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Norway
NORWAY (/ˈnɔːrweɪ/ (_ listen ) NAWR-way_ ; Norwegian : _ Norge_ ( Bokmål ) or _ Noreg_ ( Nynorsk ); Northern Sami : _Norga_), officially the KINGDOM OF NORWAY, is a sovereign state and unitary monarchy whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula plus the remote island of Jan Mayen
Jan Mayen
and the archipelago of Svalbard
Svalbard
. The Antarctic Peter I Island and the sub-Antarctic Bouvet Island are dependent territories and thus not considered part of the Kingdom. Norway
Norway
also lays claim to a section of Antarctica
Antarctica
known as Queen Maud Land . Until 1814, the kingdom included the Faroe Islands , Greenland
Greenland
, and Iceland
Iceland

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Norwegian Bokmål Language
BOKMåL (literally "book tongue") is an official written standard for the Norwegian language , alongside Nynorsk . Bokmål
Bokmål
is the preferred written standard of Norwegian for 85% to 90% of the population in Norway
Norway
, and is most used by people who speak Standard Østnorsk
Østnorsk
. Bokmål
Bokmål
is regulated by the governmental Norwegian Language Council . A more conservative orthographic standard, commonly known as Riksmål , is regulated by the non-governmental Norwegian Academy for Language and Literature . The written standard is a Norwegianised variety of the Danish language . The first Bokmål
Bokmål
orthography was officially adopted in 1907 under the name Riksmål after being under development since 1879. The architects behind the reform were Marius Nygaard and Jacob Jonathan Aars
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Norwegian Nynorsk Language
NYNORSK (literally NEW NORWEGIAN or NEW NORSE ) is one of the two written standards of the Norwegian language
Norwegian language
, the other being Bokmål . From 1885, when the parliament declared them official and equal, until new voting in 1929, their names were Landsmål and Riksmål . The Landsmål language standard was constructed by the Norwegian linguist Ivar Aasen
Ivar Aasen
during the mid-19th century, to provide a Norwegian-based alternative to Danish , which was commonly written, and to some extent spoken, in Norway
Norway
at the time. The official standard of Nynorsk
Nynorsk
has since been significantly altered. A minor purist fraction of the Nynorsk
Nynorsk
population has stayed firm with the Aasen norm, which is known as Høgnorsk (English: High Norwegian, analogous to High German)
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Northern Sami Language
NORTHERN or NORTH SAMI (davvisámegiella; disapproved exonym LAPPISH or LAPP), sometimes also simply referred to as SAMI, is the most widely spoken of all Sami languages
Sami languages
. The area where Northern Sami
Northern Sami
is spoken covers the northern parts of Norway
Norway
, Sweden
Sweden
and Finland
Finland
. The number of Northern Sami
Northern Sami
speakers is estimated to be somewhere between 15,000 and 25,000. About 2,000 of these live in Finland
Finland
and between 5,000 and 6,000 in Sweden
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Flag Of Norway
The FLAG OF NORWAY is a red with an indigo blue Scandinavian cross fimbriated in white that extends to the edges of the flag; the vertical part of the cross is shifted to the hoist side in the style of the Dannebrog, the flag of Denmark . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Laws regarding the flag * 3 Legal definition * 4 Traditions regarding the flag * 4.1 Music when raising (hoisting) or lowering the flag * 4.2 Code of conduct during flag hoisting and lowering * 4.3 Rolling up the flag * 4.4 Occupation flag * 4.5 Dishonoured flag * 5 Symbolism * 6 Norwegian flag days * 7 Chronology * 8 See also * 9 Notes * 10 External links HISTORY See also: Royal Standard of Norway
Royal Standard of Norway
A depiction originally from ca 1370 of a Nordic king holding the flags of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden
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Coat Of Arms Of Norway
The COAT OF ARMS OF NORWAY is a standing golden lion on a red background, bearing a golden crown and silver blade (blazoned Gules, a lion rampant Or, crowned Or, holding an axe Or with a blade argent). The coat of arms is used by the King (including the King\'s Council ), the Parliament , and the Supreme Court , which are the three powers according to the Constitution . It is also used by several national, regional, and local authorities that are subordinate to the aforementioned, for example the County Governors and both the district courts and the courts of appeal . Since 1905, two parallel versions exist: the more elaborate version used by the King and the simpler one used by the State. The arms in banner form serve as basis for the monarch's flag, known as the Royal Standard . In addition, there are former and existing lands (e.g. the Earldom of Iceland and the Orkneys ), cities (e.g. Kristiansand
Kristiansand
), organisations (e.g
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Ja, Vi Elsker Dette Landet
"JA, VI ELSKER DETTE LANDET" (help ·info ) (In English : "Yes, we love this country"), also known by the title "SONG FOR NORWAY", is a patriotic anthem, which has been commonly regarded as the de facto national anthem of Norway
Norway
since early 20th century, after being used alongside Sønner av Norge since the 1860s. The lyrics were written by Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson
Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson
between 1859 and 1868, and the melody was written by his cousin Rikard Nordraak sometime during the winter of 1863-1864. It was first performed publicly on 17 May 1864 in connection with the 50th anniversary of the constitution . Usually only the first and the last two verses are sung
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De Facto
_DE FACTO_ (/deɪ ˈfæktoʊ/ ), Latin for "in fact", describes practices that exist in reality, even if not legally authorized. It is commonly used to refer to what happens in practice, in contrast with _de jure _ ("in law"), which refers to things that happen according to law. Unofficial customs that are widely accepted are sometimes called the _de facto_ standard
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Royal Anthem
The HONORS MUSIC for a person, office or rank is music played on formal or ceremonial occasions in the presence of the person, office-holder, or rank-holder, especially by a military band . The head of state in many countries is honored with a prescribed piece of music; in some countries the national anthem serves this purpose, while others have a separate ROYAL, PRESIDENTIAL, or, historically, IMPERIAL ANTHEM. Other officials may also have anthems, such as the VICE-REGAL SALUTE in several Commonwealth realms for the governor-general , governor, or lieutenant governor. Ruffles and flourishes may be played instead of, or preceding, honors music
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Kongesangen
KONGESANGEN ("King's Song") is Norway
Norway
's royal anthem . The lyrics come in several versions. The first version (Gud signe kongen vor) was written by Henrik Wergeland
Henrik Wergeland
, but the version used today and quoted below was written by Gustav Jensen for the coronation of Haakon VII and Maud of Wales in 1906. It was inspired by the British royal and national anthem, and set to the tune of " God Save the Queen
God Save the Queen
". LYRICS1 Gud sign vår konge god! Sign ham med kraft og mod sign hjem og slott! Lys for ham ved din Ånd, knytt med din sterke hånd hellige troskapsbånd om folk og drott! 2 Høyt sverger Norges mann hver i sitt kall, sin stand, troskap sin drott. Trofast i liv og død, tapper i krig og nød, alltid vårt Norge lød Gud og sin drott
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Europe
EUROPE —a concept dating back to classical antiquity — is a continent that comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia . Europe is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. The eastern boundary with Asia is an arbitrary historical and social construct , as there is no clear physical and geographical separation between them. The primarily physiographic term "continent" as applied to Europe also incorporates cultural and political elements whose discontinuities and lines of demarcation are not reflected by the continent's current overland boundaries with Asia
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Svalbard
SVALBARD (Norwegian pronunciation: ; prior to 1925 known by its Dutch name SPITSBERGEN , meaning "jagged mountains") is a Norwegian archipelago in the Arctic Ocean
Arctic Ocean
. Situated north of mainland Europe, it is about midway between continental Norway
Norway
and the North Pole
North Pole
. The islands of the group range from 74° to 81° north latitude, and from 10° to 35° east longitude. The largest island is Spitsbergen
Spitsbergen
, followed by Nordaustlandet
Nordaustlandet
and Edgeøya
Edgeøya
. Administratively, the archipelago is not part of any Norwegian county , but forms an unincorporated area administered by a governor appointed by the Norwegian government. Since 2002, Svalbard's main settlement, Longyearbyen
Longyearbyen
, has had an elected local government , somewhat similar to mainland municipalities
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Jan Mayen
JAN MAYEN is a Norwegian volcanic island situated in the North Arctic Ocean . It is 55 km (34 mi) long (southwest-northeast) and 373 km2 (144 sq mi) in area, partly covered by glaciers (an area of 114.2 km (71.0 mi) around the Beerenberg volcano ). It has two parts: larger northeast Nord-Jan and smaller Sør-Jan, linked by a 2.5 km (1.6 mi) wide isthmus . It lies 600 km (370 mi) northeast of Iceland
Iceland
(495 km (305 mi) NE of Kolbeinsey
Kolbeinsey
), 500 km (310 mi) east of central Greenland and 1,000 km (620 mi) west of the North Cape, Norway
Norway
. The island is mountainous, the highest summit being the Beerenberg volcano in the north. The isthmus is the location of the two largest lakes of the island, Sørlaguna
Sørlaguna
(South Lagoon), and Nordlaguna (North Lagoon). A third lake is called Ullerenglaguna (Ullereng Lagoon)
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Bouvet Island
BOUVET ISLAND (Norwegian : Bouvetøya ) is an uninhabited subantarctic high island and dependency of Norway
Norway
located in the South Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
at 54°25.8′S 3°22.8′E / 54.4300°S 3.3800°E / -54.4300; 3.3800 Coordinates : 54°25.8′S 3°22.8′E / 54.4300°S 3.3800°E / -54.4300; 3.3800 , thus putting it north of and outside the Antarctic Treaty System
Antarctic Treaty System
. It lies at the southern end of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge
Mid-Atlantic Ridge
and is the most remote island in the world, approximately 2,600 kilometres (1,600 mi) south-southwest of the coast of South Africa