDARD URDU) is a persianized and standardised register of the Hindustani language . It is the national language and lingua franca _ of Pakistan , and an official language of five states of India . It is also one of the 22 official languages recognized in the Constitution of India . Hyderabad , Rampur , Bhopal and Lucknow are noted Urdu-speaking cities of India. Apart from specialized vocabulary , Urdu is mutually intelligible with Standard Hindi , another recognized register of Hindustani. The Urdu variant of Hindustani received recognition and patronage under British rule when the British replaced the local official languages with English and Hindustani written in nastaliq script, as the official language in north and northwestern India
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Flag Of Pakistan
The NATIONAL FLAG OF PAKISTAN ( Urdu : قومی پرچم‎, _Qaumī Pārc̱am_) was adopted in its present form during a meeting of the Constituent Assembly on August 11, 1947, just four days before the country's independence , when it became the official flag of the Dominion of Pakistan . It was afterwards retained by the current-day Islamic Republic of Pakistan. The flag is a green field with a white crescent moon and five-rayed star at its centre, and a vertical white stripe at the hoist side. Though the green colour is mandated only as 'dark green', its official and most consistent representation is Pakistan green , which is shaded distinctively darker. The flag was designed by Amiruddin Kidwai , and is based on the All-India Muslim League flag. The flag is referred to in the national anthem as the Flag of the Crescent and Star
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Emblem Of Pakistan
The STATE EMBLEM OF PAKISTAN was adopted in 1954 and symbolizes Pakistan 's ideological foundation, the basis of its economy, its cultural heritage and its guiding principles. The four components of the emblem are a crescent and star crest above a shield, which is surrounded by a wreath, below which is a scroll. The crest and the green colour of the emblem are traditional symbols of Islam . The quartered shield in the centre shows cotton , wheat , tea and jute , which were the major crops of Pakistan at independence and are shown in a form of shield and signify as the main agricultural base for the importance of the Nation's economy. The floral wreath, surrounding the shield, is _ Jasminum officinale _ (the national flower ) and represents the floral designs used in traditional Mughal art and emphasizes the cultural heritage of Pakistan
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Īmān, Ittiḥād, Naẓm
"IMAN, ITTIHAD, NAZM" ( Urdu
Urdu
: ایمان، اتحاد، نظم‎‎; pronounced: Īmān, Ittiḥād, Naẓm; lit. "Faith, Unity, Discipline") is the national motto of Pakistan
Pakistan
. It is regarded as the guiding principle of Pakistan's nationhood. Upon the independence of Pakistan, it was introduced and adopted as the national motto by the country's founder Muhammad Ali Jinnah . It is inscribed in Urdu
Urdu
at the base of the state emblem . The emblem itself is an adaptation of four components: wreath, crescent, star and scroll, with all components in the shield bounded by the wreath of the Jasmine flower, and the crescent and star crest depicted at the top. CONTENTS * 1 Origin * 2 Popular connotations * 3 See also * 4 External links * 5 References ORIGINThe origin of the motto is derived from the country's founding father Muhammad Ali Jinnah
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Qaumi Taranah
The QAUMI TARANAH ( Urdu : قومی ترانہ‎, _Qaumī Tarānah_ pronounced , lit. _“National Anthem”_), also known as _PāK SARZAMīN_ ( Urdu : پاک سرزمین‎, pronounced , lit. _“The Sacred Land”_), is the national anthem of Pakistan . Its music was composed by Ahmad G. Chagla in 1949, preceding the lyrics, which were written by Hafeez Jullundhri in 1952. It was officially adopted as Pakistan's national anthem in August 1954 and was recorded in the same year by eleven major singers of Pakistan including Ahmad Rushdi , Kaukab Jahan, Rasheeda Begum, Najam Ara, Naseema Shaheen, Zawar Hussain, Akhtar Abbas, Ghulam Dastagir, Anwar Zaheer and Akhtar Wasi Ali. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Music * 3 Lyrics * 4 Milestones * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links HISTORYIn early 1948, A. R
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Islamabad
ISLAMABAD (/ɪzˈlɑːməˌbɑːd/ ; Urdu : اسلام آباد‎, ISLāMāBāD, Urdu pronunciation: ) is the capital city of Pakistan located within the federal Islamabad Capital Territory . With a population of two million, it is the 10th largest city of Pakistan , while the larger Islamabad-Rawalpindi metropolitan area is the third largest in Pakistan with a population exceeding five million. The city is the political seat of Pakistan and is administered by the Islamabad Metropolitan Corporation , supported by the Capital Development Authority (CDA). Islamabad is located in the Pothohar Plateau in the northeastern part of the country, between Rawalpindi District and the Margalla Hills National Park to the north
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Karachi
KARACHI ( Urdu : کراچی‎; ALA-LC : _Karācī_, IPA: ( listen ); Sindhi : ڪراچي‎) is the capital of the Pakistani province of Sindh . It is the most populous city in Pakistan, fourth most populous city proper in the world and the 6th most populous metropolitan city in the world. Ranked as a beta world city , the city is Pakistan's premier industrial and financial centre. Karachi is also Pakistan's most cosmopolitan city. Situated on the Arabian Sea , Karachi serves as a transport hub, and is home to two of Pakistan's two largest seaports, the Port of Karachi and Port Bin Qasim , as well as the busiest airport in Pakistan . Though the Karachi region has been inhabited for millennia, the city was founded as a fortified village named _Kolachi_ in 1729
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Urdu
URDU (/ˈʊərduː/ ; Urdu : اُردُو‎ ALA-LC : _Urdū_ (_ listen ), or MODERN STANDARD URDU) is a persianized and standardised register of the Hindustani language
Hindustani language
. It is the national language and lingua franca _ of Pakistan
Pakistan
, and an official language of five states of India
India
. It is also one of the 22 official languages recognized in the Constitution of India
India
. Hyderabad , Rampur , Bhopal and Lucknow are noted Urdu-speaking cities of India. Apart from specialized vocabulary , Urdu is mutually intelligible with Standard Hindi , another recognized register of Hindustani
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English Language
ENGLISH /ˈɪŋɡlɪʃ/ (_ listen ) is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca _. Named after the Angles , one of the Germanic tribes that migrated to England , it ultimately derives its name from the Anglia (Angeln) peninsula in the Baltic Sea . It is closely related to the Frisian languages , but its vocabulary has been significantly influenced by other Germanic languages particularly Norse (a North Germanic language ), as well as by Latin and Romance languages , particularly French . English has developed over the course of more than 1,400 years. The earliest forms of English, a set of Anglo-Frisian dialects brought to Great Britain by Anglo-Saxon settlers in the 5th century, are called Old English
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Languages Of Pakistan
Pakistan's national language is Urdu , which, along with English , is also the official language. In 2015, the government of Pakistan announced plans to make Urdu the sole official language and abolish English as the second official language. The country is also home to several regional languages, including Punjabi , Saraiki , Pashto , Sindhi , Balochi , Kashmiri , Hindko , Brahui , Shina , Balti , Khowar , Dhatki , Marwari , Wakhi and Burushaski . From among these, four (Punjabi , Pashto , Sindhi , and Balochi ) are provincial languages . Almost all of Pakistan's languages belong to the Indo-Iranian group of the Indo-European language family
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Punjabi Language
PUNJABI (/pʌnˈdʒɑːbi/ ; Shahmukhi : پنجاب ی _paṉjābī_; Gurmukhi : ਪੰਜਾਬੀ _pañjābī_) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by over 100 million native speakers worldwide, making it the 10th most widely spoken language (2015) in the world. It is the native language of the Punjabi people who inhabit the historical Punjab region of India and Pakistan . Among the Indo-European languages it is unusual in being a tonal language . Punjabi is the most widely spoken language in Pakistan , the 11th most widely spoken in India and the third-most spoken native language in the Indian Subcontinent . Punjabi is the fourth-most spoken language in the United Kingdom and third-most spoken native language (after English and French ) in Canada
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Sindhi Language
SINDHI /ˈsɪndi/ (سنڌي, सिन्धी, , ਸਿੰਧੀ) is an Indo-Aryan language of the historical Sindh region, spoken by the Sindhi people . It is the official language of the Pakistani province of Sindh . In India , Sindhi is one of the scheduled languages officially recognized by the federal government. Most Sindhi speakers are concentrated in Pakistan in the Sindh province, and in India , the Kutch region of the state of Gujarat and in the Ulhasnagar region of the state of Maharashtra
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Pashto Language
PASHTO (/ˈpʌʃtoʊ/ , rarely /ˈpæʃtoʊ/ , Pashto: پښتو‎ Pax̌tō ), sometimes spelled PUSHTU or PUSHTO, is the South -Central Asian language of the Pashtuns . It is known in Persian literature as AFGHāNI (افغانی) and in Urdu and Hindi literature as PAṭHāNī. Speakers of the language are called Pashtuns or Pukhtuns and sometimes Afghans or Pathans. It is an Eastern Iranian language , belonging to the Indo-European family . Pashto
Pashto
is one of the two official languages of Afghanistan
Afghanistan
, and it is the second-largest regional language of Pakistan
Pakistan
, mainly spoken in the west and northwest of the country. Pakistan's Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) are almost 100% Pashto-speaking, while it is the majority language of the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and the northern districts of Balochistan
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