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Olympic Peninsula
The OLYMPIC PENINSULA is the large arm of land in western Washington that lies across Puget Sound
Puget Sound
from Seattle
Seattle
. It is bounded on the west by the Pacific Ocean
Pacific Ocean
, the north by the Strait of Juan de Fuca , and the east by Hood Canal. Cape Alava , the westernmost point in the contiguous United States
United States
, and Cape Flattery , the northwesternmost point, are on the peninsula. Comprising about 3600 square miles, the Olympic Peninsula
Olympic Peninsula
contained many of the last unexplored places in the contiguous United States
United States
. It remained largely unmapped until Arthur Dodwell and Theodore Rixon mapped most of its topography and timber resources between 1898 and 1900
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Western Washington
WESTERN WASHINGTON is a region of the United States
United States
defined as that part of Washington west of the Cascade Mountains . This region is home to the state's largest city, Seattle
Seattle
, and the majority of the state's residents. The climate is generally far more damp and temperate than Eastern Washington . CONTENTS* 1 Climate * 1.1 Statistics for ThreadEx sites * 2 Population * 3 Counties * 4 Cities of note * 5 Notes * 6 References CLIMATE Köppen climate types in western Washington It is known as being far wetter in climate than the eastern portion of the state, which is due in main to the effects of the Cascades rain shadow
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Puget Sound
PUGET SOUND /ˈpjuːdʒɪt/ is a sound along the northwestern coast of the U.S. state of Washington , an inlet of the Pacific Ocean, and part of the Salish Sea . It is a complex estuarine system of interconnected marine waterways and basins, with one major and two minor connections to the open Pacific Ocean via the Strait of Juan de Fuca — Admiralty Inlet being the major connection and Deception Pass and Swinomish Channel being the minor. Water flow through Deception Pass is approximately equal to 2% of the total tidal exchange between Puget Sound
Puget Sound
and the Strait of Juan de Fuca. Puget Sound
Puget Sound
extends approximately 100 miles (160 km) from Deception Pass in the north to Olympia, Washington in the south
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Seattle
SEATTLE (/siˈætəl/ ( listen )) is a seaport city on the west coast of the United States and the seat of King County , Washington . With an estimated 704,352 residents as of 2016 , Seattle is the largest city in both the state of Washington and the Pacific Northwest region of North America . In July 2013, it was the fastest-growing major city in the United States and remained in the Top 5 in May 2015 with an annual growth rate of 2.1%. In July 2016, Seattle was again the fastest-growing major U.S. city, with a 3.1% annual growth rate. The city is situated on an isthmus between Puget Sound (an inlet of the Pacific Ocean) and Lake Washington , about 100 miles (160 km) south of the Canada– United States border . A major gateway for trade with Asia, Seattle is the fourth-largest port in North America in terms of container handling as of 2015
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Pacific Ocean
The PACIFIC OCEAN is the largest and deepest of Earth 's oceanic divisions. It extends from the Arctic Ocean in the north to the Southern Ocean (or, depending on definition, to Antarctica ) in the south and is bounded by Asia and Australia in the west and the Americas in the east. At 165,250,000 square kilometers (63,800,000 square miles) in area, this largest division of the World Ocean —and, in turn, the hydrosphere —covers about 46% of Earth's water surface and about one-third of its total surface area, making it larger than all of Earth's land area combined. The equator subdivides it into the NORTH PACIFIC OCEAN and SOUTH PACIFIC OCEAN, with two exceptions: the Galápagos and Gilbert Islands , while straddling the equator, are deemed wholly within the South Pacific
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Strait Of Juan De Fuca
The STRAIT OF JUAN DE FUCA (officially named JUAN DE FUCA STRAIT in Canada
Canada
) is a large body of water about 95 miles (153 km) long that is the Salish Sea 's outlet to the Pacific Ocean
Pacific Ocean
. The international boundary between Canada
Canada
and the United States
United States
runs down the center of the Strait. It was named in 1787 by the maritime fur trader Charles William Barkley , captain of the Imperial Eagle , for Juan de Fuca
Juan de Fuca
, the Greek navigator who sailed in a Spanish expedition in 1592 to seek the fabled Strait of Anián . Barkley was the first non-indigenous person to find the strait, unless Juan de Fuca's story was true. The strait was explored in detail between 1789 and 1791 by Manuel Quimper , José María Narváez , Juan Carrasco , Gonzalo López de Haro , and Francisco de Eliza
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Cape Alava
CAPE ALAVA, in Clallam County , Washington , U.S. , is the westernmost point in the contiguous 48 states , with a longitude of 124° 44′ 11.8″ W (during low tide and walking out to the west side of Tskawahyah Island). The westernmost point is located in Olympic National Park
Olympic National Park
and the Makah Indian Reservation . Cape Alava
Cape Alava
is accessible via a 3-mile (5 km) boardwalk hike from a ranger station in the park. CAPE ALAVA TRAIL was designated a National Recreation Trail in 1981. Nearby Cape Flattery and Cape Blanco in southern Oregon
Oregon
are also very close longitudinally to being the westernmost points in the contiguous 48 states
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United States
Coordinates : 40°N 100°W / 40°N 100°W / 40; -100 United States
United States
of America _ Flag Great Seal MOTTO: " In God We Trust " Other traditional mottos _ * " E pluribus unum " (
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Cape Flattery
CAPE FLATTERY is the northwesternmost point of the contiguous United States . It is in Clallam County, Washington
Clallam County, Washington
on the Olympic Peninsula , where the Strait of Juan de Fuca
Strait of Juan de Fuca
joins the Pacific Ocean
Pacific Ocean
. It is also part of the Makah Reservation
Makah Reservation
, and is the northern boundary of the Olympic Coast National Marine Sanctuary . Cape Flattery
Cape Flattery
can be reached from a short hike, most of which is boardwalked. The westernmost point in the contiguous United States is at Cape Alava
Cape Alava
, south of Cape Flattery
Cape Flattery
in Olympic National Park
Olympic National Park

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Contiguous United States
The CONTIGUOUS UNITED STATES consists of the 48 adjoining U.S. states plus Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
(federal district ), on the continent of North America . The term excludes the non-contiguous states of Alaska
Alaska
and Hawaii
Hawaii
and all off-shore United States
United States
territories and possessions , which are American Samoa , Guam
Guam
, the Northern Mariana Islands
Northern Mariana Islands
, Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico
, and the U.S. Virgin Islands . The greatest distance (on a great circle route) entirely within the 48 contiguous states is 2,802 miles (4,509 km, between Florida
Florida
and the state of Washington ); the greatest north-south line is 1,650 miles (2,660 km)
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Temperate Rain Forest
TEMPERATE RAINFORESTS are coniferous or broadleaf forests that occur in the temperate zone and receive heavy rainfall
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Hoh Rain Forest
The HOH RAINFOREST is located on the Olympic Peninsula
Olympic Peninsula
in western Washington state, USA . It is one of the largest temperate rainforests in the U.S. Within Olympic National Park
Olympic National Park
, the forest is protected from commercial exploitation. This includes 24 miles (39 km) of low elevation forest 394 to 2,493 feet (120 to 760 m) along the Hoh River . The Hoh River
Hoh River
valley was formed thousands of years ago by glaciers. Between the park boundary and the Pacific Ocean, 48 km (30 mi) of river, much of the forest has been logged within the last century, although many pockets of forest remain
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Quinault Rain Forest
The QUINAULT RAIN FOREST is a temperate rain forest , which is part of the Olympic National Park and the Olympic National Forest in the U.S. state
U.S. state
of Washington in Grays Harbor County and Jefferson County . The rain forest is located in the valley formed by the Quinault River and Lake Quinault . The valley is called the "Valley of the Rain Forest Giants" because of the number of record size tree species located there. The largest specimens of Western Red Cedar
Western Red Cedar
, Sitka Spruce , Western Hemlock
Western Hemlock
, Alaskan Cedar and Mountain Hemlock
Mountain Hemlock
are found in the forest as well as five of the ten largest Douglas-firs . The forest receives an average of 12 feet of rain per year. It is believed to be the area with the greatest number of record size giant tree species in the smallest area in the world
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Rain Shadow
A RAIN SHADOW is a dry area on the leeward side of a mountainous area (away from the wind). The mountains block the passage of rain-producing weather systems and cast a "shadow" of dryness behind them. Wind and moist air is drawn by the prevailing winds towards the top of the mountains, where it condenses and precipitates before it crosses the top. The air, without much moisture left, advances behind the mountains creating a drier side called the "rain shadow". CONTENTS * 1 Description * 2 Regions of notable rain shadow * 2.1 Asia * 2.1.1 Middle East * 2.2 South America * 2.3 North America * 2.4 Europe * 2.5 Africa * 2.6 Oceania * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links DESCRIPTIONThe condition exists because warm moist air rises by orographic lifting to the top of a mountain range
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Olympic Mountains
The OLYMPIC MOUNTAINS are a mountain range on the Olympic Peninsula of western Washington in the United States. The mountains , part of the Pacific Coast Ranges , are not especially high – Mount Olympus is the highest at 7,962 ft (2,427 m); however, the eastern slopes rise out of Puget Sound and the western slopes are separated from the Pacific Ocean by the 20 to 35 km (12 to 22 mi) wide Pacific Ocean coastal plain. The western slopes are the wettest place in the 48 contiguous states. Most of the mountains are protected within the bounds of the Olympic National Park . The mountains are spread out across four counties: Clallam , Grays Harbor , Jefferson and Mason . Physiographically, they are a section of the larger Pacific Border province , which is in turn a part of the larger Pacific Mountain System
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Mount Olympus (Washington)
MOUNT OLYMPUS, at 7,980 feet, is the tallest and most prominent mountain in the Olympic Mountains of western Washington state. Located on the Olympic Peninsula
Olympic Peninsula
, it is the central feature of Olympic National Park . Mount Olympus
Mount Olympus
is the highest summit of the Olympic Mountains; however, peaks such as Mount Constance
Mount Constance
, on the eastern margin of the range, are more visible from the Seattle
Seattle
metropolitan area . With notable local relief, Mount Olympus