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Nominal Number
NOMINAL NUMBERS or CATEGORICAL NUMBERS are numeric codes, meaning numerals used for labelling or identification only. The values of the numerals are irrelevant, and they do not indicate quantity, rank, or any other measurement. CONTENTS* 1 Definition * 1.1 Use of nominal numbers * 2 Examples * 2.1 Narrowly defined * 3 See also * 4 External links DEFINITIONThe term "nominal number" is quite recent and of limited use. It appears to have originated as a usage in school textbooks derived from the statistical term "nominal data ", defined as data indicating "...merely statements of qualitative category of membership." This usage comes from the sense of nominal as "name"
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ITU-T
The ITU
ITU
TELECOMMUNICATION STANDARDIZATION SECTOR (ITU-T) is one of the three sectors (divisions or units) of the International Telecommunication
Telecommunication
Union (ITU); it coordinates standards for telecommunications . The standardization efforts of ITU
ITU
commenced in 1865 with the formation of the INTERNATIONAL TELEGRAPH UNION ( ITU
ITU
). ITU
ITU
became a specialized agency of the United Nations in 1947. The International Telegraph and Telephone Consultative Committee (CCITT, from French: Comité Consultatif International Téléphonique et Télégraphique) was created in 1956, and was renamed ITU-T in 1993. ITU-T has a permanent secretariat, the Telecommunication Standardization
Standardization
Bureau (TSB), based at the ITU
ITU
headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland
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E.164
E.164 is an ITU-T recommendation, titled The international public telecommunication numbering plan, that defines a numbering plan for the world-wide public switched telephone network (PSTN) and some other data networks . E.164 defines a general format for international telephone numbers . Plan-conforming numbers are limited to a maximum of 15 digits, excluding the international call prefix . The presentation of a number is usually prefixed with the plus sign (+ ), indicating that the number includes the country calling code . When dialing, the number must typically be prefixed with the appropriate international call prefix (in place of the plus sign), which is a trunk code to reach an international circuit from within the country of call origination. The title of the original version and first revision of the E.164 standard was "Numbering Plan for the ISDN
ISDN
Era"
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North American Numbering Plan
The NORTH AMERICAN NUMBERING PLAN (NANP) is a telephone numbering plan that encompasses 25 distinct regions in twenty countries primarily in North America, including the Caribbean
Caribbean
and the U.S. territories . Not all North American countries participate in the NANP. The NANP was originally devised in the 1940s by AT&T
AT&T
for the Bell System and independent telephone operators in North America, to unify the diverse local numbering plans that had been established in the preceding decades. AT area code 706, formerly for northwest Mexico, was reassigned to northern Georgia , surrounding the Atlanta
Atlanta
region which retained 404; and area code 903, which also served a small portion of northern Mexico, was reassigned to northeastern Texas when it split from area code 214 . Dutch-speaking Sint Maarten
Sint Maarten
joined the NANP in September 2011, receiving area code 721
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Car Model
An AUTOMOBILE MODEL (or CAR MODEL or MODEL OF CAR, and typically abbreviated to just "model") is a particular brand of vehicle sold under a marque by a manufacturer, usually within a range of models, usually of different sizes or capabilities. From an engineering point of view, a particular car model is usually defined and/or constrained by the use of a particular car chassis /bodywork combination or the same monocoque , although sometimes this is not the case, and the model represents a marketing segment. A model may also be referred to as a NAMEPLATE , specifically when referring to the product from the point of view of the manufacturer, especially a model over time. For example, the Chevrolet Suburban
Chevrolet Suburban
is the oldest automobile nameplate in continuous production, dating to 1934 (1935 model year), while the Chrysler New Yorker
Chrysler New Yorker
was (until its demise in 1996) the oldest North American car nameplate
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Telephone Numbering Plan
A TELEPHONE NUMBERING PLAN is a type of numbering scheme used in telecommunication to assign telephone numbers to subscriber telephones or other telephony endpoints. Telephone numbers are the addresses of participants in a telephone network, reachable by a system of destination code routing. Telephone numbering plans are defined in each of administrative regions of the public switched telephone network (PSTN) and they are also present in private telephone networks. For public number systems, geographic location plays a role in the sequence of numbers assigned to each telephone subscriber. Numbering plans may follow a variety of design strategies which have often arisen from the historical evolution of individual telephone networks and local requirements. A broad division is commonly recognized, distinguishing open numbering plans and closed numbering plans
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Telephone Number
A TELEPHONE NUMBER is a sequence of digits assigned to a fixed-line telephone subscriber station connected to a telephone line or to a wireless electronic telephony device, such as a radio telephone or a mobile telephone, or to other devices for data transmission via the public switched telephone network (PSTN) or other private networks. A telephone number serves as an address for switching telephone calls using a system of destination code routing. Telephone
Telephone
numbers are entered or dialed by a calling party on the originating telephone set, which transmits the sequence of digits in the process of signaling to a telephone exchange . The exchange completes the call either to another locally connected subscriber or via the PSTN to the called party
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International Bank Account Number
The INTERNATIONAL BANK ACCOUNT NUMBER (IBAN) is an internationally agreed system of identifying bank accounts across national borders to facilitate the communication and processing of cross border transactions with a reduced risk of transcription errors . It was originally adopted by the European Committee for Banking Standards (ECBS), and later as an international standard under ISO 13616:1997. The current standard is ISO 13616:2007, which indicates SWIFT as the formal registrar. Initially developed to facilitate payments within the European Union , it has been implemented by most European countries and numerous countries in the other parts of the world, mainly in the Middle East and in the Caribbean . As of February 2016, 69 countries were using the IBAN numbering system
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American Bankers Association
The AMERICAN BANKERS ASSOCIATION (ABA) is a Washington, D.C.-based trade association for the U.S. banking industry . Founded in 1875, ABA today represents banks of all sizes and charters, including community banks, regional and money center banks, savings associations , mutual savings banks, and trust companies , with the average member bank having approximately $250 million in assets. Like many large trade associations, ABA's principal activities include lobbying , professional development for member institutions, maintenance of best practices and industry standards (for example, routing transit numbers), consumer education , and distribution of products and services. ABA is considered the largest financial trade group in the United States
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Routing Transit Number
An ABA ROUTING TRANSIT NUMBER (ABA RTN) is a nine digit code , used in the United States , which appears on the bottom of negotiable instruments such as cheques to identify the financial institution on which it was drawn. The ABA RTN was originally designed to facilitate the sorting, bundling, and shipment of paper cheques back to the drawer's (check writer's) account. As new payment methods were developed (ACH and Wire ), the system was expanded to accommodate these payment methods. The ABA RTN is necessary for the Federal Reserve Banks to process Fedwire funds transfers, and by the Automated Clearing House to process direct deposits, bill payments, and other such automated transfers. The ABA RTN system was developed in 1910 by the American Bankers Association
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Postal Code
A POSTAL CODE (also known locally in various English-speaking countries throughout the world as a POSTCODE, POST CODE, EIRCODE, PIN CODE or ZIP CODE) is a series of letters or digits or both, sometimes including spaces or punctuation, included in a postal address for the purpose of sorting mail . In February 2005, 117 of the 190 member countries of the Universal Postal Union had postal code systems. Although postal codes are usually assigned to geographical areas, special codes are sometimes assigned to individual addresses or to institutions that receive large volumes of mail, such as government agencies and large commercial companies. One example is the French CEDEX system
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BMW
BMW (Bayerische Motoren Werke in German, or Bavarian Motor Works in English) is a German multinational company which currently produces automobiles and motorcycles , and also produced aircraft engines until 1945. The company was founded in 1916 and has its headquarters in Munich , Bavaria . BMW produces motor vehicles in Germany, Brazil, China, India, South Africa and the United States. In 2015, BMW was the world's twelfth largest producer of motor vehicles, with 2,279,503 vehicles produced. The Quandt family are long-term shareholders of the company, with the remaining stocks owned by public float . Automobiles are marketed under the brands BMW (with sub-brands BMW M for performance models and BMW i for plug-in electric cars), Mini and Rolls-Royce . Motorcycles are marketed under the brand BMW Motorrad
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Peugeot
PEUGEOT (US : /puːˈʒoʊ/ ; UK : /ˈpɜːrʒoʊ/ ; French pronunciation: ​ ) is a French car manufacturer, part of Groupe PSA . The family business that preceded the current Peugeot
Peugeot
company was founded in 1810, and manufactured coffee mills and bicycles. On 20 November 1858, Émile Peugeot
Peugeot
applied for the lion trademark . Armand Peugeot
Peugeot
built the company's first car, an unreliable steam tricycle , in collaboration with Leon Serpollet in 1889; this was followed in 1890 by an internal combustion car with a Panhard
Panhard
-Daimler engine. Due to family discord, Armand Peugeot
Armand Peugeot
in 1896 founded the Société des Automobiles Peugeot
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Unique Key
In database relational modeling and implementation, a UNIQUE KEY (a redundant term since a key, by definition, implies attribute(s) value(s) uniqueness, therefore it should be avoided) is a superkey —that is, in the relational model of database organization, a set of attributes of a relation variable for which it holds that in all relations assigned to that variable, there are no two distinct tuples (rows) that have the same values for the attributes in this set. When more than one column is combined to form a unique key, their combined value is used to access each row and maintain uniqueness. These keys are referred to as aggregate or compound keys . Values are not combined, they are compared using their data types . When a column or set of columns is defined as unique to the database management system , the system verifies that each set of values is unique before assigning the constraint
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Universally Unique Identifier
A UNIVERSALLY UNIQUE IDENTIFIER (UUID) is a 128-bit number used to identify information in computer systems. The term GLOBALLY UNIQUE IDENTIFIER (GUID) is also used. When generated according to the standard methods, UUIDs are for practical purposes unique, without depending for their uniqueness on a central registration authority or coordination between the parties generating them, unlike most other numbering schemes . While the probability that a UUID will be duplicated is not zero, it is so close to zero as to be negligible. Thus, anyone can create a UUID and use it to identify something with near certainty that the identifier does not duplicate one that has already been, or will be, created to identify something else. Information labeled with UUIDs by independent parties can therefore be later combined into a single database, or transmitted on the same channel, without needing to resolve conflicts between identifiers
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International Standard Book Number
The INTERNATIONAL STANDARD BOOK NUMBER (ISBN) is a unique numeric commercial book identifier. An ISBN is assigned to each edition and variation (except reprintings) of a book. For example, an e-book , a paperback and a hardcover edition of the same book would each have a different ISBN. The ISBN is 13 digits long if assigned on or after 1 January 2007, and 10 digits long if assigned before 2007. The method of assigning an ISBN is nation-based and varies from country to country, often depending on how large the publishing industry is within a country. The initial ISBN configuration of recognition was generated in 1967 based upon the 9-digit STANDARD BOOK NUMBERING (SBN) created in 1966. The 10-digit ISBN format was developed by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and was published in 1970 as international standard ISO 2108 (the SBN code can be converted to a ten digit ISBN by prefixing it with a zero)
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