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New York Philharmonic
The NEW YORK PHILHARMONIC, officially the PHILHARMONIC-SYMPHONY SOCIETY OF NEW YORK, INC., globally known as NEW YORK PHILHARMONIC ORCHESTRA (NYPO) or NEW YORK PHILHARMONIC-SYMPHONY ORCHESTRA, is a symphony orchestra based in New York City in the United States. It is one of the leading American orchestras popularly referred to as the "Big Five ". The Philharmonic's home is David Geffen Hall , located in New York's Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts . Founded in 1842, the orchestra is one of the oldest musical institutions in the United States and the oldest of the "Big Five" orchestras. Its record-setting 14,000th concert was given in December 2004
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Orchestra
An ORCHESTRA (/ˈɔːrkᵻstrə/ or US : /ˈɔːrˌkɛstrə/ ; Italian: ) is a large instrumental ensemble typical of classical music , which mixes instruments from different families, including bowed string instruments such as violin , viola , cello and double bass , as well as brass , woodwinds , and percussion instruments , each grouped in sections. Other instruments such as the piano and celesta may sometimes appear in a fifth keyboard section or may stand alone, as may the concert harp and, for performances of some modern compositions, electronic instruments . The term _orchestra_ derives from the Greek ὀρχήστρα (_orchestra_), the name for the area in front of a stage in ancient Greek theatre reserved for the Greek chorus . A full-size orchestra may sometimes be called a _symphony orchestra_ or _philharmonic orchestra_
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New York City
Bronx , Kings (Brooklyn) , New York
York
(Manhattan) , Queens
Queens
, Richmond (Staten Island) ------------------------- HISTORIC COLONIES New Netherland
New Netherland
Province of New York
Province of New York
SETTLED 1624 CONSOLIDATED 1898 NAMED FOR James, Duke of York
York
GOVERNMENT • TYPE Mayor–Council • BODY New York City Council
New York City Council
• MAYOR Bill de Blasio
Bill de Blasio
(D ) AREA • TOTAL 468.484 sq mi (1,213.37 km2) • LAND 302.643 sq mi (783.84 km2) • WATER 165.841 sq mi (429.53 km2) • METRO 13,318 sq mi (34,490 km2) ELEVATION 33 ft (10 m) POPULATION (2010 ) • TOTAL 8,175,133 • ESTIMATE (2016) 8,537,673 • RANK 1st, U.S
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David Geffen Hall
DAVID GEFFEN HALL is a concert hall in New York City
New York City
's Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts complex on Manhattan
Manhattan
's Upper West Side . The 2,738 seat auditorium opened in 1962, and is the home of the New York Philharmonic . The facility, designed by Max Abramovitz
Max Abramovitz
, was originally named PHILHARMONIC HALL and was renamed AVERY FISHER HALL in honor of philanthropist Avery Fisher , who donated $10.5 million ($57 million today) to the orchestra in 1973. In November 2014, Lincoln Center officials announced Fisher's name would be removed from the Hall so that naming rights could be sold to the highest bidder as part of a $500 million fund-raising campaign to refurbish the Hall. In 2015 the hall was renamed David Geffen Hall after Geffen donated $100 million to the Lincoln Center
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Lincoln Center For The Performing Arts
SUBWAY: * to 66th Street – Lincoln Center BUS: * M7 , M11 , M66 , M104 TYPE Performing-arts center CONSTRUCTION BUILT 1955–1969 OPENED 1962 (when the center's first venue, Philharmonic Hall , opened) WEBSITE lincolncenter.orgLINCOLN CENTER FOR THE PERFORMING ARTS is a 16.3-acre (6.6-hectare) complex of buildings in the Lincoln Square neighborhood of the borough of Manhattan in New York City . It hosts many notable performing arts organizations, which are nationally and internationally renowned, including the New York Philharmonic , the Metropolitan Opera , and the New York City Ballet . CONTENTS* 1 Planning * 1.1 Architects * 2 Facility history * 2.1 Construction * 2.2 Renovations * 3 Timeline * 4 Performance facilities * 5 Resident organizations * 5.1 Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts, Inc
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Alan Gilbert (conductor)
ALAN GILBERT (born February 23, 1967) is an American conductor and violinist. He was most recently music director of the New York Philharmonic , and is the scheduled chief conductor-designate of the NDR Elbphilharmonie Orchestra
NDR Elbphilharmonie Orchestra
. CONTENTS * 1 Early years * 2 Conducting
Conducting
career * 2.1 Santa Fe Opera
Santa Fe Opera
* 2.2 New York Philharmonic * 2.3 Additional work * 3 Personal life * 4 References * 5 External links EARLY YEARSGilbert was born in New York City
New York City
He is the son of two New York Philharmonic violinists, Michael Gilbert and Yoko Takebe, both now retired from the orchestra. Growing up in the Upper West Side
Upper West Side
of Manhattan, Gilbert attended the Ethical Culture Fieldston School in Riverdale, where he was a top student
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Symphony Orchestra
An ORCHESTRA (/ˈɔːrkɪstrə/ or US : /ˈɔːrˌkɛstrə/ ; Italian: ) is a large instrumental ensemble typical of classical music , which mixes instruments from different families, including bowed string instruments such as violin , viola , cello and double bass , as well as brass , woodwinds , and percussion instruments , each grouped in sections. Other instruments such as the piano and celesta may sometimes appear in a fifth keyboard section or may stand alone, as may the concert harp and, for performances of some modern compositions, electronic instruments . The term orchestra derives from the Greek ὀρχήστρα (orchestra), the name for the area in front of a stage in ancient Greek theatre reserved for the Greek chorus . A full-size orchestra may sometimes be called a symphony orchestra or philharmonic orchestra
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Big Five (orchestras)
The BIG FIVE orchestras of the United States are the five symphony orchestras that led the field in "musical excellence, calibre of musicianship, total contract weeks, weekly basic wages, recording guarantees, and paid vacations" when the term gained currency in the late 1950s and for some years afterwards. In order of foundation, they were: * New York Philharmonic (1842) * Boston Symphony Orchestra (1881) * Chicago Symphony Orchestra (1891) * Philadelphia Orchestra (1900) * Cleveland Orchestra (1918). CONTENTS * 1 Origins * 2 Modern use * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 Further reading ORIGINSThe term "Big Five" was coined around the time that long-playing recordings became available, regular orchestral radio broadcasts were expanding, and the five orchestras that make up the group had annual concert series in New York City. In the early 20th century, people talked about the "Major Seven" U.S
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Ureli Corelli Hill
URELI CORELLI HILL (1802 – September 2, 1875) was an American conductor , and the first president and conductor of the New York Philharmonic Society . BIOGRAPHYHill was born in 1802 in Hartford, Connecticut
Hartford, Connecticut
. His grandfather, Frederick Hill, was a fifer in the Revolutionary army. His father, Uri Keeler Hill , was a music teacher and composer. Ureli's only sibling, George Handel "Yankee" Hill, was a writer and actor noted for his depiction of Yankee characters. Hill served alternately as conductor and violinist with the New York Sacred Music Society between 1828 and 1835. In 1838 he directed the first American performance of Mendelssohn 's cantata St. Paul . He studied in Germany for two years with the composer, conductor, and violinist Louis Spohr . After returning to New York, Hill organized the meeting on April 2, 1842, at which the New York Philharmonic Society was founded
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William Vincent Wallace
(William) VINCENT WALLACE (11 March 1812 – 12 October 1865) was an Irish composer and musician. In his day, he was famous on three continents as a double virtuoso on violin and piano. Nowadays, he is mainly remembered as an opera composer of note, with key works such as Maritana
Maritana
(1845) and Lurline (1847/60), but he also wrote a large amount of piano music (including some virtuoso pieces) that was much in vogue in the 19th century. His more modest output of songs and ballads, equally wide-ranging in style and difficulty, was also popular in his day, some numbers being associated with famous singers of the time. CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Career and travels * 3 Later life * 4 Selected compositions * 5 Edition (with CD) * 6 Recordings * 7 Bibliography * 8 Notes * 9 References * 10 Further reading * 11 External links EARLY LIFEWallace was born at Colbeck Street, Waterford
Waterford
, Ireland
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Ludwig Van Beethoven
LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN (/ˈlʊdvɪɡ væn ˈbeɪˌtoʊvən/ (_ listen ), /ˈbeɪtˌhoʊvən/ ; German: ( listen ); baptised 17 December 1770 – 26 March 1827) was a German composer and pianist . A crucial figure in the transition between the Classical and Romantic eras in Western art music , he remains one of the most famous and influential of all composers. His best-known compositions include 9 symphonies , 5 piano concertos , 1 violin concerto , 32 piano sonatas , 16 string quartets , his great Mass the Missa solemnis _, and one opera , _ Fidelio _. Born in Bonn
Bonn
, then the capital of the Electorate of Cologne and part of the Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire
, Beethoven displayed his musical talents at an early age and was taught by his father Johann van Beethoven and by composer and conductor Christian Gottlob Neefe
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Symphony No. 5 (Beethoven)
The SYMPHONY NO. 5 in C minor
C minor
of Ludwig van Beethoven , Op. 67, was written between 1804–1808. It is one of the best-known compositions in classical music , and one of the most frequently played symphonies . First performed in Vienna
Vienna
's Theater an der Wien in 1808, the work achieved its prodigious reputation soon afterward. E. T. A. Hoffmann described the symphony as "one of the most important works of the time". The symphony consists of four movements. The first movement is Allegro con brio; the second movement is Andante con moto; the third movement is a Scherzo Allegro; the fourth movement is Allegro
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Henry Christian Timm
HENRY CHRISTIAN TIMM (July 11, 1811 – September 5, 1892) was a German-born American pianist, conductor, and composer. BIOGRAPHYTimm was born in Hamburg
Hamburg
. He worked in New York City as a concert pianist, teacher, organist , and chamber musician . He also helped conduct the New York Philharmonic and served as the President of the city's Philharmonic Society from 1847 to 1864. He composed a Great Mass and many part songs , besides transcribing the works of other composers into versions for two pianos. He died in New York. AUTHORITY CONTROL * WorldCat Identities * VIAF : 30312077 * LCCN : nr95046988 * GND : 117385336 * IATH : w60g5010 This article on a United States composer born in the 19th century is a stub . You can help by expanding it . * v * t * e This article on an American classical pianist is a stub . You can help by expanding it
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Symphony No. 9 (Beethoven)
The SYMPHONY NO. 9 in D minor , Op. 125, is the final complete symphony by the German composer Ludwig van Beethoven , composed between 1822 and 1824. It was first performed in Vienna on 7 May 1824. The symphony is one of the best-known works in common practice music . It is widely viewed by critics as one of Beethoven's greatest works , the pinnacle of musical Classicism , and one of the greatest compositions in the western musical canon. The symphony was the first example of a major composer using voices in a symphony (thus making it a choral symphony ). The words are sung during the final movement by four vocal soloists and a chorus . They were taken from the "Ode to Joy ", a poem written by Friedrich Schiller
Friedrich Schiller
in 1785 and revised in 1803, with text additions made by the composer. In the 2010s, it stands as one of the most performed symphonies in the world
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Castle Garden
CASTLE CLINTON or FORT CLINTON, previously known as CASTLE GARDEN, is a circular sandstone fort now located in Battery Park
Battery Park
, in Manhattan
Manhattan
, New York City
New York City
. It is perhaps best remembered as America's first immigration station (predating Ellis Island
Ellis Island
), where more than 8 million people arrived in the U.S. from 1855 to 1890. Over its active life, it has also functioned as a beer garden , exhibition hall , theater , public aquarium , and currently is a national monument
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George Loder
GEORGE LODER (1816 – 15 July 1868) was an English conductor, and composer of orchestral music, operas and songs. His career was spent in England, America and Australia. LIFEHe was born in Bath, Somerset in 1816, son of George Loder, a flautist, and wife Fanny Philpot; she was a piano teacher and sister of the pianist Lucy Anderson . His sister was the pianist and composer Kate Loder , and his uncle, the violinist John David Loder , was father of the composer Edward Loder . In 1836 he visited America, living for some years in Baltimore
Baltimore
, and in 1844 he was principal of the New York Vocal Institute, and member of the Philharmonic and Vocal Societies, which he had helped to establish there. He played the double-bass in the Philharmonic Society for five seasons, and sometimes conducted the orchestra. On 20 May 1846 he conducted the orchestra in the first U.S
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