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Operation Archery
CIVILIAN CASUALTIES 1 killed * v * t * e German occupation of Norway
Norway
* Operation Weserübung
Operation Weserübung
*
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Combined Operations (United Kingdom)
COMBINED OPERATIONS HEADQUARTERS was a department of the British War Office set up during Second World War
Second World War
to harass the Germans on the European continent by means of raids carried out by use of combined naval and army forces. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Directors of Combined Operations * 3 Adviser Combined Operations * 4 Chiefs of Combined Operations * 5 Operations * 6 Units * 7 Film * 8 References * 9 Sources * 10 External links HISTORY Admiral of the Fleet Roger Keyes was the first director, from 17 July 1940 to 27 October 1941, replaced first by Lord Louis Mountbatten and then Major General Robert Laycock
Robert Laycock
(October 1943 – 1947). The main forces used by Combined Operations were the Commandos
Commandos

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Killed In Action
KILLED IN ACTION (KIA) is a casualty classification generally used by militaries to describe the deaths of their own combatants at the hands of hostile forces. The United States Department of Defense , for example, says that those declared KIA need not have fired their weapons but have been killed due to hostile attack. KIAs do not come from incidents such as accidental vehicle crashes and other "non-hostile" events or terrorism. KIA can be applied both to front-line combat troops and to naval, air and support troops. Someone who is killed in action during a particular event is denoted with a † (dagger ) beside their name to signify their death in that event or events. Further, KIA denotes one to have been killed in action on the battlefield whereas DIED OF WOUNDS (DOW) relates to someone who survived to reach a medical treatment facility. The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) also uses DWRIA, rather than DOW, for "died of wounds received in action"
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Norwegian Heavy Water Sabotage
The NORWEGIAN HEAVY WATER SABOTAGE (Bokmål : Tungtvannsaksjonen, Nynorsk : Tungtvassaksjonen) was a series of operations undertaken by Norwegian saboteurs during World War II
World War II
to prevent the German nuclear weapon project from acquiring heavy water (deuterium oxide), which could have been used by the Germans to produce nuclear weapons . In 1934, at Vemork, Norway, Norsk Hydro built the first commercial plant capable of producing heavy water as a byproduct of fertilizer production. It had a capacity of 12 tonnes per year. During World War II, the Allies decided to remove the heavy water supply and destroy the heavy water plant in order to inhibit the German development of nuclear weapons. Raids were aimed at the 60 MW Vemork power station at the Rjukan waterfall in Telemark
Telemark
, Norway
Norway

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World War Ii
Allied victory * Collapse of Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
* Fall of Japanese and Italian Empires * Dissolution of the League of Nations * Creation of the United Nations
United Nations
* Emergence of the United States
United States
and the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
as superpowers * Beginning of the Cold War (more... ) PARTICIPANTS ALLIES AXIS COMMANDERS AND LEADERS MAIN ALLIED LEADERS Joseph Stalin Franklin D
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List Of Allied Attacks On The German Battleship Tirpitz
The German battleship Tirpitz
German battleship Tirpitz
was attacked on multiple occasions by Allied forces during World War II
World War II
. While most the attacks failed to inflict any damage on the battleship, she was placed out of action for a lengthy period following the Operation Source midget submarine attack on 22 September 1943 and for a short period after the Operation Tungsten aircraft carrier strike on 3 April 1944. Tirpitz suffered severe and irreparable damage after being hit by a Tallboy bomb during the Operation Paravane air raid on 15 September 1944, and was sunk with heavy loss of life in the Operation Catechism raid on 12 November that year
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Royal Navy
The ROYAL NAVY (RN) is the United Kingdom 's naval warfare force . Although warships were used by the English kings from the early medieval period, the first major maritime engagements were fought in the Hundred Years War against the kingdom of France. The modern Royal Navy traces its origins to the early 16th century; the oldest of the UK's armed services, it is known as the SENIOR SERVICE. From the middle decades of the 17th century and through the 18th century, the Royal Navy vied with the Dutch Navy and later with the French Navy for maritime supremacy. From the mid 18th century it was the world's most powerful navy until surpassed by the United States Navy during the Second World War . The Royal Navy played a key part in establishing the British Empire as the unmatched world power during the 19th and first part of the 20th centuries
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Operation Provident
OPERATION PROVIDENT was carried out during World War II
World War II
by the Home Fleet of the Royal Navy
Royal Navy
in the period 22–29 November 1944. The purpose of the operation was to carry out attacks on enemy shipping on the coast of Norway
Norway
between latitudes 64° 30′ and 69° North. The operation took place under the personal command of the Commander-in-Chief, Home Fleet, Admiral
Admiral
Sir Henry Ruthven Moore
Henry Ruthven Moore
, flying his flag in the aircraft carrier HMS Implacable . It is remembered for the destruction of MS Rigel in Norway's worst disaster at sea. The force consisted of two groups, designated Force 7 and Force 8
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United Kingdom
The UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND, commonly known as the UNITED KINGDOM (UK) or BRITAIN, is a sovereign country in western Europe. Lying off the north-western coast of the European mainland , the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
includes the island of Great Britain
Great Britain
, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland
Ireland
and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
is the only part of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
that shares a land border with another sovereign state‍—‌the Republic of Ireland
Ireland

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Vågsøy (island)
VåGSøY is an island in Vågsøy Municipality in Sogn og Fjordane county, Norway
Norway
. The 59.1-square-kilometre (22.8 sq mi) island lies on the northern side of the mouth of the Nordfjorden , the sixth longest fjord in Norway. The Stadlandet peninsula lies to the north of the island, the islands of Silda and Barmøya and the mainland lie to the east of the island, the island of Husevågøy lies to the south (in the middle of the mouth of the Nordfjorden), and the open ocean lies to the west. Since the island lies along the open ocean, which can be rough, there are several lighthouses along the coastline of the island including: Hendanes Lighthouse
Lighthouse
, Kråkenes Lighthouse
Lighthouse
, and Skongenes Lighthouse
Lighthouse
. The highest point on the island is the 613-metre (2,011 ft) tall Veten
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Norway
NORWAY (/ˈnɔːrweɪ/ (_ listen ) NAWR-way_ ; Norwegian : _ Norge_ ( Bokmål ) or _ Noreg_ ( Nynorsk ); Northern Sami : _Norga_), officially the KINGDOM OF NORWAY, is a sovereign state and unitary monarchy whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula plus the remote island of Jan Mayen
Jan Mayen
and the archipelago of Svalbard
Svalbard
. The Antarctic Peter I Island and the sub-Antarctic Bouvet Island are dependent territories and thus not considered part of the Kingdom. Norway
Norway
also lays claim to a section of Antarctica
Antarctica
known as Queen Maud Land . Until 1814, the kingdom included the Faroe Islands , Greenland
Greenland
, and Iceland
Iceland

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Nazi Germany
NAZI GERMANY is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany
Germany
was governed by a dictatorship under the control of Adolf Hitler
Adolf Hitler
and the Nazi Party (NSDAP). Under Hitler's rule, Germany
Germany
was transformed into a totalitarian state in which the Nazi Party controlled nearly all aspects of life. The official name of the state was _ Deutsches Reich
Deutsches Reich
_ from 1933 to 1943 and _Großdeutsches Reich_ ("Greater German Reich") from 1943 to 1945. The period is also known under the names the THIRD REICH (German : _Drittes Reich_) and the NATIONAL SOCIALIST PERIOD (German : _Zeit des Nationalsozialismus_, abbreviated as _NS-Zeit_). The Nazi regime came to an end after the Allied Powers defeated Germany
Germany
in May 1945, ending World War II
World War II
in Europe
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Light Cruiser
A LIGHT CRUISER is a type of small- or medium-sized warship . The term is a shortening of the phrase "light armored cruiser ", describing a small ship that carried armor in the same way as an armored cruiser: a protective belt and deck. Prior to this smaller cruisers had been of the protected cruiser model, possessing armored decks only. While lighter and smaller than other contemporary ships they were still true cruisers, retaining the extended radius of action and self sufficiency to act independently across the world. Through their history they served in a variety of roles, primarily as convoy escorts and destroyer command ships, but also as scouts and fleet support vessels for battle fleets
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Oslo Mosquito Raid
The OSLO MOSQUITO RAID (25 September 1942) was a British air raid on Oslo
Oslo
, Norway
Norway
, during the Second World War . The target of the raid was the Victoria Terrasse
Victoria Terrasse
building, the headquarters of the Gestapo
Gestapo
. It was intended to be a "morale booster " for the Norwegian people and was scheduled to coincide with a rally of Norwegian collaborators, led by Vidkun Quisling
Vidkun Quisling
. CONTENTS * 1 Preparation * 2 The operation * 3 Impact * 4 References * 5 See also * 6 External links PREPARATIONThe operation was carried out by four de Havilland Mosquito aircraft of No. 105 Squadron RAF
No. 105 Squadron RAF
, led by Squadron Leader George Parry, flying with navigator Flying Officer "Robbie" Robson
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Operation Leader
OPERATION LEADER was a successful air attack conducted by the United States Navy against German shipping in the vicinity of Bodø
Bodø
, Norway, on 4 October 1943, during World War II
World War II
. The raid was executed by aircraft flying from the aircraft carrier USS Ranger , which at the time was attached to the British Home Fleet
Home Fleet
. The American airmen located many German and Norwegian ships in this area, and are believed to have destroyed five and damaged another seven. Two German aircraft searching for the Allied fleet were shot down as well. Three American aircraft were destroyed in combat during the operation, and another crashed while landing. The attack followed a two-year lull in Allied aircraft carrier operations against Norway, and took the German forces by surprise
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Operation Zitronella
Coordinates : 78°54′N 18°01′E / 78.900°N 18.017°E / 78.900; 18.017 OPERATION ZITRONELLA Part of World War II
World War II
Map of Svalbard
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