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Osmo Vänskä
Osmo Antero Vänskä (born 28 February 1953) is a Finnish conductor, clarinetist and composer. He started his musical career as an orchestral clarinetist with the Turku Philharmonic (1971–76).[1] He then became the principal clarinet of the Helsinki Philharmonic from 1977 to 1982. During this time, he started to study conducting with Jorma Panula
Jorma Panula
at the Sibelius Academy, where his classmates included Esa-Pekka Salonen
Esa-Pekka Salonen
and Jukka-Pekka Saraste. In 1982, he won the International Besançon Competition for Young Conductors. Vänskä became principal guest conductor of the Lahti Symphony Orchestra
Orchestra
in 1985, and chief conductor in 1988. He concluded his tenure with the Lahti Symphony Orchestra
Lahti Symphony Orchestra
in 2008 and is now the orchestra's Conductor Laureate
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Jan Sandström (composer)
Jan Sandström (born 25 January 1954, Vilhelmina, Västerbotten County, Sweden) is a Swedish classical music composer. His compositions include the so-called Motorbike Concerto for trombone and orchestra and his choral setting of Es ist ein Ros entsprungen.Contents1 Career 2 Selected works2.1 Orchestra2.1.1 Concertos 2.1.2 Orchestra2.2 Vocal2.2.1 Opera 2.2.2 Choral2.3 Chamber music3 References 4 External linksCareer[edit] Sandström grew up in Stockholm
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Scotland
Scotland
Scotland
(/ˈskɒtlənd/; Scots: [ˈskɔtlənd]; Scottish Gaelic: Alba
Alba
[ˈal̪ˠapə] ( listen)) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.[16][17][18] It shares a border with England
England
to the south, and is otherwise surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea
North Sea
to the east and the North Channel and Irish Sea
Irish Sea
to the south-west. In addition to the mainland, the country is made up of more than 790 islands,[19] including the Northern Isles
Northern Isles
and the Hebrides. The Kingdom of Scotland
Kingdom of Scotland
emerged as an independent sovereign state in the Early Middle Ages
Early Middle Ages
and continued to exist until 1707
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Robert Kajanus
Robert Kajanus
Robert Kajanus
(Helsinki, 2 December 1856 – Helsinki, 6 July 1933) was a Finnish conductor, composer and teacher. In 1882, he founded the Helsinki
Helsinki
Orchestral Society, Finland's first professional orchestra. As a conductor, he was also a notable champion and interpreter of the music of Jean Sibelius.Contents1 Life 2 Family 3 Selected works 4 Kajanus and Sibelius 5 References 6 External linksLife[edit] Kajanus studied music theory with Richard Faltin, violin with Gustaf Niemann in Helsinki, with Hans Richter, Carl Reinecke
Carl Reinecke
and Salomon Jadassohn in Leipzig
Leipzig
and Johan Svendsen
Johan Svendsen
in Paris.[1] His music drew on the folk legends of the Finnish people. He worked in Dresden
Dresden
in the years immediately after his graduation, and returned to Helsinki
Helsinki
in 1882
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Sofia Gubaidulina
Sofia Asgatovna Gubaidulina (Russian: Софи́я Асгáтовна Губaйду́лина, Tatar: София Әсгать кызы Гобәйдуллина;[1] born 24 October 1931) is a Tatar-Russian composer.Contents1 Career 2 Aesthetic 3 Style 4 Piano music 5 Piano/Chamber Music 6 Awards and recognition 7 Works7.1 Instrumental 7.2 Orchestral 7.3 Concertante 7.4 Vocal/choral 7.5 Chamber/ensemble 7.6 Film scores8 Discography 9 References 10 External linksCareer[edit] Gubaidulina was born in Chistopol, Soviet Union
Soviet Union
to an ethnically mixed family of a Volga Tatar
Tatar
father and an ethnic Russian mother. Her father, Asgat Masgudovich Gubaidulin, was an engineer and her mother, Fedosiya Fyodorovna (née Yelkhova), was a teacher. After discovering music at the age of 5, Gubaidulina immersed herself in ideas of composition
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Joonas Kokkonen
Joonas Kokkonen
Joonas Kokkonen
( pronunciation (help·info)) (November 13, 1921 – October 2, 1996) was a Finnish composer. He was one of the most internationally famous Finnish composers of the 20th century after Sibelius; his opera The Last Temptations
The Last Temptations
has received over 500 performances worldwide, and is considered by many to be Finland's most distinguished national opera.Contents1 Life 2 Music and influence 3 List of compositions3.1 Orchestral 3.2 Concertante 3.3 Chamber 3.4 Piano 3.5 Organ 3.6 Vocal 3.7 Choral 3.8 Opera4 References 5 Further reading 6 External linksLife[edit] Joonas was born in Iisalmi, Finland, but spent the latter part of his life in Järvenpää
Järvenpää
at his home, which was known as "Villa Kokkonen", designed by Alvar Aalto
Alvar Aalto
and finished in 1969
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Sääminki
Sääminki (Finnish pronunciation: [ˈsæ:minki]) (Swedish: Säminge) is countryside and former municipality of Finland. Most of Sääminki municipality was incorporated in 1973 with the Savonlinna town and the rest with Punkaharju municipality. It is located in the province of Eastern Finland and is part of the Southern Savonia region. The municipality had a population of 11,710 and covered an area of 1009,9  km² (31 December 1970)
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Fredrik Pacius
Fredrik Pacius
Fredrik Pacius
(born Friedrich Pacius) ( pronunciation (help·info); March 19, 1809 – January 8, 1891) was a German composer and conductor who lived most of his life in Finland. He has been called the "Father of Finnish music". Pacius was born in Hamburg. He was appointed music teacher at the University of Helsinki
University of Helsinki
in 1834. In Helsinki he founded a musical society, the student choir Akademiska Sångföreningen
Akademiska Sångföreningen
and an orchestra
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BBC
The British Broadcasting
Broadcasting
Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster. Its headquarters are at Broadcasting House
Broadcasting House
in Westminster, London
London
and it is the world's oldest national broadcasting organisation[3] and the largest broadcaster in the world by number of employees
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Carl Nielsen
Carl August Nielsen (Danish: [kɑːl ˈnelsn̩]; 9 June 1865 – 3 October 1931) was a Danish musician, conductor and violinist, widely recognized as his country's most prominent composer. Brought up by poor but musically talented parents on the island of Funen, he demonstrated his musical abilities at an early age. He initially played in a military band before attending the Royal Danish Academy of Music in Copenhagen from 1884 until December 1886. He premiered his Op. 1, Suite for Strings, in 1888, at the age of 23. The following year, Nielsen began a 16-year stint as a second violinist in the prestigious Royal Danish Orchestra
Royal Danish Orchestra
under the conductor Johan Svendsen, during which he played in Giuseppe Verdi's Falstaff and Otello
Otello
at their Danish premieres
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Uuno Klami
Uuno (Kalervo) Klami (20 September 1900 – 29 May 1961) was a Finnish composer. He was born in Virolahti. Many of his works are related to the Kalevala. He was influenced by French and Spanish music, and especially by Maurice Ravel, for whom he had a particular esteem.[1] He participated in five armed conflicts, including two wars in Karelia, the Finnish Civil War, the Winter War
Winter War
of 1939-40 and the Continuation War
Continuation War
of 1941-44.Contents1 Biography 2 Major compositions 3 References 4 Sources 5 Further reading 6 External linksBiography[edit] Klami studied music in Helsinki
Helsinki
with Erkki Melartin
Erkki Melartin
and later in Paris and Vienna. His main works include the Kalevala
Kalevala
Suite and the unfinished ballet Whirls
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Olli Vänskä
Turisas is a Finnish metal band from Hämeenlinna. They were founded in 1997 by Mathias Nygård and Jussi Wickström, and named after an ancient Finnish god of war. Turisas are a folk metal band, incorporating elements of power metal and symphonic metal along with frequent harsh vocals. Turisas is known to play most of their solos on electric violin, as opposed to traditional guitar solos.Contents1 Battle Metal (2004–2007) 2 The Varangian Way (2007–2010) 3 Stand Up And Fight (2011–2012) 4 Turisas2013 (2013) 5 Discography5.1 Albums 5.2 Singles 5.3 DVDs 5.4 Demos 5.5 Videography6 Band members6.1 Current members 6.2 Former members 6.3 Former live session musicians 6.4 Timeline7 References 8 External linksBattle Metal (2004–2007)[edit] Since 2003, Turisas have been signed to Century Media records, which released their debut album Battle Metal in 2004
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Violin
The violin, also known informally as a fiddle, is a wooden string instrument in the violin family. Most violins have a hollow wooden body. It is the smallest and highest-pitched instrument in the family in regular use. Smaller violin-type instruments are known, including the violino piccolo and the kit violin, but these are virtually unused. The violin typically has four strings tuned in perfect fifths, and is most commonly played by drawing a bow across its strings, though it can also be played by plucking the strings with the fingers (pizzicato) and by striking the strings with the wooden side of the bow (col legno). Violins are important instruments in a wide variety of musical genres. They are most prominent in the Western classical tradition, both in ensembles (from chamber music to orchestras) and as solo instruments and in many varieties of folk music, including country music, bluegrass music and in jazz
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Folk Metal
Folk metal
Folk metal
is a fusion genre of heavy metal music and traditional folk music that developed in Europe during the 1990s. It is characterised by the widespread use of folk instruments and, to a lesser extent, traditional singing styles (for example, Dutch Heidevolk, Danish Sylvatica and Spanish Stone of Erech). It also sometimes features soft instrumentation influenced by folk rock. The earliest folk metal bands were Skyclad from England
England
and Cruachan from Ireland. Skyclad's debut album The Wayward Sons of Mother Earth was released in 1991 and would be considered a thrash metal album with some folk influences, unlike Cruachan’s early work which embraced the folk element as a defining part of their sound. It was not until 1994 and 1995 that other early contributors in the genre began to emerge from different regions of Europe and beyond
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Turisas
Turisas
Turisas
is a Finnish metal band from Hämeenlinna. They were founded in 1997 by Mathias Nygård and Jussi Wickström, and named after an ancient Finnish god of war. Turisas
Turisas
are a folk metal band, incorporating elements of power metal and symphonic metal along with frequent harsh vocals
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Minnesota Public Radio
Minnesota
Minnesota
Public Radio (MPR), is a public radio network for the state of Minnesota. With its three services, News
News
& Information, Classical Music and The Current, MPR operates a 44-station regional radio network in the upper Midwest serving over 9 million people. MPR has 127,150 members and more than one million listeners each week, the largest audience of any regional public radio network.[1] Minnesota
Minnesota
Public Radio has won more than 875 journalism awards, including the Peabody Award,[2][3] both the RTNDA Edward R. Murrow Award and the Corporation for Public Broadcasting
Corporation for Public Broadcasting
award of the same name, and the Alfred I
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