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Nobilissimus
NOBILISSIMUS ( Latin
Latin
: "most noble"), in Byzantine Greek NōBELISSIMOS (Greek: νωβελίσσιμος), was one of the highest imperial titles in the late Roman and Byzantine empires. The feminine form of the title was NOBILISSIMA. CONTENTS * 1 History and functions * 2 Nobilissimi * 3 References * 4 Sources HISTORY AND FUNCTIONS "Prōtonōbelissimos" from the codicil of the Sicilian admiral Christodulus The term nobilissimus originated as an epithet to the title of Caesar , whose holder was the Roman and Byzantine emperor's heir-apparent and who would, after Geta in 198, be addressed nobilissimus Caesar. According to the historian Zosimus , Emperor Constantine the Great (r. 306–337) first created the nobilissimus into a separate dignity, so as to honour some of his relatives without implying a claim to the imperial throne
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Latin
LATIN (Latin: _lingua latīna_, IPA: ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages . The Latin alphabet
Latin alphabet
is derived from the Etruscan and Greek alphabets , and ultimately from the Phoenician alphabet . Latin
Latin
was originally spoken in Latium , in the Italian Peninsula . Through the power of the Roman Republic , it became the dominant language, initially in Italy and subsequently throughout the Roman Empire . Vulgar Latin developed into the Romance languages , such as Italian , Portuguese , Spanish , French , and Romanian . Latin
Latin
and French have contributed many words to the English language . Latin
Latin
and Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek
roots are used in theology , biology , and medicine
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Byzantine Greek
MEDIEVAL GREEK, also known as BYZANTINE GREEK, is the stage of the Greek language between the end of Classical antiquity in the 5th-6th centuries and the end of the Middle Ages , conventionally dated to the Ottoman conquest of Constantinople in 1453. From the 7th century onwards, Greek was the only language of administration and government in the Byzantine Empire . This stage of language is thus described as Byzantine Greek. The study of the Medieval Greek language and literature is a branch of Byzantine Studies, or Byzantinology , the study of the history and culture of the Byzantine Empire. The beginning of Medieval Greek is occasionally dated back to as early as the 4th century, either to 330 AD, when the political centre of the Roman Empire was moved to Constantinople , or to 395 AD, the division of the Empire
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Roman Empire
Mediolanum (286–402, Western ) Augusta Treverorum Sirmium Ravenna (402–476, Western) Nicomedia (286–330, Eastern ) Constantinople (330–1453, Eastern) Syracu
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Byzantine Empire
The BYZANTINE EMPIRE, also referred to as the EASTERN ROMAN EMPIRE, was the continuation of the Roman Empire
Roman Empire
in the East during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages
Middle Ages
, when its capital city was Constantinople
Constantinople
(modern-day Istanbul
Istanbul
, which had been founded as Byzantium
Byzantium
). It survived the fragmentation and fall of the Western Roman Empire
Roman Empire
in the 5th century AD and continued to exist for an additional thousand years until it fell to the Ottoman Turks in 1453. During most of its existence, the empire was the most powerful economic, cultural, and military force in Europe
Europe

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Christodulus
CHRISTODULUS (died 1131) (Greek : Χριστόδουλος, Christodoulos, meaning "Slave of Christ;" Arabic : Abd al-Rahman al-Nasrani, meaning "Slave of the All Merciful, the Nazarene "), probably either a Greek Orthodox , the name was a common Greek Orthodox name, or a Moslem
Moslem
convert, was the first emir of Palermo (later ammiratus ammiratorum ) under the Normans. His rise occurred after the death of Count Simon of Sicily in 1105 and he held the position of emir by 1107, during the regency of Adelaide del Vasto for her son, King Roger II of Sicily . Originally, his position was considered that of a successor to the old Moslem
Moslem
governors of Palermo, but the importance of Palermo
Palermo
as the capital of the county and permanent seat of the Norman court, one of the largest cities in Europe and a major trading port, made his position of national significance
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Epithet
An EPITHET (from Greek : ἐπίθετον _epitheton_, neuter of ἐπίθετος _epithetos_, "attributed, added" ) is a BYNAME, or a descriptive term (word or phrase), accompanying or occurring in place of a name and having entered common usage. It has various shades of meaning when applied to seemingly real or fictitious people, divinities, objects, and binomial nomenclature . It can also be a descriptive title: for example, Alfred the Great , Suleiman the Magnificent or Władysław I the Elbow-high . In contemporary use, _epithet_ often refers to an abusive, defamatory, or derogatory phrase, such as a racial or animal epithet . This use as a euphemism is criticized by Martin Manser and other prescriptive linguists
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Caesar (title)
CAESAR (English pl. CAESARS; Latin
Latin
pl. Caesares) is a title of imperial character. It derives from the cognomen of Julius Caesar
Julius Caesar
, the Roman dictator . The change from being a familial name to a title adopted by the Roman Emperors can be dated to about AD 68/69, the so-called " Year of the Four Emperors "
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Publius Septimius Geta
GETA (Publius, or Lucius, Septimius Geta Augustus; 7 March 189 -26 December 211), was a Roman emperor
Roman emperor
who ruled with his father Septimius Severus
Septimius Severus
and his older brother Caracalla
Caracalla
from 209, when he was named Augustus
Augustus
like his brother who had held the title since 198. Severus died in 211, and although he intended for his sons to rule together, they proved incapable of sharing power culminating with the murder of Geta in December of that year. CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Joint Emperor * 3 Portrait * 4 Gallery * 5 Severan family tree * 6 See also * 7 Notes * 8 References * 9 Bibliography * 10 External links EARLY LIFEGeta was the younger son of Septimius Severus
Septimius Severus
by his second wife Julia Domna
Julia Domna

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Zosimus
ZOSIMUS (Greek : Ζώσιμος ; also known by the Latin name ZOSIMUS HISTORICUS, i.e. " Zosimus the Historian"; fl. 490s–510s) was a Greek historian who lived in Constantinople during the reign of the Eastern Roman Emperor Anastasius I (491–518). According to Photius , he was a comes , and held the office of "advocate" of the imperial treasury. . Zozimos was also known for condemning Constantine’s rejection of the pagan gods in his time. CONTENTS * 1 Historia Nova * 2 Editions * 3 References * 4 External links HISTORIA NOVAZosimus' Historia Nova (Ἱστορία Νέα, "New History") is written in Greek in six books. For the period from 238 to 270, he apparently uses Dexippus ; for the period from 270 to 404, Eunapius ; and after 407, Olympiodorus
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Constantine The Great
CONSTANTINE THE GREAT (Latin : Flavius Valerius Aurelius Constantinus Augustus; Greek : Κωνσταντῖνος ὁ Μέγας; 27 February c. 272 AD – 22 May 337 AD), also known as CONSTANTINE I or SAINT CONSTANTINE (in the Orthodox Church
Orthodox Church
as SAINT CONSTANTINE THE GREAT, EQUAL-TO-THE-APOSTLES), was a Roman Emperor
Roman Emperor
of Illyrian origin from 306 to 337 AD. Constantine was the son of Flavius Valerius Constantius , a Roman Army
Roman Army
officer, and his consort Helena . His father became Caesar , the deputy emperor in the west, in 293 AD. Constantine was sent east, where he rose through the ranks to become a military tribune under the emperors Diocletian
Diocletian
and Galerius
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Kletorologion
The KLēTOROLOGION OF PHILOTHEOS (Greek : Κλητορολόγιον), is the longest and most important of the Byzantine lists of offices and court precedence (Taktika ). It was published in September 899 during the reign of Emperor Leo VI the Wise (r. 886–912) by the otherwise unknown prōtospatharios and atriklinēs Philotheos. As atriklinēs, Philotheos would have been responsible for receiving the guests for the imperial banquets (klētοria) and for conducting them to their proper seating places according to their place in the imperial hierarchy . In the preface to his work, he explicitly states that he compiled this treatise as a "precise exposé of the order of imperial banquets, of the name and value of each title, complied on the basis of ancient klētοrologia", and recommends its adoption at the imperial table
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Purple
PURPLE is a color intermediate between blue and red . It is similar to violet , but unlike violet, which is a spectral color with its own wavelength on the visible spectrum of light, purple is a composite color made by combining red and blue. According to surveys In Europe and the U.S., purple is the color most often associated with royalty, magic, mystery and piety. When combined with pink, it is associated with eroticism , femininity and seduction . Purple was the color worn by Roman magistrates; it became the imperial color worn by the rulers of the Byzantine Empire and the Holy Roman Empire , and later by Roman Catholic bishops . Similarly in Japan, the color is traditionally associated with the Emperor and aristocracy. The complementary color of purple is yellow . CONTENTS* 1 Etymology and definitions * 1.1 Varieties and uses of purple * 1.2 Purple vs
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Alexios I Komnenos
ALEXIOS I KOMNENOS (Greek : Ἀλέξιος Αʹ Κομνηνός, c. 1048 – 15 August 1118) was Byzantine emperor from 1081 to 1118. Although he was not the founder of the Komnenian dynasty , it was during his reign that the Komnenos
Komnenos
family came to full power. Inheriting a collapsing empire and faced with constant warfare during his reign against both the Seljuq Turks
Seljuq Turks
in Asia Minor
Asia Minor
and the Normans in the western Balkans
Balkans
, Alexios was able to curb the Byzantine decline and begin the military, financial, and territorial recovery known as the Komnenian restoration
Komnenian restoration
. The basis for this recovery were various reforms initiated by Alexios. His appeals to Western Europe for help against the Turks were also the catalyst that likely contributed to the convoking of the Crusades
Crusades

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Komnenian Period
The BYZANTINE EMPIRE or BYZANTIUM is a term conventionally used by historians to describe the Greek ethnic and speaking Roman Empire
Roman Empire
of the Middle Ages , centered on its capital of Constantinople . Having survived the fall of the Western Roman Empire
Roman Empire
during Late Antiquity , the Byzantine Empire continued to function until its conquest by the Ottoman Turks in 1453. In the context of Byzantine history, the period from about 1081 to about 1185 is often known as the KOMNENIAN or COMNENIAN period, after the Komnenos dynasty. Together, the five Komnenian emperors (Alexios I , John II , Manuel I , Alexios II and Andronikos I ) ruled for 104 years, presiding over a sustained, though ultimately incomplete, restoration of the military, territorial, economic and political position of the Byzantine Empire
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Hannibalianus
FLAVIUS HANNIBALIANUS (also HANNIBALLIANUS; died September 337) was a member of the Constantinian dynasty , which ruled over the Roman Empire in the 4th century. Follis
Follis
of "King" Hannibalianus. Hannibalianus
Hannibalianus
was the son of Flavius Dalmatius , and thus nephew of Constantine I
Constantine I
. Hannibalianus
Hannibalianus
and his brother Dalmatius
Dalmatius
were educated at Tolosa by rhetor Exuperius (who is probably not to be identified with St. Exuperius ). In 320s, Constantine called Flavius Dalmatius and his sons to Constantinople. Hannibalianus
Hannibalianus
married Constantine's elder daughter, Constantina
Constantina
, in 335, and was made nobilissimus