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Okazaki, Aichi
OKAZAKI (岡崎市, Okazaki-shi) is a city located in Aichi Prefecture , Japan
Japan
. In 2010, the city had an estimated population of 372,357 and a population density of 991.88 persons per km2. The total area was 387.20 km2 (149.50 sq mi). CONTENTS* 1 Geography * 1.1 Surrounding municipalities * 2 History * 3 Demographics * 3.1 Language * 4 Transportation * 4.1 Railway * 4.2 Expressways * 4.3 Japan
Japan
National Route * 5 Education * 5.1 Universities and colleges * 5.2 Primary and secondary schools * 6 Local attractions * 6.1 Okazaki Castle * 6.2 Fireworks
Fireworks
* 6.3 Hatchō miso * 6.4 Takisan * 7 Twin towns/sister cities * 8 Noted people from Okazaki * 9 References * 10 External links GEOGRAPHYOkazaki is in the coastal plains of southeastern Aichi Prefecture. The ground rises to undulating hills in the former Nukata area to the northeast. About 60 percent of the city area is forested and remains sparsely populated. Okazaki is about 250 miles (400 km) from Tokyo, to the southwest. SURROUNDING MUNICIPALITIES* Aichi Prefecture
Aichi Prefecture
* Toyokawa * Shinshiro * Toyota * Nishio * Kōta * Anjō * Gamagōri HISTORYThe area around present-day Okazaki has been inhabited for many thousands of years. Archaeologists have found remains from the Japanese Paleolithic period
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Core Cities Of Japan
A CORE CITY (中核市, _Chūkakushi_) is a class or category of Japanese city . It is a local administrative division created by the national government. Core cities are delegated many functions normally carried out by prefectural governments , but not as many as designated cities . To become a candidate for core city status, a city must have a population greater than 300,000 and an area greater than 100 square kilometers, although special exceptions may be made by order of the cabinet for cities with populations under 300,000 but over 200,000. Application for designation is made by a city with the approval of both the city and prefectural assemblies. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 List of core cities * 3 Former core cities * 4 Scheduled to become a core city * 5 Cities that meet the requirements but have not yet been nominated * 6 Cities that do not meet the requirements but are planning to nominate * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 External links HISTORYThe term "core city" was created by the first clause of Article 252, Section 22 of the Local Autonomy Law of Japan
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Aichi Prefecture
AICHI PREFECTURE (愛知県, _Aichi-ken_) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūbu region . The region of Aichi is also known as the Tōkai region . The capital is Nagoya . It is the focus of the Chūkyō Metropolitan Area . CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Etymology * 2 Geography * 2.1 Cities * 2.2 Towns and villages * 2.3 Mergers * 3 Economy * 4 International relations * 4.1 Sister Autonomous Administrative division * 5 Demographics * 5.1 Population by age (2001) * 6 Transport * 6.1 Rail * 6.2 People movers and tramways * 6.3 Road * 6.4 Airports * 6.5 Ports * 7 Education * 7.1 Universities * 7.2 Senior high schools * 8 Sports * 8.1 Baseball * 8.2 soccer * 8.3 Basketball * 8.4 Volleyball * 8.5 Rugby * 8.6 Futsal * 8.7 Football * 9 Tourism * 10 Festival and events * 11 Notes * 12 References * 13 External links HISTORY See also: Historic Sites of Aichi Prefecture Originally, the region was divided into the two provinces of Owari and Mikawa . After the Meiji Restoration , Owari and Mikawa were united into a single entity. In 1871, after the abolition of the han system , Owari, with the exception of the Chita Peninsula , was established as Nagoya Prefecture, while Mikawa combined with the Chita Peninsula and formed Nukata Prefecture
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Geographic Coordinate System
A GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATE SYSTEM is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position , and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position . A common choice of coordinates is latitude , longitude and elevation . To specify a location on a two-dimensional map requires a map projection
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List Of Sovereign States
This LIST OF SOVEREIGN STATES provides an overview of sovereign states around the world , with information on their status and recognition of their sovereignty . Membership within the United Nations
United Nations
system divides the 206 listed states into three categories: 193 member states , two observer states , and 11 other states. The _sovereignty dispute_ column indicates states whose sovereignty is undisputed (190 states) and states whose sovereignty is disputed (16 states, out of which there are 6 member states, 1 observer state and 9 other states). Compiling a list such as this can be a difficult and controversial process, as there is no definition that is binding on all the members of the community of nations concerning the criteria for statehood . For more information on the criteria used to determine the contents of this list, please see the _criteria for inclusion _ section below. The list is intended to include entities that have been recognized to have _de facto_ status as sovereign states, and inclusion should not be seen as an endorsement of any specific claim to statehood in legal terms
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Japan
Coordinates : 35°N 136°E / 35°N 136°E / 35; 136 Japan 日本国 _Nippon-koku_ _Nihon-koku_ _ Flag Imperial Seal ANTHEM: * " Kimigayo _" * 君が代 "His Imperial Majesty's Reign" GOVERNMENT SEAL OF JAPAN * _ * Go-Shichi no Kiri_ (五七桐) Area controlled by Japan shown in green; claimed but uncontrolled shown in light green
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List Of Regions Of Japan
The REGIONS OF JAPAN are not official administrative units, but have been traditionally used as the regional division of Japan in a number of contexts. For instance, maps and geography textbooks divide Japan into the eight regions, weather reports usually give the weather by region, and many businesses and institutions use their home region as part of their name ( Kinki Nippon Railway , Chūgoku Bank , Tōhoku University , etc.). While Japan has eight High Courts, their jurisdictions do not correspond to the eight regions below. CONTENTS * 1 Regions * 2 See also * 3 References * 4 External links REGIONSFrom north to south, the traditional regions are: * Hokkaidō (the island of Hokkaidō and nearby islands, population: 5,507,456, largest city: Sapporo ) * Tōhoku region (northern Honshū , population: 9,335,088, largest city: Sendai )* Kantō region (eastern Honshū, population: 42,607,376, largest city: Tokyo ) * Nanpō Islands : part of Tokyo Metropolis (largest town: Ōshima )* Chūbu region (central Honshū, including Mt
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Chūbu Region
The CHūBU REGION (中部地方, _Chūbu-chihō_), CENTRAL REGION, or CENTRAL JAPAN (中部日本) is a region in the middle of Honshū , Japan\'s main island. Chūbu has a population of 21,715,822 as of 2010. . It encompasses nine prefectures (_ken_): Aichi , Fukui , Gifu , Ishikawa , Nagano , Niigata , Shizuoka , Toyama , and Yamanashi . It is located directly between the Kantō region and the Kansai region and includes the major city of Nagoya
Nagoya
as well as along Pacific and Sea of Japan
Japan
coastlines, extensive mountain resorts , and Mount Fuji . The region is the widest part of Honshū and the central part is characterized by high, rugged mountains. The Japanese Alps divide the country into the Pacific
Pacific
side, sunny in winter, and the Sea of Japan side, snowy in winter. CONTENTS* 1 Subregions * 1.1 Tōkai * 1.1.1 Chūkyō * 1.2 Kōshin\'etsu * 1.3 Hokuriku * 2 Major cities * 2.1 Other major cities * 3 See also * 4 Notes * 5 References * 6 External links SUBREGIONSThe Chūbu region
Chūbu region
covers a large and geographically diverse area of Honshū which leads to it generally being divided into three distinct subregions: Tōkai, Kōshin'etsu, and Hokuriku. There is also another subregion occasionally referred to in business circles called Chūkyō
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Tōkai Region
The TōKAI REGION (東海地方, Tōkai-chihō) is a subregion of the Chūbu region in Japan that runs along the Pacific Ocean . The name means "East sea" and comes from the Tōkaidō , one of the Edo Five Routes . Because Tōkai is a sub-region and is not officially classified, there is some disagreement about where exactly the region begins and ends, however Japanese maps widely conclude that the region includes Shizuoka , Aichi , Gifu and Mie prefectures. The largest major city in the region is Nagoya and the Chūkyō Metropolitan Area ( Nagoya Metropolitan Area) makes up a large portion of the region and has Japan's third strongest economy. The business influence of this urban area sometimes extends out into the outlying areas of the three prefectures centered on Nagoya which are Aichi, Gifu, and Mie; this area is sometimes referred to as the Chūkyō region. Tōkai is a heavy manufacturing area and is one of the most industrial regions in Japan. Its coast is lined with densely populated cities with economies that thrive on factories. The Tōkai region has experienced a number of large earthquakes in the past, including the two great earthquakes in 1944 (also known as the "Tonankai earthquake") and 1945 (also known as the "Mikawa earthquake")
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Prefectures Of Japan
The PREFECTURES OF JAPAN (都道府県, _Todōfuken_) consist of 47 prefectures . They form the first level of jurisdiction and administrative division of Japan . They consist of 43 prefectures (県, _ken_) proper, two urban prefectures (府, _fu_, Osaka and Kyoto ), one "circuit " or "territory" (道, _dō_, Hokkaido ) and one "metropolis" (都, _to_, Tokyo ). The Meiji _ Fuhanken sanchisei _ administration created the first prefectures (urban _-fu_ and rural _-ken_) from 1868 to replace the urban and rural administrators (_bugyō_, _daikan_, etc.) in the parts of the country previously controlled directly by the shogunate and a few territories of rebels/shogunate loyalists who had not submitted to the new government such as Aizu /Wakamatsu . In 1871, all remaining feudal domains _(han )_ were also transformed into prefectures, so that prefectures subdivided the whole country. In several waves of territorial consolidation, today's 47 prefectures were formed by the turn of the century. In many instances, these are contiguous with the ancient ritsuryō provinces of Japan . Each prefecture's chief executive is a directly-elected governor (知事, _chiji_). Ordinances and budgets are enacted by a unicameral assembly (議会, _gikai_) whose members are elected for four-year terms
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Time Zone
A TIME ZONE is a region of the globe that observes a uniform standard time for legal, commercial, and social purposes. Timezones tend to follow the boundaries of countries and their subdivisions because it is convenient for areas in close commercial or other communication to keep the same time. Most of the time zones on land are offset from Coordinated Universal Time(UTC) by a whole number of hours ( UTC−12to UTC+14), but a few zones are offset by 30 or 45 minutes (for example Newfoundland Standard Timeis UTC−03:30, NepalStandard Timeis UTC+05:45, and Indian Standard Timeis UTC+05:30). Some higher latitude and temperate zone countries use daylight saving time for part of the year, typically by adjusting local clock time by an hour. Many land time zones are skewed toward the west of the corresponding nautical time zones . This also creates a permanent daylight saving time effect
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Japan Standard Time
JAPAN STANDARD TIME or JST (日本標準時, _Nihon Hyōjunji_, or 中央標準時 _Chūō Hyōjunji_) is the standard timezone in Japan , and is 9 hours ahead of UTC (i.e. it is UTC+09:00 ). There is no daylight saving time , though its introduction has been debated several times. During World War II , it was often called TOKYO STANDARD TIME. Japan Standard Time is the same as Korean Standard Time , Indonesian Eastern Standard Time and Yakutsk Time . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Time zones of the Japanese Empire * 3 IANA time zone database * 4 Daylight saving time in Japan * 5 See also * 6 References HISTORYBefore the Meiji era (1868–1912), each local region had its own timezone in which noon was when the sun was exactly at its zenith . As modern transportation methods, such as trains, were adopted, this practice became a source of confusion. For example, there is a difference of about 5 degrees longitude between Tokyo and Osaka and because of this, a train that departed from Tokyo would arrive at Osaka 20 minutes ahead of the time in Tokyo
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UTC+9
UTC
UTC
+09:00 is an identifier for a time offset from UTC
UTC
of +09. During the Japanese occupations of Borneo , Burma , Hong Kong , Dutch East Indies , Malaya , Philippines , Singapore , and French Indochina , it was used as a common time with Tokyo until the fall of Empire of Japan
Japan

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Pinus Thunbergii
Pinus thunbergiana PINUS THUNBERGII (Syn: Pinus thunbergiana), also called BLACK PINE, JAPANESE BLACK PINE, and JAPANESE PINE, is a pine native to coastal areas of Japan
Japan
( Kyūshū , Shikoku and Honshū
Honshū
) and South Korea
South Korea
. It is called gomsol (곰솔) in Korean , hēisōng (黑松) in Chinese , and kuromatsu (黒松) in Japanese . CONTENTS * 1 Description * 2 Ecology * 3 Uses * 4 Gallery * 5 Notes * 6 References * 7 External links DESCRIPTIONBlack pines can reach the height of 40 m, but rarely achieves this size outside its natural range. The needles are in fascicles of two with a white sheath at the base, 7–12 cm long; female cones are 4–7 cm in length, scaled, with small points on the tips of the scales, taking two years to mature. Male cones are 1–2 cm long borne in clumps of 12-20 on the tips of the spring growth. Bark is gray on young trees and small branches, changing to black and plated on larger branches and the trunk; becoming quite thick on older trunks. ECOLOGYIn North America
North America
this tree is subject to widespread mortality by the native American pinewood nematode, Bursaphelenchus xylophilus
Bursaphelenchus xylophilus
, spread by means of beetle vectors. Subsequently, blue stain fungus invades the plant, leading to a rapid decline and death
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Wisteria
See text. SYNONYMS * Diplonyx Raf. * Kraunhia Raf. * Phaseoloides Duhamel * Rehsonia StritchWISTERIA (also spelled WISTARIA or WYSTERIA) is a genus of flowering plants in the legume family, Fabaceae
Fabaceae
(Leguminosae), that includes ten species of woody climbing vines native to the Eastern United States and to China
China
, Korea
Korea
, and Japan
Japan
. Some species are popular ornamental plants. An aquatic flowering plant with the common name wisteria or 'water wisteria' is in fact Hygrophila difformis , in the family Acanthaceae . CONTENTS* 1 Taxonomy * 1.1 Species * 2 Description * 3 Cultivation * 4 References * 5 External links TAXONOMYThe botanist Thomas Nuttall said he named the genus Wisteri