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Nazi Germany
NAZI GERMANY is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany
Germany
was governed by a dictatorship under the control of Adolf Hitler
Adolf Hitler
and the Nazi Party (NSDAP). Under Hitler's rule, Germany
Germany
was transformed into a totalitarian state in which the Nazi Party controlled nearly all aspects of life. The official name of the state was _ Deutsches Reich
Deutsches Reich
_ from 1933 to 1943 and _Großdeutsches Reich_ ("Greater German Reich") from 1943 to 1945. The period is also known under the names the THIRD REICH (German : _Drittes Reich_) and the NATIONAL SOCIALIST PERIOD (German : _Zeit des Nationalsozialismus_, abbreviated as _NS-Zeit_). The Nazi regime came to an end after the Allied Powers defeated Germany
Germany
in May 1945, ending World War II
World War II
in Europe
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Das Dritte Reich
DAS DRITTE REICH (German for The Third Reich) is a 1923 book by German author Arthur Moeller van den Bruck , the ideology of which heavily influenced the Nazi Party
Nazi Party
. The book formulated an "ideal" of national empowerment, which resounded throughout a Germany desperate to rebound from the Treaty of Versailles
Treaty of Versailles
. For Moeller van den Bruck, Germany's great misfortune lies in the political system created by the Weimar Republic
Weimar Republic
, one of competitive parties and liberal ideologies. An admirer of Benito Mussolini , he looks for a strong leader. CONTENTS * 1 The concept * 2 Implications * 3 References * 4 External links THE CONCEPTHis empire is not so much state in the sense that term is usually understood: it is the ideal condition, the only way in which the scattered German people can achieve a common purpose and destiny
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Das Lied Der Deutschen
The "DEUTSCHLANDLIED" (English: "Song of Germany", German pronunciation: ; also known as "DAS LIED DER DEUTSCHEN" or "The Song of the Germans"), or part of it, has been the national anthem of Germany since 1922, except in East Germany , whose anthem was " Auferstanden aus Ruinen " ("Risen from Ruins") from 1949 to 1990. Since World War II and the fall of Nazi Germany , only the third stanza has been used as the national anthem. The stanza's beginning, "Einigkeit und Recht und Freiheit" ("Unity and Justice and Freedom") is considered the unofficial national motto of Germany, and is inscribed on modern German Army belt buckles and the rims of some German coins . The music is the hymn " Gott erhalte Franz den Kaiser ", written in 1797 by the Austrian composer Joseph Haydn as an anthem for the birthday of Francis II , Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire and later of Austria
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Horst-Wessel-Lied
"HORST-WESSEL-LIED" (English: "The Horst Wessel Song"; pronounced ), also known by its opening words, "Die Fahne hoch" ("The Flag on High"), was used as the anthem of the Nazi Party
Nazi Party
from 1930 to 1945. From 1933 to 1945 the Nazis made it the national anthem of Germany
Germany
, along with the first stanza of the " Deutschlandlied
Deutschlandlied
". Since 1991, this anthem has been banned by the government of Germany
Germany

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World War Ii
Allied victory * Collapse of Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
* Fall of Japanese and Italian Empires * Dissolution of the League of Nations * Creation of the United Nations
United Nations
* Emergence of the United States
United States
and the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
as superpowers * Beginning of the Cold War (more... ) PARTICIPANTS ALLIES AXIS COMMANDERS AND LEADERS MAIN ALLIED LEADERS Joseph Stalin Franklin D
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Protectorate Of Bohemia And Moravia
The PROTECTORATE OF BOHEMIA AND MORAVIA (German: Protektorat Böhmen und Mähren; Czech : Protektorát Čechy a Morava) was a protectorate of Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
established following the German occupation of Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
. Earlier in 1938, with the Munich Agreement
Munich Agreement
, Sudetenland territory of Czech Lands was incorporated into Nazi Germany as a Reichsgau . The protectorate's population was majority ethnic Czech , while Sudetenland was majority ethnic German . Following the establishment of the independent Slovak Republic on 14 March 1939, and the German occupation of the Czech rump state the next day, the protectorate was established on 16 March 1939 by a proclamation of Adolf Hitler
Adolf Hitler
from Prague
Prague
Castle
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General Government Of Poland
The GENERAL GOVERNMENT—sometimes also referred to as GENERAL GOVERNORATE (German : Generalgouvernement , Polish : Generalne Gubernatorstwo, Ukrainian : Генеральна губернія)—was a German zone of occupation established after the joint invasion of Poland
Poland
by Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
and the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
in 1939 at the onset of World War II
World War II
. The newly occupied Second Polish Republic was split into three zones: the General Government in its centre, Polish areas annexed by Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
in the west and Polish areas annexed by the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
in the east. The territory was expanded in 1941 to include the District of Galicia
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Reichskommissariat
REICHSKOMMISSARIAT (English: Reich
Reich
Commissariat ) is the German designation for a type of administrative office headed by a government official known as a Reichskommissar
Reichskommissar
(English: Reich
Reich
Commissioner ). Although many different such offices existed primarily throughout the Imperial German and Nazi periods in a number of different fields (such as public infrastructure , spatial planning , ethnic cleansing , etc.) it is most commonly used to refer to the quasi-colonial territorial units established by Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
in several occupied countries during World War II
World War II

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Military Administration (Nazi Germany)
During World War II
World War II
, Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
created military-led regimes in occupied territories which were known as a MILITARY ADMINISTRATION or MILITARY ADMINISTRATION AUTHORITY (de: Militärverwaltung). These differed from Reichskommissariate which were led by Nazi Party officials. A Military administration was normally led by a "military commander " (Militärbefehlshaber, official acronym MilBfh.)
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Continuation War
FINLAND * Swedish volunteers GERMANY Italy 1 SOVIET UNION United Kingdom 2 COMMANDERS AND LEADERS Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim Lennart Oesch Nikolaus von Falkenhorst (until 7 November 1941) Eduard Dietl † (7 November 1941 – 23 June 1944) Lothar Rendulic (from 28 June 1944) Markian Popov Mikhail Hozin Valerian A
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Berlin
BERLIN (/bɜːrˈlɪn, ˌbɜːr-/ , German: ( listen )) is the capital and the largest city of Germany
Germany
as well as one of its 16 constituent states . With a population of approximately 3.7 million, Berlin
Berlin
is the second most populous city proper in the European Union and the seventh most populous urban area in the European Union. Located in northeastern Germany
Germany
on the banks of the rivers Spree and Havel
Havel
, it is the centre of the Berlin- Brandenburg
Brandenburg
Metropolitan Region , which has roughly 6 million residents from more than 180 nations , making it the sixth most populous urban area in the European Union. Due to its location in the European Plain , Berlin
Berlin
is influenced by a temperate seasonal climate
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German Language
_No official regulation_ ( German orthography regulated by the Council for German Orthography )
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Nazism
NATIONAL SOCIALISM (German : _Nationalsozialismus_), more commonly known as NAZISM (/ˈnɑːtsɪzəm, ˈnæ-/ ), is the ideology and set of practices associated with the 20th-century German Nazi Party , Nazi Germany , and other far-right groups. Usually characterised as a form of fascism that incorporates scientific racism and antisemitism , Nazism's development was influenced by German nationalism , Pan-Germanism , the Völkisch movement and the anti-communist Freikorps paramilitary groups that emerged during the Weimar Republic after Germany's defeat in World War I . Nazism subscribed to theories of racial hierarchy and Social Darwinism , identifying the Germans as a part of what the Nazis regarded as an Aryan or Nordic master race
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One-party State
A ONE-PARTY STATE, SINGLE-PARTY STATE, ONE-PARTY SYSTEM, SINGLE-PARTY SYSTEM is a type of state in which one political party has the right to form the government, usually based on the existing constitution. All other parties are either outlawed or allowed to take only a limited and controlled participation in elections. Sometimes the term _DE FACTO_ ONE-PARTY STATE is used to describe a dominant-party system that, unlike the one-party state, allows (at least nominally) democratic multiparty elections, but the existing practices or balance of political power effectively prevent the opposition from winning the elections
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Totalitarianism
TOTALITARIANISM is a political system in which the state recognizes no limits to its authority and strives to regulate every aspect of public and private life wherever feasible. A distinctive feature of totalitarian governments is an "elaborate ideology, a set of ideas that gives meaning and direction to the whole society". The concept was first developed in the 1920s by the Weimar German jurist, and later Nazi
Nazi
academic, Carl Schmitt
Carl Schmitt
, and Italian fascists . Schmitt used the term, Totalstaat, in his influential work on the legal basis of an all-powerful state, The Concept of the Political (1927). The concept became prominent in Western political discourse as a concept that highlights similarities between Fascist
Fascist
states and the Soviet Union
Soviet Union

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Dictatorship
DICTATORSHIP is a form of government in which a country or a group of countries is ruled by one person (a dictator ) or by a polity , and power is exercized through various mechanisms in order to ensure that the entity's power remains strong. A dictatorship is a type of authoritarianism , in which politicians regulate nearly every aspect of the public and private behavior of citizens. Dictatorship and totalitarian societies generally employ political propaganda in order to decrease the influence of proponents of alternative governing systems. In the past, different religious tactics were used by dictators in order to maintain their rule, such as the monarchical system in the west . In the 19th and 20th centuries, traditional monarchies gradually declined and disappeared. Dictatorship and constitutional democracy emerged as the world's two major forms of government
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