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Netherlands East Indies
The DUTCH EAST INDIES (or NETHERLANDS EAST-INDIES; Dutch : Nederlands(ch)-Indië; Indonesian : Hindia Belanda) was a Dutch colony . It was formed from the nationalised colonies of the Dutch East India Company , which came under the administration of the Dutch government in 1800. During the 19th century, Dutch possessions and hegemony were expanded, reaching their greatest territorial extent in the early 20th century. This colony was one of the most valuable European colonies under the Dutch Empire
Dutch Empire
's rule, and contributed to Dutch global prominence in spice and cash crop trade in the 19th to early 20th century. The colonial social order was based on rigid racial and social structures with a Dutch elite living separate from but linked to their native subjects. The term Indonesia
Indonesia
came into use for the geographical location after 1880
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Dutch Empire
Light green: territories administered by or originating from territories administered by the Dutch East India Company
Dutch East India Company
Dark green: territories administered by or originating from territories administered by the Dutch West India Company
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Wilhelmus
WILHELMUS VAN NASSOUWE, usually known just as the WILHELMUS (Dutch : Het Wilhelmus; pronounced ( listen ); English translation : the William), is the national anthem of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Netherlands
. It dates back to at least 1572, making it the oldest known national anthem in the world. The national anthem of Japan, Kimigayo
Kimigayo
, has the oldest lyrics, dating from the 9th century. However, a melody was added only in the late 19th century, making it a poem rather than an anthem for most of its lifespan. Although the Wilhelmus
Wilhelmus
was not recognised as the official national anthem until 1932, it has always been popular with parts of the Dutch population and resurfaced on several occasions in the course of Dutch history before gaining its present status. It was also the anthem of the Netherlands
Netherlands
Antilles from 1954 to 1964
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Batavia, Dutch East Indies
BATAVIA was the name of the capital city of the Dutch East Indies and corresponds to the present-day city of Jakarta
Jakarta
. Just as modern Jakarta
Jakarta
may refer to either the city itself or to the larger area of the city, with its geographic surroundings, which taken together is one of the provinces of Indonesia
Indonesia
, Batavia can refer to the city proper as it existed then, with its various increases over time in urbanized acreage, or can refer to the surrounding hinterland. The establishment of Batavia at the site of the razed city of Jayakarta by the Dutch in 1619 led to the Dutch colony that became modern Indonesia
Indonesia
following World War II
World War II
. Batavia became the center of the Dutch East India Company 's trading network in Asia
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Dutch Language
DUTCH (_ Nederlands_ (help ·info )) is a West Germanic language that is spoken by around 23 million people as a first language—including most of the population of the Netherlands and about sixty percent of Belgium —and by another 5 million as a second language. It is the third most widely spoken Germanic language , after English and German. Outside of the Low Countries , it is the native language of the majority of the population of Suriname , and also holds official status in Aruba , Curaçao and Sint Maarten , which are constituent countries of the Kingdom of the Netherlands . Historical minorities on the verge of extinction remain in parts of France and Germany , and in Indonesia , while up to half a million native speakers may reside in the United States , Canada and Australia combined
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Indonesian Language
INDONESIAN (_bahasa Indonesia_ ) is the official language of Indonesia . It is a standardized register of Malay , an Austronesian language that has been used as a lingua franca in the multilingual Indonesian archipelago for centuries. Indonesia is the fourth most populous nation in the world. Of its large population, the majority speak Indonesian, making it one of the most widely spoken languages in the world. Most Indonesians, aside from speaking the national language, are fluent in any of more than 700 indigenous local languages ; examples include Javanese , Sundanese and Balinese , which are commonly used at home and within the local community. However, most formal education , and nearly all national mass media , governance , administration , judiciary , and other forms of communication, are conducted in Indonesian. The Indonesian name for the language is _bahasa Indonesia_ (literally "the language of Indonesia")
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Malay Language
Latin ( Malay alphabet ) Arabic script ( Jawi alphabet ) Thai alphabet (in Thailand) Malay Braille Historically Pallava alphabet ,
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Languages Of Indonesia
More than 700 living languages are spoken in Indonesia . Most belong to the Austronesian language family , with a few Papuan languages also spoken. The official language is Indonesian (locally known as _Bahasa Indonesia_), a variant of Malay , which was used in the archipelago, borrowing heavily from local LANGUAGES OF INDONESIA such as Javanese, Sundanese and Minangkabu . The Indonesian language is primarily used in commerce, administration, education and the media, but most Indonesians speak other languages , such as Javanese , as their first language. Most books printed in Indonesia are written in the Indonesian language. Since Indonesia recognises only a single official language, other languages are not recognised either at the national level or the regional level, thus making Javanese the most widely spoken language without official status , with Sundanese the second in the list (excluding Chinese dialects)
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Chinese Language
LEGEND: Countries identified Chinese as a primary, administrative, or native language Countries with more than 5,000,000 Chinese speakers Countries with more than 1,000,000 Chinese speakers Countries with more than 500,000 Chinese speakers Countries with more than 100,000 Chinese speakers Major Chinese-speaking settlements THIS ARTICLE CONTAINS IPA PHONETIC SYMBOLS. Without proper rendering support , you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters
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Dutch-based Creole Languages
A DUTCH CREOLE is a creole language that has been substantially influenced by the Dutch language . Most Dutch-based creoles originated in Dutch colonies in the Americas and Southeast Asia
Southeast Asia
, after the 17th century expansion of Dutch maritime power. Almost all of them are now extinct. LISTSome important Dutch creoles are the following: CREOLE LOCATION STATUS Berbice Guyana EXTINCT Skepi Guyana EXTINCT Negerhollands U.S
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Islam
ISLAM (/ˈɪslɑːm/ ) is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion which professes that there is only one and incomparable God ( Allah ) and that Muhammad is the last messenger of God. It is the world\'s second-largest religion and the fastest-growing major religion in the world , with over 1.8 billion followers or 24.1% of the global population, known as Muslims . Muslims make up a majority of the population in 49 countries. Islam teaches that God is merciful , all-powerful , unique , and has guided mankind through prophets , revealed scriptures and natural signs . The primary scriptures of Islam are the Quran , viewed by Muslims as the verbatim word of God, and the teachings and normative example (called the _sunnah _, composed of accounts called _hadith _) of Muhammad (c. 570–8 June 632 CE)
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Christianity
CHRISTIANITY is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ , who serves as the focal point of the Christian faith . It is the world\'s largest religion , with over 2.4 billion followers, or 33% of the global population, known as Christians . Christians make up a majority of the population in 158 countries and territories . They believe that Jesus is the Son of God and the savior of humanity whose coming as the Messiah (the Christ ) was prophesied in the Old Testament . Christian theology is summarized in creeds such as the Apostles\' Creed and Nicene Creed . These professions of faith state that Jesus suffered , died , was buried , descended into hell , and rose from the dead, in order to grant eternal life to those who believe in him and trust in him for the remission of their sins
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Hinduism
HINDUISM is a religion, or a way of life, widely practiced in the Indian subcontinent . Hinduism has been called the oldest religion in the world, and some practitioners and scholars refer to it as _Sanātana Dharma _, "the eternal tradition," or the "eternal way," beyond human history. Scholars regard Hinduism as a fusion or synthesis of various Indian cultures and traditions, with diverse roots and no founder. This " Hindu synthesis" started to develop between 500 BCE and 300 CE following the Vedic period (1500 BCE to 500 BCE). Although Hinduism contains a broad range of philosophies, it is linked by shared concepts, recognisable rituals, cosmology , shared textual resources , and pilgrimage to sacred sites . Hindu texts are classified into Shruti ("heard") and Smriti ("remembered")
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Buddhism
BUDDHISM ( /ˈbʊdɪzəm/ or /ˈbuːdɪzəm/ ) is a religion and dharma that encompasses a variety of traditions , beliefs and spiritual practices largely based on teachings attributed to the Buddha
Buddha
. Buddhism
Buddhism
originated in Ancient India sometime between the 6th and 4th centuries BCE, from where it spread through much of Asia
Asia
, whereafter it declined in India
India
during the Middle Ages. Two major extant branches of Buddhism
Buddhism
are generally recognized by scholars: Theravada ( Pali
Pali
: "The School of the Elders") and Mahayana ( Sanskrit
Sanskrit
: "The Great Vehicle"). Buddhism
Buddhism
is the world\'s fourth-largest religion , with over 500 million followers or 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists
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Colony
In politics and history , a COLONY is a territory under the immediate political control of a state , distinct from the home territory of the sovereign. For colonies in antiquity , city-states would often found their own colonies. Some colonies were historically countries, while others were territories without definite statehood from their inception. The METROPOLITAN STATE is the state that rules the colony. In Ancient Greece , the city that founded a colony was known as the metropolis . "Mother country" is a reference to the metropolitan state from the point of view of citizens who live in its colony. There is a United Nations list of Non-Self-Governing Territories . Unlike a puppet state or satellite state , a colony has no independent international representation, and its top-level administration is under direct control of the metropolitan state
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Batavian Republic
The BATAVIAN REPUBLIC (Dutch : Bataafse Republiek; French : République Batave) was the successor of the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands
Netherlands
. It was proclaimed on 19 January 1795, and ended on 5 June 1806, with the accession of Louis I to the throne of Holland . From October 1801 onward, it was known as the BATAVIAN COMMONWEALTH (Dutch : Bataafs Gemenebest). In early 1795, intervention by French revolutionary forces led to the downfall of the old Dutch Republic. The new Republic enjoyed widespread support from the Dutch population and was the product of a genuine popular revolution. Nevertheless, it clearly was founded with the armed support of the revolutionary French Republic
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