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Nile
The Nile
Nile
(Arabic: النيل‎, Egyptian Arabic en-Nīl, Standard Arabic an-Nīl; Coptic: ⲫⲓⲁⲣⲱ, P(h)iaro; Ancient Egyptian: Ḥ'pī and Jtrw; Biblical Hebrew: הַיְאוֹר‬, Ha-Ye'or or הַשִׁיחוֹר‬, Ha-Shiḥor) is a major north-flowing river in northeastern Africa, and is commonly regarded as the longest river in the world,[1] though some sources cite the Amazon River
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Latin
Latin
Latin
(Latin: lingua latīna, IPA: [ˈlɪŋɡʷa laˈtiːna]) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. The Latin alphabet
Latin alphabet
is derived from the Etruscan and Greek alphabets, and ultimately from the Phoenician alphabet. Latin
Latin
was originally spoken in Latium, in the Italian Peninsula.[3] Through the power of the Roman Republic, it became the dominant language, initially in Italy and subsequently throughout the Roman Empire. Vulgar Latin
Vulgar Latin
developed into the Romance languages, such as Italian, Portuguese, Spanish, French, and Romanian. Latin, Greek and French have contributed many words to the English language
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Arabic Language
Arabic
Arabic
(Arabic: العَرَبِيَّة‎, al-ʻarabiyyah, [al ʕaraˈbijja] (listen) or عَرَبِيّ‎, ʻarabī, [ˈʕarabiː] (listen) or [ʕaraˈbij]) is a Semitic language that first emerged in the 1st to 4th centuries CE.[5] It is now the lingua franca of the Arab world.[6] It is named after the Arabs, a term initially used to describe peoples living in the area bounded by Mesopotamia
Mesopotamia
in the east and the Anti- Lebanon
Lebanon
mountains in the west, in Northwestern Arabia
Arabia
and in the Sinai Peninsula. The ISO classifies Arabic
Arabic
as a macrolanguage comprising 30 modern varieties, including its standard form, Modern Standard Arabic,[7] which is derived from Classical Arabic
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Sea Level
Mean
Mean
sea level (MSL) (often shortened to sea level) is an average level of the surface of one or more of Earth's oceans from which heights such as elevations may be measured. MSL is a type of vertical datum – a standardised geodetic reference point – that is used, for example, as a chart datum in cartography and marine navigation, or, in aviation, as the standard sea level at which atmospheric pressure is measured to calibrate altitude and, consequently, aircraft flight levels. A common and relatively straightforward mean sea-level standard is the midpoint between a mean low and mean high tide at a particular location.[1] Sea
Sea
levels can be affected by many factors and are known to have varied greatly over geological time scales
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River Mouth
A river mouth is the part of a river where the river flows into another river, a lake, a reservoir, a sea, or an ocean.[citation needed]Contents1 Water motion 2 Landforms 3 Cultural influence 4 See also 5 ReferencesWater motion[edit] The water from a river can enter the receiving body in a variety of different ways.[1] The motion of the river mainly depends on the relative density of the river compared to the receiving water and any ambient motion in the receiving water, such as tides or seiches.[citation needed] If the river water is denser than the surface of the receiving water, the river water will plunge below the surface at the plunge curve
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Standard Arabic
Modern Standard Arabic
Arabic
(MSA; Arabic: اللغة العربية الفصحى‎ al-lughat ul-ʻArabīyat ul-fuṣḥā 'the most eloquent Arabic
Arabic
language'), Standard Arabic, or Literary Arabic
Arabic
is the standardized and literary variety of Arabic
Arabic
used in writing and in most formal speech throughout the Arab world
Arab world
to facilitate communication
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Egyptian Language
The Egyptian language
Egyptian language
was spoken in ancient Egypt
Egypt
and was a branch of the Afro-Asiatic languages. Its attestation stretches over an extraordinarily long time, from the Old Egyptian
Old Egyptian
stage (mid-3rd millennium BC, Old Kingdom of Egypt). Its earliest known complete written sentence has been dated to about 2690 BC, which makes it one of the oldest recorded languages known, along with Sumerian.[2] Its classical form is known as Middle Egyptian, the vernacular of the Middle Kingdom of Egypt
Middle Kingdom of Egypt
which remained the literary language of Egypt until the Roman period. The spoken language evolved into Demotic by the time of Classical Antiquity, and finally into Coptic by the time of Christianisation
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Biblical Hebrew
Biblical Hebrew
Biblical Hebrew
(עִבְרִית מִקְרָאִית‎ Ivrit Miqra'it or לְשׁוֹן הַמִּקְרָא‎ Leshon ha-Miqra), also called Classical Hebrew, is an archaic form of Hebrew, a Canaanite Semitic language spoken by the Israelites
Israelites
in the area known as Israel, roughly west of the Jordan River
Jordan River
and east of the Mediterranean Sea. The term "Hebrew" was not used for the language in the Bible,[3] which was referred to as שפת כנען (language of Canaan) or יהודית (Judaean, Judahite),[3] but the name was used in Greek and Mishnaic Hebrew
Mishnaic Hebrew
texts.[3] Hebrew is attested epigraphically from about the 10th century BCE,[4][5] and spoken Hebrew persisted through and beyond the Second Temple
Second Temple
period, which ended in the siege of Jerusalem
Jerusalem
(CE 70)
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Northeast Africa
Northeast Africa
Africa
is a geographical region in Africa.[1] Places[edit]Countries within Northeast Africa.It may refer to all or some of the following areas:Eastern North AfricaEgypt Sudan South SudanNorthern East Africa
Africa
(Horn of Africa)Djibouti Eritrea Ethiopia SomaliaSee also[edit]Geography of Africa NubiaReferences[edit]^ Jama, Abdillahi H. (2002). "11". Values in Islamic culture and the experience of history
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Tributary
A tributary[1] or affluent[2] is a stream or river that flows into a larger stream or main stem (or parent) river or a lake.[3] A tributary does not flow directly into a sea or ocean.[4] Tributaries and the main stem river drain the surrounding drainage basin of its surface water and groundwater, leading the water out into an ocean. A confluence, where two or more bodies of water meet together, usually refers to the joining of tributaries. The opposite to a tributary is a distributary, a river or stream that branches off from and flows away from the main stream.[5] Distributaries are most often found in river deltas.Contents1 Terminology 2 Ordering and enumeration 3 Gallery 4 See also 5 ReferencesTerminology[edit]Looking downstream, the Shenandoah River
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Geographic Coordinate System
A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols.[note 1] The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position; alternatively, a geographic position may be expressed in a combined three-dimensional Cartesian vector. A common choice of coordinates is latitude, longitude and elevation.[1] To specify a location on a plane requires a map projection.[2]Contents1 History 2 Geodetic datum 3 Horizontal coordinates3.1 Latitude
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Tanzania
Coordinates: 6°18′25″S 34°51′14″E / 6.307°S 34.854°E / -6.307; 34.854United Republic
Republic
of Tanzania Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania  (Swahili)FlagCoat of armsMotto: "Uhuru na Umoja" (Swahili) "Freedom and Unity"Anthem: "Mungu ibariki Afrika" (English: "God Bless Africa")Capital Dodoma
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Kenya
Coordinates: 1°N 38°E / 1°N 38°E / 1; 38 Republic
Republic
of Kenya Jamhuri ya Kenya
Kenya
(Kiswahili)FlagCoat of armsMotto: "Harambee" (Kiswahili) "Let us all pull together"Anthem
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Democratic Republic Of The Congo
Coordinates: 2°52′48″S 23°39′22″E / 2.88°S 23.656°E / -2.88; 23.656Democratic Republic of the Congo République démocratique du Congo  (French) Repubilika ya Kôngo ya Dimokalasi  (Kongo) Republíki ya Kongó Demokratíki  (Lingala) Jamhuri ya Kidemokrasia ya Kongo  (Swahili) Ditunga dia Kongu wa Mungalaata  (Luba-Katanga)FlagCoat of armsMotto: "Justice – Paix – Travail" (French) "Justice – Peace – Work"Anthem: Debout Congolais  (French) "Arise, Congolese"Location of  Democratic Republic of the Congo  (dark green)Capital and largest city Kinshasa 4°19′S 15°19′E / 4.317°S 15.317°E / -4.317; 15.317Official languages FrenchRecognised national languagesLingala Kikongo Swahili TshilubaEthnic groups See
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Amharic Language
Amharic
Amharic
(/æmˈhærɪk/[5][6][7] or /ɑːmˈhɑːrɪk/;[8] Amharic: አማርኛ, Amarəñña, IPA: [amarɨɲːa] ( listen)) is an Afroasiatic language of the Semitic branch, a member of the Ethiosemitic group. It is spoken as a mother tongue by the Amhara, and as a lingua franca by other populations residing in major cities and towns of Ethiopia
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Water
Water
Water
is a transparent, tasteless, odorless, and nearly colorless chemical substance that is the main constituent of Earth's streams, lakes, and oceans, and the fluids of most living organisms. Its chemical formula is H2O, meaning that each of its molecules contains one oxygen and two hydrogen atoms that are connected by covalent bonds. Strictly speaking, water refers to the liquid state of a substance that prevails at standard ambient temperature and pressure; but it often refers also to its solid state (ice) or its gaseous state (steam or water vapor). It also occurs in nature as snow, glaciers, ice packs and icebergs, clouds, fog, dew, aquifers, and atmospheric humidity. Water
Water
covers 71% of the Earth's surface.[1] It is vital for all known forms of life
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