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Netherlands
The NETHERLANDS (/ˈnɛðərləndz/ (_ listen ); Dutch : Nederland_ (_ listen ); Frisian : Nederlân_), also known informally as HOLLAND, is a densely populated country in Western Europe , also incorporating three island territories in the Caribbean . It is the main constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands . The European portion of the Netherlands borders Germany to the east, Belgium to the south, and the North Sea to the northwest, sharing maritime borders in the North Sea with Belgium, the United Kingdom , and Germany. The four largest cities in the Netherlands are Amsterdam , Rotterdam , The Hague and Utrecht . Amsterdam is the country\'s capital , while The Hague holds the Dutch seat of parliament and government
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Kingdom Of The Netherlands
The KINGDOM OF THE NETHERLANDS (Dutch : _Het Koninkrijk der Nederlanden_; pronounced (_ listen ); Papiamento : Reino Hulandes_), commonly known as the NETHERLANDS, is a sovereign state and constitutional monarchy with territory in western Europe
Europe
and in the Caribbean
Caribbean
. The four parts of the kingdom—the Netherlands
Netherlands
, Aruba , Curaçao , and Sint Maarten —are constituent countries (_landen_ in Dutch ) and participate on a basis of equality as partners in the kingdom. In practice, however, most of the Kingdom affairs are administered by the Netherlands—which comprises roughly 98% of the Kingdom's land area and population—on behalf of the entire Kingdom
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Holland
HOLLAND is a region and former province on the western coast of the Netherlands . The name _Holland_ is also frequently used informally to refer to the whole of the country of the Netherlands. This usage is commonly accepted in other countries, and not entirely uncommon among the Dutch themselves, though some in the Netherlands and particularly in other regions of the country may find it undesirable or misrepresentative. From the 10th to the 16th century, Holland proper was a unified political region within the Holy Roman Empire as a county ruled by the Counts of Holland . By the 17th century, Holland had risen to become a maritime and economic power, dominating the other provinces of the newly independent Dutch Republic
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Low Countries
The LOW COUNTRIES (Dutch : _De Lage Landen or De Nederlanden_, French : _Les Pays-Bas_) is a coastal region in western Europe , consisting especially of the Netherlands and Belgium , and the low-lying delta of the Rhine , Meuse , Scheldt , and Ems rivers where much of the land is at or below sea level. This wide area of Western Europe roughly stretches from French Gravelines and Dunkirk at its southwestern point, to the area of Dutch Delfzijl and German Eastern Frisia at its northeastern point, and to Luxembourg and French Thionville in the southeast. Most of the Low Countries are coastal regions bounded by the North Sea or the English Channel . The countries without access to the sea have linked themselves politically and economically to those with access to form one union of port and hinterland
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Dutch Language
DUTCH (_ Nederlands_ (help ·info )) is a West Germanic language that is spoken by around 23 million people as a first language—including most of the population of the Netherlands and about sixty percent of Belgium —and by another 5 million as a second language. It is the third most widely spoken Germanic language , after English and German. Outside of the Low Countries , it is the native language of the majority of the population of Suriname , and also holds official status in Aruba , Curaçao and Sint Maarten , which are constituent countries of the Kingdom of the Netherlands . Historical minorities on the verge of extinction remain in parts of France and Germany , and in Indonesia , while up to half a million native speakers may reside in the United States , Canada and Australia combined
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West Frisian Language
WEST FRISIAN, or simply FRISIAN (Frysk; Dutch : Fries ) is a West Germanic language spoken mostly in the province of Friesland (Fryslân) in the north of the Netherlands
Netherlands
, mostly by those of Frisian ancestry . It is the most widely spoken of the three Frisian languages . CONTENTS * 1 Name * 2 Speakers * 3 Dialects * 4 History * 4.1 Old Frisian * 4.2 Middle Frisian and New Frisian * 5 Alphabet * 6 Phonology * 7 Grammar * 8 Status * 9 Folklore about relation to English * 10 Westerlauwers Frisian * 11 Sample text * 12 See also * 13 References * 14 Further reading * 15 External links NAMEThe name "West Frisian" is only used outside the Netherlands, to distinguish this language from the closely related Frisian languages of Saterland Frisian and North Frisian spoken in Germany
Germany

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Flag Of The Netherlands
The FLAG OF THE NETHERLANDS (Dutch : Vlag van Nederland) is a horizontal tricolor of red , white , and blue . The tricolor flag is almost identical to that of Luxembourg , except that it is shorter and its blue stripe is a darker shade. It originates as a variant of the older orange-white-blue Prinsenvlag ("Prince's Flag"), introduced in the 17th century as the Statenvlag ("States Flag"), the naval flag of the States-General of the Dutch Republic . Its official status as the national flag of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Netherlands
was formalized in 1937
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Coat Of Arms Of The Netherlands
The COAT OF ARMS OF THE KINGDOM OF THE NETHERLANDS was originally adopted in 1815 and later modified in 1907. The arms are a composite of the arms of the former Dutch Republic
Dutch Republic
and the arms of the House of Nassau , it features a checkered shield with a lion grasping a sword in one hand and a bundle of arrows in the other and is the heraldic symbol of the monarch (currently King Willem-Alexander ) and the country. The monarch uses a version of the arms with a mantle (Dutch : Koninklijk wapen) while the government of the Netherlands
Netherlands
uses a smaller version without the mantle (cloak) or the pavilion, sometimes even only the shield and crown are used (Dutch : Rijkswapen). The current components of the coats of arms were regulated by Queen Wilhelmina in a royal decree of 10 July 1907, affirmed by Queen Juliana in a royal decree of 23 April 1980
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Je Maintiendrai
The COAT OF ARMS OF THE KINGDOM OF THE NETHERLANDS was originally adopted in 1815 and later modified in 1907. The arms are a composite of the arms of the former Dutch Republic
Dutch Republic
and the arms of the House of Nassau , it features a checkered shield with a lion grasping a sword in one hand and a bundle of arrows in the other and is the heraldic symbol of the monarch (currently King Willem-Alexander ) and the country. The monarch uses a version of the arms with a mantle (Dutch : Koninklijk wapen) while the government of the Netherlands
Netherlands
uses a smaller version without the mantle (cloak) or the pavilion, sometimes even only the shield and crown are used (Dutch : Rijkswapen). The current components of the coats of arms were regulated by Queen Wilhelmina in a royal decree of 10 July 1907, affirmed by Queen Juliana in a royal decree of 23 April 1980
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French Language
Phonological history * Oaths of Strasbourg * Ordinance of Villers-Cotterêts * Anglo-Norman GRAMMAR * Adverbs * Articles and determiners * Pronouns (personal )* Verbs * (conjugation * morphology ) ORTHOGRAPHY * Alphabet * Reforms * Circumflex * Braille PHONOLOGY * Elision * Liaison * Aspirated h * Help:IPA for French * v * t * e FRENCH (_le français_ (_ listen ) or la langue française_ ) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family . It descended from the Vulgar Latin of the Roman Empire , as did all Romance languages. French has evolved from Gallo-Romance, the spoken Latin in Gaul, and more specifically in Northern Gaul. Its closest relatives are the other langues d\'oïl —languages historically spoken in northern France and in southern Belgium, which French ( Francien ) has largely supplanted
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Concordia Res Parvae Crescunt
"UNITY MAKES STRENGTH" (Dutch : Eendracht maakt macht, pronounced ( listen ); French : L'union fait la force) is a motto that has been used by various nations and entities throughout history. Currently, it is used by Bulgaria
Bulgaria
and Haiti
Haiti
on the national coat of arms and is the national motto of Belgium
Belgium
and Bulgaria
Bulgaria
. The motto was originally used by the Dutch Republic
Dutch Republic
. It is derived from the Latin phrase "concordia res parvae crescunt" (small things flourish by concord) in chapter 10 of the Bellum Iugurthinum by the Roman Republican writer Sallust
Sallust

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Latin Language
LATIN (Latin: _lingua latīna_, IPA: ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages . The Latin alphabet
Latin alphabet
is derived from the Etruscan and Greek alphabets , and ultimately from the Phoenician alphabet . Latin
Latin
was originally spoken in Latium , in the Italian Peninsula . Through the power of the Roman Republic , it became the dominant language, initially in Italy and subsequently throughout the Roman Empire . Vulgar Latin developed into the Romance languages , such as Italian , Portuguese , Spanish , French , and Romanian . Latin
Latin
and French have contributed many words to the English language . Latin
Latin
and Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek
roots are used in theology , biology , and medicine
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Wilhelmus
WILHELMUS VAN NASSOUWE, usually known just as the WILHELMUS (Dutch : Het Wilhelmus; pronounced ( listen ); English translation : the William), is the national anthem of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Netherlands
. It dates back to at least 1572, making it the oldest known national anthem in the world. The national anthem of Japan, Kimigayo
Kimigayo
, has the oldest lyrics, dating from the 9th century. However, a melody was added only in the late 19th century, making it a poem rather than an anthem for most of its lifespan. Although the Wilhelmus
Wilhelmus
was not recognised as the official national anthem until 1932, it has always been popular with parts of the Dutch population and resurfaced on several occasions in the course of Dutch history before gaining its present status. It was also the anthem of the Netherlands
Netherlands
Antilles from 1954 to 1964
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Europe
EUROPE —a concept dating back to classical antiquity — is a continent that comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia . Europe is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. The eastern boundary with Asia is an arbitrary historical and social construct , as there is no clear physical and geographical separation between them. The primarily physiographic term "continent" as applied to Europe also incorporates cultural and political elements whose discontinuities and lines of demarcation are not reflected by the continent's current overland boundaries with Asia
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European Union
The EUROPEAN UNION (EU) is a political and economic union of 28 member states that are located primarily in Europe . It has an area of 4,475,757 km2 (1,728,099 sq mi), and an estimated population of over 510 million. The EU has developed an internal single market through a standardised system of laws that apply in all member states. EU policies aim to ensure the free movement of people, goods, services, and capital within the internal market, enact legislation in justice and home affairs, and maintain common policies on trade, agriculture , fisheries , and regional development . Within the Schengen Area , passport controls have been abolished. A monetary union was established in 1999 and came into full force in 2002, and is composed of 19 EU member states which use the euro currency
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