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Operation Mascot
OPERATION MASCOT was an unsuccessful British carrier air raid conducted against the German battleship Tirpitz
German battleship Tirpitz
at her anchorage in Kaafjord , Norway, on 17 July 1944. The attack was one of a series of strikes against the battleship launched from aircraft carriers between April and August 1944, and was initiated after Allied intelligence determined that the damage inflicted during the Operation Tungsten raid on 3 April had been repaired. A force of 44 British dive bombers and 40 fighters took off from three aircraft carriers in the early hours of 17 July. German radar stations detected these aircraft while they were en route to Kaafjord, and Tirpitz was protected by a smoke screen by the time the strike force arrived
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World War Ii
Allied victory * Collapse of Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
* Fall of Japanese and Italian Empires * Dissolution of the League of Nations * Creation of the United Nations
United Nations
* Emergence of the United States
United States
and the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
as superpowers * Beginning of the Cold War (more... ) PARTICIPANTS ALLIES AXIS COMMANDERS AND LEADERS MAIN ALLIED LEADERS Joseph Stalin Franklin D
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Vought F4U Corsair
The VOUGHT F4U CORSAIR is an American fighter aircraft that saw service primarily in World War II
World War II
and the Korean War
Korean War
. Demand for the aircraft soon overwhelmed Vought
Vought
's manufacturing capability, resulting in production by Goodyear and Brewster: Goodyear -built Corsairs were designated FG and Brewster -built aircraft F3A. From the first prototype delivery to the U.S. Navy in 1940, to final delivery in 1953 to the French, 12,571 F4U Corsairs were manufactured, in 16 separate models, in the longest production run of any piston-engined fighter in U.S. history (1942–53). The Corsair was designed as a carrier-based aircraft but its difficult carrier landing performance rendered it unsuitable for Navy use until the carrier landing issues were overcome by the Royal Navy Fleet Air Arm
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Fairey Barracuda
The FAIREY BARRACUDA was a British carrier- borne torpedo and dive bomber used during the Second World War , the first of its type used by the Royal Navy\'s Fleet Air Arm to be fabricated entirely from metal . It was introduced as a replacement for the Fairey Swordfish and Fairey Albacore
Fairey Albacore
biplanes . It is notable for its role in attacking the German battleship Tirpitz , and known for its ungainly appearance on the ground. CONTENTS * 1 Design and development * 2 Operational history * 2.1 British service * 2.2 Canadian service * 3 Surviving aircraft * 4 Variants * 5 Operators * 6 Specifications (Barracuda Mk II) * 7 See also * 8 References * 8.1 Notes * 8.2 Citations * 8.3 Bibliography * 9 External links DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENTThe Barracuda resulted from Air Ministry Specification S.24/37 issued in 1937 for a monoplane torpedo bomber to meet Operational Requirement OR.35
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HMS Formidable (67)
HMS FORMIDABLE was an Illustrious-class aircraft carrier ordered for the Royal Navy
Royal Navy
before the Second World War. After being completed in late 1940, she was briefly assigned to the Home Fleet before being transferred to the Mediterranean Fleet as a replacement for her crippled sister ship Illustrious . Formidable's aircraft played a key role in the Battle of Cape Matapan in early 1941, and they subsequently provided cover for Allied ships and attacked Axis forces until their carrier was badly damaged by German dive bombers in May. Assigned to the Eastern Fleet
Eastern Fleet
in the Indian Ocean in early 1942, Formidable covered the invasion of Diego Suarez in Vichy Madagascar
Madagascar
in mid-1942 against the possibility of a sortie by the Japanese into the Indian Ocean
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Kåfjorden (Alta)
KåFJORDEN (Northern Sami : Njoammelgohppi) is a fjord in Alta Municipality in Finnmark county, Norway
Norway
. The 7-kilometre (4.3 mi) long fjord branches off the main Altafjorden
Altafjorden
. The village of Kåfjord and Kåfjord Church both lie along the northern coast of the fjord. The European route E06 highway follows the northern shoreline of the fjord. A new bridge over the Kåfjorden to shorten the highway E6 route around the fjord is under construction and is expected to be completed by in late 2013. The fjord was the anchorage of the German battleship Tirpitz for much of World War II, which was attacked by British midget submarines during Operation Source in 1943 and by aircraft during Operation Tungsten , Operation Mascot , Operation Goodwood and Operation Paravane in 1944
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United Kingdom
The UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND, commonly known as the UNITED KINGDOM (UK) or BRITAIN, is a sovereign country in western Europe. Lying off the north-western coast of the European mainland , the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
includes the island of Great Britain
Great Britain
, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland
Ireland
and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
is the only part of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
that shares a land border with another sovereign state‍—‌the Republic of Ireland
Ireland

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Nazi Germany
NAZI GERMANY is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany
Germany
was governed by a dictatorship under the control of Adolf Hitler
Adolf Hitler
and the Nazi Party (NSDAP). Under Hitler's rule, Germany
Germany
was transformed into a totalitarian state in which the Nazi Party controlled nearly all aspects of life. The official name of the state was _ Deutsches Reich
Deutsches Reich
_ from 1933 to 1943 and _Großdeutsches Reich_ ("Greater German Reich") from 1943 to 1945. The period is also known under the names the THIRD REICH (German : _Drittes Reich_) and the NATIONAL SOCIALIST PERIOD (German : _Zeit des Nationalsozialismus_, abbreviated as _NS-Zeit_). The Nazi regime came to an end after the Allied Powers defeated Germany
Germany
in May 1945, ending World War II
World War II
in Europe
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Henry Ruthven Moore
Admiral SIR HENRY RUTHVEN MOORE GCB , CVO , DSO (29 August 1886 – 12 March 1978) was the last British admiral to command Home Fleet during World War II
World War II
. He served in that post from 1944 to 1945. NAVAL CAREERMoore joined the Royal Navy
Royal Navy
in 1902. He served in World War I
World War I
taking part in the Battle of Jutland
Battle of Jutland
in 1916. After the war Moore joined the staff of the Royal Naval College, Greenwich and then became Naval Assistant Secretary to the Committee of Imperial Defence. Between 1928 and 1930 he commanded the cruisers HMS Caradoc and HMS Dauntless . He was appointed Deputy Director of Plans in 1930 and then took command of the cruiser HMS Neptune in 1933
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Wolf Junge
WOLF JUNGE was a German naval officer of World War II
World War II
. As a Kapitän zur See , he was appointed the executive officer of the battleship Tirpitz in August 1943 under Kapitän zur See Hans Meyer. He temporarily took control of the ship on 3 April 1944 when Meyer was badly wounded during the Operation Tungsten
Operation Tungsten
air attack on Tirpitz. Junge was subsequently confirmed in this role during May. However, he was unpopular with the battleship's crew as he was perceived to have had little experience operating warships at sea. Junge handed command of Tirpitz to Kapitän zur See Robert Weber in November 1944. REFERENCES Citations * ^ A B C Koop & Schmolke 2014 , p. 67. * ^ Bishop 2012 , pp. 307. * ^ Bishop 2012 , pp. 339. * ^ Bishop 2012 , pp. 347. Works consulted * Bishop, Patrick (2012). Target Tirpitz. London: Harper Press. ISBN 9780007431199
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Operation Claymore
OPERATION CLAYMORE was the code name for a British commando raid on the Lofoten Islands
Lofoten Islands
in Norway
Norway
during the Second World War . The Lofoten Islands
Lofoten Islands
were an important centre for the production of fish oil and glycerine , used in the German war industry. The landings were carried out on 4 March 1941, by the men of No. 3 Commando
No. 3 Commando
, No. 4 Commando
Commando
, a Royal Engineers
Royal Engineers
Section , and 52 men from the Royal Norwegian Navy . Supported by the 6th Destroyer Flotilla and two troop transports of the Royal Navy
Royal Navy
, the force made an unopposed landing and generally continued to meet no opposition. The original plan was to avoid contact with German forces and inflict the maximum of damage to German-controlled industry
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Operation Anklet
NAVAL: ROYAL NAVY 1 Light cruiser 6 Destroyers 3 Minesweepers 2 Landing Ship Infantry 2 Submarines
Submarines
1 Survey ship ROYAL FLEET AUXILIARY 2 Tankers 1 Freighter 1 Tugboat
Tugboat
ROYAL NORWEGIAN NAVY 2 Corvettes POLISH NAVY 2 Destroyers LAND: No
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Operation Archery
CIVILIAN CASUALTIES 1 killed * v * t * e German occupation of Norway
Norway
* Operation Weserübung
Operation Weserübung
*
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Operation Musketoon
Allied operational success * Destruction of the Glomfjord power plant BELLIGERENTS United Kingdom
United Kingdom
Norway
Norway
Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
COMMANDERS AND LEADERS Graeme D. Black Nikolaus von Falkenhorst UNITS INVOLVED No. 2 Commando
No

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Oslo Mosquito Raid
The OSLO MOSQUITO RAID (25 September 1942) was a British air raid on Oslo
Oslo
, Norway
Norway
, during the Second World War . The target of the raid was the Victoria Terrasse
Victoria Terrasse
building, the headquarters of the Gestapo
Gestapo
. It was intended to be a "morale booster " for the Norwegian people and was scheduled to coincide with a rally of Norwegian collaborators, led by Vidkun Quisling
Vidkun Quisling
. CONTENTS * 1 Preparation * 2 The operation * 3 Impact * 4 References * 5 See also * 6 External links PREPARATIONThe operation was carried out by four de Havilland Mosquito aircraft of No. 105 Squadron RAF , led by Squadron Leader George Parry, flying with navigator Flying Officer "Robbie" Robson
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Operation Checkmate (commando Raid)
OPERATION CHECKMATE was the codename for a raid on shipping at Haugesund
Haugesund
, Norway
Norway
in April 1943 during the Second World War by British Commandos
British Commandos
. The raiding party consisted of seven men of No. 14 (Arctic) Commando who managed to sink one ship using limpet mines . While waiting in hiding for the transport back to the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
they were all captured on the 14. and 15. May 1943 and eventually taken to Sachsenhausen and Belsen Concentration Camps where six of them were executed, victims of the Commando Order . The seventh died of typhus . CONTENTS * 1 Background * 2 Mission * 3 Aftermath * 4 References BACKGROUNDOperation Checkmate was the last of 12 commando raids on the Norwegian coast during the Second World War
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