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Operation Musketoon
Allied operational success * Destruction of the Glomfjord power plant BELLIGERENTS United Kingdom
United Kingdom
Norway
Norway
Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
COMMANDERS AND LEADERS Graeme D. Black Nikolaus von Falkenhorst UNITS INVOLVED No. 2 Commando
No

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Special Operations Executive
The SPECIAL OPERATIONS EXECUTIVE (SOE) was a British World War II organisation. Following Cabinet approval, Minister of Economic Warfare Hugh Dalton officially formed it on 22 July 1940. Its purpose was to conduct espionage, sabotage and reconnaissance in occupied Europe (and later, also in occupied Southeast Asia ) against the Axis powers
Axis powers
, and to aid local resistance movements . One of the organisations from which SOE was created was also involved in the formation of the Auxiliary Units
Auxiliary Units
, a top secret "stay-behind " resistance organisation which would have been activated in the event of a German invasion of Britain . Few people were aware of SOE's existence. Those who were part of it or liaised with it sometimes referred to as "the Baker Street Irregulars ", after the location of its London headquarters
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North Sea
The NORTH SEA is a marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
located between Great Britain
Great Britain
, Scandinavia
Scandinavia
, Germany
Germany
, the Netherlands
Netherlands
, Belgium
Belgium
, and France
France
. An epeiric (or "shelf") sea on the European continental shelf , it connects to the ocean through the English Channel
English Channel
in the south and the Norwegian Sea
Sea
in the north. It is more than 970 kilometres (600 mi) long and 580 kilometres (360 mi) wide, with an area of around 570,000 square kilometres (220,000 sq mi). The North Sea
Sea
has long been the site of important European shipping lanes as well as a major fishery
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Operation Dynamo
The DUNKIRK EVACUATION, code-named OPERATION DYNAMO and also known as the MIRACLE OF DUNKIRK, was the evacuation of Allied soldiers during World War II from the beaches and harbour of Dunkirk , in the north of France, between 26 May and 4 June 1940. The operation commenced after large numbers of British, French, and Belgian troops were cut off and surrounded by German troops during the Battle of France . In a speech to the House of Commons , British Prime Minister Winston Churchill called this "a colossal military disaster", saying "the whole root and core and brain of the British Army " had been stranded at Dunkirk and seemed about to perish or be captured. In his We shall fight on the beaches speech on 4 June, he hailed their rescue as a "miracle of deliverance"
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Prime Minister Of The United Kingdom
The PRIME MINISTER OF THE UNITED KINGDOM is the head of Her Majesty\'s Government in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
. The Prime Minister (sometimes informally abbreviated to PM) and Cabinet (consisting of all the most senior ministers , most of whom are government department heads) are collectively accountable for their policies and actions to the Monarch , to Parliament , to their political party and ultimately to the electorate . The office is one of the Great Offices of State . The current holder of the office, Theresa May
Theresa May
, leader of the Conservative Party , was appointed by the Queen on 13 July 2016
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List Of Allied Attacks On The German Battleship Tirpitz
The German battleship Tirpitz
German battleship Tirpitz
was attacked on multiple occasions by Allied forces during World War II
World War II
. While most the attacks failed to inflict any damage on the battleship, she was placed out of action for a lengthy period following the Operation Source
Operation Source
midget submarine attack on 22 September 1943 and for a short period after the Operation Tungsten aircraft carrier strike on 3 April 1944. Tirpitz suffered severe and irreparable damage after being hit by a Tallboy bomb during the Operation Paravane air raid on 15 September 1944, and was sunk with heavy loss of life in the Operation Catechism raid on 12 November that year
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Codeword
In communication , a CODE WORD is an element of a standardized code or protocol . Each code word is assembled in accordance with the specific rules of the code and assigned a unique meaning. Code
Code
words are typically used for reasons of reliability, clarity, brevity, or secrecy
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Operation Provident
OPERATION PROVIDENT was carried out during World War II
World War II
by the Home Fleet of the Royal Navy
Royal Navy
in the period 22–29 November 1944. The purpose of the operation was to carry out attacks on enemy shipping on the coast of Norway
Norway
between latitudes 64° 30′ and 69° North. The operation took place under the personal command of the Commander-in-Chief, Home Fleet, Admiral
Admiral
Sir Henry Ruthven Moore , flying his flag in the aircraft carrier HMS Implacable . It is remembered for the destruction of MS Rigel in Norway's worst disaster at sea. The force consisted of two groups, designated Force 7 and Force 8
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Second World War
Allied victory * Collapse of Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
* Fall of Japanese and Italian Empires * Dissolution of the League of Nations
League of Nations
* Creation of the United Nations
United Nations
* Emergence of the United States
United States
and the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
as superpowers * Beginning of the Cold War
Cold War
(more... ) PARTICIPANTS ALLIED POWERS AXIS POWERS COMMANDERS AND LEADERS MAIN ALLIED LEADERS * Joseph Stalin
Joseph Stalin
* Franklin D
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Norwegian Heavy Water Sabotage
The NORWEGIAN HEAVY WATER SABOTAGE (Bokmål : Tungtvannsaksjonen, Nynorsk : Tungtvassaksjonen) was a series of operations undertaken by Norwegian saboteurs during World War II
World War II
to prevent the German nuclear weapon project from acquiring heavy water (deuterium oxide), which could have been used by the Germans to produce nuclear weapons . In 1934, at Vemork, Norway, Norsk Hydro
Norsk Hydro
built the first commercial plant capable of producing heavy water as a byproduct of fertilizer production. It had a capacity of 12 tonnes per year. During World War II, the Allies decided to remove the heavy water supply and destroy the heavy water plant in order to inhibit the German development of nuclear weapons. Raids were aimed at the 60 MW Vemork
Vemork
power station at the Rjukan
Rjukan
waterfall in Telemark
Telemark
, Norway
Norway

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Winston Churchill
SIR WINSTON LEONARD SPENCER-CHURCHILL KG OM CH TD PCc DL FRS RA (30 November 1874 – 24 January 1965) was a British statesman, army officer, and writer, who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955. Over the course of his career as a Member of Parliament (MP), he represented five constituencies in both England and Scotland. During his time as Prime Minister, Churchill led Britain to an allied victory in the Second World War . He was Conservative Party leader from 1940 to 1955. In 1953, Churchill won the Nobel Prize in Literature
Nobel Prize in Literature
for his lifetime body of work , the prize cited "his mastery of historical and biographical description as well as for brilliant oratory in defending exalted human values". Churchill was born into an aristocratic family , the grandson of the 7th Duke of Marlborough and son of an English politician and an American socialite
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British Expeditionary Force (World War II)
The BRITISH EXPEDITIONARY FORCE (BEF) was the name of the British Army in Western Europe from 1939 to 1940, in the early stages of the Second World War . During the 1930s, the British government planned to deter war by rearming from the very low level of readiness of the early 30s and abolished the Ten Year Rule . The bulk of the extra money went to the Royal Navy and the Royal Air Force (RAF) but plans were made to re-equip a small number of Regular and Territorial divisions, potentially for service overseas. The BEF had been established in 1938, in readiness for war, after Nazi Germany annexed Austria in the Anschluss of March 1938 and made claims on Sudetenland in Czechoslovakia , that led to the Munich Agreement (30 September 1938), ceding Sudetenland to Germany and the German occupation of Czechoslovakia (15 March 1939)
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John Dill
Field Marshal SIR JOHN GREER DILL, GCB , CMG , DSO (25 December 1881 – 4 November 1944) was a senior British Army
British Army
officer with service in both the First World War
First World War
and the Second World War
Second World War
. From May 1940 to December 1941 he was the Chief of the Imperial General Staff (CIGS), the professional head of the British Army, and subsequently in Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
, as Chief of the British Joint Staff Mission and then Senior British Representative on the Combined Chiefs of Staff (CCS), played a significant role during the Second World War
Second World War
in the formation of the " Special Relationship " between the United Kingdom and the United States
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Lieutenant-Colonel
LIEUTENANT COLONEL is a rank of commissioned officer in the armies and most marine forces and some air forces of the world, above a major and below a colonel . The rank of lieutenant colonel is often shortened to simply "colonel" in conversation and in unofficial correspondence. Sometimes, the term, 'half-colonel' is used in casual conversation in the British Army. A lieutenant colonel is typically in charge of a battalion in the army
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Norway
Indigenous status: * Sami Minority status: * Jewish * Traveller * Forest Finn * Romani * Kven DEMONYM Norwegian ( Nordmann ) GOVERNMENT Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy • MONARCH Harald V Glücksburg • PRIME MINISTER Erna Solberg
Erna Solberg
• PRESIDENT OF THE STORTING Olemic Thommessen
Olemic Thommessen
• CHIEF JUSTICE Toril Marie Øie LEGISLATURE Storting
Storting
HISTORY • STATE ESTABLISHED PRIOR UNIFICATION 872 • NORWEGIAN EMPIRE (GREATEST INDEP
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General
A GENERAL OFFICER is an officer of high rank in the army , and in some nations' air forces or marines . The term "general" is used in two ways: as the generic title for all grades of general officer and as a specific rank. It originates in the 16th century , as a shortening of captain general , which rank was taken from Middle French capitaine général. The adjective general had been affixed to officer designations since the late medieval period to indicate relative superiority or an extended jurisdiction. Today, the title of "General" is known in some countries as a four-star rank . However different countries use different systems of stars for senior ranks. It has a NATO code of OF-9 and is the highest rank currently in use in a number of armies
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