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New World
The NEW WORLD is one of the names used for the majority of Earth 's Western Hemisphere , specifically the Americas (including nearby islands such as those of the Caribbean and Bermuda ). The term originated in the early 16th century after Europeans made landfall in what would later be called the Americas in the age of discovery , expanding the geographical horizon of classical geographers , who had thought of the world as consisting of Africa , Europe , and Asia , collectively now referred to as the Old World (a.k.a. Afro-Eurasia ). The term was coined by Florentine explorer Amerigo Vespucci . The Americas were also referred to as the "fourth part of the world"
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Sebastian Münster
SEBASTIAN MüNSTER (20 January 1488 – 26 May 1552), was a German cartographer , cosmographer , and a Christian Hebraist scholar. His work, the Cosmographia from 1544, was the earliest German description of the world. CONTENTS * 1 Life * 2 Gallery * 3 References * 4 Further reading * 5 External links LIFE Cosmographia He was born in Ingelheim , near Mainz
Mainz
, the son of Andreas Münster. His parents and other ancestors were farmers. In 1505, he entered the Franciscan order . Four years later, he entered a monastery where he became a student of Konrad Pelikan for five years. Münster completed his studies at the Universität Tubingen in 1518. His graduate adviser was Johannes Stöffler
Johannes Stöffler

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Earth
EARTH is the third planet from the Sun and the only object in the Universe known to harbor life . According to radiometric dating and other sources of evidence, Earth formed over 4 billion years ago . Earth\'s gravity interacts with other objects in space, especially the Sun and the Moon , Earth's only natural satellite . During one orbit around the Sun , Earth rotates about its axis about 365.26 times; thus, an Earth year is about 365.26 days long. Earth's axis of rotation is tilted, producing seasonal variations on the planet's surface. The gravitational interaction between the Earth and Moon causes ocean tides , stabilizes the Earth's orientation on its axis, and gradually slows its rotation. Earth is the densest planet in the Solar System and the largest of the four terrestrial planets
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Western Hemisphere
The WESTERN HEMISPHERE is a geographical term for the half of the earth which lies west of the Prime meridian (which crosses Greenwich , UK ) and east of the antimeridian . The other half is called the Eastern Hemisphere . In this sense, the Western Hemisphere consists of the Americas , the western portions of Eurasia and Africa , the extreme eastern tip of Russia , numerous territories in Oceania , and a portion of Antarctica , while excluding some of the Aleutian Islands to the southwest of the Alaskan mainland. In an effort to define the Western Hemisphere as the parts of the world which are not part of the Old World , there also exist projections which use the 20th meridian west and the diametrically opposed 160th meridian east to define the hemisphere
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Americas
Largest metropolitan areas Largest cities List * São Paulo * Lima * Mexico City * New York City * Bogotá * Rio de Janeiro * Santiago * Los Angeles * Caracas * Buenos Aires CIA political map of the Americas in Lambert azimuthal equal-area projection The AMERICAS (also collectively called AMERICA) encompass the totality of the continents of North and South America . Together, they make up most of the land in Earth's western hemisphere and comprise the New World . Along with their associated islands , they cover 8% of Earth 's total surface area and 28.4% of its land area. The topography is dominated by the American Cordillera , a long chain of mountains that runs the length of the west coast
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List Of Caribbean Islands
CONTENTS * 1 Antigua and Barbuda
Antigua and Barbuda
* 2 Barbados
Barbados
* 3 Colombia
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Bermuda
Coordinates : 32°20′N 64°45′W / 32.333°N 64.750°W / 32.333; -64.750 Bermuda Flag Coat of arms MOTTO: * "Quo Fata Ferunt" (Latin ) * "Whither the Fates
Fates
carry (us)" ANTHEM: " God Save the Queen
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Voyages Of Christopher Columbus
In 1492, a Spanish-based transatlantic maritime expedition led by Christopher Columbus
Christopher Columbus
encountered the Americas, a continent which was previously unknown in Europe, leading to the colonization of the Americas . For a very long time, it was believed that Columbus and his crew had been the first Europeans to make landfall in the Americas. However, they were not the first explorers from Europe to reach the Americas, having been preceded by the Viking expedition led by Leif Erikson in the 11th century; however, Columbus's voyages led to the first ongoing European contact with the Americas, inaugurating a period of exploration , conquest , and colonization that has lasted several centuries. Columbus was an Italian -born navigator sailing for the Crown of Castile in search of a westward route to Asia, to access the sources of spices and other oriental goods
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Age Of Discovery
The AGE OF DISCOVERY or the AGE OF EXPLORATION from the end of the 15th century to the 18th century , was an informal and loosely defined European historical period marking the time period in which extensive overseas exploration emerged as a powerful factor in European culture and the beginning of globalization . It also marks the rise of the period of widespread adoption in Europe of colonialism and mercantilism . Many lands previously unknown to Europeans were discovered during this period, though most were already inhabited. From the perspective of many non-Europeans, the Age of Discovery marked the arrival of invaders from previously unknown continents
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World
The WORLD is the planet Earth
Earth
and all life upon it, including human civilization . In a philosophical context, the world is the whole of the physical Universe
Universe
, or an ontological world. In a theological context, the _world_ is the material or the profane sphere, as opposed to the celestial, spiritual, transcendent or sacred. The "end of the world " refers to scenarios of the final end of human history, often in religious contexts. History of the world is commonly understood as spanning the major geopolitical developments of about five millennia, from the first civilizations to the present. In terms such as world religion , world language , world government , and world war , _world_ suggests international or intercontinental scope without necessarily implying participation of the entire world
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Africa
AFRICA is the world's second-largest and second-most-populous continent (the first being Asia
Asia
). At about 30.3 million km2 (11.7 million square miles) including adjacent islands, it covers 6% of Earth\'s total surface area and 20.4% of its total land area. With 1.2 billion people as of 2016, it accounts for about 16% of the world's human population . The continent is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, both the Suez Canal
Suez Canal
and the Red Sea along the Sinai Peninsula to the northeast, the Indian Ocean
Indian Ocean
to the southeast and the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
to the west. The continent includes Madagascar
Madagascar
and various archipelagos . It contains 54 fully recognised sovereign states (countries ), nine territories and two _de facto _ independent states with limited or no recognition
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Europe
EUROPE —a concept dating back to classical antiquity — is a continent that comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia . Europe is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. The eastern boundary with Asia is an arbitrary historical and social construct , as there is no clear physical and geographical separation between them. The primarily physiographic term "continent" as applied to Europe also incorporates cultural and political elements whose discontinuities and lines of demarcation are not reflected by the continent's current overland boundaries with Asia
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Asia
Major Cities of Asia List of cities in Asia List * Tokyo Chongqing Karachi Seoul
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Old World
The term "OLD WORLD" is used in the west to refer to Africa , Europe , and Asia ( Afro-Eurasia , or the eastern hemisphere), regarded collectively as the part of the world known to its population before contact with the Americas and Oceania (the western hemisphere). It is used in the context of, and contrasts with, the New World (the Americas and Oceania ). The Old World is roughly coterminous with the Eastern Hemisphere ; however, the parts of England, Spain, and West Africa that are in the Western Hemisphere are still considered part of the Old World
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