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Nestorian Christians
Nestorianism
Nestorianism
is a Christological doctrine that emphasizes a distinction between the human and divine natures of the divine person, Jesus. It was advanced by Nestorius
Nestorius
(386–450), Patriarch of Constantinople from 428 to 431, influenced by Nestorius's studies under Theodore of Mopsuestia
Theodore of Mopsuestia
at the School of Antioch. Nestorius's teachings brought him into conflict with other prominent church leaders, most notably Cyril of Alexandria, who criticized especially his rejection of the title Theotokos
Theotokos
("Mother of God") for Mary, the mother of Jesus
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Christotokos
Christotokos is the Greek title of Mary, the mother of Jesus
Jesus
used historically by non-Ephesians followers of the Church of the East. Its literal English translations include Christ-bearer and the one who gives birth to Christ. Less literal translations include Mother of Christ.[1] See also[edit]TheotokosReferences[edit]^ Hall, Christopher Alan (2002). Learning Theology With the Church Fathers. InterVarsity Press
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Roman Empire
Mediolanum
Mediolanum
(286–402, Western) Augusta Treverorum Sirmium Ravenna
Ravenna
(402–476, Western)
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Khanbaliq
KhanbaliqChinese nameChinese 汗八里TranscriptionsStandard MandarinHanyu Pinyin HànbālǐWade–Giles Han-p'a-liMongolian nameMongolian Cyrillic Хаан балгас, ХанбалигMongolian script ᠻᠠᠨᠪᠠᠯᠢᠺTranscriptionsSASM/GNC Qanbaliq(Yuan) DaduChinese (元)大都Literal meaning Grand Capital (of Yuan)TranscriptionsStandard MandarinHanyu Pinyin (Yuán) DàdūWade–Giles (Yüan) Ta-tuBeipingSimplified Chinese 北平Literal meaning North-PacifiedTranscriptions Khanbaliq
Khanbaliq
or Dadu was the capital of the Yuan dynasty, the main center of the Mongol Empire
Mongol Empire
founded by Kublai Khan
Kublai Khan
in what is now Beijing, also the capital of China
China
today. It was located at the center of modern Beijing
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Daqin Pagoda
The Daqin Pagoda (大秦塔) is a Buddhist pagoda in Zhouzhi County of Xi'an (formerly Chang'an), Shaanxi Province,[1] China, located about two kilometres to the west of Louguantai temple. The pagoda has been controversially claimed as a Nestorian Christian church from the Tang Dynasty.[2]Contents1 Etymology 2 History 3 Features 4 Nestorian Church speculation 5 See also 6 Notes 7 References 8 External linksEtymology[edit] Daqin is the ancient Chinese name for the Roman Empire or, depending on context, the Near East, especially Syria.[3] History[edit] The Daqin Pagoda is first attested in 1064, when the Chinese poet Su Shi visited it and wrote a well-known poem about it, "Daqin Temple". His younger brother Su Zhe also wrote an "echoing" poem referring to the monks at the temple. An earthquake severely damaged the pagoda in 1556 and it was finally abandoned
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Church Of The East In China
The Church of the East
Church of the East
or Nestorian
Nestorian
Church had a presence in China during two periods: first from the 7th through the 10th century, and later during the Mongol
Mongol
Yuan Dynasty
Yuan Dynasty
in the 13th and 14th centuries. Locally, the religion was known as Jingjiao/Ching-chiao (景教), which literally means the “Luminous Religion”.Contents1 Tang era 2 Mongol
Mongol
era 3 See also 4 References4.1 Citations 4.2 Sources5 External linksTang era[edit]The original workA copyA restorationA T‘ang dynasty
T‘ang dynasty
(9th century) fragmentary silk painting of Jesus Christ according to the Chinese Nestorian
Nestorian
vision, discovered in Cave 17 at Mo-kao Caves
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Chang'an
Chang'an
Chang'an
([ʈʂʰǎŋ.án] ( listen); simplified Chinese: 长安; traditional Chinese: 長安) was an ancient capital of more than ten dynasties in Chinese history, today known as Xi'an. Chang'an means "Perpetual Peace" in Classical Chinese
Classical Chinese
since it was a capital that was repeatedly used by new Chinese rulers. During the short-lived Xin dynasty, the city was renamed "Constant Peace" (Chinese: 常安; pinyin: Cháng'ān); yet after its fall in AD 23, the old name was restored
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Xi'an
Xi'an
Xi'an
is the capital of Shaanxi
Shaanxi
Province, People's Republic of China. It is a sub-provincial city located in the center of the Guanzhong Plain in Northwestern China.[3] One of the oldest cities in China,
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School Of Edessa
The School of Edessa
Edessa
(Syriac: ܐܣܟܘܠܐ ܕܐܘܪܗܝ‎), often confused with the School of Nisibis, was a theological school of great importance to the Syriac-speaking world. It had been founded as long ago as the 2nd century by the kings of the Abgar dynasty. In 363, Nisibis
Nisibis
fell to the Persians, causing St. Ephrem the Syrian, accompanied by a number of teachers, to leave the School of Nisibis. They went to Edessa, where Ephrem took over the directorship of its school. Then, its importance grew still further. There were innumerable monasteries at Edessa
Edessa
housing many monks and offering many cells for their abode
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Nusaybin
Nusaybin
Nusaybin
(pronounced [nuˈsajbin]; Akkadian: Naṣibina;[5] Classical Greek: Νίσιβις, Nisibis; Arabic: نصيبين‎, Kurdish: Nisêbîn; Syriac: ܢܨܝܒܝܢ‎, Nṣībīn; Armenian: Մծբին, Mtsbin) is a city and multiple titular see in Mardin Province, Turkey. The population of the city is 83,832[6] as of 2009. The population is predominantly Kurdish, Sunni as well as Yezidi, but a small Aramean (Turkish: Süryani) community can also be found. With a history going back nearly 3,000 years, Nusaybin
Nusaybin
was ruled and settled by various groups. First mentioned as an Aramean settlement Naşibīna in 901 BCE, it was captured by Assyria
Assyria
in 896 BCE
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Turkey
Turkey
Turkey
(Turkish: Türkiye [ˈtyɾcije]), officially the Republic of Turkey
Turkey
(Turkish: Türkiye Cumhuriyeti [ˈtyɾcije d͡ʒumˈhuɾijeti] ( listen)), is a transcontinental country in Eurasia, mainly in Anatolia
Anatolia
in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe.[7] Turkey
Turkey
is bordered by eight countries with Greece
Greece
and Bulgaria
Bulgaria
to the northwest; Georgia to the northeast; Armenia, the Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan
and Iran
Iran
to the east; and Iraq
Iraq
and Syria
Syria
to the south
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School Of Nisibis
The School of Nisibis
Nisibis
(Syriac: ܐܣܟܘܠܐ ܕܢܨܝܒܝܢ‎), for a time absorbed into the School of Edessa, was an educational establishment in Nisibis
Nisibis
(now Nusaybin, Turkey). It was an important spiritual centre of the early Church of the East, and like the Academy of Gondishapur, it is sometimes referred to as the world's first university.[1][2][3] The school had three primary departments teaching: theology, philosophy and medicine. Its most famous teacher was Narsai, formerly head of the School of Edessa. The school was founded in 350 in Nisibis. In 363, when Nisibis
Nisibis
fell to the Persians, St. Ephrem the Syrian, accompanied by a number of teachers, left the school. They went to the School of Edessa, where Ephrem took over the directorship of the school there. It had been founded as long ago as the 2nd century by the kings of the Abgar dynasty
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Europe
Europe
Europe
is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere
Northern Hemisphere
and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic
Arctic
Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
to the west, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia. Since around 1850, Europe
Europe
is most commonly considered as separated from Asia
Asia
by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus
Caucasus
Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas, and the waterways of the Turkish Straits.[5] Though the term "continent" implies physical geography, the land border is somewhat arbitrary and has moved since its first conception in classical antiquity
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Nestorian (other)
Nestorian relates to Nestorianism, a Christological doctrine developed by Nestorius, leading to the Nestorian controversy and Nestorian Schism; it was condemned as heresy by the Council of Ephesus in 431. "Nestorian" or "Nestorians" may also refer to:Church of the East, originally the church in the Sassanid Empire, which once accepted the Nestorian doctrine and split off from orthodoxy at the Nestorian SchismAssyrian Church of the East Ancient Church of the East"Nestorian" script or East Syriac Maḏnḥāyā, a form of the Syriac alphabet "Nestorian" Stele in ChinaSee also[edit]The Nestorian controversy, part of the Christological controversies of the 4th and 5th centuries Church of the East (other), any of several Churches that historically go back to the original Church of the East but developed doctrinal differencesThis disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Nestorian. If an internal link led you here, you may
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Asia
Metropolitan areas of Asia List of cities in AsiaList Bangkok Beijing Busan Chittagong Delhi Dhaka Doha Dubai Guangzhou Hanoi Ho Chi Minh Hong Kong Istanbul Jakarta Karachi Kuala Lumpur Manila Mumbai Osaka Pyongyang Riyadh Shanghai Shenzhen Singapore Seoul Taipei[4] Tehran Tokyo Ulaanbaatar Asia
Asia
(/ˈeɪʒə, ˈeɪʃə/ ( listen)) is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern and Northern Hemispheres. It shares the continental landmass of Eurasia with the continent of Europe
Europe
and the continental landmass of Afro- Eurasia
Eurasia
with both Europe
Europe
and Africa
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Assyrian Church Of The East
The Assyrian Church of the East
Church of the East
(Classical Syriac: ܥܕܬܐ ܕܡܕܢܚܐ ܕܐܬܘܖ̈ܝܐ‎ ʻĒdtā d-Madenḥā d-Ātorāyē), officially the Holy Apostolic Catholic Assyrian Church of the East[3] (ʻEdtā Qaddīštā wa-Šlīḥāitā Qātolīqī d-Madenḥā d-Ātorāyē), is an Eastern Christian
Eastern Christian
Church that follows the traditional christology and ecclesiology of the historical Church of the East.[4] It belongs to the eastern branch of Syriac Christianity, and uses the East Syrian Rite
East Syrian Rite
in its liturgy. Its main spoken language is Syriac, a dialect of Eastern Aramaic, and the majority of its adherents are ethnic Assyrians. It is officially headquartered in the city of Erbil
Erbil
in northern Iraq, and its original area also spreads into south-eastern Turkey
Turkey
and north-western Iran, corresponding to ancient Assyria
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