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Oslo Mosquito Raid
The Oslo
Oslo
Mosquito raid (25 September 1942) was a British air raid on Oslo, Norway, during the Second World War. The target of the raid was the Victoria Terrasse
Victoria Terrasse
building, the headquarters of the Gestapo. It was intended to be a "morale booster" for the Norwegian people and was scheduled to coincide with a rally of Norwegian collaborators, led by Vidkun Quisling.Contents1 Preparation 2 The operation 3 Impact 4 References 5 See also 6 External linksPreparation[edit] The operation was carried out by four de Havilland Mosquito aircraft of No. 105 Squadron RAF, led by Squadron Leader George Parry, flying with navigator Flying Officer "Robbie" Robson
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World War II
Allied victoryCollapse of Nazi Germany Fall of Japanese and Italian Empires Dissolution of the League of Nations Creation of the United Nations Emergence of the United States
United States
and the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
as superpowers Beginning of the Cold War
Cold War
(more...)ParticipantsAllied Powers Axis PowersCommanders and leadersMain Allied leaders Joseph Stalin Franklin D
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No. 105 Squadron RAF
No. 105 Squadron was a flying squadron of the Royal Air Force, active for three periods between 1917 and 1969. It was originally established during the First World War as a squadron of the Royal Flying Corps
Royal Flying Corps
and disbanded after the war. Reactivated shortly before the Second World War, it was inactive again after the conflict. During its second existence it was a bomber unit and had the distinction to be the first to operate the de Havilland Mosquito light bomber. During the 1960s it was reactivated again for six years to provide transport support for the British Army
British Army
in the Aden Protectorate
Aden Protectorate
and the Far East.Contents1 History1.1 Formation and early years 1.2 Reformation and World War II 1.3 Post war2 Aircraft operated 3 See also 4 References 5 External linksHistory[edit] Formation and early years[edit] No
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Black Friday (1945)
On 9 February 1945, a force of Allied Bristol Beaufighter aircraft suffered heavy casualties during an unsuccessful attack on the German destroyer Z33 and its escorting vessels; the operation was labelled "Black Friday" by the surviving Allied aircrew. The German ships were sheltering in a strong defensive position in Førde Fjord, Norway, forcing the Allied aircraft to attack through heavy anti-aircraft fire. The Beaufighters and their escort of Mustang Mk III fighters from the RAF's No. 65 Squadron were also intercepted by twelve German Focke-Wulf Fw 190 fighters of the Luftwaffe fighter wing Jagdgeschwader 5. In the resulting attack, the Allies damaged at least two of the German ships for the loss of seven Beaufighters shot down by flak guns. Another two Beaufighters and one Mustang were shot down by the Fw 190s
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Action Of 9 February 1945
The Action of 9 February 1945 refers to the sinking of U-boat U-864 in the North Sea off the Norwegian island of Fedje during the Second World War by the Royal Navy submarine HMS Venturer. This action is the only incident of its kind where one submarine has sunk another submarine in combat while both were at periscope depth.[2]Contents1 Background 2 The Action 3 Aftermath 4 See also 5 ReferencesBackground[edit] U-864 was a Type IX U-boat, designed for ocean-going voyages far from home ports with limited re-supply. She was on a long-range, covert mission codenamed Operation Caesar to deliver highly sensitive technology to Germany's wartime ally, the Empire of Japan. This included parts for jet engines and missile guidance systems, and 65 tonnes of mercury. She also carried Tadao Yamoto (a Japanese acoustic torpedo expert) and Toshio Nakai (a Japanese fuel expert)
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Battle Of Haglebu
Norwegian victoryGerman attack repelled Orderly Norwegian withdrawalBelligerents Norway (Milorg) GermanyStrength100 men[1] 80-140 men[2]Casualties and losses7 dead 2 wounded 25-30 dead Unknown number woundedv t eNorwegian Campaigns (1941–45)Claymore Gauntlet Anklet Archery Fritham Musketoon Oslo raid Cartoon Checkmate Attacks on TirpitzSource Tungsten Mascot Goodwood Paravane Obviate CatechismZitronella Leader Finnmark Provident 28 January 1945 Black Friday 9 February 1945 Haglebu Bjørn West Judgement DoomsdayThe Battle of Haglebu was a minor battle towards the end of World War II in Norway. A patrol consisting of German and Norwegian police troops had been tipped about weapon storages in Haglebu, and came up from Eggedal on a search. On the southern shore of Haglebuvannet, the German force split so it could search on both sides of the lake
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Bjørn West
IndecisiveNorwegian forces repel German attacks Both sides disengageBelligerents Norway (Milorg) GermanyCommanders and leadersCaptain Harald Risnes Lt Fredrik Kayser Lt. Gen Johannes de BoerCasualties and losses6 dead 35[1]–117[2] deadv t eNorwegian Campaigns (1941–45)Claymore Gauntlet Anklet Archery Fritham Musketoon Oslo raid Cartoon Checkmate Attacks on TirpitzSource Tungsten Mascot Goodwood Paravane Obviate CatechismZitronella Leader Finnmark Provident 28 January 1945 Black Friday 9 February 1945 Haglebu Bjørn West Judgement DoomsdayBjørn West was one out of many Milorg bases in German-occupied Norway, located in Matrefjella in Masfjorden. The base was under the direct command of the Norwegian High Command in London
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Operation Judgement (1945)
Operation Judgement was an operation carried out at the end of World War II by the Home Fleet of the British Royal Navy in North Norway on 4 May 1945, when 44 aircraft of the Fleet Air Arm attacked a U-boat base 5 miles (8.0 km) south of the town and port of Harstad. The attack was directed at vessels in the natural harbour at Kilbotn. It lasted seven minutes and left two ships and a U-boat sunk. No Norwegians in the village of Kilbotn were killed or injured during or after the attack. Operation Judgement was the last air raid of World War II in Europe.Contents1 Background 2 The attack 3 Aftermath 4 ReferencesBackground[edit] From 1939 to 1945 the German war effort made extensive use of the U-boat as a strategic weapon. From bases in Northern Norway U-boats sailed against the Allied convoys making for Russian ports in the Arctic Ocean
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Operation Doomsday
In Operation Doomsday, the British 1st Airborne Division acted as a police and military force during the Allied occupation of Norway in May 1945, immediately after the victory in Europe during the Second World War. The division maintained law and order until the arrival of the remainder of Force 134, the occupation force. During its time in Norway, the division was tasked with supervising the surrender of the German forces in Norway, as well as preventing the sabotage of vital military and civilian facilities. The German Instrument of Surrender was delivered on 8 May to General Franz Böhme, the commander of all German forces stationed in Norway, and the 1st Airborne Division landed near Oslo and Stavanger between 9 May and 11 May. The majority of the transport aircraft carrying the division landed safely, but three planes crashed with a number of fatalities. The division encountered little of the expected German resistance
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Victoria Terrasse
Victoria Terrasse
Victoria Terrasse
is an historic building complex located in central Oslo, Norway. The complex now houses the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.[1]Contents1 History 2 Gallery 3 See also 4 ReferencesHistory[edit] Victoria Terrasse
Victoria Terrasse
in 2015 Victoria Terrasse
Victoria Terrasse
in Oslo Victoria Terrasse
Victoria Terrasse
was built between 1884 and 1890 as an apartment complex. It was designed by architect Henrik Thrap-Meyer, assisted by Wilhelm von Hanno, Paul Due
Paul Due
and Richard Steckmest. It consisted of three quarters and provided a fashionable residential complex. The complex's features included rich profiling and a wide variety of wrought iron detail. The building complex utilized electric power and had the largest apartments along the main facade
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Morale
Morale, also known as esprit de corps (French pronunciation: ​[ɛspʀi də kɔʀ]), is the capacity of a group's members to maintain belief in an institution or goal, particularly in the face of opposition or hardship. Morale is often referenced by authority figures as a generic value judgment of the willpower, obedience, and self-discipline of a group tasked with performing duties assigned by a superior. According to Alexander H. Leighton, "morale is the capacity of a group of people to pull together persistently and consistently in pursuit of a common purpose".[1] Morale is important in the military, because it improves unit cohesion. Without good morale, a force will be more likely to give up or surrender. Morale is usually assessed at a collective, rather than an individual level. In wartime, civilian morale is also important
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Vidkun Quisling
Vidkun Abraham Lauritz Jonssøn Quisling
Quisling
(Norwegian: [ˈvidkʉn ˈkvisliŋ] ( listen); 18 July 1887 – 24 October 1945) was a Norwegian military officer and politician who nominally headed the government of Norway after the country was occupied by Nazi Germany during World War II. Quisling
Quisling
first came to international prominence as a close collaborator of explorer Fridtjof Nansen, organizing humanitarian relief during the Russian famine of 1921
Russian famine of 1921
in Povolzhye. He was posted as a Norwegian diplomat to the Soviet Union, and for some time also managed British diplomatic affairs there
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De Havilland Mosquito
The de Havilland DH.98 Mosquito was a British twin-engine shoulder-winged multi-role combat aircraft. The crew of two, pilot and navigator, sat side by side. It served during and after the Second World War. It was one of few operational front-line aircraft of the era whose frame was constructed almost entirely of wood and was nicknamed The Wooden Wonder.[4] The Mosquito was also known affectionately as the "Mossie" to its crews.[5][nb 1] Originally conceived as an unarmed fast bomber, the Mosquito was adapted to roles including low to medium-altitude daytime tactical bomber, high-altitude night bomber, pathfinder, day or night fighter, fighter-bomber, intruder, maritime strike aircraft, and fast photo-reconnaissance aircraft
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RAF Leuchars
Royal Air Force
Royal Air Force
Leuchars
Leuchars
or RAF Leuchars
Leuchars
(IATA: ADX, ICAO: EGQL) was a Royal Air Force
Royal Air Force
station located in Leuchars, Fife, on the east coast of Scotland
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Operation Provident
Operation Provident was carried out during World War II
World War II
by the Home Fleet of the Royal Navy
Royal Navy
in the period 22–29 November 1944. The purpose of the operation was to carry out attacks on enemy shipping on the coast of Norway
Norway
between latitudes 64° 30′ and 69° North. The operation took place under the personal command of the Commander-in-Chief, Home Fleet, Admiral
Admiral
Sir Henry Ruthven Moore, flying his flag in the aircraft carrier HMS Implacable. It is remembered for the destruction of MS Rigel in Norway's worst disaster at sea. The force consisted of two groups, designated Force 7 and Force 8.[1] Force 7 comprised the flagship Implacable, HMS Dido, and six destroyers: HMS Myngs (Captain (D) 23rd Destroyer Flotilla), HMS Scorpion, HMS Scourge, HMCS Sioux, HMS Zephyr and HMCS Algonquin
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Fife
Fife
Fife
([ˈfəif]; Scottish Gaelic: Fìobha) is a council area and historic county of Scotland. It is situated between the Firth of Tay and the Firth of Forth, with inland boundaries to Perth and Kinross and Clackmannanshire. By custom it is widely held to have been one of the major Pictish kingdoms, known as Fib, and is still commonly known as the Kingdom of Fife
Fife
within Scotland. Fife
Fife
is one of the six local authorities part of the Edinburgh
Edinburgh
and South East Scotland
Scotland
city region. It is a lieutenancy area, and was a county of Scotland
Scotland
until 1975. It was very occasionally known by the anglicisation Fifeshire in old documents and maps compiled by English cartographers and authors
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