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North West England
NORTH WEST ENGLAND, one of nine official regions of England , consists of the five counties of Cheshire , Cumbria , Greater Manchester , Lancashire and Merseyside . The North West had a population of 7,052,000 in 2011
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North West England (European Parliament Constituency)
NORTH WEST ENGLAND is a constituency of the European Parliament
European Parliament
. From the 2009 elections it elects 8 MEPs using the d\'Hondt method of party-list proportional representation . CONTENTS * 1 Boundaries * 2 History * 3 Returned members * 4 Election results * 5 External links * 6 References BOUNDARIESThe constituency corresponds to the North West England region of the United Kingdom, comprising the ceremonial counties of Cheshire
Cheshire
, Cumbria
Cumbria
, Greater Manchester , Lancashire
Lancashire
and Merseyside
Merseyside
. HISTORYFollowing the passing of the European Parliamentary Elections Act 1999 , the North West of England
England
forms one constituency from which candidates are elected using the d\'Hondt method . In the election preceding that Act, MEPs were elected by the first-past-the-post method in single-member constituencies
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Sovereign State
A SOVEREIGN STATE is, in international law , a nonphysical juridical entity that is represented by one centralized government that has sovereignty over a geographic area. International law defines sovereign states as having a permanent population, defined territory, one government , and the capacity to enter into relations with other sovereign states . It is also normally understood that a sovereign state is neither dependent on nor subjected to any other power or state . The existence or disappearance of a state is a question of fact . While according to the declarative theory of statehood, a sovereign state can exist without being recognised by other sovereign states , unrecognised states will often find it hard to exercise full treaty-making powers and engage in diplomatic relations with other sovereign states
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United Kingdom
The UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND, commonly known as the UNITED KINGDOM (UK) or BRITAIN, is a sovereign country in western Europe. Lying off the north-western coast of the European mainland , the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
includes the island of Great Britain
Great Britain
, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland
Ireland
and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
is the only part of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
that shares a land border with another sovereign state‍—‌the Republic of Ireland
Ireland
. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
, with the North Sea to its east, the English Channel to its south and the Celtic Sea to its south-south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world . The Irish Sea lies between Great Britain
Great Britain
and Ireland. With an area of 242,500 square kilometres (93,600 sq mi), the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world and the 11th-largest in Europe
Europe
. It is also the 21st-most populous country , with an estimated 65.1 million inhabitants
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Countries Of The United Kingdom
The United Kingdom (UK) comprises four countries : England , Scotland , Wales and Northern Ireland . Within the United Kingdom, a unitary sovereign state , Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales have gained a degree of autonomy through the process of devolution . The UK Parliament and British Government deal with all _reserved matters _ for Northern Ireland and Scotland and all _non-transferred matters_ for Wales, but not in general matters that have been devolved to the Northern Ireland Assembly , Scottish Parliament and National Assembly for Wales . Additionally, devolution in Northern Ireland is conditional on co-operation between the Northern Ireland Executive and the Government of Ireland (see North/South Ministerial Council ) and the British Government consults with the Government of Ireland to reach agreement on some non-devolved matters for Northern Ireland (see British–Irish Intergovernmental Conference ). England, comprising the majority of the population and area of the United Kingdom, remains fully the responsibility of the UK Parliament centralised in London . England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales are not themselves listed in the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) list of countries
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England
ENGLAND is a country that is part of the United Kingdom . It shares land borders with Scotland to the north and Wales to the west. The Irish Sea lies northwest of England and the Celtic Sea lies to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south. The country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain (which lies in the North Atlantic ) in its centre and south; and includes over 100 smaller islands such as the Isles of Scilly , and the Isle of Wight . The area now called England was first inhabited by modern humans during the Upper Palaeolithic period, but takes its name from the Angles , one of the Germanic tribes who settled during the 5th and 6th centuries. England became a unified state in the 10th century, and since the Age of Discovery , which began during the 15th century, has had a significant cultural and legal impact on the wider world. The English language , the Anglican Church , and English law – the basis for the common law legal systems of many other countries around the world – developed in England, and the country's parliamentary system of government has been widely adopted by other nations
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Regions Of England
The REGIONS (formerly known as the GOVERNMENT OFFICE REGIONS; GORS) are the highest tier of sub-national division in England . Between 1994 and 2011, nine regions had officially devolved functions within Government. While they no longer fulfil this role, they continue to be used for statistical and some administrative purposes. They define areas (constituencies) for the purposes of elections to the European Parliament . Eurostat also uses them to demarcate first level Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS) regions ("NUTS 1 regions") within the European Union . The regions generally follow the boundaries of the former standard regions , established in the 1940s for statistical purposes. The London region (also known as Greater London ) has a directly elected Mayor and Assembly . Six regions have local authority leaders\' boards to assist with correlating the headline policies of local authorities. The remaining two regions no longer have any administrative functions, having abolished their regional local authority leaders' boards. In 1998, regional chambers were established in the eight regions outside of London, which produced strategic plans and recommendations to local authorities
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Local Authority Leaders' Board
LOCAL AUTHORITY LEADERS\' BOARDS are voluntary regional associations of council leaders that have been established in England
England
outside of Greater London
Greater London
to replace certain functions of the now abolished regional chambers . The establishment of the boards was part of the UK Government 's Review of Sub-National Economic Development and Regeneration. which brought forward the Government's plans to alter the structure of regional governance in England
England
and was mandated by the Local Democracy, Economic Development and Construction Act 2009 . In June 2010, the new Conservative - LibDem
LibDem
coalition government announced plans to remove funding from the new boards and to remove their statutory functions. It was indicated that the boards might continue as voluntary associations of council leaders. The remaining four areas of the UK have similar voluntary or mandated associations: London Councils , the Welsh Local Government Association , the Convention of Scottish Local Authorities and the Northern Ireland Local Government Association
Local Government Association

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North West Regional Leaders Board
The NORTH WEST REGIONAL LEADERS BOARD is the Local Authority Leaders’ Board for the North West region of England. It was established on 15 July 2008 and replaced the North West Regional Assembly . It initially based at Wigan
Wigan
, in Greater Manchester
Greater Manchester
but has since moved to St Helens in Merseyside . CONTENTS * 1 Structure and membership * 2 Functions and responsibilities * 3 References * 4 External links STRUCTURE AND MEMBERSHIPThe board has 23 members of which 15 represent local government in the region and the remainder are drawn from business and the third sector . Three local government representatives will be drawn from each Ceremonial County in the region i.e., Cumbria
Cumbria
, Cheshire
Cheshire
, Lancashire
Lancashire
, Merseyside and Greater Manchester
Greater Manchester
. A further 7 members represent Social Economic and Environmental Partners (SEEPs) and one further member is nominated by the Lake District National Park Authority. Participating (non-voting) observers can also be appointed. The board holds an annual meeting in July where a Chair and Deputy Chair are elected. The Chair is currently Councillor Sir Richard Leese , and the Chief Executive is Phil Robinson
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European Parliament Constituency
This article is part of a series on the politics and government of the European Union EXECUTIVE * Juncker Commission President Juncker (EPP) * Vice Presidents * College * Civil Service Secretary-General Italianer LEGISLATIVE PARLIAMENT President Tajani (EPP) * Largest groups; * EPP (Manfred Weber) * S">(Gianni Pittella) * 8th session (2014-19) * 751 MEPs * Bureau * Vice Presidents * Quaestor * Conference * Legislative procedure COUNCIL OF THE EU Presidency * Configurations * General * Foreign * Justice and Home * Economic * Euro * Legislative procedure * Voting * Secretariat * Secretary-General * Uwe Corsepius * Directorates-general * COREPER JUDICIARY * Court of Justice * Members * Rulings * General Court CENTRAL BANK President Draghi * ESCB * Euro * EMU * Eurozone COURT OF AUDITORS * Budget * OLAF OTHER BODIES * Agencies * Investment Bank * CoR * EESC * Ombudsman * National parliaments POLICIES AND ISSUES FOREIGN RELATIONS * High Representative * Federica Mogherini * Ext
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Gross Value Added
GROSS VALUE ADDED (GVA) is the measure of the value of goods and services produced in an area, industry or sector of an economy , in economics . In national accounts GVA is output minus intermediate consumption ; it is a balancing item of the national accounts' production account . RELATIONSHIP TO GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCTGVA is linked as a measurement to gross domestic product (gdp), as both are measures of output . The relationship is defined as: GVA + taxes on products - subsidies on products = GDP As the total aggregates of taxes on products and subsidies on products are only available at whole economy level, Gross value added is used for measuring gross regional domestic product and other measures of the output of entities smaller than a whole economy. Restated, GVA = GDP + subsidies - (direct, sales) taxes Over-simplistically, GVA is the grand total of all revenues, from final sales and (net) subsidies, which are incomes into businesses. Those incomes are then used to cover expenses (wages "> * ^ "Statistics Explained". * ^ "Statistics Explained". * ^ "Guide to Gross Value Added (GVA)". Office for National Statistics . 2002-11-15. Retrieved 2012-07-08. _ This economics -related article is a stub . You can help Wikipedia by expanding it ._ * v * t * e Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gross_value_added additional terms may apply
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Countries Of The United Kingdom By GVA Per Capita
The COUNTRIES OF THE UNITED KINGDOM BY GVA PER CAPITA sets out the gross value added per capita (as of 2015) for each of the countries of the United Kingdom as well as separate figures for the nine English regions . LIST RANK NAME GVA PER CAPITA 2015 TOTAL GVA 2015 1 England London ∟ South East ∟ East of England ∟ South West ∟ North West ∟ East Midlands ∟ West Midlands ∟ Yorkshire and the Humber ∟ North East £26,159£43,629 £27,847 £23,970 £23,031 £21,867 £20,929 £20,826 £20,351 £18,927 £1.433 trillion£378 billion £249 billion £146 billion £126 billion £157 billion £98 billion £120 billion £110 billion £50 billion 2 Scotland £23,685 £127 billion 3 Northern Ireland £18,584 £34 billion 4 Wales £18,002 £56 billion UNITED KINGDOM £25,351 £1.666 TRILLIONREFERENCES * ^ Ian, Cullen,. "Regional gross value added (income approach), UK- Office for National Statistics". _www.ons.gov.uk_
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NUTS Statistical Regions Of The United Kingdom
In the Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS) codes of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
(UK), the three levels are: LEVEL CORRESPONDING SUBDIVISIONS # NUTS 1 Wales
Wales
, Scotland
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Ons Coding System
In the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
, the OFFICE FOR NATIONAL STATISTICS maintains a series of codes to represent a wide range of geographical areas of the UK, for use in tabulating census and other statistical data. These codes are referred to as ONS CODES or GSS CODES referring to the Government Statistical Service of which ONS is part. The previous hierarchical system of codes has been replaced as from January 2011 by a nine-character code for all types of geography, in which there is no relation between the code for a lower-tier area and the corresponding parent area. The older coding system has now been phased out. CONTENTS * 1 Geography of the UK Census
Census
* 2 Neighbourhood Statistics Geography * 3 Former hierarchical coding system * 4 Current GSS coding system * 5 Nine-character GSS codes * 6 References * 7 See also * 8 External links GEOGRAPHY OF THE UK CENSUSInformation from the 2011 Census
Census
is published for a wide variety of geographical units
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Politics Of England
The POLITICS OF ENGLAND forms the major part of the wider politics of the United Kingdom , with England being more populous than all the other countries of the United Kingdom put together. As England is also by far the largest in terms of area and GDP, its relationship to the UK is somewhat different from that of Scotland , Wales or Northern Ireland . The English capital London is also the capital of the UK, and English is the dominant language of the UK (not officially, but _de facto_). Dicey and Morris (p26) list the separate states in the British Islands . "England, Scotland, Northern Ireland, the Isle of Man , Jersey , Guernsey , Alderney , and Sark .... is a separate country in the sense of the conflict of laws , though not one of them is a State known to public international law." But this may be varied by statute. The United Kingdom is one state for the purposes of the Bills of Exchange Act 1882. Great Britain is a single state for the purposes of the Companies Act 1985 . Traditionally authors referred to the legal unit or state of England and Wales as "England" although this usage is becoming politically unacceptable in the last few decades
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Governance Of England
There has not been a GOVERNMENT OF ENGLAND since 1707 when the Kingdom of England ceased to exist as a sovereign state , as it merged with the Kingdom of Scotland to form the Kingdom of Great Britain . Kingdom of Great Britain continued from 1707 until 1801 when it merged with the Kingdom of Ireland to form the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland , which itself became the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (UK) in 1922 (in reality ; in name in 1927 ) upon independence for most of the island of Ireland. The UK since then has gone through significant change to its system of government, with devolved parliaments, assemblies and governments in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland . England, however, remains under the full jurisdiction, on all matters, of the Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the UK government as no devolved administration has been created for England within the new structure. This situation has led to the anomaly, known as the West Lothian question , which is that Scottish Members of Parliament (MPs) are able to vote on legislation that affects only England whereas English MPs can not vote on certain Scottish matters due to devolution
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