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Neoarachnotheca
Neoarachnotheca is a genus of fungi within the Onygenaceae
Onygenaceae
family.[1] This is a monotypic genus, containing the single species Neoarachnotheca keratinophila. References[edit]^ Lumbsch TH, Huhndorf SM. (December 2007). "Outline of Ascomycota
Ascomycota
– 2007". Myconet. Chicago, USA: The Field Museum, Department of Botany. 13: 1–58. External links[edit] Neoarachnotheca at Index FungorumTaxon identifiersWd: Q6991947 EoL: 6550777 Fungorum: 27771 GBIF: 3469189 MycoBank: 27771This Eurotiomycetes-related article is a stub
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Taxonomy (biology)
Taxonomy (from Ancient Greek τάξις (taxis), meaning 'arrangement', and -νομία (-nomia), meaning 'method') is the science of defining and naming groups of biological organisms on the basis of shared characteristics. Organisms are grouped together into taxa (singular: taxon) and these groups are given a taxonomic rank; groups of a given rank can be aggregated to form a super-group of higher rank, thus creating a taxonomic hierarchy. The principal ranks in modern use are domain, kingdom, phylum (division is sometimes used in botany in place of phylum), class, order, family, genus and species
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Fungi
Dikarya
Dikarya
(inc. Deuteromycota)AscomycotaPezizomycotina Saccharomycotina TaphrinomycotinaBasidiomycotaAgaricomycotina Pucciniomycotina UstilaginomycotinaSubphyla incertae sedisEntomophthoromycotina Kickxellomycotina Mucoromycotina ZoopagomycotinaA fungus (plural: fungi[3] or funguses[4]) is any member of the group of eukaryotic organisms that includes microorganisms such as yeasts and molds, as well as the more familiar mushrooms. These organisms are classified as a kingdom, Fungi, which is separate from the other eukaryotic life kingdoms of plants and animals. A characteristic that places fungi in a different kingdom from plants, bacteria, and some protists is chitin in their cell walls. Similar to animals, fungi are heterotrophs; they acquire their food by absorbing dissolved molecules, typically by secreting digestive enzymes into their environment. Fungi do not photosynthesise
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Ascomycota
Ascomycota
Ascomycota
is a division or phylum of the kingdom Fungi
Fungi
that, together with the Basidiomycota, form the subkingdom Dikarya. Its members are commonly known as the sac fungi or ascomycetes. They are the largest phylum of Fungi, with over 64,000 species.[2] The defining feature of this fungal group is the "ascus" (from Greek: ἀσκός (askos), meaning "sac" or "wineskin"), a microscopic sexual structure in which nonmotile spores, called ascospores, are formed. However, some species of the Ascomycota
Ascomycota
are asexual, meaning that they do not have a sexual cycle and thus do not form asci or ascospores
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Eurotiomycetes
The Eurotiomycetes
Eurotiomycetes
are a class of ascomycetes within the subphylum Pezizomycotina. Some members of the Eurotiomycetes
Eurotiomycetes
were previously grouped in the class Plectomycetes.Contents1 Nomenclature 2 Morphology 3 References 4 External linksNomenclature[edit] The scientific classification for this particular class is particularly tricky, with one particular species having both the anamorph, and teleomorph names used in reference to them.e.g. anamorph form = Penicillium; teleomorph form = Talaromyces
Talaromyces
or Eupenicillium.[1]Morphology[edit] Many members (Eurotiales, Onygenales) produce an enclosed structure cleistothecium within which they produce their spores. References[edit]^ N. Gunde-Cimerman; A. Oren; A. Plemenitaš, eds. (2006). Adaptation to Life at High Salt Concentrations in Archaea, Bacteria, and Eukarya. Cellular Origin, Life in Extreme Habitats and Astrobiology
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Onygenales
Ajellomycetaceae Arachnomycetaceae Arthrodermataceae Ascosphaeraceae Gymnoascaceae OnygenaceaeThe Onygenales
Onygenales
are an order of Ascomycetes, within the eurotiomycetes Ascomycetes. Onygenales
Onygenales
can consume and break down keratin, the main component of the outer layer of skin.[1] They are primarily found on animals, droppings, and areas frequented by animals. One species, Trichophyton rubrum, is the primary cause of athlete's foot. This order also includes Coccidioides
Coccidioides
implicated in Valley fever. The Onygenales
Onygenales
are important as emerging human pathogens because of the rising rates of immunosuppression due to live-organ transplant, HIV/AIDS, and autoimmune disorders such as lupus erythematosus.[2] References[edit]^ "Onygenales". New Brunswick Museum. Retrieved 2012-07-28.  ^ Alexopolous, C.J. W. Mims, Charles. Blackwell, M
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Type Species
In zoological nomenclature, a type species (species typica) is the species name with which the name of a genus or subgenus is considered to be permanently taxonomically associated, i.e., the species that contains the biological type specimen(s).[1] A similar concept is used for suprageneric groups called a type genus. In botanical nomenclature, these terms have no formal standing under the code of nomenclature, but are sometimes borrowed from zoological nomenclature. In botany, the type of a genus name is a specimen (or, rarely, an illustration) which is also the type of a species name. The species name that has that type can also be referred to as the type of the genus name
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Genus
A genus (/ˈdʒiːnəs/, pl. genera /ˈdʒɛnərə/) is a taxonomic rank used in the biological classification of living and fossil organisms in biology. In the hierarchy of biological classification, genus comes above species and below family. In binomial nomenclature, the genus name forms the first part of the binomial species name for each species within the genus.E.g. Felis catus
Felis catus
and Felis silvestris
Felis silvestris
are two species within the genus Felis. Felis
Felis
is a genus within the family Felidae.The composition of a genus is determined by a taxonomist. The standards for genus classification are not strictly codified, so different authorities often produce different classifications for genera
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Monotypic
In biology, a monotypic taxon is a taxonomic group (taxon) that contains only one immediately subordinate taxon.[1] A monotypic species is one that does not include subspecies or smaller, infraspecific taxa.[citation needed] In the case of genera, the term "unispecific" or "monospecific" is sometimes preferred. In botanical nomenclature, a monotypic genus is a genus in the special case where a genus and a single species are simultaneously described.[2] In contrast an oligotypic taxon contains more than one but only a very few subordinate taxa. Examples[edit] Just as the term monotypic is used to describe a taxon including only one subdivision, one can also refer to the contained taxon as monotypic within the higher-level taxon, e.g. a genus monotypic within a family
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Index Fungorum
Index Fungorum is an international project to index all formal names (scientific names) in the Fungus
Fungus
Kingdom. As of 2015 the project is based at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, one of three partners along with Landcare Research and the Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences. It is somewhat comparable to the International Plant Names Index (IPNI), in which the Royal Botanic Gardens is also involved. A difference is that where IPNI does not indicate correct names, the Index Fungorum does indicate the status of a name. In the returns from the search page a currently correct name is indicated in green, while others are in blue (a few, aberrant usages of names are indicated in red)
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Wikidata
Wikidata
Wikidata
is a collaboratively edited knowledge base hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation. It is intended to provide a common source of data which can be used by Wikimedia projects such as,[4][5] and by anyone else, under a public domain license. This is similar to the way Wikimedia Commons
Wikimedia Commons
provides storage for media files and access to those files for all Wikimedia projects, and which are also freely available for reuse. Wikidata
Wikidata
is powered by the software Wikibase.[6]Contents1 Concepts 2 Development history2.1 Phase 1 2.2 Phase 2 2.3 Phase 33 Reception 4 Logo 5 See also 6 References 7 Further reading 8 External linksConcepts[edit]ScreenshotsThree statements from Wikidata's item on the planet Mars
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Encyclopedia Of Life
The Encyclopedia of Life
Life
(EOL) is a free, online collaborative encyclopedia intended to document all of the 1.9 million living species known to science. It is compiled from existing databases and from contributions by experts and non-experts throughout the world.[2] It aims to build one "infinitely expandable" page for each species, including video, sound, images, graphics, as well as text.[3] In addition, the Encyclopedia incorporates content from the Biodiversity Heritage Library, which digitizes millions of pages of printed literature from the world's major natural history libraries. The project was initially backed by a US$50 million funding commitment, led by the MacArthur Foundation
MacArthur Foundation
and the Sloan Foundation, who provided US$20 million and US$5 million, respectively
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Global Biodiversity Information Facility
The Global Biodiversity
Biodiversity
Information Facility (GBIF) is an international organisation that focuses on making scientific data on biodiversity available via the Internet
Internet
using web services. The data are provided by many institutions from around the world; GBIF's information architecture makes these data accessible and searchable through a single portal. Data available through the GBIF portal are primarily distribution data on plants, animals, fungi, and microbes for the world, and scientific names data. The mission of the Global Biodiversity
Biodiversity
information Facility (GBIF) is to facilitate free and open access to biodiversity data worldwide to underpin sustainable development
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MycoBank
MycoBank is an online database, documenting new mycological names and combinations, eventually combined with descriptions and illustrations. It is run by the Centraalbureau voor Schimmelcultures fungal biodiversity center in Utrecht.[1] Each novelty, after being screened by nomenclatural experts and found in accordance with the ICN (International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants), is allocated a unique MycoBank number before the new name has been validly published. This number then can be cited by the naming author in the publication where the new name is being introduced
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Special
Special
Special
or specials may refer to:Contents1 Music 2 Film and television 3 Other uses 4 See alsoMusic[edit] Special
Special
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Onygenaceae
The Onygenaceae
Onygenaceae
are a family of fungi in the Ascomycota, class Eurotiomycetes. Species[edit]Amauroascus Aphanoascus Apinisia Arachnotheca Ascocalvatia Auxarthron Bifidocarpus Byssoonygena Chlamydosauromyces Chrysosporium Coccidioides Histoplasma Kuehniella Leucothecium Monascella Nannizziopsis Neoarachnotheca Neogymnomyces Onygena Pectinotrichum Polytolypa Pseudoamauroascus – position uncertain Renispora Spiromastix Testudomyces Uncinocarpus XanthotheciumReferences[edit]^ Berkeley MJ. (1857). Introduction to Cryptogamic Botany. London, UK: H. Bailliere. p. 272. External links[edit] Onygenaceae
Onygenaceae
in Index FungorumTaxon identifiersWd: Q4334888 EoL: 6104 EPPO: 1ONYGF Fungorum: 81881 GBIF: 4832 iNaturalist: 179049 ITIS: 612905 MycoBank: 701074 NCBI: 33184 WoRMS: 100055This Eurotiomycetes-related article is a stub
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