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Operation Paperclip
Operation Paperclip
Operation Paperclip
was a secret program of the Joint Intelligence Objectives Agency (JIOA) largely carried out by Special
Special
Agents of Army CIC, in which more than 1,600 German scientists, engineers, and technicians, such as Wernher von Braun
Wernher von Braun
and his V-2 rocket
V-2 rocket
team, were recruited in post- Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
and taken to the U.S. for government employment, primarily between 1945 and 1959. Many were former members, and some were former leaders, of the Nazi Party.[1][2] The primary purpose for Operation Paperclip
Operation Paperclip
was U.S. military advantage in the Russo–American Cold War, and the Space Race
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President Truman
Harry S. Truman[b] (May 8, 1884 – December 26, 1972) was an American statesman who served as the 33rd President of the United States (1945–1953), taking the office upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt. A World War I
World War I
veteran, he assumed the presidency during the waning months of World War II
World War II
and the beginning of the Cold War. He is known for implementing the Marshall Plan
Marshall Plan
to rebuild the economy of Western Europe, for the establishment of the Truman Doctrine
Truman Doctrine
and NATO against Soviet and Chinese Communism, and for intervening in the Korean War. In domestic affairs, he was a moderate Democrat whose liberal proposals were a continuation of Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal, but the conservative-dominated Congress blocked most of them
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Aeronautics
Aeronautics
Aeronautics
(from the ancient Greek words ὰήρ āēr, which means "air", and ναυτική nautikē which means "navigation", i.e. "navigation into the air") is the science or art involved with the study, design, and manufacturing of air flight capable machines, and the techniques of operating aircraft and rockets within the atmosphere
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Aerospace Engineering
Aerospace
Aerospace
engineering is the primary field of engineering concerned with the development of aircraft and spacecraft.[3] It has two major and overlapping branches: Aeronautical engineering and Astronautical Engineering. Avionics
Avionics
engineering is similar, but deals with the electronics side of aerospace engineering. Aeronautical engineering was the original term for the field
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Kurt Hohenemser
Kurt Heinrich Hohenemser (January 3, 1906 – April 7, 2001) was a German-born American aerospace engineer and pioneer in the field of helicopter design.[1]Contents1 Life in Germany 2 Life in the United States 3 Photo gallery 4 Publications 5 References 6 External linksLife in Germany[edit] Kurt Hohenemser
Kurt Hohenemser
was born on January 3, 1906, in Berlin, Germany, to the German Jewish musicologist Richard Hohenemser and his English wife Alice Salt.[2][3] He received his secondary education from the Goethe-Schule in Berlin-Wilmersdorf, Hermann-Lietz-Schule
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Kurt Tank
Kurt Waldemar Tank (24 February 1898 – 5 June 1983) was a German aeronautical engineer and test pilot who led the design department at Focke-Wulf
Focke-Wulf
from 1931 to 1945. He was responsible for the creation of several important Luftwaffe
Luftwaffe
aircraft of World War II, including the Fw 190 fighter aircraft, the Ta 152 fighter-interceptor and the Fw 200 Condor airliner.[1][2] After the war, Tank spent two decades designing aircraft abroad, working first in Argentina
Argentina
and then in India, before returning to Germany in the late 1960s to work as a consultant for Messerschmitt-Bölkow-Blohm
Messerschmitt-Bölkow-Blohm
(MBB).[3]Contents1 Early life 2 Career2.1 World War II 2.2 Postwar3 References 4 External linksEarly life[edit] Tank was born in Bromberg (Bydgoszcz), Province of Posen
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Robert Lusser
Robert Lusser (19 April 1899 – 19 January 1969) was a German engineer, aircraft designer and aviator. He is remembered both for several well-known Messerschmitt and Heinkel
Heinkel
designs during World War II, and after the war for his theoretical study of the reliability of complex systems. In the post-war era, Lusser also pioneered the development of modern ski bindings, introducing the first teflon anti-friction pads to improve release. Biography[edit] He was born in Ulm. As a pilot, Lusser won the International Light Aircraft
Aircraft
Contest in France in 1928
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Nazi Party
The National Socialist German Workers' Party
German Workers' Party
(German: Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei (help·info), abbreviated NSDAP), commonly referred to in English as the Nazi Party (English: /ˈnɑːtsi, ˈnætsi/),[5] was a far-right political party in Germany that was active between 1920 and 1945, that created and supported the ideology of National Socialism
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Cold War
Part of a series on the History of the Cold WarOrigins of the Cold WarWorld War II(Hiroshima and Nagasaki)War conferencesEastern BlocWestern BlocIron Curtain Cold War
Cold War
(1947–1953) Cold War
Cold War
(1953–1962) Cold War
Cold War
(1962–1979) Cold War
Cold War
(1979–1985) Cold War
Cold War
(1985–1991)Frozen conflictsTimeline · ConflictsHistoriography Cold War
Cold War
IIThe Cold War
Cold War
was a period of geopolitical tension between the Soviet Union with its satellite states (the Eastern Bloc), and the United States with its allies (the Western Bloc) after World War II. The historiography of the conflict began between 1946 (the year U.S. diplomat George F
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Gerhard Neumann
Gerhard Neumann (October 8, 1917 – November 2, 1997) was a German-American
German-American
aviation engineer and executive for General Electric's aircraft engine division (which today is called GE Aviation). Born and raised in Germany, he went to China shortly before World War II
World War II
and ended up being an aircraft mechanic for the United States Army Air Forces there
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Joint Chiefs Of Staff
The Joint Chiefs of Staff
Joint Chiefs of Staff
(JCS) is a body of senior uniformed leaders in the United States Department of Defense
United States Department of Defense
who advise the President of the United States, the Secretary of Defense, the Homeland Security Council and the National Security Council on military matters
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Hans Multhopp
Hans Multhopp
Hans Multhopp
(17 May 1913 – 30 October 1972) was a German aeronautical engineer/designer
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Hermann Oberth
Hermann Julius Oberth (German: [ˈhɛrman ˈju:lɪʊs ˈo:bɐt]; 25 June 1894 – 28 December 1989) was an Austro-Hungarian-born German physicist and engineer. He is considered one of the founding fathers of rocketry and astronautics, along with the French Robert Esnault-Pelterie, the Russian Konstantin Tsiolkovsky
Konstantin Tsiolkovsky
and the American Robert Goddard.[4][5]Contents1 Early life 2 Rocketry and space flight 3 Later life 4 Legacy 5 Books 6 See also 7 References 8 External linksEarly life[edit] Hermann Oberth
Hermann Oberth
as a young boy, c
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Paper Clip (other)
A paper clip is a paper fastener. Paper clip
Paper clip
may also refer to:"Paper Clip", an episode of The X-Files Paper Clips Project, a monument honoring the Holocaust victims and a documentary PaperClip, a 1980s word processor for the Commodore 64 and Atari 8-bit family Microsoft Paperclip, the default Microsoft Office Assistant Operation Paperclip, codename for the U.S
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Heinz-Hermann Koelle
Heinz-Hermann Koelle (born 22 July 1925 Danzig, died 20 February 2011 in Berlin, Germany, 85 years old) was an aeronautical engineer who made the preliminary designs on the rocket that would emerge as the Saturn I. Closely associated with Wernher von Braun's team at the Army Ballistic Missile Agency
Army Ballistic Missile Agency
(ABMA), he was a member of the launch crew on Explorer 1
Explorer 1
and later directed the Marshall Space Flight Center's involvement in Project Apollo. In 1965, he accepted the Chair of Space Technology at the Technical University of Berlin.[1]Contents1 Early life 2 ABMA and MSFC 3 Chair of Space Technology 4 Family 5 Works 6 References6.1 Notes 6.2 Bibliography 6.3 Further readingEarly life[edit] Koelle was born in 1925 in the Free City of Danzig, son of a lieutenant-colonel in the police
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Anton Flettner
Anton Flettner
Anton Flettner
(November 1, 1885 – December 29, 1961) was a German aviation engineer and inventor.[1] Born in Eddersheim (today a district of Hattersheim am Main), Flettner made important contributions to airplane, helicopter, vessel, and automobile designs.[1][2][3] After serving Germany
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