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Ogaden
Ogaden
Ogaden
(pronounced and often spelled Ogadēn; Somali: Ogaadeen) is the unofficial name of the Somali Region, the territory comprising the eastern portion of Ethiopia. The inhabitants are predominantly ethnic Somalis. The title "Ogaden" is often preferred by the international communities. The region, which is around 200,000 square kilometres, borders Djibouti, Somalia
Somalia
and Kenya.[1] Important towns include Jijiga, Degahbur, Gode, Kebri Dahar, Fiq, Shilabo, Kelafo, Werder and Danan. The Ogaden
Ogaden
is a plateau, with an elevation above sea level that ranges from 1,500 metres in the northwest, falling to about 300 metres along the southern limits and the Wabi Shebelle valley. The areas with altitudes between 1,400 and 1,600 metres are characterised as semi-arid; receiving as much as 500–600 mm of rainfall annually
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Wayback Machine
The Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
is a digital archive of the World Wide Web
World Wide Web
and other information on the Internet. It was launched in 2001 by the Internet
Internet
Archive, a nonprofit organization based in San Francisco, California, United States. .mw-parser-output .toclimit-2 .toclevel-1 ul,.mw-parser-output .toclimit-3 .toclevel-2 ul,.mw-parser-output .toclimit-4 .toclevel-3 ul,.mw-parser-output .toclimit-5 .toclevel-4 ul,.mw-parser-output .toclimit-6 .toclevel-5 ul,.mw-parser-output .toclimit-7 .toclevel-6 ul display:none Contents1 History 2 Technical details2.1 Storage capacity and growth 2.2 Growth 2.3 Website exclusion policy2.3.1 Oakland Archive
Archive
Policy3 Uses3.1 Limitations 3.2 In legal evidence3.2.1 Civil litigation3.2.1.1 Netbula LLC v
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Plateau
In geology and physical geography a plateau ( /pləˈtoʊ/, /plæˈtoʊ/ or /ˈplætoʊ/; plural plateaus or plateaux[1][2]),is also called a high plain or a tableland, it is an area of a highland, usually consisting of relatively flat terrain that is raised significantly above the surrounding area, often with one or more sides with steep slopes. Plateaus can be formed by a number of processes, including upwelling of volcanic magma, extrusion of lava, and erosion by water and glaciers
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Local Extinction
Local extinction
Local extinction
or extirpation is the condition of a species (or other taxon) that ceases to exist in the chosen geographic area of study, though it still exists elsewhere.[1] Local extinctions are contrasted with global extinctions. Local extinctions may be followed by a replacement of the species taken from other locations; wolf reintroduction is an example of this.Contents1 Conservation 2 IUCN subpopulation and stock assessments 3 Local extinction
Local extinction
events 4 See also 5 ReferencesConservation[edit] Local extinctions mark a change in the ecology of an area. The area of study chosen may reflect a natural subpopulation, political boundaries, or both. The Cetacean Specialist Group of the IUCN has assessed the threat of a local extinction of the Black Sea stock of Harbour Porpoise
Harbour Porpoise
(Phocoena phocoena) that touches six different countries
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African Wild Dog
The African wild dog
African wild dog
(Lycaon pictus), also known as the painted hunting dog,[2] painted wolf,[3] African hunting dog,[4] Cape hunting dog[5] or African painted dog,[6] is a canid native to sub-Saharan Africa. It is the largest of its family in Africa, and the only extant member of the genus Lycaon, which is distinguished from Canis
Canis
by dentition highly specialised for a hypercarnivorous diet, and a lack of dewclaws. It was classified as endangered by the IUCN
IUCN
in 2016, as it had disappeared from much of its original range
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United States
Coordinates: 40°N 100°W / 40°N 100°W / 40; -100 United States
United States
of America Flag Coat of arms Motto: "In God
God
We Trust"[1][a] .mw-parser-ou
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Human Rights Watch
Human Rights Watch
Human Rights Watch
(HRW) is an international non-governmental organization, headquartered in New York City, that conducts research and advocacy on human rights.[1] The group pressures some governments, policy makers and human rights abusers to denounce abuse and respect human rights, and the group often works on behalf of refugees, children, migrants and political prisoners. Human Rights W
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Eritrea
Coordinates: 15°N 39°E / 15°N 39°E / 15; 39State of Eritreaሃገረ ኤርትራ (Tigrinya) Hagere Ertra دولة إرتريا (Arabic) Dawlat IritriyáFlagEmblemAnthem: Ertra, Ertra, Ertra Eritrea, Eritrea, EritreaLocation within Africa
Africa
(dark gray) and the Eastern Hemisphere (gray)Capital and largest city Asmara 15°20′N 38°55′E / 15.333°N 38.917°E / 15.333; 38.917Official languages None[1] (see working languages)Recognised national languagesTigrinya Arabic[2] Tigre Kunama Saho Bilen Nara Afar[3]Working languagesTigrinya[4] Arabic[4] English[4]Ethnic groups (2012[5])55% Tigrinya 30% Tigre 4% Saho 2% Kunama 2% Bilen 2% Rashaida 5% othersDemonym EritreanGovernment Unitary one-party presidential republic• PresidentIsaias AfwerkiLegislature National AssemblyFormation• Dʿmtc. 980 BC• Kingdom of Aksumc
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Italian East Africa
Italian East Africa
Italian East Africa
(Italian: Africa Orientale Italiana) was an Italian colony in the Horn of Africa. It was formed in 1936 through the merger of Italian Somaliland, Italian Eritrea, and the newly conquered Ethiopian Empire
Ethiopian Empire
which became Italian Ethiopia.[3] During the Second World War, Italian East Africa
Italian East Africa
was occupied by a British-led force including colonial and Ethiopian units.[4] After the war, Italian Somaliland
Italian Somaliland
and Eritrea
Eritrea
came under British administration, while Ethiopia
Ethiopia
regained full independence
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Anglo-Ethiopian Treaty Of 1897
The Anglo-Ethiopian Treaty of 1897
Anglo-Ethiopian Treaty of 1897
(sometimes called the Rodd Treaty) was an agreement negotiated between diplomat Sir Rennell Rodd of Great Britain and Emperor Menelik II of Ethiopia
Menelik II of Ethiopia
primarily involving border issues between Ethiopia and British Somaliland
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Menelik II Of Ethiopia
Emperor Menelik II
Menelik II
GCB, GCMG (Ge'ez: ዳግማዊ ምኒልክ, Dagmäwi Menelik [nb 1]), baptised as Sahle Maryam (17 August 1844 – 12 December 1913), was Negus[nb 2] of Shewa
Shewa
(1866–89), then Emperor of Ethiopia[nb 3] from 1889 to his death in 1913
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Ifat Sultanate
Sultan
Sultan
(/ˈsʌltən/; Arabic: سلطان‎ sulṭān, pronounced [sʊlˈtˤɑːn, solˈtˤɑːn]) is a position with several historical meanings. Originally, it was an Arabic
Arabic
abstract noun meaning "strength", "authority", "rulership", derived from the verbal noun سلطة sulṭah, meaning "authority" or "power". Later, it came to be used as the title of certain rulers who claimed almost full sovereignty in practical terms (i.e., the lack of dependence on any higher ruler), albeit without claiming the overall caliphate, or to refer to a powerful governor of a province within the caliphate. The adjective form of the word is "sultanic",[1] and the dynasty and lands ruled by a sultan are referred to as a sultanate (سلطنة salṭanah). The term is distinct from king (ملك malik), despite both referring to a sovereign ruler
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Semi-arid
A semi-arid climate or steppe climate is the climate of a region that receives precipitation below potential evapotranspiration, but not as low as a desert climate. There are different kinds of semi-arid climates, depending on variables such as temperature, and they give rise to different biomes.Regions with semi-arid climates   BSh   BSkContents1 Defining attributes of semi-arid climates 2 Hot semi-arid climates 3 Cold semi-arid climates 4 Regions of varying classification 5 Charts of selected cities 6 See also 7 References 8 External linksDefining attributes of semi-arid climates[edit] A more precise definition is given by the Köppen climate classification, which treats steppe climates (BSk and BSh) as intermediates between desert climates (BW) and humid climates in ecological characteristics and agricultural potential
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Shebelle Valley
The Shebelle Valley
Valley
(Somali: Dooxada Shabeelle), also spelled Shabeelle Valley, is a valley in the Horn of Africa. It follows the line of the Shebelle River
Shebelle River
north from the Indian Ocean through Somalia
Somalia
and into Ethiopia. Along with the Jubba Valley
Valley
and nearby lakes Chamo and Abaya, the valley is considered an Endemic Bird Area by Birdlife International. See also[edit]Nugaal ValleyReferences[edit]Jubba and Shabeelle valleysCoordinates: 04°44′N 45°12′E / 4.733°N 45.200°E / 4.733; 45.200This Somalia
Somalia
location article is a stub. You can help by expanding it.v t eThis Ethiopia
Ethiopia
location article is a stub
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Ahmad Ibn Ibrahim Al-Ghazi
Ahmad ibn Ibrahim al-Ghazi
Ahmad ibn Ibrahim al-Ghazi
(Somali: Axmad Ibraahim al-Gaasi, Harari: አሕመድ ኢቢን ኢብራሂም አል ጋዚ, "Acmad Ibni Ibrahim Al-Gaazi" [Afar], Arabic: أحمد بن إبراهيم الغازي‎ ) "the Conqueror"[2] (c
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ISO 3166-2
ISO 3166-2 is part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization
Standardization
(ISO), and defines codes for identifying the principal subdivisions (e.g., provinces or states) of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1. The official name of the standard is Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions – Part 2: Country subdivision
Country subdivision
code. It was first published in 1998. The purpose of ISO 3166-2 is to establish an international standard of short and unique alphanumeric codes to represent the relevant administrative divisions and dependent territories of all countries in a more convenient and less ambiguous form than their full names
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