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Operation Anklet
NAVAL: ROYAL NAVY 1 Light cruiser 6 Destroyers 3 Minesweepers 2 Landing Ship Infantry 2 Submarines
Submarines
1 Survey ship ROYAL FLEET AUXILIARY 2 Tankers 1 Freighter 1 Tugboat ROYAL NORWEGIAN NAVY 2 Corvettes POLISH NAVY 2 Destroyers LAND: No
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Landing Ship Infantry
A LANDING SHIP, INFANTRY (LSI) or INFANTRY LANDING SHIP was one of a number of types of British Commonwealth vessels used to transport landing craft and troops engaged in amphibious warfare during the Second World War . LSIs were operated by the Royal Navy, British Merchant Navy , Royal Canadian Navy, Royal Indian Navy, and Royal Australian Navy. They transported British Commonwealth and other Allied troops in sea assaults and invasions throughout the war. Typically, a landing ship, infantry would transport its cargo of infantry from its embarkation port to close to the coast to be invaded. This location (known as a "transport area" in a US Navy task force, or "lowering position" in a Royal Navy task force) was approximately 6–11 miles off shore (11 miles was amphibious doctrine for the USN by mid-war, while the RN tended to accept the risks associated with drawing nearer the shore)
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Corvette (ship)
A CORVETTE is a small warship . It is traditionally the smallest class of vessel considered to be a proper (or "rated" ) warship. The warship class above the corvette is that of the frigate , while the class below was historically that of the sloop-of-war . The modern types of ship below a corvette are coastal patrol craft and fast attack craft . In modern terms, a corvette is typically between 500 tons and 2,000 tons although recent designs may approach 3,000 tons, which might instead be considered a small frigate. The word "corvette" is first found in Middle French , a diminutive of the Dutch word corf, meaning a small ship, from the Latin corbis, meaning "basket"
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Minesweeper (ship)
A MINESWEEPER is a small naval warship designed to engage in minesweeping . Using various mechanisms intended to counter the threat posed by naval mines , waterways are maintained clear for safe shipping. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Operation and requirements * 3 Notable minesweepers * 4 See also * 5 Further reading * 6 References * 7 External links HISTORYAlthough naval warfare has a long history, the earliest known usage of the naval mine dates to the Ming dynasty
Ming dynasty
. Dedicated minesweepers, however, only appear in the historical record several centuries later, to the Crimean War
Crimean War
, where they were deployed by the British. In the Crimean War, minesweepers consisted of British rowboats trailing grapnels to snag the mines. Despite the use of mines in the American Civil War, there are no records of effective minesweeping being used
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Destroyers
In naval terminology, a DESTROYER is a fast, maneuverable long-endurance warship intended to escort larger vessels in a fleet , convoy or battle group and defend them against smaller powerful short-range attackers. They were originally developed in the late 19th century as a defence against torpedo boats , and by the time of the Russo-Japanese War
Russo-Japanese War
in 1904, these "torpedo boat destroyers" (TBDs) were "large, swift, and powerfully armed torpedo boats designed to destroy other torpedo boats." Although the term "destroyer" had been used interchangeably with "TBD" and "torpedo boat destroyer" by navies since 1892, the term "torpedo boat destroyer" had been generally shortened to simply "destroyer" by nearly all navies by the First World War
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Light Cruiser
A LIGHT CRUISER is a type of small- or medium-sized warship . The term is a shortening of the phrase "light armored cruiser ", describing a small ship that carried armor in the same way as an armored cruiser: a protective belt and deck. Prior to this smaller cruisers had been of the protected cruiser model, possessing armored decks only. While lighter and smaller than other contemporary ships they were still true cruisers, retaining the extended radius of action and self sufficiency to act independently across the world. Through their history they served in a variety of roles, primarily as convoy escorts and destroyer command ships, but also as scouts and fleet support vessels for battle fleets
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Norwegian Independent Company 1
NORWEGIAN INDEPENDENT COMPANY 1 (NOR.I.C.1, pronounced Norisén (approx. "noor-ee-sehn") in Norwegian) was a British Special Operations Executive (SOE) group formed in March 1941 originally for the purpose of performing commando raids during the occupation of Norway
Norway
by Nazi Germany . Organized under the leadership of Captain Martin Linge , it soon became a pool of talent for a variety of special operations in Norway. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Members * 3 Operation Seagull agents * 4 Telavåg agents * 5 References * 6 Sources HISTORY Kompani Linge Memorial, Glenmore Forest Park in Scotland The original English-language administrative title did not have much resonance in Norwegian and they soon became better known as KOMPANI LINGE (Linge's Company). Martin Linge's death early in the war came to enhance the title, which became formalised as LINGEKOMPANIET in his honour
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Luftwaffe Field Division
The LUFTWAFFE FIELD DIVISIONS (German: Luftwaffen-Feld-Divisionen or LwFD) were German military formations during World War II
World War II
. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Impact * 3 Divisions * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links HISTORY An Obergefreiter of a Luftwaffe
Luftwaffe
Field Division in Russia, March 1942 The divisions were originally authorized in October 1942, following suggestions that the German Army could be bolstered by transferring personnel from other services. The head of the Luftwaffe
Luftwaffe
, Hermann Göring , formulated an alternative plan to raise his own infantry formations under the command of Luftwaffe
Luftwaffe
officers; this was at least partly due to political differences with the Heer
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Operation Provident
OPERATION PROVIDENT was carried out during World War II
World War II
by the Home Fleet of the Royal Navy
Royal Navy
in the period 22–29 November 1944. The purpose of the operation was to carry out attacks on enemy shipping on the coast of Norway
Norway
between latitudes 64° 30′ and 69° North. The operation took place under the personal command of the Commander-in-Chief, Home Fleet, Admiral
Admiral
Sir Henry Ruthven Moore , flying his flag in the aircraft carrier HMS Implacable . It is remembered for the destruction of MS Rigel in Norway's worst disaster at sea. The force consisted of two groups, designated Force 7 and Force 8
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List Of Allied Attacks On The German Battleship Tirpitz
The German battleship Tirpitz
German battleship Tirpitz
was attacked on multiple occasions by Allied forces during World War II
World War II
. While most the attacks failed to inflict any damage on the battleship, she was placed out of action for a lengthy period following the Operation Source
Operation Source
midget submarine attack on 22 September 1943 and for a short period after the Operation Tungsten aircraft carrier strike on 3 April 1944. Tirpitz suffered severe and irreparable damage after being hit by a Tallboy bomb during the Operation Paravane air raid on 15 September 1944, and was sunk with heavy loss of life in the Operation Catechism raid on 12 November that year
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North West Europe Campaign
The NORTH WEST EUROPE CAMPAIGN was the name given by the British Commonwealth armed forces to the two land campaigns they fought on the Western Front during World War II
World War II
. In Commonwealth military history, "North-West Europe" refers to land, sea and air campaigns and operations in, over or near Belgium
Belgium
, Denmark
Denmark
, France
France
, Germany
Germany
, Luxembourg
Luxembourg
, Netherlands
Netherlands
, Norway
Norway
and the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
during World War II
World War II
. It includes many more specific campaigns and/or battle honours
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Norwegian Heavy Water Sabotage
The NORWEGIAN HEAVY WATER SABOTAGE (Bokmål : Tungtvannsaksjonen, Nynorsk : Tungtvassaksjonen) was a series of operations undertaken by Norwegian saboteurs during World War II
World War II
to prevent the German nuclear weapon project from acquiring heavy water (deuterium oxide), which could have been used by the Germans to produce nuclear weapons . In 1934, at Vemork, Norway, Norsk Hydro
Norsk Hydro
built the first commercial plant capable of producing heavy water as a byproduct of fertilizer production. It had a capacity of 12 tonnes per year. During World War II, the Allies decided to remove the heavy water supply and destroy the heavy water plant in order to inhibit the German development of nuclear weapons. Raids were aimed at the 60 MW Vemork
Vemork
power station at the Rjukan
Rjukan
waterfall in Telemark
Telemark
, Norway
Norway

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Nikolaus Von Falkenhorst
NIKOLAUS VON FALKENHORST (17 January 1885 – 18 June 1968) was a German general and a war criminal during World War II . He planned and commanded the German invasion of Denmark and Norway in 1940 , and was commander of German troops during the occupation of Norway from 1940 to 1944. After the war, Falkenhorst was tried by a joint British-Norwegian military tribunal for war crimes. He was convicted and sentenced to death in 1946. The sentence was later commuted to twenty years' imprisonment. Falkenhorst was released in 1953 and died in 1968. CONTENTS * 1 Career * 2 Trial and conviction * 3 Awards * 4 References CAREERFalkenhorst was born in Breslau (now Wrocław , Poland) into a noble family with military roots, the Jastrzembski of Bad Königsdorff-Jastrzemb in Upper Silesia . In 1911 he changed this Polish-derived family name to the Germanized Falkenhorst (meaning "falcon's nest")
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Submarine
A SUBMARINE (or simply SUB) is a watercraft capable of independent operation underwater. It differs from a submersible , which has more limited underwater capability. The term most commonly refers to a large, crewed vessel. It is also sometimes used historically or colloquially to refer to remotely operated vehicles and robots , as well as medium-sized or smaller vessels, such as the midget submarine and the wet sub . The noun submarine evolved as a shortened form of submarine boat; by naval tradition , submarines are usually referred to as "boats " rather than as "ships ", regardless of their size (boat is usually reserved for seagoing vessels of relatively small size). Although experimental submarines had been built before, submarine design took off during the 19th century, and they were adopted by several navies. Submarines were first widely used during World War I (1914–1918), and now figure in many navies large and small
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Norway
Indigenous status: * Sami Minority status: * Jewish * Traveller * Forest Finn * Romani * Kven DEMONYM Norwegian ( Nordmann ) GOVERNMENT Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy • MONARCH Harald V Glücksburg • PRIME MINISTER Erna Solberg
Erna Solberg
• PRESIDENT OF THE STORTING Olemic Thommessen
Olemic Thommessen
• CHIEF JUSTICE Toril Marie Øie LEGISLATURE Storting
Storting
HISTORY • STATE ESTABLISHED PRIOR UNIFICATION 872 • NORWEGIAN EMPIRE (GREATEST INDEP
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Colonel General
COLONEL GENERAL is a four-star rank in the army, equivalent to that of a full general in the US Army. North Korea
North Korea
and Russia
Russia
are two countries that have used the rank extensively throughout their histories. The rank is also closely associated with Germany
Germany
, where Generaloberst
Generaloberst
has formerly been a rank above full General
General
and below Generalfeldmarschall
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