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Operation Claymore
OPERATION CLAYMORE was the code name for a British commando raid on the Lofoten Islands in Norway
Norway
during the Second World War . The Lofoten Islands were an important centre for the production of fish oil and glycerine , used in the German war industry. The landings were carried out on 4 March 1941, by the men of No. 3 Commando
No. 3 Commando
, No. 4 Commando
Commando
, a Royal Engineers
Royal Engineers
Section , and 52 men from the Royal Norwegian Navy . Supported by the 6th Destroyer Flotilla and two troop transports of the Royal Navy
Royal Navy
, the force made an unopposed landing and generally continued to meet no opposition. The original plan was to avoid contact with German forces and inflict the maximum of damage to German-controlled industry
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Operation Provident
OPERATION PROVIDENT was carried out during World War II
World War II
by the Home Fleet of the Royal Navy
Royal Navy
in the period 22–29 November 1944. The purpose of the operation was to carry out attacks on enemy shipping on the coast of Norway
Norway
between latitudes 64° 30′ and 69° North. The operation took place under the personal command of the Commander-in-Chief, Home Fleet, Admiral
Admiral
Sir Henry Ruthven Moore
Henry Ruthven Moore
, flying his flag in the aircraft carrier HMS Implacable . It is remembered for the destruction of MS Rigel in Norway's worst disaster at sea. The force consisted of two groups, designated Force 7 and Force 8
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List Of Allied Attacks On The German Battleship Tirpitz
The German battleship Tirpitz
German battleship Tirpitz
was attacked on multiple occasions by Allied forces during World War II
World War II
. While most the attacks failed to inflict any damage on the battleship, she was placed out of action for a lengthy period following the Operation Source midget submarine attack on 22 September 1943 and for a short period after the Operation Tungsten aircraft carrier strike on 3 April 1944. Tirpitz suffered severe and irreparable damage after being hit by a Tallboy bomb during the Operation Paravane air raid on 15 September 1944, and was sunk with heavy loss of life in the Operation Catechism raid on 12 November that year
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HMS Somali (F33)
HMS SOMALI was a Tribal-class destroyer of the British Royal Navy that saw service in World War II
World War II
. She was launched in 1937, captured the first prize of World War II
World War II
and served in Home and Mediterranean waters. She was torpedoed on 20 September 1942 in the Arctic
Arctic
. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Fate * 3 Notes * 4 References * 5 External links HISTORYShe was built by Swan Hunter -webkit-column-width: 30em; column-width: 30em; list-style-type: decimal;"> * ^ "ADM 199/393 - Home Fleet War Diaries 1939-41". Royal Navy
Royal Navy
Flag Officers 1904–1915. Archived from the original on 13 May 2014. Retrieved 20 November 2009. * ^ Derry, pp. 182–3. * ^ Joslen, p. 270. * ^ "NAVAL EVENTS, OCTOBER 1940 (Part 2 of 2) Tuesday 15th - Thursday 31st". Naval History. Retrieved 17 February 2015. * ^ "Joel Blane James". K Mahlberg
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Royal Engineers
The CORPS OF ROYAL ENGINEERS, usually just called the ROYAL ENGINEERS (RE), and commonly known as the _Sappers _, is one of the corps of the British Army . It is highly regarded throughout the military , and especially the Army. It provides military engineering and other technical support to the British Armed Forces and is headed by the Chief Royal Engineer . The Regimental Headquarters and the Royal School of Military Engineering are in Chatham in Kent, England. The corps is divided into several regiments, barracked at various places in the United Kingdom and around the world. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Significant constructions * 2.1 British Columbia * 2.2 Royal Albert Hall * 2.3 Indian infrastructure * 2.4 Rideau Canal * 2.5 Dover\'s Western Heights * 2.6 Pentonville Prison * 2.7 Boundary Commissions * 2.8 Abney Level * 2.9 H.M
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Section (military Unit)
A SECTION is a military sub-subunit . It usually consists of between six and 20 personnel, and is usually an alternate name for, and equivalent to, a squad . As such two or more sections usually make up an army platoon or an air force flight . However, in the French Army and in armies based on the French model, a section is equivalent to a platoon
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North West Europe Campaign
The NORTH WEST EUROPE CAMPAIGN was the name given by the British Commonwealth armed forces to the two land campaigns they fought on the Western Front during World War II
World War II
. In Commonwealth military history, "North-West Europe" refers to land, sea and air campaigns and operations in, over or near Belgium
Belgium
, Denmark
Denmark
, France
France
, Germany
Germany
, Luxembourg
Luxembourg
, Netherlands
Netherlands
, Norway
Norway
and the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
during World War II
World War II
. It includes many more specific campaigns and/or battle honours
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Sweden During World War II
Sweden
Sweden
maintained its policy of neutrality during World War II
World War II
. When the war began on September 1, 1939, the fate of Sweden
Sweden
was unclear. But by a combination of its geopolitical location in the Scandinavian Peninsula , successful realpolitik manoeuvring during an unpredictable course of events, and a dedicated military build-up after 1942, Sweden managed to maintain its official neutrality throughout the war. At the outbreak of hostilities, Sweden
Sweden
had held a neutral stance in international relations for more than a century, since the end of the Napoleonic Wars
Napoleonic Wars
in 1815
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Royal Norwegian Navy
The ROYAL NORWEGIAN NAVY (Norwegian : SJøFORSVARET, "the naval defence (forces)") is the branch of the Norwegian Armed Forces responsible for naval operations of the state of Norway
Norway
. As of 2008 , the RNoN consists of approximately 3,700 personnel (9,450 in mobilized state, 32,000 when fully mobilized) and 70 vessels, including 5 heavy frigates , 6 submarines , 14 patrol boats , 4 minesweepers , 4 minehunters , 1 mine detection vessel, 4 support vessels and 2 training vessels. The navy also includes the Coast Guard . The Royal Norwegian Navy
Navy
has a history dating back to 955. From 1509 to 1814, it formed part of the navy of Denmark- Norway
Norway
, also referred to as the "Common Fleet". Since 1814, the Royal Norwegian Navy
Navy
has again existed as a separate navy
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HMS Eskimo (F75)
HMS ESKIMO was a Tribal-class destroyer , laid down by the High Walker Yard of Vickers-Armstrong at Newcastle -on-Tyne on 5 August 1936. She was launched on 3 September 1937 and commissioned on 30 December 1938. Eskimo
Eskimo
served throughout the Second World War
Second World War
, seeing action in Norway, the Mediterranean, the English Channel
English Channel
and in Burma. After the war Eskimo
Eskimo
was used as an accommodation and headquarters ship, finally being used as a practice target before being scrapped in 1949. CONTENTS * 1 Operational history * 2 Fate * 2.1 Museum holdings * 3 Notes * 4 References * 5 External links OPERATIONAL HISTORY Eskimo
Eskimo
after losing her bow during the Second Battle of Narvik. Eskimo
Eskimo
participated in the Second Battle of Narvik in April 1940
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Royal Navy
The ROYAL NAVY (RN) is the United Kingdom 's naval warfare force . Although warships were used by the English kings from the early medieval period, the first major maritime engagements were fought in the Hundred Years War against the kingdom of France. The modern Royal Navy traces its origins to the early 16th century; the oldest of the UK's armed services, it is known as the SENIOR SERVICE. From the middle decades of the 17th century and through the 18th century, the Royal Navy vied with the Dutch Navy and later with the French Navy for maritime supremacy. From the mid 18th century it was the world's most powerful navy until surpassed by the United States Navy during the Second World War . The Royal Navy played a key part in establishing the British Empire as the unmatched world power during the 19th and first part of the 20th centuries
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United Kingdom
The UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND, commonly known as the UNITED KINGDOM (UK) or BRITAIN, is a sovereign country in western Europe. Lying off the north-western coast of the European mainland , the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
includes the island of Great Britain
Great Britain
, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland
Ireland
and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
is the only part of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
that shares a land border with another sovereign state‍—‌the Republic of Ireland
Ireland

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Norway
NORWAY (/ˈnɔːrweɪ/ (_ listen ) NAWR-way_ ; Norwegian : _ Norge_ ( Bokmål ) or _ Noreg_ ( Nynorsk ); Northern Sami : _Norga_), officially the KINGDOM OF NORWAY, is a sovereign state and unitary monarchy whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula plus the remote island of Jan Mayen
Jan Mayen
and the archipelago of Svalbard
Svalbard
. The Antarctic Peter I Island and the sub-Antarctic Bouvet Island are dependent territories and thus not considered part of the Kingdom. Norway
Norway
also lays claim to a section of Antarctica
Antarctica
known as Queen Maud Land . Until 1814, the kingdom included the Faroe Islands , Greenland
Greenland
, and Iceland
Iceland

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Nazi Germany
NAZI GERMANY is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany
Germany
was governed by a dictatorship under the control of Adolf Hitler
Adolf Hitler
and the Nazi Party (NSDAP). Under Hitler's rule, Germany
Germany
was transformed into a totalitarian state in which the Nazi Party controlled nearly all aspects of life. The official name of the state was _ Deutsches Reich
Deutsches Reich
_ from 1933 to 1943 and _Großdeutsches Reich_ ("Greater German Reich") from 1943 to 1945. The period is also known under the names the THIRD REICH (German : _Drittes Reich_) and the NATIONAL SOCIALIST PERIOD (German : _Zeit des Nationalsozialismus_, abbreviated as _NS-Zeit_). The Nazi regime came to an end after the Allied Powers defeated Germany
Germany
in May 1945, ending World War II
World War II
in Europe
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British Army
The BRITISH ARMY is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom. As of 2017, the British Army
Army
comprises just over 80,000 trained regular (full-time) personnel and just over 26,500 trained reserve (part-time) personnel. The modern British Army
Army
traces back to 1660, when it was known as the English Army; the term "British Army" was adopted in 1707 after the Acts of Union between England and Scotland. Although all members of the British Army
Army
are expected to swear (or affirm) allegiance to Elizabeth II
Elizabeth II
as their commander-in-chief, the Bill of Rights of 1689 requires parliamentary consent for the Crown to maintain a peacetime standing army . Therefore, Parliament approves the Army
Army
by passing an Armed Forces Act at least once every five years
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Nasjonal Samling
NASJONAL SAMLING (Norwegian pronunciation: , National Unity), abbreviated NS, was a Norwegian fascist party active from 1933 to 1945. It was founded by former minister of defence Vidkun Quisling and a group of supporters such as Johan Bernhard Hjort – who led the party's paramilitary wing ( Hirden ) for a short time before leaving the party in 1937 after various internal conflicts. The party celebrated its founding on 17 May, Norway\'s national holiday , but was founded on 13 May 1933. CONTENTS * 1 Pre-war politics * 2 During the German occupation * 3 Post-war * 4 Uniforms and insignia * 5 References PRE-WAR POLITICSThe party never gained direct political influence, but it made its mark on Norwegian politics nonetheless. Despite the fact that it never managed to get more than 2.5% of the vote and failed to elect even o