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No. 3 Group RAF
NO. 3 GROUP (3 Gp) of the Royal Air Force
Royal Air Force
was an RAF group first active in 1918, again in 1923–26, part of RAF Bomber Command
RAF Bomber Command
from 1936 to 1967, and part of RAF Strike Command from 2000 until it disbanded on 1 April 2006. CONTENTS * 1 The 1930s and the Second World War * 2 Post war * 3 Commanders * 4 See also * 5 References * 5.1 Citations * 5.2 Bibliography * 6 External links THE 1930S AND THE SECOND WORLD WARNo. 3 Group was first formed on 10 May 1918 as part of South-Eastern Area. No. 13 Group RAF was merged into 3 Group on 18 October 1919. Group Captain
Group Captain
U J D Bourke took command on 30 November 1919. The Group was disbanded on 31 August 1921
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United Kingdom
The UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND, commonly known as the UNITED KINGDOM (UK) or BRITAIN, is a sovereign country in western Europe. Lying off the north-western coast of the European mainland , the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
includes the island of Great Britain
Great Britain
, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland
Ireland
and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
is the only part of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
that shares a land border with another sovereign state‍—‌the Republic of Ireland
Ireland

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Royal Air Force
The ROYAL AIR FORCE (RAF) is the United Kingdom's aerial warfare force . Formed towards the end of the First World War
First World War
on 1 April 1918, it is the oldest independent air force in the world. Following victory over the Central Powers
Central Powers
in 1918 the RAF emerged as, at the time, the largest air force in the world. Since its formation, the RAF has taken a significant role in British military history , in particular, playing a large part in the Second World War
Second World War
where it fought its most famous campaign, the Battle of Britain
Battle of Britain

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RAF Bomber Command
1939: Battle , Blenheim , Hampden , Wellesley , Wellington , Whitley . 1942: Manchester , Stirling , Halifax , Lancaster , Mosquito . 1945: Lincoln 1950: Washington B.1 1951: Canberra . 1955: Vickers Valiant
Vickers Valiant
1956: Avro Vulcan 1958: Handley Page Victor . RAF BOMBER COMMAND controlled the RAF 's bomber forces from 1936 to 1968. Along with the United States Army Air Forces
United States Army Air Forces
, it played the central role in the strategic bombing of Germany in World War II . From 1942 onward, the British bombing campaign against Germany became less restrictive and increasingly targeted industrial sites and the civilian manpower base essential for German war production. In total 364,514 operational sorties were flown, 1,030,500 tons of bombs were dropped and 8,325 aircraft lost in action
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RAF Strike Command
The Royal Air Force
Royal Air Force
's STRIKE COMMAND was the military formation which controlled the majority of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
's bomber and fighter aircraft from 1968 until 2007 when it merged with Personnel and Training Command to form the single Air Command . It latterly consisted of two formations - No. 1 Group RAF and No. 2 Group RAF . The last Commander-in-Chief was Air Chief Marshal Sir
Sir
Joe French . CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 NATO
NATO
Role * 1.2 Post Cold War * 2 Structure * 3 Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief * 4 Deputy Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief * 5 References * 6 External links HISTORYStrike Command was formed on 30 April 1968 by the merger of Bomber Command and Fighter Command , which became No. 1 Group and No. 11 Group respectively
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Raf Mildenhall
ROYAL AIR FORCE MILDENHALL, more commonly known as RAF MILDENHALL, (IATA : MHZ, ICAO : EGUN) is a Royal Air Force
Royal Air Force
(RAF) station located near Mildenhall in Suffolk
Suffolk
, England
England
. Despite its status as a Royal Air Force station , it primarily supports United States Air Force
United States Air Force
(USAF) operations, and is currently the home of the 100th Air Refueling Wing (100 ARW). On 8 January 2015, the United States Department of Defense
United States Department of Defense
announced that operations at RAF Mildenhall
RAF Mildenhall
would end (along with those at RAF Molesworth and RAF Alconbury ), and be relocated to Germany ( Spangdahlem Air Base ) and also elsewhere within the UK. On 18 January 2016, the British Ministry of Defence announced that the site is to be sold
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Dutch Language
DUTCH (_ Nederlands_ (help ·info )) is a West Germanic language that is spoken by around 23 million people as a first language—including most of the population of the Netherlands and about sixty percent of Belgium —and by another 5 million as a second language. It is the third most widely spoken Germanic language , after English and German. Outside of the Low Countries , it is the native language of the majority of the population of Suriname , and also holds official status in Aruba , Curaçao and Sint Maarten , which are constituent countries of the Kingdom of the Netherlands . Historical minorities on the verge of extinction remain in parts of France and Germany , and in Indonesia , while up to half a million native speakers may reside in the United States , Canada and Australia combined
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Ralph Cochrane
Air Chief Marshal SIR RALPH ALEXANDER COCHRANE, GBE , KCB , AFC (24 February 1895 – 17 December 1977) was a British aviator and Royal Air Force officer, perhaps best known for his role in Operation Chastise , the famous "Dambusters" raid. CONTENTS * 1 Early RAF career * 2 Second World War and the post-war years * 3 Honours and awards * 4 Dates of Rank * 5 References EARLY RAF CAREER Ralph Cochrane
Ralph Cochrane
was born on 24 February 1895, the youngest son of Thomas Cochrane, 1st Baron Cochrane of Cults , in the Scottish village of Springfield . Although not certain, it is likely that he attended the Royal Naval College at Osborne in 1908. On 15 September 1912, Cochrane entered the Royal Navy
Royal Navy
proper as a midshipman . During the First World War , Cochrane served in the Royal Naval Air Service piloting airships
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Astral Crown
The ASTRAL CROWN is a gold crown surmounted with eight low points. The centrals and laterals points are topped with a star, with an unspecified number of points, between two wings. In heraldry , an astral crown is mounted atop the shields of coats of arms of units belonging to some air forces or the personal arms of its distinguished commanders. Its creation became necessary after the founding of the Royal Air Force in the UK, because there was no Roman military award device for Aerial warfare equivalent to the Naval crown for navies and the Camp crown for armies
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Group (air Force Unit)
A GROUP is a military aviation unit , a component of military organization and a military formation . The terms group and WING differ significantly from one country to another, as well as between different branches of a national defence force. Air groups vary considerably in size and status, but generally take two forms: * A unit of two to four squadrons , commanded by a lieutenant colonel , colonel , commander , naval captain or an equivalent rank. The United States Air Force
United States Air Force
(USAF), groupes of the French Armée de l\'air , gruppen of the German Luftwaffe
Luftwaffe
, United States Marine Corps Aviation , British Fleet Air Arm
Fleet Air Arm
and some other naval air services usually follow this pattern. * A larger formation, often comprising more than 10 squadrons, commanded by a major general , brigadier general , commodore , rear admiral , air commodore or air vice-marshal
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No. 13 Group RAF
NO. 13 GROUP was a group in the Royal Air Force
Royal Air Force
for various periods in the 20th century. It is most famous for having the responsibility for defending the North of Great Britain during the Battle of Britain . CONTENTS * 1 World War I * 2 World War II
World War II
* 2.1 Preparations for War II * 2.2 The Dowding System in 13 Group * 2.3 Battle Of Britain * 3 Post war * 4 Commanders * 4.1 1918 to 1919 * 4.2 1939 to 1946 * 4.3 1955 to 1961 * 5 See also * 6 References WORLD WAR INO. 13 GROUP RAF was first formed on 1 April 1918 within No. 3 Area . It was quickly transferred to Midland Area on 8 May of that year. On 18 October 1919 the Group's first existence came to an end when it was disbanded by folding it into No. 3 Group
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Group Captain
GROUP CAPTAIN, is a senior commissioned rank in many air forces. Group Captain has a NATO rank code of OF-5, meaning that it ranks above Wing commander , immediately below Air Commodore and is the equivalent of the naval rank of Captain and the rank of Colonel
Colonel
in other services. While the rank originated in the British Royal Air Force
Royal Air Force
(RAF), Group Captain is a rank used by the air forces of many Commonwealth and other countries that have been influenced by British military culture. It is sometimes used as the English translation of an equivalent rank in countries which have a non-English air force-specific rank structure. It is usually abbreviated GP CAPT. in some air forces (such as the RAF, IAF and PAF ), GPCAPT in others (such as the RAAF
RAAF
and RNZAF
RNZAF
) and sometimes, especially in historical contexts, as G/C
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Patrick Playfair
Air Marshal SIR PATRICK HENRY LYON PLAYFAIR, KBE , CB , CVO , MC (22 November 1889 – 23 November 1974) was a commander in the Royal Flying Corps during the First World War and a senior commander in the Royal Air Force
Royal Air Force
until his retirement during the Second World War . In 1945 he published Warfare Today: How Modern Battles Are Planned and Fought on Land, at Sea, and in the Air, co-written by Major General J. F. C. Fuller and Admiral Sir Reginald Bacon
Reginald Bacon

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Air Ministry
The AIR MINISTRY was a department of the Government of the United Kingdom with the responsibility of managing the affairs of the Royal Air Force , that existed from 1918 to 1964. It was under the political authority of the Secretary of State for Air
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Vickers Virginia
The VICKERS VIRGINIA was a biplane heavy bomber of the British Royal Air Force , developed from the Vickers Vimy . CONTENTS * 1 Design and development * 2 Operational history * 3 Variants * 4 Operators * 5 Video * 6 Specifications (Virginia X) * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 External links DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENTWork on the Virginia was started in 1920, with the aim of developing a replacement for the Vimy. Two prototypes were ordered on 13 January 1921 and another two prototypes were ordered in September 1922. The Virginia was similar to the Vimy, but notably had a lowered front gunner's pulpit to allow the pilot a greater field of view, 20 ft (6 m) greater wingspan, and a 9 ft (3 m) longer fuselage. The Virginia was powered by twin Napier Lion engines. The Virginia flew for the first time on 24 November 1922
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Handley Page Heyford
The HANDLEY PAGE HEYFORD was a twin-engine British biplane bomber of the 1930s. Although it had a short service life, it equipped several squadrons of the RAF as one of the most important British bombers of the mid-1930s, and was the last biplane heavy bomber to serve with the RAF. The aircraft was named for and first deployed at RAF Upper Heyford , near Bicester in Oxfordshire
Oxfordshire
. CONTENTS * 1 Design and development * 2 Operational history * 3 Variants * 4 Operators * 5 Survivors * 6 Specifications (Heyford IA) * 7 See also * 8 References * 8.1 Notes * 8.2 Bibliography * 9 External links DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENTThe Heyford was built to meet Air Ministry specification B.19/27 for a heavy night bomber to replace the Vickers Virginia , which required a twin-engined aircraft capable of carrying 1,546 lb (700 kg) of bombs and flying 920 miles at 115 mph (185 km/h)
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