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Osmo Vänskä
OSMO ANTERO VäNSKä (born 28 February 1953) is a Finnish conductor , clarinetist and composer . He started his musical career as an orchestral clarinetist with the Turku Philharmonic (1971–76). He then became the principal clarinet of the Helsinki Philharmonic from 1977 to 1982. During this time, he started to study conducting with Jorma Panula
Jorma Panula
at the Sibelius Academy , where his classmates included Esa-Pekka Salonen
Esa-Pekka Salonen
and Jukka-Pekka Saraste . In 1982, he won the International Besançon Competition for Young Conductors . Vänskä became principal guest conductor of the Lahti Symphony Orchestra
Orchestra
in 1985, and chief conductor in 1988. He concluded his tenure with the Lahti Symphony Orchestra in 2008 and is now the orchestra's Conductor Laureate
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Sääminki
SääMINKI (Finnish pronunciation: ) (Swedish : Säminge) is countryside and former municipality of Finland
Finland
. Most of Sääminki municipality was incorporated in 1973 with the Savonlinna
Savonlinna
town and the rest with Punkaharju municipality. It is located in the province of Eastern Finland
Finland
and is part of the Southern Savonia
Southern Savonia
region. The municipality had a population of 11,710 and covered an area of 1009,9 km² (31 December 1970). The population density was 11.60 inhabitants per km²
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BBC
The BRITISH BROADCASTING CORPORATION (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster headquartered at Broadcasting House in London . The BBC is the world's oldest national broadcasting organisation and the largest broadcaster in the world by number of employees. It employs over 20,950 staff in total, 16,672 of whom are in public sector broadcasting. The total number of staff is 35,402 when part-time, flexible, and fixed contract staff are included. The BBC is established under a Royal Charter and operates under its Agreement with the Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport. Its work is funded principally by an annual television licence fee which is charged to all British households, companies, and organisations using any type of equipment to receive or record live television broadcasts and iPlayer catch-up
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Scotland
SCOTLAND (/ˈskɒt.lənd/ ; Scots : ; Scottish Gaelic
Scottish Gaelic
: _ Alba
Alba
_ ( listen )) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain
Great Britain
. It shares a border with England
England
to the south, and is otherwise surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
, with the North Sea
North Sea
to the east and the North Channel and Irish Sea to the south-west. In addition to the mainland, the country is made up of more than 790 islands, including the Northern Isles and the Hebrides
Hebrides
. The Kingdom of Scotland
Kingdom of Scotland
emerged as an independent sovereign state in the Early Middle Ages and continued to exist until 1707
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Jan Sandström (composer)
JAN SANDSTRöM (born 25 January 1954, Vilhelmina , Västerbotten County , Sweden
Sweden
) is a Swedish classical music composer. His compositions include the so-called Motorbike Concerto for trombone and orchestra and his choral setting of Es ist ein Ros entsprungen
Es ist ein Ros entsprungen
. CONTENTS * 1 Career * 2 Selected works * 2.1 Orchestra * 2.1.1 Concertos * 2.1.2 Orchestra * 2.2 Vocal * 2.2.1 Opera * 2.2.2 Choral * 2.3 Chamber music * 3 References * 4 External links CAREERSandström grew up in Stockholm
Stockholm
. He studied at the Luleå
Luleå
University of Technology 's Piteå School of Music (1974–1976) and completed his music training at the Royal College of Music, Stockholm , studying music theory (1978–1982) and composition with Gunnar Bucht , Brian Ferneyhough and Pär Lindgren (1980–1984)
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Joonas Kokkonen
JOONAS KOKKONEN ( pronunciation (help ·info )) (November 13, 1921 – October 2, 1996) was a Finnish composer. He was one of the most internationally famous Finnish composers of the 20th century after Sibelius ; his opera The Last Temptations has received over 500 performances worldwide, and is considered by many to be Finland's most distinguished national opera. CONTENTS * 1 Life * 2 Music and influence * 3 List of compositions * 3.1 Orchestral * 3.2 Concertante * 3.3 Chamber * 3.4 Piano * 3.5 Organ * 3.6 Vocal * 3.7 Choral * 3.8 Opera
Opera
* 4 References * 5 Further reading * 6 External links LIFEJoonas was born in Iisalmi
Iisalmi
, Finland, but spent the latter part of his life in Järvenpää
Järvenpää
at his home, which was known as "Villa Kokkonen", designed by Alvar Aalto
Alvar Aalto
and finished in 1969
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Tauno Marttinen
TAUNO OLAVI MARTTINEN (27 September 1912 – 18 July 2008) was a Finnish composer of contemporary classical music. Born in Helsinki
Helsinki
, Marttinen studied in Viipuri and Helsinki. His earliest works are mainly late romantic. His output includes ten symphonies , concertos for various instruments, operas , chamber music , and ballets, among others. In 1965, Marttinen was awarded a Pro Finlandia medal. Marttinen was named a professor by the president Urho Kekkonen
Urho Kekkonen
in 1972. A long-time resident of Hämeenlinna
Hämeenlinna
, the composer spent his last years in Turenki . The only international foundation "Tauno Marttisen Kunniaksi" (Foundation in honouring Tauno Marttinen) is located in The Netherlands, with Leeuwarden
Leeuwarden
as residence
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Robert Kajanus
ROBERT KAJANUS ( Helsinki
Helsinki
, 2 December 1856 – Helsinki, July 6 1933) was a Finnish conductor, composer and teacher. In 1882, he founded the Helsinki
Helsinki
Orchestral Society , Finland's first professional orchestra. As a conductor, he was also a notable champion and interpreter of the music of Jean Sibelius . CONTENTS * 1 Life * 2 Family * 3 Selected works * 4 Kajanus and Sibelius * 5 References * 6 External links LIFEKajanus studied music theory with Richard Faltin and violin with Gustaf Niemann in Helsinki
Helsinki
, with Hans Richter , Carl Reinecke
Carl Reinecke
and Salomon Jadassohn in Leipzig
Leipzig
, and Johan Svendsen
Johan Svendsen
in Paris
Paris
. His music drew on the folk legends of the Finnish people
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Sofia Gubaidulina
SOFIA ASGATOVNA GUBAIDULINA (Russian : Софи́я Асгáтовна Губaйду́лина, Tatar
Tatar
: Cyrillic София Әсгать кызы Гобәйдуллина, Latin Sofia Äsğät qızı Ğöbäydullina; born 24 October 1931) is a Tatar
Tatar
-Russian composer . CONTENTS * 1 Career * 2 Aesthetic * 3 Style * 4 Piano music * 5 Piano/Chamber Music * 6 Awards and recognition * 7 Works * 7.1 Instrumental * 7.2 Orchestral * 7.3 Concertante * 7.4 Vocal/choral * 7.5 Chamber/ensemble * 7.6 Film scores * 8 Discography * 9 References * 10 External links CAREERGubaidulina was born in Chistopol
Chistopol
, Soviet Union
Soviet Union
to an ethnically mixed family of a Volga Tatar
Tatar
father and an ethnic Russian mother
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Carl Nielsen
CARL AUGUST NIELSEN (Danish: ; 9 June 1865 – 3 October 1931) was a Danish musician, conductor and violinist, widely recognized as his country's most prominent composer. Brought up by poor but musically talented parents on the island of Funen
Funen
, he demonstrated his musical abilities at an early age. He initially played in a military band before attending the Royal Danish Academy of Music in Copenhagen from 1884 until December 1886. He premiered his Op . 1, Suite for Strings , in 1888, at the age of 23. The following year, Nielsen began a 16-year stint as a second violinist in the prestigious Royal Danish Orchestra
Royal Danish Orchestra
under the conductor Johan Svendsen
Johan Svendsen
, during which he played in Giuseppe Verdi
Giuseppe Verdi
's Falstaff and Otello
Otello
at their Danish premieres
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Olli Vänskä
TURISAS is a Finnish metal band from Hämeenlinna
Hämeenlinna
. They were founded in 1997 by Mathias Nygård and Jussi Wickström, and named after an ancient Finnish god of war . Turisas
Turisas
are a folk metal band, incorporating elements of power metal and symphonic metal along with frequent harsh vocals. Turisas
Turisas
is known to play most of their solos on electric violin, as opposed to traditional guitar solos
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International Standard Book Number (identifier)
The INTERNATIONAL STANDARD BOOK NUMBER (ISBN) is a unique numeric commercial book identifier. An ISBN is assigned to each edition and variation (except reprintings) of a book. For example, an e-book , a paperback and a hardcover edition of the same book would each have a different ISBN. The ISBN is 13 digits long if assigned on or after 1 January 2007, and 10 digits long if assigned before 2007. The method of assigning an ISBN is nation-based and varies from country to country, often depending on how large the publishing industry is within a country. The initial ISBN configuration of recognition was generated in 1967 based upon the 9-digit STANDARD BOOK NUMBERING (SBN) created in 1966. The 10-digit ISBN format was developed by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and was published in 1970 as international standard ISO 2108 (the SBN code can be converted to a ten digit ISBN by prefixing it with a zero)
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Special
SPECIAL or SPECIALS may refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Music * 2 Film and television * 3 Other uses * 4 See also MUSIC * _Special_ (album) , a 1992 album by Vesta Williams * "Special" (Garbage song) , 1998 * "Special" (Mew song) , 2005 * "Special" (Stephen Lynch song) , 2000 * The Specials , a British band * "Special", a song by Violent Femmes on _The Blind Leading the Naked _ * "Special", a song on _ The Documentary _ album by GameFILM AND TELEVISION * Special (lighting) , a stage light that is used for a single, s
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Ulf Söderblom
ULF ARNE SöDERBLOM (5 February 1930 – 4 February 2016) was a Finnish conductor and music professor. He was the Principal Conductor of the Finnish National Opera
Finnish National Opera
from 1973 to 1993 and was a key figure in the revival of the Savonlinna Opera Festival
Savonlinna Opera Festival
. A champion of Finnish music, he has conducted the world premieres of several works by Finnish composers including Kokkonen 's The Last Temptations and Sallinen 's Kullervo and The Horseman . LIFE AND CAREERSöderblom was born in Turku
Turku
, the son of Arne Paulinus Soderblom and Gerda Mathilda Rajalin. He studied at the Åbo Akademi University
Åbo Akademi University
in Turku
Turku
with Otto Andersson from 1950 to 1952 and at the Vienna Music Academy with Hans Swarowsky from 1954 to 1957
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