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Numidians
The Numidians
Numidians
were the Berber population of Numidia
Numidia
(present day Algeria) and in a smaller part of Tunisia. The Numidians
Numidians
were one of the earliest Berber tribes to trade with the settlers of Carthage. As Carthage
Carthage
grew, the relationship with the Numidians
Numidians
blossomed. Carthage's military used the Numidian cavalry
Numidian cavalry
as mercenaries
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List Of Kings Of Numidia
Numidia
Numidia
was an ancient Berber kingdom located in the region of North Africa in what is now northern Algeria
Algeria
and parts of Tunisia
Tunisia
and Libya. The Kingdom existed from the 3rd to 1st centuries BCE. The Kingdom of Numidia
Numidia
was established as a client kingdom by Rome following the Second Punic War
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Cato The Elder
Cato the Elder
Cato the Elder
(/ˈkeɪtoʊ/; Latin: Cato Major; 234–149 BC), born Marcus Porcius Cato[n 1] and also known as Cato the Censor (Cato Censorius), Cato the Wise (Cato Sapiens), and Cato the Ancient (Cato Priscus), was a Roman senator and historian known for his conservatism and opposition to Hellenization.[1] He was the first to write history in Latin. He came from an ancient Plebeian family who were noted for their military service. Like his forefathers, Cato was devoted to agriculture when not serving in the army. Having attracted the attention of Lucius Valerius Flaccus, he was brought to Rome
Rome
and began to follow the cursus honorum: he was successively military tribune (214 BC), quaestor (204 BC), aedile (199 BC), praetor (198 BC), junior consul (195 BC) together with Flaccus, and censor (184 BC). As praetor, he expelled usurers from Sardinia
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Musulamii
The Musulamii
Musulamii
were a confederation of the Berber Gaetulian tribes,[1] who inhabited the desert regions of what is today known as Chotts Regions in Tunisia
Tunisia
and Algeria, as well as the Roman province of Mauretania Caesariensis, which was annexed to the Roman empire in 44 AD
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Plutarch
Plutarch
Plutarch
(/ˈpluːtɑːrk/; Greek: Πλούταρχος, Ploútarkhos, Koine Greek: [plǔːtarkʰos]; c. CE 46 – CE 120),[1] later named, upon becoming a Roman citizen, Lucius Mestrius Plutarchus, (Λούκιος Μέστριος Πλούταρχος)[a] was a Greek biographer and essayist, known primarily for his Parallel Lives
Parallel Lives
and Moralia.[2] He is classified[3] as a Middle Platonist
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Micipsa
French Algeria
French Algeria
(19th - 20th centuries)French conquest French governorsResistance PacificationEmir Abdelkader Fatma N'SoumerMokrani Revolt Cheikh BouamamaNationalism RCUA FLN GPRAAlgerian War 1958 putsch 1961 putschÉvian Accords Independence referendumPied-Noir Harkis Oujda GroupContemporary era 1960s–80sArab nationalism 1965 putschBerber Spring 1988 Riots1990s Algerian Civil War
Algerian Civil War
(Timeline)FIS GIA List of massacresHigh Council of State Civil Concord2000s to presentPeace Charter AQIM Arab SpringRelated topicsOutline of Algeria Military history of Algeria (List of wars involving Algeria) Postal history of Algeria (List of people on stamps of Algeria) History of North Africa Algeria portalv t e Micipsa (pronounced: Mikipsa, Berber name: MKWSN; died: c
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Hasdrubal
Hasdrubal (in Latin transliteration; the original Phoenician form of the name was Azruba'al, lit. "the help of Baal") was the name of a king and several Carthaginian generals of the Punic Wars. Among them the most famous are: Hasdrubal I of Carthage was the Magonid king of Ancient Carthage from 530 to 510 BC. Hasdrubal the Fair
Hasdrubal the Fair
(c. 270 BC – 221 BC), son-in-law of Hamilcar Barca Hasdrubal Barca
Hasdrubal Barca
(245–207 BC), son of Hamilcar Barca and brother of Hannibal and Mago Hasdrubal Gisco
Hasdrubal Gisco
(died 202 BC), another commander in the Second Punic War Hasdrubal the Bald, a Carthaginian general in the Second Punic War Hasdrubal the Boetharch, the general of Punic forces in the Third Punic War c. 146 BC Hasdrubal, commander of the service corps, a Carthaginian officer in the Second Punic War c
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Hamilcar
Hamilcar (Punic-Phoenician 𐤇𐤌𐤋𐤒𐤓𐤕‬ ḥmlqrt, Canaanite Hebrew אחי-מלקרת, meaning brother of Melqart, a Tyrian god) was a common name in the Punic
Punic
culture. There are several different transcriptions into Greek and Roman scripts. The ruling families of ancient Carthage often named their members with the traditional name Hamilcar. For example: Hamilcar the Magonid — Basileus (king) of Carthage Hamilcar, son of Hanno, led the Carthaginian forces at the Battle of Himera in 480 BC during the First Sicilian War Hamilcar Punic
Punic
strategus against Timoleon
Timoleon
of Syracuse A brother of Gisco (3) and possibly brother of Hanno (9) with whom he was executed in the middle of the 4th century BC (Polyen. Strat
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Carthalo
Carthalo
Carthalo
(d. c. 209 BC) was an officer in Hannibal's army during the Second Punic War. He led the Numidian cavalry
Numidian cavalry
in a successful skirmish against Rome. Following the Battle of Cannae, Hannibal
Hannibal
sent Carthalo to Rome as a peace envoy. His delegation included a number of Roman prisoners whom the Carthaginians hoped to ransom. However, Marcus Junius Pera, the newly appointed Roman dictator, sent a messenger to intercept Carthalo's delegation, telling them to leave by nightfall. Death[edit] In 209 BC, Carthalo
Carthalo
was serving as garrison commander of Tarentum, which had fallen to Hannibal
Hannibal
three years earlier, when Quintus Fabius Maximus Verrucosus led a Roman force to retake the settlement
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Third Punic War
The Third Punic
Punic
War (Latin: Tertium Bellum Punicum) (149–146 BC) was the third and last of the Punic Wars
Punic Wars
fought between the former Phoenician colony of Carthage
Carthage
and the Roman Republic. The Punic
Punic
Wars were named because of the Roman name for Carthaginians: Punici, or Poenici.[5] This war was a much smaller engagement than the two previous Punic Wars and focused on Tunisia, mainly on the Siege of Carthage, which resulted in the complete destruction of the city, the annexation of all remaining Carthaginian territory by Rome, and the death or enslavement of the entire Carthaginian population
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Carthago Delenda Est
"Ceterum censeo Carthaginem delendam esse", or "Ceterum autem censeo Carthaginem delendam esse" (English: "Furthermore, (moreover) I consider that Carthage
Carthage
must be destroyed"), often abbreviated to "Ceterum censeo", "Carthago delenda est", or "Delenda est Carthago" (English: " Carthage
Carthage
must be destroyed"), is a Latin oratorical phrase. Originating in the Roman Republic
Roman Republic
in the 2nd century BC prior to the Third Punic War
Third Punic War
against Carthage, by the party advocating destruction of Rome's ancient rival Carthage, which was thought to be rebuilding its capacity for further warfare
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Carthage
Carthage
Carthage
(/ˈkɑːrθɪdʒ/, from Latin: Carthago; Phoenician: Qart-ḥadašt ("New city")) was the center or capital city of the ancient Carthaginian civilization, on the eastern side of the Lake of Tunis
Tunis
in what is now the Tunis Governorate
Tunis Governorate
in Tunisia. The city developed from a Phoenician colony into the capital of an empire dominating the Mediterranean during the first millennium BC.[1] The legendary Queen Dido
Dido
is regarded as the founder of the city, though her historicity has been questioned. According to accounts by Timaeus of Tauromenium, she purchased from a local tribe the amount of land that could be covered by an oxhide
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Jarawa (Berber Tribe)
Jarawa may refer to:Jarawas (Andaman Islands), one of the indigenous peoples of the Andaman Islands Jarawa language (Andaman Islands) Jarawa (Berber tribe), a Berber tribal confederacy that flourished in northwest Africa during the seventh century Jarawa (Nigeria), an ethnic group in Plateau State, Nigeria
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Syphax
Syphax
Syphax
was a king of the ancient Numidian tribe Masaesyli of western Numidia
Numidia
during the last quarter of the 3rd century BC. His story is told in Livy's Ab Urbe Condita (written c. 27–25 BC).[1] Biography[edit]Tomb of Syphax
Syphax
in Batna (Algeria)When in 218 BC, war broke out between Carthage and Rome, Syphax
Syphax
was initially sympathetic to the Romans. In 213 BC, he concluded an alliance with the Romans and they sent military advisers to help Syphax
Syphax
train his troops. He then attacked the eastern Numidians, the Massylians, ruled by King Gala; at that time allied to the Carthaginians
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Hasdrubal Gisco
Hasdrubal Gisco
Hasdrubal Gisco
or Hasdrubal son of Gisco (died 202 BC) was a Carthaginian general who fought against Rome in Iberia (Hispania) and North Africa
North Africa
during the Second Punic War. He should not be confused with Hasdrubal Barca, the brother of Hannibal. Hasdrubal Gisco
Hasdrubal Gisco
was sent to Iberia with an army following the defeat of Hasdrubal Barca
Hasdrubal Barca
at the Battle of Dertosa in the spring of 215 BC. He arrived in Iberia in 214 BC. His arrival ended the absolute command of the Barcid
Barcid
family there. In 212 BC, the two Roman commanders in Iberia, Publius Cornelius Scipio
Publius Cornelius Scipio
and Gnaeus Cornelius Scipio Calvus, decided to take the offensive
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Algeria
Coordinates: 28°N 2°E / 28°N 2°E / 28; 2People's Democratic Republic
Republic
of Algeriaالجمهورية الجزائرية الديمقراطية الشعبية (Arabic)République Algérienne Démocratique et Populaire  (French) Flag Emblem Motto: بالشّعب وللشّعب("By the people and for the people")[1][2]Anthem: Kassaman(English: "We Pledge")Location of Algeria (dark green)Capitaland largest cityAlgiers36°42′N 3°13′E / 36.700°N 3.21
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