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Nordic Countries
The Nordic countries
Nordic countries
or the Nordics[1] are a geographical and cultural region in Northern Europe
Northern Europe
and the North Atlantic, where they are most commonly known as Norden (literally "the North"). The term includes Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden, including Greenland
Greenland
and Faroe Islands—which are both constituent countries within the Kingdom of Denmark—and the Åland
Åland
Islands.[2] Scandinavians comprise over three quarters of the region's population and is thus the largest group by far, followed by Finns, who comprise the majority in Finland; other groups are indigenous minorities such as the Greenlandic Inuit and the Sami people, and recent immigrants and their descendants
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List Of Countries And Dependencies By Area
This is a list of the world's countries and their dependent territories by area, ranked by total area. Entries in this list include, but are not limited to, those in the ISO 3166-1 standard, which includes sovereign states and dependent territories
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Ume Sami Language
Ume Sami is a Sami language spoken in Sweden
Sweden
and (formerly) in Norway. It is a moribund language with only about 10 native speakers left which used to be spoken mainly along the Ume River
Ume River
in the south of present-day Arjeplog, in Sorsele and Arvidsjaur.[3][4]Contents1 Phonology1.1 Consonants 1.2 Vowels2 Writing system 3 Grammar3.1 Consonant gradation 3.2 Cases 3.3 Pronouns 3.4 Verbs3.4.1 Person and grammatical number 3.4.2 Mood 3.4.3 Tense 3.4.4 Negative verb4 Example 5 See also 6 References 7 External linksPhonology[edit] Consonants[edit]This section is empty. You can help by adding to it
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Purchasing Power Parity
Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) is a theory that allows economic variables (like GDP) from different places to be compared directly. It assumes a basket of goods at one location has the same value as a basket of those same goods at another location.[1] PPP is commonly used between countries, because their GDP is often in different currencies. While the currencies' exchange rate could be used to convert GDP, the exchange rate is only affected by the prices of traded goods and some goods, like housing, labor, and government services, are not traded. PPP factors are often presented as an exchange rate, being equal to the ratio of the price of the basket of goods in one country to the price of the basket of goods in the other country
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Gross Domestic Product
Gross domestic product
Gross domestic product
(GDP) is a monetary measure of the market value of all the final goods and services produced in a specific time period, often annually.[2][3] GDP (nominal) per capita does not, however, reflect differences in the cost of living and the inflation rates of the countries; therefore using a basis of
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List Of Countries And Territories By Population Density
This is a list of countries and dependent territories ranked by population density, measured by the number of human inhabitants per square kilometer. The list includes sovereign states and self-governing dependent territories based upon the ISO standard ISO 3166-1. The list also includes but does not rank unrecognized but de facto independent countries. The figures in the following table are based on areas including inland water bodies (lakes, reservoirs, rivers). Figures used in this article are mainly based on the latest censuses and official estimates (or projections)
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Meänkieli Dialects
Meänkieli (literally "our language") is a group of distinct Finnish dialects spoken in the northernmost part of Sweden
Sweden
along the valley of the Torne River. In Sweden
Sweden
it is recognized as one of the country's five minority languages. Linguistically, Meänkieli consists of two dialect subgroups, the Torne Valley
Torne Valley
dialects (also spoken on the Finnish side of the Torne River) and the Gällivare
Gällivare
dialects, which both belong to the larger Peräpohjola dialect group (see Dialect
Dialect
chart).[3] For historical reasons it has the status of a minority language in Sweden. In modern Swedish the language is normally referred to officially as meänkieli, although colloquially an older name, tornedalsfinska ("Torne Valley Finnish"), is still commonly used
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Norwegian Nynorsk
Nynorsk
Nynorsk
(Translates to New Norwegian[1] or New Norse[2]) is one of the two written standards of the Norwegian language, the other being Bokmål. From 1885, when the parliament declared them official and equal, until new voting in 1929, their names were Landsmål and Riksmål. The Landsmål language standard was constructed by the Norwegian linguist Ivar Aasen
Ivar Aasen
during the mid-19th century, to provide a Norwegian-based alternative to Danish, which was commonly written, and to some extent spoken, in Norway
Norway
at the time. The official standard of Nynorsk
Nynorsk
has since been significantly altered
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Southern Sami Language
The name Southern
Southern
may refer to:South, a point in direction. Southern
Southern
(surname)Contents1 Businesses 2
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Pite Sami Language
Pite Sami, also known as Arjeplog Sami, is a Sami language traditionally spoken in Sweden
Sweden
and Norway. It is a critically endangered language[3] that has only about 25–50[1] native speakers left and is now only spoken on the Swedish side of the border along the Pite River
Pite River
in the north of Arjeplog and Arvidsjaur
Arvidsjaur
and in the mountainous areas of the Arjeplog municipality.Contents1 Classification 2 Phonology2.1 Consonants 2.2 Vowels 2.3 Prosody3 Orthography 4 Grammar4.1 Cases 4.2 Verbs4.2.1 Person 4.2.2 Mood 4.2.3 Grammatical number 4.2.4 Tense 4.2.5 Negative verb5 Notes 6 References 7 External linksClassification[edit] Pite Sami is a part of the Western Sami group, together with Southern Sami and Ume Sami
Ume Sami
to the south, Lule Sami
Lule Sami
and Northern Sami
Northern Sami
to the north
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List Of Countries By GDP (PPP)
This article includes a list of countries by their forecasted estimated gross domestic product based on purchasing power parity, abbreviated GDP (PPP).[2] Countries are sorted by GDP PPP forecast estimates from financial and statistical institutions in the limited period January–April 2017, which are calculated at market or government official exchange rates. The data given on this page are based on the international dollar, a standardized unit used by economists
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Lule Sami Language
Language
Language
is a system that consists of the development, acquisition, maintenance and use of complex systems of communication, particularly the human ability to do so; and a language is any specific example of such a system. The scientific study of language is called linguistics. Questions concerning the philosophy of language, such as whether words can represent experience, have been debated at least since Gorgias
Gorgias
and Plato
Plato
in ancient Greece. Thinkers such as Rousseau
Rousseau
have argued that language originated from emotions while others like Kant have held that it originated from rational and logical thought. 20th-century philosophers such as Wittgenstein argued that philosophy is really the study of language. Major figures in linguistics include Ferdinand de Saussure and Noam Chomsky. Estimates of the number of human languages in the world vary between 5,000 and 7,000
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Skolt Sami Language
Skolt Sami (sääʹmǩiõll 'the Saami language' or nuõrttsääʹmǩiõll if a distinction needs to be made between it and the other Saami languages) is a Uralic, Sami language spoken by the Skolts, with approximately 300 speakers in Finland, mainly in Sevettijärvi
Sevettijärvi
and approximately 20–30 speakers of the Njuõʹttjäuʹrr (Notozero) dialect[4] in an area surrounding Lake Lovozero in Russia
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Akkala Sami Language
Language
Language
is a system that consists of the development, acquisition, maintenance and use of complex systems of communication, particularly the human ability to do so; and a language is any specific example of such a system. The scientific study of language is called linguistics. Questions concerning the philosophy of language, such as whether words can represent experience, have been debated at least since Gorgias
Gorgias
and Plato
Plato
in ancient Greece. Thinkers such as Rousseau
Rousseau
have argued that language originated from emotions while others like Kant have held that it originated from rational and logical thought. 20th-century philosophers such as Wittgenstein argued that philosophy is really the study of language. Major figures in linguistics include Ferdinand de Saussure and Noam Chomsky. Estimates of the number of human languages in the world vary between 5,000 and 7,000
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Gotland
Gotland
Gotland
(/ˈɡɒtlənd/; Swedish pronunciation: [ˈɡɔtland] ( listen),[3] older spellings include Gottland /ˈɡɒtlənd/ or Gothland /ˈɡɒθlənd/,[4]), Gutland in the local dialect,[5] is a province, county, municipality, and diocese of Sweden. It is Sweden's largest island.[6][7][8][9] The province includes the islands of Fårö
Fårö
and Gotska Sandön
Gotska Sandön
to the north, as well as the Karlsö Islands (Lilla and Stora) to the west
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Gutnish Language
Gutnish, or Gotlandic (Swedish: Gotländska, Gutniska or Gutamål) refers to the dialects of the Swedish language
Swedish language
spoken on the islands of Gotland
Gotland
and Fårö.[4] The dialects, while stemming from the Old Gutnish (Swedish: Forngutniska) variety of Old Norse, are considered part of modern Swedish. Gutnish exists in two variants, Mainland Gotlandic (Swedish: Laumål), mostly spoken in the soutern portion of Gotland, and Faroymal (Swedish: Färömål), spoken on parts of the island of Fårö. UNESCO
UNESCO
defines Gutnish as a "definitely endangered language" as of 2010.[5] Some features of Gutnish include the preservation of Old Norse diphthongs like ai in for instance stain (Swedish sten, English stone) and oy in for example doy (Swedish dö, English die)
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