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National Emblem Of Indonesia
The NATIONAL EMBLEM OF INDONESIA is called GARUDA PANCASILA. The main part of Indonesian national emblem is the Garuda
Garuda
with a heraldic shield on its chest and a scroll gripped by its legs. The shield's five emblems represent Pancasila , the five principles of Indonesia's national ideology . The Garuda
Garuda
claws gripping a white ribbon scroll inscribed with the national motto Bhinneka Tunggal Ika
Bhinneka Tunggal Ika
written in black text, which can be loosely translated as "Unity in Diversity". Garuda
Garuda
Pancasila was designed by Sultan Hamid II
Sultan Hamid II
from Pontianak , supervised by Sukarno
Sukarno
, and was adopted as the national emblem on 11 February 1950
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Armiger
Heraldry portal * v * t * e In heraldry , an ARMIGER is a person entitled to use a heraldic achievement (e.g., bear arms, an "armour-bearer") either by hereditary right, grant, matriculation, or assumption of arms. Such a person is said to be ARMIGEROUS. CONTENTS * 1 Etymology * 2 Modern period * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 Further reading ETYMOLOGYThe Latin word _armiger_ literally means "arms-bearer". In high and late medieval England, the word referred to an esquire attendant upon a knight , but bearing his own unique armorial device. _Armiger_ was also used as a Latin cognomen , and is now found as a rare surname in English-speaking countries
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Republic Of Indonesia
Coordinates : 5°S 120°E / 5°S 120°E / -5; 120 Republic
Republic
of Indonesia Republik Indonesia
Indonesia
(Indonesian ) Flag National emblem MOTTO:
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Escutcheon (heraldry)
Heraldry portal * v * t * e In heraldry , an ESCUTCHEON (/ɪˈskʌtʃən/ ) is a shield that forms the main or focal element in an achievement of arms . The word is used in two related senses. First, as the shield on which a coat of arms is displayed. Escutcheon shapes are derived from actual shields used by knights in combat, and thus have varied and developed by region and by era. As this shape has been regarded as a war-like device appropriate to men only, British ladies customarily bear their arms upon a lozenge , or diamond-shape, while clergymen and ladies in continental Europe bear theirs on a cartouche , or oval. Other shapes are in use, such as the roundel commonly used for arms granted to Aboriginal Canadians by the Canadian Heraldic Authority . Second, a shield can itself be a charge within a coat of arms
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Pancasila (politics)
PANCASILA (pantʃaˈsila) is the official, foundational philosophical theory of the Indonesian state. Pancasila comprises two Old Javanese words originally derived from Sanskrit
Sanskrit
: "pañca" ("five") and "sīla" ("principles")
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Blazon
Heraldry
Heraldry
portal * v * t * e This article is about heraldry. For the term used in Romantic poetry, see Blason
Blason
. In heraldry and heraldic vexillology , a BLAZON is a formal description of a coat of arms , flag or similar emblem , from which the reader can reconstruct the appropriate image. The verb to blazon means to create such a description. The visual depiction of a coat of arms or flag traditionally has considerable latitude in design, while a blazon specifies the essentially distinctive elements; thus it can be said that a coat of arms or flag is primarily defined not by a picture but rather by the wording of its blazon (though often flags are in modern usage additionally and more precisely defined using geometrical specifications). Blazon
Blazon
also refers to the specialized language in which a blazon is written, and, as a verb, to the act of writing such a description
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National Colours
NATIONAL COLOURS are frequently part of a country’s set of national symbols. Many states and nations have formally adopted a set of colours as their official "national colours" while others have de facto national colours that have become well-known through popular use. National colours often appear on a variety of different media, from the nation’s flag to the colours used in sports. TABLE The inclusion of certain items in this list IS CURRENTLY BEING DISPUTED . Please see the relevant discussion on the article's talk page
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Equator
An EQUATOR is the intersection of the surface of a rotating spheroid (such as a planet ) with the plane perpendicular to the axis of rotation and midway between its poles . On Earth , _the Equator_ is an imaginary line on the surface, equidistant from the North and South Poles , dividing the Earth into Northern and Southern Hemispheres . It is about 40,075 kilometres (24,901 mi) long, of which 78.7% lies across water and 21.3% over land
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Banteng
The BANTENG (/ˈbæntɛŋ/ ) ( Bos
Bos
javanicus), also known as TEMBADAU, is a species of wild cattle found in Southeast Asia
Southeast Asia
. Banteng
Banteng
have been domesticated in several places in Southeast Asia, and there are around 1.5 million domestic banteng, which are called Bali cattle . These animals are used as working animals and for their meat. Banteng
Banteng
have also been introduced to Northern Australia , where they have established stable feral populations
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Banyan
Species
Species
include: * _F. aurea _ * _F. benghalensis _ * _F. citrifolia _ * _F. elastica _ * _F. macrophylla _ * _F. microcarpa _ * _F. pertusa _ * _F. retusa _ * _F. rubiginosa _ * _F. tinctoria _A BANYAN, also spelled "BANIAN", is a fig that begins its life as an epiphyte , i. e. a plant that grows on another plant, when its seed germinates in a crack or crevice of a host tree or human edifice. "Banyan" often specifically denominates _ Ficus benghalensis _ (the "Indian banyan"), which is the national tree of the Republic of India , though the name also has been generalized to denominate all figs that share a common life cycle and used systematically in taxonomy to denominate the subgenus _UROSTIGMA_
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Supporter
_ Heraldry portal * v * t * e Seal of the city of Berlin (1280), showing the Brandenburg coat of arms flanked by two bears Standesscheibe _ of Solothurn , c. 1520, with two lions as supporters Early example of the Royal Arms of England with lion and dragon as supporters, from a painting of Edward VI dated c. 1547 In heraldry , SUPPORTERS, sometimes referred to as _attendants_, are figures or objects usually placed on either side of the shield and depicted holding it up. Early forms of supporters are found in medieval seals. However, unlike the coronet or helmet and crest , supporters were not part of early medieval heraldry
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Garuda
The GARUDA is a large legendary bird , bird-like creature, or humanoid bird that appears in both Hindu and Buddhist mythology . Garuda is the mount (_vahana_) of the Lord Vishnu . Garuda is the Hindu name for the constellation Aquila . The brahminy kite and phoenix are considered to be the contemporary representations of Garuda. Indonesia adopts a more stylistic approach to the Garuda's depiction as its national symbol, where it depicts a Javanese eagle (being much larger than a kite )
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Javan Hawk-eagle
Spizaetus
Spizaetus
bartelsi The JAVAN HAWK-EAGLE ( Nisaetus bartelsi) (earlier placed in Spizaetus ) is a medium-sized, approximately 60 cm long, dark brown raptor in the family Accipitridae . Its head and neck are rufous and it is heavily barred black below. This majestic and intricately patterned eagle has a long, black crest on its head; this crest is held almost vertically and is tipped with white. The crown is black, topping a chestnut head and nape. The back and wings are dark brown, fading to a lighter brown tail which has wide cream stripes. The throat is creamy white with a black stripe, running to the whitish breast and underparts, which are heavily barred with chestnut. Juvenile birds are similar in colour, but have plainer underparts and a duller head. The sexes are similar. An Indonesian endemic , the Javan hawk-eagle
Javan hawk-eagle
occurs in humid tropical forests of Java
Java

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Motto
Heraldry
Heraldry
portal * v * t * e A MOTTO (derived from the Latin
Latin
_muttum_, 'mutter', by way of Italian _motto_, 'word', 'sentence') is a maxim , a phrase meant to formally summarize the general motivation or intention of an individual, family, social group or organization. Mottos are usually not expressed verbally, unlike slogans , but are expressed in writing and usually stem from long traditions of social foundations, or also from significant events, such as a civil war or a revolution. A motto may be in any language, but Latin
Latin
has been widely used, especially in the Western world
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Bhinneka Tunggal Ika
BHINNEKA TUNGGAL IKA is the official national motto of Indonesia
Indonesia
. The phrase is Old Javanese translated as " Unity in Diversity " (Different but One). It is inscribed in the Indonesian national symbol, Garuda Pancasila
Garuda Pancasila
(written on the scroll gripped by the Garuda's claws), and is mentioned specifically in article 36A of the Constitution of Indonesia
Indonesia
. The Garuda
Garuda
is a mythical bird and the mount of Lord Vishnu
Vishnu
. It is a quotation from an Old Javanese poem Kakawin Sutasoma , written by Mpu Tantular during the reign of the Majapahit
Majapahit
empire sometime in the 14th century, under the reign of King Rājasanagara, also known as Hayam Wuruk. Kakawin contains epic poems written in metres
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Old Javanese
OLD JAVANESE is the oldest phase of the Javanese language
Javanese language
that was spoken in areas in what is now the eastern part of Central Java
Central Java
and the whole of East Java . It has strong Sanskrit
Sanskrit
influence. While evidence of writing in Ja