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Oxford English Dictionary
The Oxford
Oxford
English Dictionary (OED) is the main historical dictionary of the English language, published by the Oxford University
Oxford University
Press. It traces the historical development of the English language, providing a comprehensive resource to scholars and academic researchers, as well as describing usage in its many variations throughout the world.[2][3] The second edition came to 21,728 pages in 20 volumes, published in 1989. Work began on the dictionary in 1857, but it was not until 1884 that it began to be published in unbound fascicles as work continued on the project, under the name of A New English Dictionary on Historical Principles; Founded Mainly on the Materials Collected by The Philological Society
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Synonyms
A synonym is a word or phrase that means exactly or nearly the same as another word or phrase in the same language. Words that are synonyms are said to be synonymous, and the state of being a synonym is called synonymy. For example, the words begin, start, commence, and initiate are all synonyms of one another. Words are typically synonymous in one particular sense: for example, long and extended in the context long time or extended time are synonymous, but long cannot be used in the phrase extended family. Synonyms with the exact same meaning share a seme or denotational sememe, whereas those with inexactly similar meanings share a broader denotational or connotational sememe and thus overlap within a semantic field
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Henry Nicol
Henry Nicol (1845–1880) was a philologist specialized in French phonology.[1] Cousin of Henry Sweet, Nicol was persuaded in 1871 by Frederick James Furnivall to take over the editorship of OED
OED
but was prevented by ill health and other problems to do so. References[edit]^ "Nicol, Henry". Modern English biography. 2: 1146. 1897. Lexicography and the OED: pioneers in the untrodden forest
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Early English Text Society
The Early English Text Society
Early English Text Society
(EETS) is a text publication society founded in 1864, dedicated to the editing and publication of early English texts, especially those only available in manuscript. Most of its volumes contain editions of Middle English
Middle English
or Old English
Old English
texts. It is known for having been the first to print many important English manuscripts, including Cotton Nero A.x, which contains Pearl, Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, and other poems.Contents1 History 2 Emblem 3 Notable members3.1 List of directors4 See also 5 References 6 External linksHistory[edit]A page of the Blickling Homilies
Blickling Homilies
in facsimile, as reproduced in The Blickling Homilies
Blickling Homilies
of the Tenth Century: from the Marquis of Lothian's unique MS A.D
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Tuberculosis
Tuberculosis
Tuberculosis
(TB) is an infectious disease usually caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis
Mycobacterium tuberculosis
(MTB).[1] Tuberculosis
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List Of Deans Of Westminster
The Dean of Westminster
Dean of Westminster
is the head of the chapter at Westminster Abbey. Due to the Abbey's status as a Royal Peculiar, the dean answers directly to the Queen (not to the Bishop of London
Bishop of London
as ordinary, nor to the Archbishop of Canterbury
Archbishop of Canterbury
as metropolitan). Initially, the office was a successor to that of abbot of Westminster, and was for the first 10 years cathedral dean for the Diocese of Westminster
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Church Of England
The Church of England
England
(C of E) is the state church of England.[3][4][5] The Archbishop of Canterbury
Archbishop of Canterbury
(currently Justin Welby) is the most senior cleric, although the monarch is the supreme governor. The Church of England
England
is also the mother church of the international Anglican
Anglican
Communion
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Oxford
Oxford
Oxford
(/ˈɒksfərd/)[3][4] is a city in the South East region of England
England
and the county town of Oxfordshire. With an estimated 2016 population of 170,350, it is the 52nd largest city in the United Kingdom,[5][6] and one of the fastest growing and most ethnically diverse.[7][8] The city is situated 57 miles (92 km) from London, 69 miles (111 km) from Bristol, 65 miles (105 km) from both Southampton
Southampton
and Birmingham
Birmingham
and 25 miles (40 km) from Reading. The city is known worldwide as the home of the University of Oxford, the oldest university in the English-speaking world.[9] Buildings in Oxford
Oxford
demonstrate notable examples of every English architectural period since the late Saxon period. Oxford
Oxford
is known as the "city of dreaming spires", a term coined by poet Matthew Arnold
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American Civil War
Union victoryDissolution of the Confederate States U.S. territorial integrity preserved Slavery abolished Beginning of the Reconstruction EraBelligerents United States  Confederate StatesCommanders and leaders Abraham Lincoln Ulysses S. Grant William T. Sherman David Farragut George B. McClellan Henry Halleck George Meade and others Jefferson Davis Robert E. Lee  J. E. Johnston  G. T. Beauregard  A. S
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Broadmoor Hospital
Broadmoor Hospital
Broadmoor Hospital
is a high-security psychiatric hospital at Crowthorne
Crowthorne
in Berkshire, England. It is the best known and oldest of the three high-security psychiatric hospitals in England, the other two being Ashworth Hospital
Ashworth Hospital
near Liverpool and Rampton Secure Hospital in Nottinghamshire. The Broadmoor complex houses about 210 patients, all of whom are men since the female service closed in September 2007, with most of the women moving to a new service in Southall
Southall
and the remainder moving to Rampton and elsewhere. At any one time there are also approximately 36 patients on trial leave at other units. Most of the patients there have been diagnosed with severe mental illness; many also have schizophrenia and personality disorders. Most have either been convicted of serious crimes, or been found unfit to plead in a trial for such crimes
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Philological Society
The Philological Society, or London Philological Society, is the oldest learned society in Great Britain
Great Britain
dedicated to the study of language. The society was established in 1842 to "investigate and promote the study and knowledge of the structure, the affinities, and the history of languages".[1] The society publishes a journal, Transactions of the Philological Society, three times a year.Contents1 List of presidents 2 See also 3 References 4 External linksList of presidents[edit] This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it.1984–1988: Eugénie Henderson 1988–1992: R. H. Robins 1996–2000: Rebecca Posner 2000–2003: Nigel Vincent  ?–present: Wendy Ayres-BennettSee also[edit]PhilologyReferences[edit]^ "The Philological Society – About Us". Retrieved 2008-09-07. External links[edit]Philological SocietyThis article about a linguistics organization is a stub
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Kangxi Dictionary
The Kangxi Dictionary
Dictionary
(Chinese: 康熙字典; pinyin: Kāngxī Zìdiǎn) was the standard Chinese dictionary
Chinese dictionary
during the 18th and 19th centuries. The Kangxi Emperor
Kangxi Emperor
of the Manchu Qing Dynasty
Qing Dynasty
ordered its compilation in 1710. It used the earlier Zihui
Zihui
system of 214 radicals, today known as 214 Kangxi radicals, and was published in 1716. The dictionary is named after the Emperor's era name. The dictionary contains more than 47,000 characters, though some 40% of them are graphic variants. In addition, there are rare or archaic characters, some of which are attested only once
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Real Academia Española
The Royal Spanish Academy
Royal Spanish Academy
(Spanish: Real Academia Española, generally abbreviated as RAE) is the official royal institution responsible for overseeing the Spanish language. It is based in Madrid, Spain, but is affiliated with national language academies in 22 other hispanophone (Spanish-speaking) nations through the Association of Academies of the Spanish Language.[1] The RAE's emblem is a fiery crucible, and its motto is "Limpia, fija y da esplendor" ("Cleans, fixes, and gives splendor"). The RAE dedicates itself to language planning by applying linguistic prescription aimed at promoting linguistic unity within and between the various territories, to ensure a common standard[citation needed] in accordance with Article 1 of its founding charter: "..
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Diccionario De La Lengua Española
The Diccionario de la lengua española
Diccionario de la lengua española
(English: Dictionary of the Spanish language), also known as the Diccionario de la Real Academia Española (DRAE) (English: Dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy),[1] is a dictionary of the Spanish language. It is produced, edited, and published by the Real Academia Española
Real Academia Española
(RAE) (English: Royal Spanish Academy). It was first published in 1780, and subsequent editions have been published about once a decade. The twenty-third edition was published in 2014.Contents1 Origin and development1.1 Editions of the DRAE2 Formats 3 Previous titles 4 Criticism4.1 Inaccuracy 4.2 Pejoratives5 See also 6 References 7 External linksOrigin and development[edit] When the RAE was founded in 1713, one of its primary objectives was compiling a Castilian Spanish
Castilian Spanish
dictionary
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Dictionnaire De L'Académie Française
The Dictionnaire de l' Académie française
Académie française
is the official dictionary of the French language. The Académie française
Académie française
is France's official authority on the usages, vocabulary, and grammar of the French language, although its recommendations carry no legal power. Sometimes, even governmental authorities disregard the Académie's rulings.Contents1 Publication 2 See also 3 References 4 External links4.1 Searchable original texts 4.2 Facsimile reproductionsPublication[edit] A special Commission (Commission du dictionnaire) composed of several (but not all) of the members of the Académie undertakes the compilation of the dictionary
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Accademia Della Crusca
The Accademia della Crusca
Accademia della Crusca
[akkaˈdɛːmja della ˈkruska] ("Academy of the Bran"), generally abbreviated as La Crusca, is an Italian society for scholars and Italian linguists and philologists established in Florence. It is the most important research institution on Italian language[1] as well as the oldest linguistic academy in the world.[2] The Accademia was founded in Florence
Florence
in 1583 and it has been characterized by its efforts to maintain the purity of the Italian language.[3] Crusca means "bran" in Italian, which conveys the metaphor that its work is similar to winnowing as it is well explained by the emblem of the Accademia della Crusca
Accademia della Crusca
that depicts a sifter that is straining out corrupt words and structures (as wheat is separated from bran)
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