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Osmo Vänskä
OSMO ANTERO VäNSKä (born 28 February 1953) is a Finnish conductor , clarinetist and composer . He started his musical career as an orchestral clarinetist with the Turku Philharmonic (1971–76). He then became the principal clarinet of the Helsinki Philharmonic from 1977 to 1982. During this time, he started to study conducting with Jorma Panula
Jorma Panula
at the Sibelius Academy , where his classmates included Esa-Pekka Salonen and Jukka-Pekka Saraste . In 1982, he won the International Besançon Competition for Young Conductors . Vänskä became principal guest conductor of the Lahti Symphony Orchestra in 1985, and chief conductor in 1988. He concluded his tenure with the Lahti Symphony Orchestra in 2008 and is now the orchestra's Conductor Laureate. His complete set of Sibelius symphonies with the Lahti Symphony Orchestra , also on the BIS label, has garnered widespread acclaim
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Sääminki
SääMINKI (Finnish pronunciation: ) (Swedish : Säminge) is countryside and former municipality of Finland
Finland
. Most of Sääminki municipality was incorporated in 1973 with the Savonlinna town and the rest with Punkaharju municipality. It is located in the province of Eastern Finland
Finland
and is part of the Southern Savonia region. The municipality had a population of 11,710 and covered an area of 1009,9 km² (31 December 1970). The population density was 11.60 inhabitants per km²
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Minnesota Orchestra
The MINNESOTA ORCHESTRA is an American orchestra based in Minneapolis , Minnesota
Minnesota
. Founded in 1903, the Minnesota
Minnesota
Orchestra plays most of its concerts at Minneapolis's Orchestra Hall . Osmo Vänskä has been the orchestra's music director since 2003. Sarah Hicks is the principal conductor of the Live at Orchestra Hall series, and Andrew Litton is the artistic director of the annual Sommerfest concert series. CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Financial concerns * 1.2 2012–2014 lockout * 1.3 Post-lockout * 2 Artistic staff * 2.1 Music directors and conductors * 3 Recordings * 4 Summer festival * 5 References * 6 External links HISTORY THIS SECTION NEEDS EXPANSION
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Iceland Symphony Orchestra
SINFóNíUHLJóMSVEIT ÍSLANDS (ICELAND SYMPHONY ORCHESTRA) (ISO) is an Icelandic orchestra based in Reykjavík
Reykjavík
. The ISO is an autonomous public institution under the auspices of the Icelandic Ministry of Education. The Iceland Symphony Orchestra
Iceland Symphony Orchestra
made its home in Háskólabíó (University Cinema) from 1961–2011, but moved into the new 1800-seat Harpa ( Reykjavík
Reykjavík
Concert and Conference Center) in spring 2011. The orchestra gives approximately sixty concerts each season. Per a 1982 law (changed in 2007), the ISO's primary financial sources are the Icelandic treasury (82%) and the City of Reykjavik (18%)
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Lahti Symphony Orchestra
The LAHTI SYMPHONY ORCHESTRA (Sinfonia Lahti) is a Finnish orchestra, based in the city of Lahti
Lahti
. It was founded in 1910 and placed under the control of the Lahti
Lahti
municipality in 1949. In Finland
Finland
the orchestra performs in the Sibelius Hall
Sibelius Hall
, while it also performs abroad in concert halls and festivals. Kalevi Aho
Kalevi Aho
was appointed composer-in-residence for the orchestra in 1992, and they have recorded many of his recent works. Past chief conductors of the orchestra have included Ulf Söderblom (1985-1988). Osmo Vänskä became principal guest conductor of the orchestra in 1985, and chief conductor in 1988. During his tenure, he and the orchestra have achieved wide acclaim, particularly with performances and recordings of Sibelius
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Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra
The HELSINKI PHILHARMONIC ORCHESTRA (Finnish: Helsingin kaupunginorkesteri, Swedish: Helsingfors stadsorkester) is a Finnish orchestra based in Helsinki
Helsinki
. Its primary concert venue is the Helsinki
Helsinki
Music Centre . In 1882, with the backing of two wealthy businessmen, Robert Kajanus founded the orchestra as the HELSINKI ORCHESTRAL SOCIETY and served as its chief conductor for 50 years. It was the first permanent orchestra in the Nordic countries
Nordic countries
. In 1914, it merged with its rival ensemble, the Helsinki
Helsinki
Symphony Orchestra , and acquired its present name. Until 1962, it also served as the orchestra for the Finnish National Opera
Finnish National Opera
. Leif Segerstam was chief conductor of the orchestra from 1995 to 2007, and is now its chief conductor emeritus
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Turku Philharmonic Orchestra
The TURKU PHILHARMONIC ORCHESTRA (Finnish: Turun Filharmoninen Orkesteri) is a Finnish orchestra based in Turku
Turku
, Finland
Finland
. The oldest orchestra in Finland, the Turku
Turku
Philharmonic is resident at the Turku Concert Hall , the first purpose-built concert hall in Finland, completed in 1952. The orchestra was founded in 1790 under the name Turun Soitannollinen Seura (Musical Society of Turku). In 1927, the municipality of Turku took ownership of the ensemble, with Tauno Hannikainen as the orchestra's first chief conductor under municipal management. The orchestra roster currently numbers 74 musicians. Since January 2012, the orchestra's principal conductor is Leif Segerstam . The orchestra's current resident composer is Mikko Heiniö . The orchestra released its first commercial recording in 1979. It has since recorded commercially for such labels as Ondine, Finlandia, and Naxos
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Conducting
CONDUCTING is the art of directing a musical performance, such as an orchestral or choral concert . The primary duties of the CONDUCTOR are to interpret the score created by a composer in a manner which is reflective of those specific indications within that score, set the tempo , ensure correct entries by various members of the ensemble, and to "shape" the phrasing where appropriate. To convey their ideas and interpretation, a conductor communicates with their musicians primarily through hand gestures, typically though not invariably with the aid of a baton , and may use other gestures or signals, such as eye contact with relevant performers. A conductor's directions will almost invariably be supplemented or reinforced by verbal instructions or suggestions to their musicians in rehearsal prior to a performance. The conductor typically stands on a raised podium with a large music stand for the full score , which contains the musical notation for all the instruments or voices
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Composer
A COMPOSER ( Latin _compōnō_; literally "one who puts together") is a person who creates or writes music , which can be vocal music (for a singer or choir ), instrumental music (e.g., for solo piano , string quartet , wind quintet or orchestra ) or music which combines both instruments and voices (e.g., opera or art song , which is a singer accompanied by a pianist). The core meaning of the term refers to individuals who have contributed to the tradition of Western classical music through creation of works expressed in written musical notation (e.g., sheet music scores). Many composers are also skilled performers, either as singers, instrumentalists , or conductors . Examples of composers who are also well known for their ability as performers include J. S. Bach (an organist ), Mozart (violin and piano ), and Beethoven , Liszt and Chopin (all skilled pianists)
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Clarinet
The CLARINET is a musical-instrument family belonging to the group known as the woodwind instruments . It has a single-reed mouthpiece, a straight cylindrical tube with an almost cylindrical bore , and a flared bell. A person who plays a clarinet is called a _clarinetist _ (sometimes spelled _clarinettist_). The word _clarinet_ may have entered the English language via the French _clarinette_ (the feminine diminutive of Old French _clarin_ or _clarion_), or from Provençal _clarin_, "oboe". It would seem however that its real roots are to be found amongst some of the various names for trumpets used around the renaissance and baroque eras. _Clarion_, _clarin_ and the Italian _clarino_ are all derived from the medieval term _claro_ which referred to an early form of trumpet
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Jorma Panula
JORMA PANULA (born 10 August 1930 in Kauhajoki ) is a Finnish conductor, composer, and teacher of conducting. He has mentored many notable Finnish conductors, such as Esa-Pekka Salonen , Mikko Franck
Mikko Franck
, Sakari Oramo , Jukka-Pekka Saraste
Jukka-Pekka Saraste
, and Osmo Vänskä . CAREERPanula studied church music and conducting at the Sibelius Academy. His teachers included Leo Funtek , Dean Dixon
Dean Dixon
, Albert Wolff and Franco Ferrara . Apart from conducting, he has composed a wide variety of music. His operas Jaakko Ilkka and the River Opera established a new genre called "performance opera", which fused music, visual art and the art of daily life. Panula's other compositions include musicals , church music, a violin concerto, jazz capriccio and numerous pieces of vocal music
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Sibelius Academy
The SIBELIUS ACADEMY (Finnish : Taideyliopisto Sibelius-Akatemia, Swedish : Konstuniversitetets Sibelius-Akademi) is part of the University of the Arts Helsinki and a university-level music school which operates in Helsinki
Helsinki
and Kuopio , Finland
Finland
. It also has an adult education centre in Järvenpää
Järvenpää
and a training centre in Seinäjoki
Seinäjoki
. The Academy is the only music university in Finland. It is among the biggest European music universities with roughly 1,700 enrolled students. The Sibelius Academy
Sibelius Academy
is one of the organizers of the International Jean Sibelius Violin Competition held every five years in Helsinki
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Esa-Pekka Salonen
ESA-PEKKA SALONEN ( pronunciation (help ·info ): ; born June 30, 1958) is a Finnish orchestral conductor and composer . He is currently Principal Conductor and Artistic Advisor of the Philharmonia Orchestra in London
London
, Conductor Laureate of the Los Angeles Philharmonic
Los Angeles Philharmonic
, Composer-In-Residence at the New York Philharmonic , Artistic Director and cofounder of the Baltic Sea Festival, and Artist in Association at the Finnish National Opera
Finnish National Opera
and Ballet
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Jukka-Pekka Saraste
JUKKA-PEKKA SARASTE (born April 22, 1956, Lahti
Lahti
) is a Finnish conductor and violinist. Saraste was trained as a violinist. He later studied conducting at the Sibelius Academy with Jorma Panula in the same class as Esa-Pekka Salonen and Osmo Vänskä . Before becoming a conductor, Saraste was co-principal second violinist and later an associate to Leif Segerstam , with the Finnish Radio Symphony Orchestra (RSO). In 1983, Esa-Pekka Salonen and Saraste co-founded the Avanti! Chamber Orchestra, which specialises in performances of contemporary music. In 2000, Saraste also founded the Ekenäs Summer Concerts-Festival with the Finnish Chamber Orchestra, and he is currently the artistic advisor to both Festival and Orchestra. Saraste has directed the Finnish Chamber orchestra on several tours, including tours in the United States and China
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International Besançon Competition For Young Conductors
The INTERNATIONAL BESANçON COMPETITION FOR YOUNG CONDUCTORS, is a music competition for young conductors in the city of Besançon
Besançon
, France. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Winners * 3 References * 4 External links HISTORYThe competition was organized for the first time in 1951 by the music and film critic and composer Émile Vuillermoz , as part of the Besançon
Besançon
International Music Festival , founded three years before. Many conductors who won the competition have established successful international careers, including Seiji Ozawa , Ali Rahbari , Jesús López-Cobos and Sylvain Cambreling . The first prize consists of a cash prize and engagements with important orchestras such as the BBC Symphony Orchestra , Ensemble orchestral contemporain, Dresden Philharmonic and Opera North Sinfonia
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