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Nawab Of Oudh
The Nawab
Nawab
of Awadh
Awadh
or the Nawab
Nawab
of Oudh /ˈaʊd/ was the title of the rulers who governed the state of Awadh
Awadh
(anglicised as Oudh) in north India
India
during the 18th and 19th centuries
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Saadat Ali Khan I
Saadat Ali Khan (b. c. 1680 – d. 19 March 1739) was the Subahdar Nawab
Nawab
of Awadh
Awadh
(Oudh) from 26 January 1722 to 1739,[2] and the son of Muhammad Nasir.[3] At the age of 25 he accompanied his father Muhammad Nasir and joined the final campaign of the Mughal Emperor
Mughal Emperor
Aurangzeb against the Maratha
Maratha
in the Deccan, where the Mughal Emperor
Mughal Emperor
honorably awarded him the title Khan Bahadur for his steadfast services.Contents1 Life 2 Career 3 Issue and succession 4 Timeline 5 Notes 6 References 7 External linksLife[edit] Sa'adat Khan was born Muhammad Amin Musawi, the son of Muhammad Nasir Musawi, a Shia
Shia
Muslim merchant of Khurasan[4] and descendant of Musa al-Kadhim. His grandfather, a wealthy merchant, migrated to India during the reign of the Mughal Emperor
Mughal Emperor
Shah Jahan
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Safavid Dynasty
The Safavid dynasty
Safavid dynasty
(/ˈsɑːfəvɪd/; Persian: دودمان صفوی‎ Dudmān e Safavi[24]) was one of the most significant ruling dynasties of Iran, often considered the beginning of modern Iranian history.[25] The Safavid shahs ruled over one of the Gunpowder Empires.[26] They ruled one of the greatest Iranian empires after the 7th-century Muslim conquest of Iran,[27][28][29][30] and established the Twelver
Twelver
school of Shia Islam
Shia Islam
as the official religion of the empire,[31] marking one of the most important turning points in Muslim history. The Safavid dynasty
Safavid dynasty
had its origin in the Safaviyya
Safaviyya
Sufi order, which was established in the city of Ardabil
Ardabil
in the Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan
region
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Begum Hazrat Mahal
Begum
Begum
Hazrat Mahal ( بیگم حضرت محل )(c. 1820 – 7 April 1879), also called as Begum
Begum
of Awadh[citation needed], (Oudh) was the second wife of Nawab Wajid Ali Shah. After her husband had been exiled to Calcutta, she took charge of the affairs in the state of Awadh
Awadh
and seized control of Lucknow. She also arranged for her son, Prince Birjis Qadr, to become Wali (ruler) of Awadh; However, he was forced to abandon this role after a short reign. She rebelled against the British East India Company
East India Company
during the Indian Rebellion of 1857. She finally found asylum in Nepal
Nepal
where she died in 1879.[1]Contents1 Biography1.1 Indian Rebellion of 1857 1.2 Later life2 Memorials 3 References 4 External linksBiography[edit] Mahal's name was Muhammadi Khanum, and she was born at Faizabad, Awadh, India
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Birjis Qadra
Berjis Qadr (Hindi: बिरजिस क़द्र 20 August 1845 – 14 August 1893) was the son of Wajid Ali Shah, and was last[1][2] Padshah-e Awadh, Shah-e Zaman Qadr and some of his subjects fought the British's military presence in India
India
in the Indian Rebellion of 1857. Timeline[edit] Prince Birjees Qadr sought refuge in Kathmandu, the retributive British Army, which wrested control of Awadh
Awadh
from the king and his mother, Begum Hazrat Mahal. He was migrated during the rule of Jang Bahadur Rana, against precious jewels he managed to retain from extraction by the British. He lived in Kathmandu
Kathmandu
for eighteen years before moving to Kolkata. Quadr was also a shayarwho organized many tarahi mahfil e mushairahin Kathmandu
Kathmandu
which were recorded by his contemporary Khwaja Naeemudddin Badakhshi
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Shatranj Ke Khilari
Shatranj
Shatranj
Ke Khilari (English: The Chess
Chess
Players) is a 1977 Indian film written and directed by Satyajit Ray, based on Munshi Premchand's short story of the same name. Amjad Khan plays the role of Wajid Ali Shah, King of Awadh, and Richard Attenborough
Richard Attenborough
plays the role of General James Outram. The film also features the actors Sanjeev Kumar, Saeed Jaffrey, Shabana Azmi, David Abraham, and Tom Alter, as well as Amitabh Bachchan
Amitabh Bachchan
as the narrator.Contents1 Summary 2 Plot 3 Cast 4 Other credits 5 See also 6 Notes 7 References 8 External linksSummary[edit] The film is set in 1856 on the eve of the Indian rebellion of 1857. The British are about to annex the Indian State of Awadh
Awadh
(also spelt Oudh)
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Ashirbadi Lal Srivastava
Ashirbadi Lal Srivastava, more commonly known as A.L. Srivastava, born September 16, 1899, in Andhana, Uttar Pradesh, died July 12, 1973, im Distrikt Agra, was an Indian historian specialising in medieval, early modern and modern history of India, author of fifteen monographical works, ten of which are research monographs.Contents1 Life and work 2 Partial list of works 3 Books in Hindi 4 References 5 External linksLife and work[edit] Srivastava studied history in Lucknow
Lucknow
where he made his Ph.D.
Ph.D.
(Doctor of philosophy) in 1932, and in Agra
Agra
and Lucknow
Lucknow
where he achieved D. litt. (Doctor of Letters, 1938/1945) with works concerning the three first Nawabs of Oudh
Oudh
(Awadh) in the 18th century (see article Nawabs of Oudh)
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Persia
Iran
Iran
(Persian: ایران‎ Irān [ʔiːˈɾɒːn] ( listen)), also known as Persia[10] (/ˈpɜːrʒə/),[11] officially the Islamic Republic
Islamic Republic
of Iran (Persian: جمهوری اسلامی ایران‎ Jomhuri-ye Eslāmi-ye Irān ( listen)),[12] is a sovereign state in Western Asia.[13][14] With over 81 million inhabitants,[6] Iran
Iran
is the world's 18th-most-populous country.[15] Comprising a land area of 1,648,195 km2 (636,372 sq mi), it is the second-largest country in the Middle East
Middle East
and the 17th-largest in the world
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Khurasan
Khorasan ( Middle Persian
Middle Persian
xwarāsān, Persian: خراسان‎ Ḫurāsān  listen (help·info)), sometimes called Greater Khorasan, is a historical region lying in northeast of Greater Persia, including part of Central Asia
Central Asia
and Afghanistan. The name simply means "East, Orient" (literally "sunrise")[1] and it loosely includes the territory of the Sasanian Empire
Sasanian Empire
east of Persia proper. Early Islamic usage often regarded everywhere east of so-called Jibal
Jibal
or what was subsequently termed 'Iraq Adjami' (Persian Iraq), as being included in a vast and loosely-defined region of Khorasan, which might even extend to the Indus Valley
Indus Valley
and Sindh.[2] During the Islamic period, Khorasan along with Persian Iraq were two important territories
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Nawab
Nawab
Nawab
(Eastern Nagari: নবাব/নওয়াব, Devanagari: नवाब/नबाब, Perso-Arab: نواب) also spelt Nawaab, Navaab, Navab, Nowab< Nabob and Nobab is an honorific title ratified and bestowed by the reigning Mughal emperor
Mughal emperor
to semi-autonomous Muslim
Muslim
rulers of princely states in South Asia. "Nawab" usually refers to males; the female equivalent is "begum" or "nawab begum". The primary duty of a nawab was to uphold the sovereignty of the Mughal emperor
Mughal emperor
along with the administration of a certain province. The title of "nawab" was also awarded as a personal distinction by the paramount power, similar to a British peerage, to persons and families who ruled a princely state, for various services to the Government of British India
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Special
Special
Special
or specials may refer to:Contents1 Music 2 Film and television 3 Other uses 4 See alsoMusic[edit] Special
Special
(album), a 1992
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Iran
Iran
Iran
(Persian: ایران‎ Irān [ʔiːˈɾɒːn] ( listen)), also known as Persia[10] (/ˈpɜːrʒə/),[11] officially the Islamic Republic
Islamic Republic
of Iran (Persian: جمهوری اسلامی ایران‎ Jomhuri-ye Eslāmi-ye Irān ( listen)),[12] is a sovereign state in Western Asia.[13][14] With over 81 million inhabitants,[6] Iran
Iran
is the world's 18th-most-populous country.[15] Comprising a land area of 1,648,195 km2 (636,372 sq mi), it is the second-largest country in the Middle East
Middle East
and the 17th-largest in the world
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Nishapur
Nishapur
Nishapur
or Nishabur ( pronunciation (help·info); Persian: نیشابور‎, also Romanized as Nīshāpūr, Nišâpur, Nişapur, Nīshābūr, Neyshābūr, and Neeshapoor, from Middle Persian: New-Shabuhr, meaning "New City of Shapur", "Fair Shapur",[2] or "Perfect built of Shapur")[3] is a city in Razavi Khorasan
Razavi Khorasan
Province, capital of the Nishapur County
Nishapur County
and former capital of Province Khorasan, in northeastern Iran, situated in a fertile plain at the foot of the Binalud Mountains. It had an estimated population of 239,185 as of 2011 and its county 433,105. Nearby are the turquoise mines that have supplied the world with turquoise for at least two millennia. The city was founded in the 3rd century by Shapur I
Shapur I
as a Sasanian
Sasanian
satrapy capital
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Persian Empire
The Persian Empire
Empire
(Persian: شاهنشاهی ایران‎, translit. Šâhanšâhiye Irân, lit. 'Imperial Iran') is a series of imperial dynasties centered in Persia/ Iran
Iran
since the 6th century BC in the Achaemenid
Achaemenid
era, to the 20th century AD in the Qajar
Qajar
era.Contents1 Achaemenids 2 Parthians and Sasanians 3 Safavids 4 List of the dynasties described as a Persian Empire 5 See also 6 References 7 External linksAchaemenids The first dynasty of the Persian Empire
Empire
was created by Achaemenids, established by Cyrus the Great
Cyrus the Great
in 550 BC with the conquest of Median, Lydian and Babylonian empires.[1] It covered much of the Ancient world and controlled the largest percentage of the earth's population in history when it was conquered by Alexander the Great
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India
India, officially the Republic
Republic
of India
India
(IAST: Bhārat Gaṇarājya),[e] is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country (with over 1.2 billion people), and the most populous democracy in the world. It is bounded by the Indian Ocean
Indian Ocean
on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal
Bay of Bengal
on the southeast. It shares land borders with Pakistan
Pakistan
to the west;[f] China, Nepal, and Bhutan
Bhutan
to the northeast; and Myanmar
Myanmar
and Bangladesh
Bangladesh
to the east. In the Indian Ocean, India
India
is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
and the Maldives
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Awadh
 India    NepalStates Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
and Province No. 5Divisions Lucknow
Lucknow
division, Faizabad
Faizabad
division, Devipatan division, Kanpur
Kanpur
division, Allahabad
Allahabad
division Nepalgunj
Nepalgunj
divisionLanguages Awadhi dialect of Hindustani ( Hindi
Hindi
and Urdu)Elevation 100 m (300 ft)Gate of the Lal-Baugh at Faizabad; by Thomas and William Daniell, 1801* (BL).Awadh(Urdu: اوَدھ ‬‎), ( pronunciation (help·info)), known in British historical texts as Avadh or Oudh, is a region in the modern Indian state of Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
(before independence known as the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh) and a small area of Nepal's Province No. 5
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