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Operating System
An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware and software resources and provides common services for computer programs. Time-sharing
Time-sharing
operating systems schedule tasks for efficient use of the system and may also include accounting software for cost allocation of processor time, mass storage, printing, and other resources. For hardware functions such as input and output and memory allocation, the operating system acts as an intermediary between programs and the computer hardware,[1][2] although the application code is usually executed directly by the hardware and frequently makes system calls to an OS function or is interrupted by it
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Video Game Console
A video game console is an electronic, digital or computer device that outputs a video signal or visual image to display a video game that one or more people can play. The term "video game console" is primarily used to distinguish a console machine primarily designed for consumers to use for playing video games, in contrast to arcade machines or home computers. An arcade machine consists of a video game computer, display, game controller (joystick, buttons, etc.) and speakers housed in large chassis
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16-bit
In computer architecture, 16-bit integers, memory addresses, or other data units are those that are 16 bits (2 octets) wide. Also, 16-bit CPU and ALU architectures are those that are based on registers, address buses, or data buses of that size. 16-bit microcomputers are computers in which 16-bit microprocessors were the norm. A 16-bit register can store 216 different values. The signed range of integer values that can be stored in 16 bits is −32,768 (−1 × 215) through 32,767 (215 − 1); the unsigned range is 0 through 65,535 (216 − 1). Since 216 is 65,536, a processor with 16-bit memory addresses can directly access 64 KB (65,536 bytes) of byte-addressable memory
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Central Processing Unit
A central processing unit (CPU) is the electronic circuitry within a computer that carries out the instructions of a computer program by performing the basic arithmetic, logical, control and input/output (I/O) operations specified by the instructions. The computer industry has used the term "central processing unit" at least since the early 1960s.[1] Traditionally, the term "CPU" refers to a processor, more specifically to its processing unit and control unit (CU), distinguishing these core elements of a computer from external components such as main memory and I/O
I/O
circuitry.[2] The form, design, and implementation of CPUs have changed over the course of their history, but their fundamental operation remains almost unchanged
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Daemon (computing)
In multitasking computer operating systems, a daemon (/ˈdiːmən/ or /ˈdeɪmən/)[1] is a computer program that runs as a background process, rather than being under the direct control of an interactive user. Traditionally, the process names of a daemon end with the letter d, for clarification that the process is, in fact, a daemon, and for differentiation between a daemon and a normal computer program. For example, syslogd is the daemon that implements the system logging facility, and sshd is a daemon that serves incoming SSH connections. In a Unix
Unix
environment, the parent process of a daemon is often, but not always, the init process. A daemon is usually either created by a process forking a child process and then immediately exiting, thus causing init to adopt the child process, or by the init process directly launching the daemon
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Cloud Computing
Cloud computing
Cloud computing
is an information technology (IT) paradigm that enables ubiquitous access to shared pools of configurable system resources and higher-level services that can be rapidly provisioned with minimal management effort, often over the Internet
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Google
Google
Google
LLC[5] is an American multinational technology company that specializes in Internet-related services and products, which include online advertising technologies, search engine, cloud computing, software, and hardware. Google
Google
was founded in 1998 by Larry Page
Larry Page
and Sergey Brin
Sergey Brin
while they were Ph.D. students at Stanford University, California. Together, they own about 14 percent of its shares and control 56 percent of the stockholder voting power through supervoting stock. They incorporated Google
Google
as a privately held company on September 4, 1998. An Initial public offering
Initial public offering
(IPO) took place on August 19, 2004, and Google
Google
moved to its new headquarters in Mountain View, California, nicknamed the Googleplex
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Apple Inc.
Coordinates: 37°19′55″N 122°01′52″W / 37.33182°N 122.03118°W / 37.33182; -122.03118Apple Inc.The Apple Campus
Apple Campus
in Cupertino, CaliforniaFormerly calledApple Computer Company (1976–1977) Apple Computer, Inc. (1977–2007)TypePublicTraded asNASDAQ: AAPL NASDAQ-100
NASDAQ-100
component DJIA component S&P 100 component S&P 500 componentISIN US0378331005IndustryComputer hardware Computer software Consumer electronics Digital distribution Semiconductors Fabless silicon design Corporate venture capitalFounded April 1, 1976; 42 years ago (1976-04-01)FoundersSteve Jobs Steve Wozniak Ronald WayneHeadquarters Apple Park, 1 Apple Park
Apple Park
Way, Cupertino, California, U.S.Number of locations499 retail stores (2017)Area servedWorldwideKey people Arthur D
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Cellular Phone
A mobile phone, known as a cell phone in North America, is a portable telephone that can make and receive calls over a radio frequency link while the user is moving within a telephone service area. The radio frequency link establishes a connection to the switching systems of a mobile phone operator, which provides access to the public switched telephone network (PSTN). Modern mobile telephone services use a cellular network architecture, and, therefore, mobile telephones are called cellular telephones or cell phones, in North America. In addition to telephony, 2000s-era mobile phones support a variety of other services, such as text messaging, MMS, email, Internet
Internet
access, short-range wireless communications (infrared, Bluetooth), business applications, video games, and digital photography
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Printer (computing)
In computing, a printer is a peripheral device which makes a persistent human-readable representation of graphics or text on paper.[1] The first computer printer design was a mechanically driven apparatus by Charles Babbage
Charles Babbage
for his difference engine in the 19th century; his mechanical printer design was not built until 2000.[2] The first electronic printer was the EP-101, invented by Japanese company Epson
Epson
and released in 1968.[3][4] The first commercial printers generally used mechanisms from electric typewriters and Teletype machines. The demand for higher speed led to the development of new systems specifically for computer use. In the 1980s were daisy wheel systems similar to typewriters, line printers that produced similar output but at much higher speed, and dot matrix systems that could mix text and graphics but produced relatively low-quality output
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Mass Storage
In computing, mass storage[citation needed] refers to the storage of large amounts of data in a persisting and machine-readable fashion. Devices and/or systems that have been described as mass storage include tape libraries, RAID
RAID
systems, and a variety of computer drives such as hard disk drives, magnetic tape drives, magneto-optical disc drives, optical disc drives, memory cards, and solid-state drives. It also includes experimental forms like holographic memory. Mass storage includes devices with removable and non-removable media
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Virtual Machine Image
A disk image, in computing, is a computer file containing the contents and structure of a disk volume or of an entire data storage device, such as a hard disk drive, tape drive, floppy disk, optical disc or USB flash drive. A disk image is usually made by creating a sector-by-sector copy of the source medium, thereby perfectly replicating the structure and contents of a storage device independent of the file system. Depending on the disk image format, a disk image may span one or more computer files. The file format may be an open standard, such as the ISO image format for optical disc images, or a disk image may be unique to a particular software application. The size can be huge because it contains the contents of an entire disk
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Computer Hardware
Computer
Computer
hardware are the physical parts or components of a computer, such as the monitor, keyboard, computer data storage, graphic card, sound card and motherboard.[1] By contrast, software is instructions that can be stored and ran by hardware. Hardware is directed by the software to execute any command or instruction
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32-bit
In computer architecture, 32-bit
32-bit
integers, memory addresses, or other data units are those that are 32 bits (4 octets) wide. Also, 32-bit
32-bit
CPU and ALU architectures are those that are based on registers, address buses, or data buses of that size. 32-bit microcomputers are computers in which 32-bit
32-bit
microprocessors are the norm.Contents1 Range for storing integers 2 Technical history 3 Architectures 4 Applications 5 Images 6 File
File
formats 7 See also 8 References 9 External linksRange for storing integers[edit] A 32-bit
32-bit
register can store 232 different values. The range of integer values that can be stored in 32 bits depends on the integer representation used
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Web Server
Web server
Web server
refers to server software, or hardware dedicated to running said software, that can serve contents to the World Wide Web. A web server processes incoming network requests over the HTTP
HTTP
protocol (and several other related protocols).[1]Contents1 Overview 2 History 3 Path translation 4 Kernel-mode and user-mode web servers 5 Load limits5.1 Causes of overload 5.2 Symptoms of overload 5.3 Anti-overload techniques6 Market share6.1 October 2017 6.2 February 2017 6.3 February 20167 See also 8 References 9 External linksOverview[edit] The primary function of web server is to store, process and deliver web pages to clients. The communication between client and server takes place using the Hypertext Transfer Protocol
Hypertext Transfer Protocol
(HTTP)
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Personal Computer Hardware
Computer
Computer
hardware are the physical parts or components of a computer, such as the monitor, keyboard, computer data storage, graphic card, sound card and motherboard.[1] By contrast, software is instructions that can be stored and ran by hardware. Hardware is directed by the software to execute any command or instruction
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