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Põlva County
PõLVA COUNTY (Estonian : Põlva maakond), or PõLVAMAA, is one of 15 counties of Estonia
Estonia
. It is situated in south-eastern part of the country and borders Tartu , Valga and Võru counties. The county also shares a common border with Pskov Oblast
Pskov Oblast
of Russia
Russia
. Long sections of the border with neighboring Russia
Russia
have not yet been ratified by treaty, and certain villages in Põlva County (e.g., Lutepää and Saatse) can only be reached by driving through Russian-controlled territory. 28,507 people live in Põlva County – constituting 2.3% of the total population in Estonia
Estonia
(as of January 2013)
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Counties Of Estonia
COUNTIES (Estonian : maakond, plural maakonnad) are the first-level administrative subdivisions of Estonia
Estonia
. Estonian territory is composed of 15 counties, including 13 on the mainland and 2 on islands. The government (maavalitsus) of each county is led by a maavanem (governor) who represents the national government (Vabariigi Valitsus) at the regional level. Governors are appointed by the national government for a term of five years. Each county is further divided into municipalities of two types: urban municipalities (towns, linnad) and rural municipalities (parishes, vallad). CONTENTS * 1 List of counties * 2 History * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links LIST OF COUNTIES Population
Population
figures are those of 1 January 2016. List of counties of Estonia
Estonia
Coat of arms COUNTY CAPITAL Area
Area
(km2) POPULATION Pop. density (inhab
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Flag Of Põlva County
The FLAGS OF THE 15 COUNTIES OF ESTONIA are all white and green, with the coat of arms of the respective county on the white part. This design was first established in 1938. The list also includes the historical flag of Petseri County
Petseri County
, which in 1944 was occupied by Soviet forces and became Pechorsky District
Pechorsky District
in Pskov Oblast
Pskov Oblast
, present-day Russia
Russia
. The district was claimed by Estonia
Estonia
after the re-establishing of independence in 1991 , but the claim was dropped in 1995
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List Of Sovereign States
This LIST OF SOVEREIGN STATES provides an overview of sovereign states around the world , with information on their status and recognition of their sovereignty . Membership within the United Nations
United Nations
system divides the 206 listed states into three categories: 193 member states , two observer states , and 11 other states. The _sovereignty dispute_ column indicates states whose sovereignty is undisputed (190 states) and states whose sovereignty is disputed (16 states, out of which there are 6 member states, 1 observer state and 9 other states). Compiling a list such as this can be a difficult and controversial process, as there is no definition that is binding on all the members of the community of nations concerning the criteria for statehood . For more information on the criteria used to determine the contents of this list, please see the _criteria for inclusion _ section below
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Estonia
ESTONIA (/ɛˈstoʊniə/ (_ listen ); Estonian : Eesti_ ), officially the REPUBLIC OF ESTONIA (Estonian: _Eesti Vabariik_), is a country in the Baltic region of Northern Europe . It is bordered to the north by the Gulf of Finland , to the west by the Baltic Sea , to the south by Latvia (343 km), and to the east by Lake Peipus and Russia (338.6 km). Across the Baltic Sea lies Sweden in the west and Finland in the north. The territory of Estonia consists of a mainland and 2,222 islands and islets in the Baltic Sea, covering 45,339 km2 (17,505 sq mi) of land and water, and is influenced by a humid continental climate . The territory of Estonia has been inhabited since at least 6500 BC, with Finno-Ugric speakers – the linguistic ancestors of modern Estonians – arriving no later than around 1800 BC
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Põlva
PõLVA (Estonian pronunciation: ) is a town in southeastern Estonia , the capital of Põlva County
Põlva County
, and the centre of Põlva Parish . Põlva
Põlva
is home for the Intsikurmu Song Festival Grounds, which regularly hosts concerts and summer activities, situated in a small forested area on the west side of the town. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Education * 3 Culture and sport * 4 Politics * 5 Twin towns * 6 References * 7 External links HISTORY The Estonian War of Independence monument in Põlva. The name "Põlva" appears in the historical record in 1452. The name seems to derive from the Estonian word for "knee" (põlv). Legend has it that a girl was immured in a kneeling position in St. Mary's Church to keep the devil away. This is reputedly how the town was named
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Ethnicity
An ETHNIC GROUP or ETHNICITY is a category of people who identify with each other based on similarities such as common ancestral , language , social , cultural or national experiences . Ethnicity is often an inherited status based on the society in which one lives. In some cases, it can be adopted if a person moves into another society. Membership of an ethnic group tends to be defined by a shared cultural heritage , ancestry , origin myth , history , homeland , language or dialect , symbolic systems such as religion , mythology and ritual , cuisine , dressing style, art , and physical appearance . Ethnic groups, derived from the same historical founder population , often continue to speak related languages and share a similar gene pool
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Estonians
ESTONIANS (Estonian : _eestlased_) are a Finnic ethnic group related to the Finns that mainly inhabit Estonia , a country located south of Finland and the Finnish Gulf . Their national language belongs to Finnic branch and is known as Estonian (Estonian : _eesti keel_). Although Estonia is often geopolitically categorized as one of the Baltics , Estonians are linguistically, culturally and historically related to the neighboring Finns—both belonging to the Finnic people —differing from the non-Finnic Indo-European speaking Baltic peoples of Latvia and Lithuania
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ISO 3166
ISO 3166 is a standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) that defines codes for the names of countries , dependent territories , special areas of geographical interest, and their principal subdivisions (e.g., provinces or states ). The official name of the standard is _Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions_. CONTENTS * 1 Parts * 2 Editions * 3 ISO 3166 Maintenance Agency * 3.1 Members * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links PARTSIt consists of three parts: * ISO 3166-1 , _Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions – Part 1: Country codes_, defines codes for the names of countries, dependent territories, and special areas of geographical interest
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Vehicle Registration Plate
A VEHICLE REGISTRATION PLATE, also known as a NUMBER PLATE (British English ) or a LICENSE PLATE ( American English ), is a metal or plastic plate attached to a motor vehicle or trailer for official identification purposes. All countries require registration plates for road vehicles such as cars, trucks, and motorcycles. Whether they are required for other vehicles, such as bicycles, boats, or tractors, may vary by jurisdiction. The registration identifier is a numeric or alphanumeric ID that uniquely identifies the vehicle owner within the issuing region's vehicle register . In some countries, the identifier is unique within the entire country, while in others it is unique within a state or province. Whether the identifier is associated with a vehicle or a person also varies by issuing agency
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Estonian Language
ESTONIAN (_eesti keel_ ( listen )) is the official language of Estonia , spoken natively by about 922,000 people in Estonia and 160,000 outside Estonia. It belongs to the Finnic branch of the Uralic language family . CONTENTS * 1 Classification * 2 History * 2.1 Estonian literature * 2.2 State language * 3 Dialects * 4 Writing system * 4.1 Alphabet * 4.2 Orthography * 5 Phonology * 6 Grammar * 7 Vocabulary * 7.1 _Ex nihilo_ lexical enrichment * 8 Sample text * 9 See also * 10 References * 11 Further reading * 12 External links CLASSIFICATIONEstonian belongs to the Finnic branch of the Uralic languages , along with Finnish , Karelian , and other nearby languages. The Uralic languages do not belong to the Indo-European languages . Estonian is distantly related to Hungarian and to the Sami languages
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Tartu County
TARTU COUNTY (Estonian : Tartu
Tartu
maakond), or TARTUMAA (German : Kreis Dorpat), is one of 15 counties of Estonia
Estonia
. It is located in eastern Estonia
Estonia
bordering Põlva County , Valga County , Viljandi County and Jõgeva County . The area of Tartu
Tartu
County is 2,992.74 km², which covers 6.9% of the territory of Estonia. In January 2013 Tartu
Tartu
County had a population of 150,139 – constituting 11.6% of the total population in Estonia. The city of Tartu
Tartu
is the centre of the county located at a distance of 186 km from Tallinn
Tallinn
. Tartu
Tartu
County is divided into 22 local governments – 3 urban and 19 rural municipalities
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Valga County
VALGA COUNTY (Estonian : Valga maakond), or VALGAMAA is the first-level administrative unit in Estonia
Estonia
and one of 15 counties of Estonia
Estonia
. It comprises the former area of Valga District. The present-day county was created on 1 January 1990. The capital and the biggest town of Valga County
Valga County
is Valga, followed by Tõrva and Otepää . It is situated in southern part of the country and borders Põlva County and Võru County to the east, Latvia
Latvia
to the south and to the west, Viljandi County
Viljandi County
and Tartu County to the north. 29,944 people live in Valga County
Valga County
(as of 1 January 2015)
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Võru County
VõRUMAA, or VõRU MAAKOND (English: VõRU COUNTY, Estonian : Võru maakond, Võro : Võro maakund) officially, is a county in Southern Estonia
Estonia
. It is bordered by Valga County
County
and Põlva County
County
and is the only Estonain county bordering two different countries - Latvia
Latvia
(in the South) and Russian Federation (in the East). The territory of Võrumaa covers 2,305 km² and is influenced by a temperate seasonal climate. In January 2013 Võru County
County
had a population of 32,806 – constituting 2.5% of the total population in Estonia. The county is subdivided into 12 rural municipalities and 1 urban municipality - Võru town
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Pskov Oblast
PSKOV OBLAST (Russian : Пско́вская о́бласть, Pskovskaya oblast') is a federal subject of Russia
Russia
(an oblast ), located in the west of the country. Its administrative center is the city of Pskov
Pskov
. As of the 2010 Census , its population was 673,423
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Russia
Coordinates : 60°N 90°E / 60°N 90°E / 60; 90 Russian Federation Российская Федерация (Russian ) _Rossiyskaya Federatsiya_ Flag Coat of arms ANTHEM: " "_Gosudarstvenny gimn Rossiyskoy Federatsii _" (transliteration ) "State Anthem of the Russian Federation" Location of Russia (green) Russian-administered Crimea (disputed ; light green)a Capital and largest city Moscow 55°45′N 37°37′E / 55.750°N 37.617°E / 55.750; 37.617 OFFICIAL LANGUAGES Russian RECOGNISED NATIONA
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