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Non-metropolitan County
A NON-METROPOLITAN COUNTY, or colloquially, SHIRE COUNTY, is a county-level entity in England
England
that is not a metropolitan county . The counties typically have populations of 300,000 to 1.4 million. The term shire county is, however, an unofficial usage. Many of the non-metropolitan counties bear historic names and most end in the suffix "-shire " such as Wiltshire
Wiltshire
or Staffordshire
Staffordshire
. Of the remainder, some counties had the -shire ending and have lost it over time; such as Devon
Devon
and Somerset
Somerset
. " Shire
Shire
county" is, strictly, a dual-language tautology since the French -derived "county " means the same as the older Anglo-Saxon word "shire "
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Luton
LUTON (/ˈluːtən/ ( listen ) LOOT-ən ) is a large town in Bedfordshire , England, 20 miles (30 km) east of Aylesbury
Aylesbury
, 14 miles (20 km) west of Stevenage
Stevenage
, 30 miles (50 km) northwest of London , and 22 miles (40 km) southeast of Milton Keynes . London
London
Luton Airport
Luton Airport
, opened in 1938, is one of Britain's major airports. The University of Bedfordshire is also based in the town. Luton
Luton
is home to League Two team Luton
Luton
Town Football Club , whose history includes several spells in the top flight of the English league as well as a Football League Cup
Football League Cup
triumph in 1988. They play at Kenilworth Road
Kenilworth Road
, their home since 1905
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Statutory Instrument
In many countries, a STATUTORY INSTRUMENT is a form of delegated legislation . CONTENTS* 1 United Kingdom
United Kingdom
* 1.1 England
England
and Wales
Wales
* 1.2 Scotland
Scotland
* 1.3 Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
* 2 Republic of Ireland
Republic of Ireland
* 3 United States * 4 Other countries * 5 References * 6 External links UNITED KINGDOMStatutory instruments are the principal form of delegated or secondary legislation in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
. ENGLAND AND WALES Main article: Statutory Instrument (UK) In England
England
and Wales
Wales
, statutory instruments are primarily governed by the Statutory Instruments Act 1946 , which replaced the system of statutory rules and orders governed by the Rules Publication Act 1893
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Municipal Boroughs
MUNICIPAL BOROUGHS were a type of local government district which existed in England and Wales
England and Wales
between 1835 and 1974, in Northern Ireland from 1840 to 1973 and in the Republic of Ireland
Republic of Ireland
from 1840 to 2002. Broadly similar structures existed in Scotland
Scotland
from 1833 to 1975 with the reform of royal burghs and creation of police burghs
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Administrative Counties Of England
ADMINISTRATIVE COUNTIES were a level of subnational division of England used for the purposes of local government from 1889 to 1974. They were created by the Local Government Act 1888
Local Government Act 1888
as the areas for which county councils were elected. Some large counties were divided into several administrative counties, each with its own county council. The administrative counties were abolished by the Local Government Act 1972 and were replaced by the metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties of England . CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Introduction of county councils * 1.2 Map 1890–1965 * 1.3 Area and population * 1.4 Alterations in boundaries * 1.5 Greater London * 1.6 Map 1965–1974 * 2 Abolition * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links HISTORYThe administrative counties did not exist prior to 1889, see historic counties of England for the history of the English counties before then
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Lieutenancies Act 1997
The LIEUTENANCIES ACT 1997 (1997 c. 23) is an Act of Parliament
Act of Parliament
in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
, that defines areas that Lord-Lieutenants are appointed to in Great Britain
Great Britain
. It came into force on 1 July 1997. CONTENTS * 1 Creation of modern local government * 2 Local government re-organisation * 3 Passage through Parliament * 4 Lieutenancy areas * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links CREATION OF MODERN LOCAL GOVERNMENTPrior to the Local Government Act 1888
Local Government Act 1888
, a Lord-Lieutenant
Lord-Lieutenant
was appointed to each of the counties . However this Act redefined the areas to be combinations of the new administrative counties and county boroughs . In practice the effect was quite minor, with only a few border differences between the historic and new administrative counties
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Old English Language
OLD ENGLISH (Ænglisc, Anglisc, Englisc) or ANGLO-SAXON is the earliest historical form of the English language
English language
, spoken in England and southern and eastern Scotland
Scotland
in the early Middle Ages
Middle Ages
. It was brought to Great Britain
Great Britain
by Anglo-Saxon settlers probably in the mid 5th century, and the first Old English
Old English
literary works date from the mid-7th century. After the Norman Conquest
Norman Conquest
of 1066, English was replaced, for a time, as the language of the upper classes by Anglo-Norman , a relative of French . This is regarded as marking the end of the Old English
Old English
era, as during this period the English language was heavily influenced by Anglo-Norman, developing into a phase known now as Middle English
Middle English

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Central Bedfordshire
CENTRAL BEDFORDSHIRE is a unitary authority area in the ceremonial county of Bedfordshire
Bedfordshire
, England. It was created from the merger of Mid Bedfordshire
Bedfordshire
and South Bedfordshire
Bedfordshire
District Councils on 1 April 2009. With a budget of £500m the unitary council provides over a hundred services to a quarter of a million people, and is responsible for schools, social services, rubbish collection, roads, planning, leisure centres, libraries, care homes and more. CONTENTS * 1 Administrative history * 2 Elections * 3 Towns and villages * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links ADMINISTRATIVE HISTORYThe county of Bedfordshire
Bedfordshire
was abolished on 1 April 2009
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County Council
A COUNTY COUNCIL is the elected administrative body governing an area known as a county. This term has slightly different meanings in different countries. CONTENTS* 1 Ireland * 1.1 History * 1.1.1 1899-1922 * 1.1.2 1922 to present * 2 Taiwan * 2.1 Taiwan Province
Taiwan Province
* 2.2 Fujian Province * 3 United Kingdom * 3.1 England * 3.1.1 History * 3.1.2 2009 reforms * 3.2 Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
* 3.3 Scotland
Scotland
* 3.3.1 History * 3.4 Wales
Wales
* 3.4.1 History * 4 United States * 5 Other countries * 6 References IRELANDThe county councils created under British rule in 1899 continue to exist in Ireland, although they are now governed under legislation passed by Oireachtas Éireann , principally the Local Government Act 2001
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High Sheriff
A HIGH SHERIFF is a ceremonial officer for each shrieval county of England and Wales and Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
or the chief sheriff of a number of paid sheriffs in U.S. states who outranks and commands the others in their court-related functions. The office existed in what is now the Republic of Ireland but was abolished there in 1926. In England and Wales , the term High Sheriff arose to distinguish sheriffs of counties proper from sheriffs of cities and boroughs designated "counties-of-themselves " but not counties properly speaking. These cities and boroughs no longer have sheriffs except for the City of London, so now all English and Welsh sheriffs except the sheriffs of the City of London are high sheriffs
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Royal Mail
ROYAL MAIL PLC (Welsh : Post Brenhinol; Scottish Gaelic : a' Phuist Rìoghail) is a postal service and courier company in the United Kingdom, originally established in 1516. The company's subsidiary, ROYAL MAIL GROUP LIMITED, operates the brands Royal Mail
Mail
(letters) and Parcelforce Worldwide (parcels). General Logistics Systems , an international logistics company, is a wholly owned subsidiary of Royal Mail
Mail
Group. The company provides mail collection and delivery services throughout the UK. Letters are deposited in a pillar or wall box , taken to a post office, or collected in bulk from businesses. Deliveries are made at least once every day except Sundays and bank holidays at uniform charges for all UK destinations. Royal Mail
Mail
generally aims to make first class deliveries the next business day throughout the nation
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Lord-Lieutenant
The LORD-LIEUTENANT (/lɛfˈtɛnənt/ ) is the British monarch's personal representative in each county of the United Kingdom. Historically, the Lord-Lieutenant was responsible for organising the county's militia but it is today a largely ceremonial position, usually awarded to a retired notable person in the county
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Local Government Commission For England (1992)
The LOCAL GOVERNMENT COMMISSION FOR ENGLAND was the body responsible for reviewing the structure of local government in England from 1992 to 2002. It was established under the Local Government Act 1992, replacing the Local Government Boundary Commission for England . The Commission could be ordered by the Secretary of State to undertake "structural reviews" in specified areas and recommend the creation of unitary authorities in the two-tier shire counties of England. The Commission, chaired by John Banham , conducted a review of all the non-metropolitan counties of England from 1993 to 1994, making various recommendations on their future. After much political debate and several legal challenges, the Commission's proposals resulted in the abolition of Berkshire
Berkshire
county council and the counties of Avon , Cleveland , Hereford and Worcester and Humberside
Humberside
(created in 1974)
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Unitary Authority
A UNITARY AUTHORITY is a type of local authority that has a single tier and is responsible for all local government functions within its area or performs additional functions which elsewhere in the relevant country are usually performed by national government or a higher level of sub-national government. Typically unitary authorities cover towns or cities which are large enough to function independently of county or other regional administration. Sometimes they consist of national sub-divisions which are distinguished from others in the same country by having no lower level of administration
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Postal Counties Of The United Kingdom
The POSTAL COUNTIES of the United Kingdom, now known officially as the FORMER POSTAL COUNTIES, were postal subdivisions in routine use by Royal Mail
Royal Mail
until 1996. The raison d\'être of the postal county – as opposed to any other kind of county – was to aid the sorting of mail by enabling differentiation between like-sounding post towns. Since 1996 this has been done by using the outward code (first half) of the postcode instead. For operational reasons the former postal counties, although broadly based on the counties of the United Kingdom, did not match up to their boundaries, in some cases with significant differences. The boundaries changed over time as post towns were created or amended. According to the Royal Mail, the former postal county data no longer forms part of postal addresses. It was removed from the Postcode Address File
File
database in 2000 and does not form part of its code of practice for changing addresses
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French Language
Phonological history * Oaths of Strasbourg * Ordinance of Villers-Cotterêts
Ordinance of Villers-Cotterêts
* Anglo-Norman GRAMMAR * Adverbs * Articles and determiners * Pronouns (personal )* Verbs * (conjugation * morphology ) ORTHOGRAPHY * Alphabet * Reforms * Circumflex * Braille PHONOLOGY * Elision * Liaison * Aspirated h * Help:IPA for French * v * t * e FRENCH (le français ( listen ) or la langue française ) is a Romance language
Romance language
of the Indo-European family . It descended from the