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Oslo Mosquito Raid
The OSLO MOSQUITO RAID (25 September 1942) was a British air raid on Oslo
Oslo
, Norway
Norway
, during the Second World War . The target of the raid was the Victoria Terrasse
Victoria Terrasse
building, the headquarters of the Gestapo
Gestapo
. It was intended to be a "morale booster " for the Norwegian people and was scheduled to coincide with a rally of Norwegian collaborators, led by Vidkun Quisling
Vidkun Quisling
. CONTENTS * 1 Preparation * 2 The operation * 3 Impact * 4 References * 5 See also * 6 External links PREPARATIONThe operation was carried out by four de Havilland Mosquito aircraft of No. 105 Squadron RAF , led by Squadron Leader George Parry, flying with navigator Flying Officer "Robbie" Robson
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Focke-Wulf Fw 190
The FOCKE-WULF FW 190 WüRGER (English: Shrike
Shrike
) is a German single-seat, single-engine fighter aircraft designed by Kurt Tank in the late 1930s and widely used during World War II
World War II
. Along with its well-known counterpart, the Messerschmitt Bf 109 , the Focke-Wulf
Focke-Wulf
190 Würger became the backbone of the Luftwaffe
Luftwaffe
's Jagdwaffe (Fighter Force). The twin-row BMW 801 radial engine that powered most operational versions enabled the Fw 190 to lift larger loads than the Bf 109, allowing its use as a day fighter , fighter-bomber , ground-attack aircraft and, to a lesser degree, night fighter . The Fw 190A started flying operationally over France
France
in August 1941, and quickly proved superior in all but turn radius to the Royal Air Force 's main front-line fighter, the Spitfire Mk
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Dead Reckoning
The navigator plots their 9am position, indicated by the triangle, and, using their course and speed, estimates their own position at 9:30am and 10am. In navigation , DEAD RECKONING is the process of calculating one's current position by using a previously determined position, or fix , and advancing that position based upon known or estimated speeds over elapsed time and course. The corresponding term in biology, used to describe the processes by which animals update their estimates of position or heading, is path integration . Drift is the angle between the heading of the airplane and the desired track. A is the last known position (fix, usually shown with a circle). B is the air position (usually shown with a plus sign). C is the DR position (usually shown with a triangle). Dead reckoning
Dead reckoning
is subject to cumulative errors
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Jagdgeschwader 5
JAGDGESCHWADER 5 (JG 5) was a Luftwaffe fighter wing during World War II . It was created to operate in the far North of Europe, namely Norway , Scandinavia and northern parts of Finland , all nearest the Arctic Ocean , with Luftflotte 5 , created specifically to be based in Occupied Norway , and responsible for much of northern Norway. CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 1942 * 1.2 1943 * 1.3 1944 * 1.4 The Sinking of the Tirpitz * 2 Commanding officers * 3 See also * 4 References HISTORY1942JG 5 was formed when elements of the I. Gruppe/JG 77 already stationed in Norway was redesignated as I./JG 5 in January 1942. The II. Gruppe was newly created and III. Gruppe was formed from elements of I./JG 1 in May. The unit had the responsibility for providing fighter-cover over occupied territories under Luftflotte 5 , and also to provide fighter support for the Heer (Army) units fighting on the Arctic front in the Murmansk area
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Stavanger
STAVANGER /stəˈvæŋər/ (Norwegian pronunciation: ( listen )) is a city and municipality in Norway
Norway
. The city is the third-largest urban zone and metropolitan area in Norway
Norway
(through conurbation with neighbouring Sandnes ) and the administrative centre of Rogaland county. The municipality is the fourth most populous in Norway. Located on the Stavanger Peninsula in Southwest Norway, Stavanger counts its official founding year as 1125, the year the Stavanger Cathedral
Cathedral
was completed. Stavangers core is to a large degree 18th- and 19th-century wooden houses that are protected and considered part of the city's cultural heritage
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Oslofjord
The OSLOFJORD (Norwegian : Oslofjorden, English: Oslo
Oslo
Fjord ) is an inlet in the south-east of Norway
Norway
, stretching from an imaginary line between the Torbjørnskjær and Færder lighthouses and down to Langesund in the south to Oslo
Oslo
in the north. It is part of the Skagerrak strait, connecting the North Sea
North Sea
and the Kattegat
Kattegat
sea area, which leads to the Baltic Sea
Baltic Sea
. The Oslofjord
Oslofjord
is not a fjord in the geological sense - in Norwegian the term fjord can refer to a wide range of waterways. The bay is divided into the inner (indre) and outer (ytre) Oslofjord
Oslofjord
at the point of the 17 by 1 kilometre (10.56 by 0.62 mi) Drøbak Sound
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North Sea
The NORTH SEA is a marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
located between Great Britain
Great Britain
, Scandinavia
Scandinavia
, Germany
Germany
, the Netherlands
Netherlands
, Belgium
Belgium
, and France
France
. An epeiric (or "shelf") sea on the European continental shelf , it connects to the ocean through the English Channel
English Channel
in the south and the Norwegian Sea
Sea
in the north. It is more than 970 kilometres (600 mi) long and 580 kilometres (360 mi) wide, with an area of around 570,000 square kilometres (220,000 sq mi). The North Sea
Sea
has long been the site of important European shipping lanes as well as a major fishery
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Scotland
SCOTLAND (/ˈskɒt.lənd/ ; Scots : ; Scottish Gaelic
Scottish Gaelic
: Alba
Alba
( listen )) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain
Great Britain
. It shares a border with England
England
to the south, and is otherwise surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
, with the North Sea
North Sea
to the east and the North Channel and Irish Sea to the south-west. In addition to the mainland, the country is made up of more than 790 islands, including the Northern Isles and the Hebrides . The Kingdom of Scotland
Kingdom of Scotland
emerged as an independent sovereign state in the Early Middle Ages
Early Middle Ages
and continued to exist until 1707
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World War II
Allied victory * Collapse of Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
* Fall of Japanese and Italian Empires * Dissolution of the League of Nations
League of Nations
* Creation of the United Nations
United Nations
* Emergence of the United States
United States
and the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
as superpowers * Beginning of the Cold War
Cold War
(more... ) PARTICIPANTS ALLIED POWERS AXIS POWERS COMMANDERS AND LEADERS MAIN ALLIED LEADERS * Joseph Stalin
Joseph Stalin
* Franklin D
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Vidkun Quisling
VIDKUN ABRAHAM LAURITZ JONSSøN QUISLING (Norwegian: ( listen ); 18 July 1887 – 24 October 1945) was a Norwegian military officer and politician who nominally headed the government of Norway after the country was occupied by Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
during World War II
World War II
. Quisling first came to international prominence as a close collaborator of Fridtjof Nansen , organizing humanitarian relief during the Russian famine of 1921 in Povolzhye . He was posted as a Norwegian diplomat to the Soviet Union, and for some time also managed British diplomatic affairs there. He returned to Norway in 1929, and served as Minister of Defence in the governments of Peder Kolstad (1931–32) and Jens Hundseid
Jens Hundseid
(1932–33), representing the Farmers\' Party
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RAF Leuchars
LEUCHARS STATION is a British Army
British Army
installation located in Leuchars , Fife
Fife
, on the east coast of Scotland
Scotland
, near to the university town of St Andrews
St Andrews
. Formerly RAF LEUCHARS (IATA : ADX, ICAO : EGQL), it was the second most northerly air defence station in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
(The most northerly being RAF Lossiemouth ). The Station ceased to be an RAF Station at 1200 hrs on 31 March 2015 when control of the site was transferred to the Army
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Operation Provident
OPERATION PROVIDENT was carried out during World War II
World War II
by the Home Fleet of the Royal Navy
Royal Navy
in the period 22–29 November 1944. The purpose of the operation was to carry out attacks on enemy shipping on the coast of Norway
Norway
between latitudes 64° 30′ and 69° North. The operation took place under the personal command of the Commander-in-Chief, Home Fleet, Admiral
Admiral
Sir Henry Ruthven Moore , flying his flag in the aircraft carrier HMS Implacable . It is remembered for the destruction of MS Rigel in Norway's worst disaster at sea. The force consisted of two groups, designated Force 7 and Force 8
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Fife
FIFE ( ; Scottish Gaelic : Fìobha) is a council area and historic county of Scotland
Scotland
. It is situated between the Firth of Tay and the Firth of Forth
Firth of Forth
, with inland boundaries to Perth and Kinross and Clackmannanshire
Clackmannanshire
. By custom it is widely held to have been one of the major Pictish kingdoms , known as Fib, and is still commonly known as the KINGDOM OF FIFE within Scotland. It is a lieutenancy area , and was a county of Scotland
Scotland
until 1975. It was very occasionally known by the anglicisation Fifeshire in old documents and maps compiled by English cartographers and authors. A person from Fife
Fife
is known as a Fifer
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Norwegian Government In Exile
NYGAARDSVOLD\'S CABINET (later becoming the NORWEGIAN GOVERNMENT-IN-EXILE) was appointed on 20 March 1935, the second Labour cabinet in Norway
Norway
. It brought to an end the non-socialist, minority Governments that had been dominating politics since the introduction of the parliamentary system in 1884, and replaced it with stable, Labour Governments that, with the exception of during World War II , would last until the coalition cabinet Lyng in 1963. Since the cabinet Hornsrud intermezzo in the winter of 1928, a one-month Labour Government, the Labour Party had changed from revolutionary communism to social democracy . The main reason for the change of course was the realization of that Government power could be used for reforms that could lessen the impact of the economic crisis . In the 1933 election the party used the slogans "Work for everyone" and "Country and city, hand in hand"
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List Of Allied Attacks On The German Battleship Tirpitz
The German battleship Tirpitz
German battleship Tirpitz
was attacked on multiple occasions by Allied forces during World War II
World War II
. While most the attacks failed to inflict any damage on the battleship, she was placed out of action for a lengthy period following the Operation Source
Operation Source
midget submarine attack on 22 September 1943 and for a short period after the Operation Tungsten aircraft carrier strike on 3 April 1944. Tirpitz suffered severe and irreparable damage after being hit by a Tallboy bomb during the Operation Paravane air raid on 15 September 1944, and was sunk with heavy loss of life in the Operation Catechism raid on 12 November that year
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Royal Air Force
The ROYAL AIR FORCE (RAF) is the United Kingdom's aerial warfare force . Formed towards the end of the First World War
First World War
on 1 April 1918, it is the oldest independent air force in the world. Following victory over the Central Powers in 1918 the RAF emerged as, at the time, the largest air force in the world. Since its formation, the RAF has taken a significant role in British military history . In particular, it played a large part in the Second World War
Second World War
where it fought its most famous campaign, the Battle of Britain
Battle of Britain

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