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Oxford English Dictionary
The OXFORD ENGLISH DICTIONARY (OED) is a descriptive dictionary of the English language
English language
, published by the Oxford University Press
Oxford University Press
. It traces the historical development of the English language, providing a comprehensive resource to scholars and academic researchers, as well as describing usage in its many variations throughout the world. The second edition came to 21,728 pages in 20 volumes, published in 1989. Work began on the dictionary in 1857, but it was not until 1884 that it began to be published in unbound fascicles as work continued on the project, under the name of A New English Dictionary on Historical Principles; Founded Mainly on the Materials Collected by The Philological Society
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Liberal Arts College
A LIBERAL ARTS COLLEGE is a college with an emphasis on undergraduate study in the liberal arts and sciences. A liberal arts college aims to impart a broad general knowledge and develop general intellectual capacities, in contrast to a professional, vocational, or technical curriculum. Students in a liberal arts college generally major in a particular discipline while receiving exposure to a wide range of academic subjects, including sciences as well as the traditional humanities subjects taught as liberal arts. Although it draws on European antecedents, the liberal arts college is strongly associated with American higher education, and most liberal arts colleges around the world draw explicitly on the American model
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British Museum
6,820,686 (2015) * Ranked 1st nationally * Ranked 5th globally PUBLIC TRANSIT ACCESS Goodge Street ; Holborn ; Tottenham Court Road ; Russell Square ; WEBSITE britishmuseum.org AREA 807,000 sq ft (75,000 m2) in 94 Galleries The centre of the museum was redeveloped in 2001 to become the Great Court , surrounding the original Reading Room . The BRITISH MUSEUM is dedicated to human history , art and culture , and is located in the Bloomsbury
Bloomsbury
area of London
London
. Its permanent collection, numbering some 8 million works, is among the largest and most comprehensive in existence and originates from all continents, illustrating and documenting the story of human culture from its beginnings to the present. The British Museum
British Museum
was established in 1753, largely based on the collections of the physician and scientist Sir Hans Sloane
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Synonyms
A SYNONYM is a word or phrase that means exactly or nearly the same as another word or phrase in the same language. Words that are synonyms are said to be SYNONYMOUS, and the state of being a synonym is called SYNONYMY. The word comes from Ancient Greek sýn (σύν; "with") and ónoma (ὄνομα; "name"). An example of synonyms are the words begin, start, commence, and initiate. Words can be synonymous when meant in certain senses , even if they are not synonymous in all of their senses. For example, if one talks about a long time or an extended time, long and extended are synonymous within that context . Synonyms with exact meaning share a seme or denotational sememe , whereas those with inexactly similar meanings share a broader denotational or connotational sememe and thus overlap within a semantic field . Some academics call the former type cognitive synonyms to distinguish them from the latter type, which they call near-synonyms
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Shilling
The SHILLING is a unit of currency formerly used in the United Kingdom , Australia
Australia
, United States
United States
, and other British Commonwealth countries. The word shilling comes from scilling, an accounting term that dates back to Anglo-Saxon times, and from there back to Old Norse , where it means "division". Slang terms for the old shilling coins include "bob" and "hog". While the derivation of "bob" is uncertain, John Camden Hotten in his 1864 Slang Dictionary says the original version was "bobstick" and wonders if it is connected with Sir Robert Walpole
Sir Robert Walpole
. One abbreviation for shilling is S (for solidus, see £sd
£sd
). Often it was represented by a solidus symbol ("/"), which may have originally stood for a long S or ſ , thus 1/9 would be one shilling and ninepence (and equivalent to 21d ; the shilling itself was equal to 12d )
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Oxford
OXFORD (/ˈɒksfərd/ , locally /ˈɒksfəd/ ) is a city in the South East region of England
England
and the county town of Oxfordshire . With an estimated 2015 population of 168,270, it is the 52nd largest city in the United Kingdom, and one of the fastest growing and most ethnically diverse. The city is situated 57 miles (92 km) from London
London
, 69 miles (111 km) from Bristol
Bristol
, 65 miles (105 km) from both Southampton
Southampton
and Birmingham
Birmingham
and 25 miles (40 km) from Reading . The city is known worldwide as the home of the University of Oxford
University of Oxford
, the oldest university in the English-speaking world . Buildings in Oxford
Oxford
demonstrate notable examples of every English architectural period since the late Saxon period
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Real Academia Española
The ROYAL SPANISH ACADEMY (Spanish: REAL ACADEMIA ESPAñOLA, generally abbreviated as RAE), is the official royal institution responsible for overseeing the Spanish language
Spanish language
. It is based in Madrid
Madrid
, Spain, but is affiliated with national language academies in 22 other hispanophone (Spanish-speaking) nations through the ASSOCIATION OF ACADEMIES OF THE SPANISH LANGUAGE . The RAE's emblem is a fiery crucible, and its motto is "Limpia, fija y da esplendor" ("Cleans, fixes, and gives splendor"). The RAE dedicates itself to language planning by applying linguistic prescription aimed at promoting linguistic unity within and between the various territories, to ensure a common standard in accordance with Article 1 of its founding charter: "..
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Kangxi Dictionary
The KANGXI DICTIONARY (Chinese : 康熙字典; pinyin : Kāngxī Zìdiǎn) was the standard Chinese dictionary during the 18th and 19th centuries. The Kangxi Emperor
Kangxi Emperor
of the Manchu Qing Dynasty
Qing Dynasty
ordered its compilation in 1710. It used the earlier Zihui system of 214 radicals, today known as 214 Kangxi radicals , and was published in 1716. The dictionary is named after the Emperor's era name . The dictionary contains more than 47,000 characters, though some 40% of them are graphic variants. In addition, there are rare or archaic characters, some of which are attested only once. Less than a quarter of these characters are now in common use
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Philological Society
The PHILOLOGICAL SOCIETY, or LONDON PHILOLOGICAL SOCIETY, is the oldest learned society in Great Britain
Great Britain
dedicated to the study of language . The society was established in 1842 to "investigate and promote the study and knowledge of the structure, the affinities, and the history of languages". The society publishes a journal, Transactions of the Philological Society , three times a year. CONTENTS * 1 List of presidents * 2 See also * 3 References * 4 External links LIST OF PRESIDENTS This list is incomplete ; you can help by expanding it . * 1988–1992: R. H. Robins * 1996–2000: Rebecca Posner * 2000–2003: Nigel Vincent * ?–present: Wendy Ayres-Bennett SEE ALSO * Philology
Philology
REFERENCES * ^ "The Philological Society – About Us". Retrieved 2008-09-07
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Church Of England
The CHURCH OF ENGLAND (C OF E) is the state church of England
England
. The Archbishop
Archbishop
of Canterbury
Canterbury
(currently Justin Welby ) is the most senior cleric, although the monarch is the supreme governor . The Church of England
England
is also the mother church of the international Anglican Communion . It dates its establishment as a national church to the 6th-century Gregorian mission
Gregorian mission
to Kent led by Augustine of Canterbury
Canterbury
. The English church renounced papal authority when Henry VIII failed to secure an annulment of his marriage to Catherine of Aragon
Catherine of Aragon
in the 1530s. The English Reformation accelerated under Edward VI 's regents, before a brief restoration of papal authority under Queen Mary I and King Philip
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List Of Deans Of Westminster
The DEAN OF WESTMINSTER is the head of the chapter at Westminster Abbey . Due to the Abbey's status as a Royal Peculiar
Royal Peculiar
, the dean answers directly to the Queen (not to the Bishop of London
Bishop of London
as ordinary , nor to the Archbishop of Canterbury
Archbishop of Canterbury
as metropolitan ). Initially, the office was a successor to that of abbot of Westminster , and was for the first 10 years cathedral dean for the Diocese of Westminster . The current dean is John Hall
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Corrugated Iron
CORRUGATED GALVANISED IRON or steel (colloquially CORRUGATED IRON (near universal), WRIGGLY TIN (taken from UK military slang ), PAILING (in Caribbean English), CORRUGATED SHEET METAL (in North America) and occasionally abbreviated CGI) is a building material composed of sheets of hot-dip galvanised mild steel , cold-rolled to produce a linear corrugated pattern in them. The corrugations increase the bending strength of the sheet in the direction perpendicular to the corrugations, but not parallel to them. Normally each sheet is manufactured longer in its strong direction. CGI is lightweight and easily transported. It was and still is widely used especially in rural and military buildings such as sheds and water tanks. Its unique properties were used in the development of countries like Australia
Australia
from the 1840s, and it is still helping developing countries today. Corrugated iron is equivalent to tin roof
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American Civil War
Union victory * Dissolution of the Confederate States * U.S. territorial integrity preserved * Slavery abolished * Beginning of the Reconstruction Era
Reconstruction Era
BELLIGERENTS United States
United States
Confederate States COMMANDERS AND LEADERSABRAHAM LINCOLN † Ulysses S. Grant William T. Sherman
William T. Sherman
David Farragut George B. McClellan
George B. McClellan
Henry Halleck George Meade
George Meade
and others JEFFERSON DAVIS Robert E. Lee J.E. Johnston P. G. T. Beauregard A.S
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Broadmoor Hospital
BROADMOOR HOSPITAL is a high-security psychiatric hospital at Crowthorne
Crowthorne
in Berkshire
Berkshire
, England