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Owen Jones (architect)
OWEN JONES (15 February 1809 – 19 April 1874) was an English-born Welsh architect. A versatile architect and designer, he was also one of the most influential design theorists of the nineteenth century. He helped pioneer modern colour theory , and his theories on flat patterning and ornament still resonate with contemporary designers today. He rose to prominence with his studies of Islamic decoration at the Alhambra
Alhambra
, and the associated publication of his drawings, which pioneered new standards in chromolithography . Jones was a pivotal figure in the formation of the South Kensington Museum
South Kensington Museum
(later to become the V&A ) through his close association with Henry Cole
Henry Cole
, the museum's first director, and another key figure in 19th century design reform
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Matthew Digby Wyatt
SIR MATTHEW DIGBY WYATT (28 July 1820 – 21 May 1877) was a British architect and art historian who became Secretary of the Great Exhibition , Surveyor of the East India Company and the first Slade Professor of Fine Art at the University of Cambridge
University of Cambridge
. From 1855 until 1859 he was honorary secretary of the Royal Institute of British Architects , and in 1866 received the Royal Gold Medal. CONTENTS * 1 Life * 2 Selected publications * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links LIFEBorn in Rowde , Wiltshire, Wyatt trained as an architect in the office of his elder brother, Thomas Henry Wyatt
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J. M. W. Turner
JOSEPH MALLORD WILLIAM TURNER, RA (23 April 1775 – 19 December 1851) was an English Romanticist landscape painter . Turner was considered a controversial figure in his day, but is now regarded as the artist who elevated landscape painting to an eminence rivalling history painting . Although renowned for his oil paintings , Turner is also one of the greatest masters of British watercolour landscape painting. He is commonly known as "the painter of light"
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Richard Burchett
RICHARD BURCHETT (1815–1875) was a British artist and educator on the fringes of the Pre-Raphaelite
Pre-Raphaelite
movement, who was for over twenty years the Headmaster of what later became the Royal College of Art
Royal College of Art
. He was later described as "a prominent figure in the art-schools, a well instructed painter, and a teacher exceptionally equipped with all the learning of his craft" by his ex-pupil, the poet Austin Dobson . Burchett's pupils included the extremely varied talents of Kate Greenaway , Christopher Dresser
Christopher Dresser
, Elizabeth Thompson
Elizabeth Thompson
(Lady Butler), Sir George Clausen , Sir Luke Fildes
Luke Fildes
, Gertrude Jekyll , Hubert von Herkomer , William Harbutt and Helen Allingham
Helen Allingham

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Christopher Dresser
CHRISTOPHER DRESSER (4 July 1834 in Glasgow
Glasgow
– 24 November 1904 in Mulhouse
Mulhouse
) was a designer and design theorist, now widely known as one of the first and most important, independent designers and was a pivotal figure in the Aesthetic Movement , and a major contributor to the allied Anglo-Japanese or Modern English style; both originated in England and had long-lasting international influence. CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Partial bibliography * 3 References * 4 Further reading BIOGRAPHY Teapot of 1879 Dresser was born in Glasgow, Scotland
Glasgow, Scotland
, of a Yorkshire family. At age 13, he began attending the Government School of Design , Somerset House, London. He received training in design and took botany as his specialization
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Mintons Ltd
MINTONS was a major ceramics manufacturing company, originated with Thomas Minton (1765–1836) the founder of " Thomas Minton and Sons", who established his pottery factory in Stoke-upon-Trent , Staffordshire, England, in 1793, producing earthenware . He formed a partnership, Minton "> A Minton encaustic tile floor at the United States Capitol . Minton coloured lead glazes Palissy ware
Palissy ware
later called 'majolica', catalogued as 'Flower pot' 1851 Great Exhibition Vase with a bleu celeste ground, modelled after a Sèvres design, about 1855, Minton & Co. (V&A Museum no. 4323&A-1857) Early Mintons
Mintons
products were mostly standard domestic tableware in blue transfer printed or painted earthenware, including the ever popular Willow pattern . From c1798 production included bone china from his partner Joseph Poulson's near-by china pottery
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Cast Iron
CAST IRON is a group of iron -carbon alloys with a carbon content greater than 2%. Its usefulness derives from its relatively low melting temperature. The alloy constituents affect its colour when fractured: white cast iron has carbide impurities which allow cracks to pass straight through, grey cast iron has graphite flakes which deflect a passing crack and initiate countless new cracks as the material breaks, and ductile cast iron has spherical graphite "nodules" which stop the crack from further progressing. Carbon (C) ranging from 1.8–4 wt%, and silicon (Si) 1–3 wt% are the main alloying elements of cast iron. Iron alloys with lower carbon content (~0.8%) are known as steel
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Joseph Paxton
SIR JOSEPH PAXTON (3 August 1803 – 8 June 1865) was an English gardener , architect and Member of Parliament, best known for designing the Crystal Palace , and for cultivating the Cavendish banana , the most consumed banana in the Western world. CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Chatsworth * 2.1 Greenhouses * 3 Crystal Palace * 4 Publishing * 5 Political career * 6 Later life * 7 Notes * 8 References * 9 Further reading * 10 External links EARLY LIFEPaxton was born in 1803, the seventh son of a farming family, in Milton Bryan , Bedfordshire. Some references, incorrectly, list his birth year as 1801. This is, as he admitted in later life, a result of misinformation he provided in his teens, which enabled him to enrol at Chiswick Gardens. He became a garden boy at the age of fifteen for Sir Gregory Osborne Page-Turner at Battlesden Park , near Woburn
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Longman & Co
LONGMAN is a publishing company founded in London, England, in 1724 and is owned by PEARSON PLC . Since 1968, Longman
Longman
has been used primarily as an imprint by Pearson's Schools business. The Longman
Longman
brand is also used for the Longman
Longman
Schools in China and the Longman
Longman
Dictionary . CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Beginnings * 1.2 Second and third generations * 1.3 Fourth and fifth generations * 2 1900 onwards * 3 Longman
Longman
imprints * 4 See also * 5 References and sources * 6 External links HISTORYBEGINNINGSThe Longman
Longman
company was founded by Thomas Longman (1699 – 18 June 1755), the son of Ezekiel Longman
Longman
(died 1708), a gentleman of Bristol
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Papier Mache Binding
PAPIER-MâCHé BINDING is an approach to bookbinding in which the boards of the book are decoratively-sculpted papier-mâché covered in plaster, pressed in a mold. Papier-mâché
Papier-mâché
binding was used in England during the mid-nineteenth century. SEE ALSO * Victorian era REFERENCES * ^ Victorian Publishers' Book-bindings in Paper. Berkeley: University of California Press . 1983. p. 8. ISBN 9780520051027 . OCLC 10769223 . FURTHER READING * Bookbinding
Bookbinding
in the British Isles: Sixteenth to the Twentieth Century, Part I. London: Maggs Bros Ltd . 1996. ISBN 0901953083 . OCLC 16318976 . This article about making art out of books , the arts related to bookbinding , or the design of mass-produced books is a stub . You can help by expanding it . * v * t * e Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Papier-mâché_binding additional terms may apply
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Terracotta
TERRACOTTA, TERRA COTTA or TERRA-COTTA (pronounced ; Italian : "baked earth", from the Latin _terra cocta_), a type of earthenware , is a clay -based unglazed or glazed ceramic , where the fired body is porous. Terracotta is the term normally used for sculpture made in earthenware, and also for various utilitarian uses including vessels (notably flower pots ), water and waste water pipes, roofing tiles , bricks, and surface embellishment in building construction . The term is also used to refer to the natural, brownish orange color , of most terracotta, which varies considerably. This article covers the senses of terracotta as a medium in sculpture, as in the Terracotta Army and Greek terracotta figurines , and architectural decoration. Asian and European sculpture in porcelain is not covered
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De La Rue
DE LA RUE PLC (/ˈdɛlə ruː/ or US : /ˌdɛlə ˈruː/ ) is a banknote manufacturer, security printing of passports and tax stamps, brand authentication and papermaking company with headquarters in Basingstoke
Basingstoke
, Hampshire
Hampshire
, England
England
. It also has a factory on the Team Valley Trading Estate, Gateshead, and other facilities at Loughton, Essex
Essex
and Bathford, Somerset. There are overseas offices in Kenya, Sri Lanka and Malta. It is listed on the London Stock Exchange
London Stock Exchange

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Piccadilly
PICCADILLY (/ˌpɪkəˈdɪli/ ) is a road in the City of Westminster , London to the south of Mayfair , between Hyde Park Corner in the west and Piccadilly Circus in the east. It is part of the A4 road that connects central London to Hammersmith , Earl\'s Court , Heathrow Airport and the M4 motorway westward. St James\'s is to the south of the eastern section, while the western section is built up only on the northern side. At just under 1 mile (1.6 km) in length, Piccadilly is one of the widest and straightest streets in central London. Piccadilly has been a main road since at least medieval times, and in the middle ages was known as "the road to Reading " or "the way from Colnbrook ". Around 1611 or 1612, a Robert Baker acquired land in the area and prospered by making and selling piccadills
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Regent Street
REGENT STREET is a major shopping street in the West End of London
West End of London
. It is named after George, the Prince Regent (later George IV) and was built under the direction of the architect John Nash . The street runs from Waterloo Place in St James\'s at the southern end, through Piccadilly Circus and Oxford Circus , to All Souls Church . From there Langham Place and Portland Place continue the route to Regent\'s Park . The street was completed in 1825 and was an early example of town planning in England, replacing a number of earlier roads including Swallow Street . Nash's street layout has survived, although all the original buildings except All Souls Church have been replaced following reconstruction in the late 19th century. The street is known for its flagship retail stores, including Liberty , Hamleys , Jaeger and the Apple Store
Apple Store

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Cairo
CAIRO (/ˈkaɪroʊ/ _KYE-roh_ ; Arabic : القاهرة‎‎ _al-Qāhirah_, _ pronunciation (help ·info ), Coptic : ⲕⲁϩⲓⲣⲏ Kahire_) is the capital and largest city of Egypt . The city's metropolitan area is the largest in the Middle East and the Arab world , and 15th-largest in the world, and is associated with ancient