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Oslo Mosquito Raid
The OSLO MOSQUITO RAID (25 September 1942) was a British air raid on Oslo
Oslo
, Norway
Norway
, during the Second World War . The target of the raid was the Victoria Terrasse
Victoria Terrasse
building, the headquarters of the Gestapo
Gestapo
. It was intended to be a "morale booster " for the Norwegian people and was scheduled to coincide with a rally of Norwegian collaborators, led by Vidkun Quisling
Vidkun Quisling
. CONTENTS * 1 Preparation * 2 The operation * 3 Impact * 4 References * 5 See also * 6 External links PREPARATIONThe operation was carried out by four de Havilland Mosquito aircraft of No. 105 Squadron RAF , led by Squadron Leader George Parry, flying with navigator Flying Officer "Robbie" Robson
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World War Ii
Allied victory * Collapse of Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
* Fall of Japanese and Italian Empires * Dissolution of the League of Nations * Creation of the United Nations
United Nations
* Emergence of the United States
United States
and the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
as superpowers * Beginning of the Cold War (more... ) PARTICIPANTS ALLIES AXIS COMMANDERS AND LEADERS MAIN ALLIED LEADERS Joseph Stalin Franklin D
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Oslo
OSLO (English: /ˈɒzloʊ/ , _OZ-loh_ , Norwegian pronunciation: (_ listen ) or, rarer or ) is the capital and the most populous city in Norway . It constitutes both a county and a municipality . Founded in the year 1040, and established as a kaupstad_ or trading place in 1048 by Harald Hardrada , the city was elevated to a bishopric in 1070 and a capital under Haakon V of Norway around 1300. Personal unions with Denmark from 1397 to 1523 and again from 1536 to 1814 and with Sweden from 1814 to 1905 reduced its influence. After being destroyed by a fire in 1624, the city was moved closer to Akershus Fortress during the reign of Christian IV of Denmark and renamed CHRISTIANIA in his honour. It was established as a municipality (_formannskapsdistrikt _) on 1 January 1838
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Norway
NORWAY (/ˈnɔːrweɪ/ (_ listen ) NAWR-way_ ; Norwegian : _ Norge_ ( Bokmål ) or _ Noreg_ ( Nynorsk ); Northern Sami : _Norga_), officially the KINGDOM OF NORWAY, is a sovereign state and unitary monarchy whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula plus the remote island of Jan Mayen
Jan Mayen
and the archipelago of Svalbard
Svalbard
. The Antarctic Peter I Island and the sub-Antarctic Bouvet Island are dependent territories and thus not considered part of the Kingdom. Norway
Norway
also lays claim to a section of Antarctica
Antarctica
known as Queen Maud Land . Until 1814, the kingdom included the Faroe Islands , Greenland
Greenland
, and Iceland
Iceland

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United Kingdom
The UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND, commonly known as the UNITED KINGDOM (UK) or BRITAIN, is a sovereign country in western Europe. Lying off the north-western coast of the European mainland , the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
includes the island of Great Britain
Great Britain
, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland
Ireland
and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
is the only part of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
that shares a land border with another sovereign state‍—‌the Republic of Ireland
Ireland

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Royal Air Force
The ROYAL AIR FORCE (RAF) is the United Kingdom's aerial warfare force . Formed towards the end of the First World War
First World War
on 1 April 1918, it is the oldest independent air force in the world. Following victory over the Central Powers
Central Powers
in 1918 the RAF emerged as, at the time, the largest air force in the world. Since its formation, the RAF has taken a significant role in British military history , in particular, playing a large part in the Second World War
Second World War
where it fought its most famous campaign, the Battle of Britain
Battle of Britain

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Gestapo
The GESTAPO (German pronunciation: (_ listen )), abbreviation of GEHEIME STAATSPOLIZEI_, or the Secret State Police, was the official secret police of Nazi Germany and German-occupied Europe . The force was created by Hermann Göring in 1933 by combining the various security police agencies of Prussia into one organization. Beginning on 20 April 1934 it passed to the administration of _ Schutzstaffel _ (SS) national leader Heinrich Himmler , who in 1936 was appointed Chief of German Police (_Chef der Deutschen Polizei_) by Hitler, the Gestapo at this time becoming a national rather than a Prussian state agency as a suboffice of the _ Sicherheitspolizei _ (SiPo) ("Security Police")
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Fw 190
The FOCKE-WULF FW 190 WüRGER (English: Shrike
Shrike
) is a German single-seat, single-engine fighter aircraft designed by Kurt Tank in the late 1930s and widely used during World War II
World War II
. Along with its well-known counterpart, the Messerschmitt Bf 109
Messerschmitt Bf 109
, the Focke-Wulf 190 Würger became the backbone of the Luftwaffe 's Jagdwaffe (Fighter Force). The twin-row BMW 801 radial engine that powered most operational versions enabled the Fw 190 to lift larger loads than the Bf 109, allowing its use as a day fighter , fighter-bomber , ground-attack aircraft and, to a lesser degree, night fighter . The Fw 190A started flying operationally over France
France
in August 1941, and quickly proved superior in all but turn radius to the Royal Air Force 's main front-line fighter, the Spitfire Mk
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Operation Claymore
OPERATION CLAYMORE was the code name for a British commando raid on the Lofoten Islands
Lofoten Islands
in Norway
Norway
during the Second World War . The Lofoten Islands
Lofoten Islands
were an important centre for the production of fish oil and glycerine , used in the German war industry. The landings were carried out on 4 March 1941, by the men of No. 3 Commando
No. 3 Commando
, No. 4 Commando
Commando
, a Royal Engineers
Royal Engineers
Section , and 52 men from the Royal Norwegian Navy . Supported by the 6th Destroyer Flotilla and two troop transports of the Royal Navy
Royal Navy
, the force made an unopposed landing and generally continued to meet no opposition. The original plan was to avoid contact with German forces and inflict the maximum of damage to German-controlled industry
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Operation Anklet
NAVAL: ROYAL NAVY 1 Light cruiser 6 Destroyers 3 Minesweepers 2 Landing Ship Infantry 2 Submarines
Submarines
1 Survey ship ROYAL FLEET AUXILIARY 2 Tankers 1 Freighter 1 Tugboat
Tugboat
ROYAL NORWEGIAN NAVY 2 Corvettes POLISH NAVY 2 Destroyers LAND: No
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Operation Archery
CIVILIAN CASUALTIES 1 killed * v * t * e German occupation of Norway
Norway
* Operation Weserübung
Operation Weserübung
*
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Operation Musketoon
Allied operational success * Destruction of the Glomfjord power plant BELLIGERENTS United Kingdom
United Kingdom
Norway
Norway
Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
COMMANDERS AND LEADERS Graeme D. Black Nikolaus von Falkenhorst UNITS INVOLVED No. 2 Commando
No

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Operation Checkmate (commando Raid)
OPERATION CHECKMATE was the codename for a raid on shipping at Haugesund
Haugesund
, Norway
Norway
in April 1943 during the Second World War by British Commandos
British Commandos
. The raiding party consisted of seven men of No. 14 (Arctic) Commando who managed to sink one ship using limpet mines . While waiting in hiding for the transport back to the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
they were all captured on the 14. and 15. May 1943 and eventually taken to Sachsenhausen and Belsen Concentration Camps where six of them were executed, victims of the Commando Order . The seventh died of typhus . CONTENTS * 1 Background * 2 Mission * 3 Aftermath * 4 References BACKGROUNDOperation Checkmate was the last of 12 commando raids on the Norwegian coast during the Second World War
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Operation Cartoon
* One German steamer was sunk during the operation.OPERATION CARTOON was a British Commando
Commando
raid on the island of Stord near Leirvik
Leirvik
in Hordaland , Norway
Norway
over the night of the 23rd and 24 January 1943. The operation was carried out by fifty-three men of No. 12 Commando
Commando
supported by ten men from the Norwegian 10 (IA) Commando under the command of Captain Harald Risnes (1914-1967). OPERATIONThe raiders were transported to Stord by seven Royal Norwegian Navy motor torpedo boats of the 30th MTB Flotila . Their objective was the destruction of the Pyrite
Pyrite
mine on the island of Stord. On arrival at Stord, half the commandos were landed at Sagvåg quay and engaged the defending German positions there while the remainder were landed on the other side of the bay
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List Of Allied Attacks On The German Battleship Tirpitz
The German battleship Tirpitz
German battleship Tirpitz
was attacked on multiple occasions by Allied forces during World War II
World War II
. While most the attacks failed to inflict any damage on the battleship, she was placed out of action for a lengthy period following the Operation Source
Operation Source
midget submarine attack on 22 September 1943 and for a short period after the Operation Tungsten aircraft carrier strike on 3 April 1944. Tirpitz suffered severe and irreparable damage after being hit by a Tallboy bomb during the Operation Paravane air raid on 15 September 1944, and was sunk with heavy loss of life in the