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Naskh (script)
NASKH ( Arabic
Arabic
: نسخ‎‎ nasḫ/nasḵ; also known as NASKHI or by its Turkish name NESIH) is a specific calligraphic style for writing in the Arabic alphabet
Arabic alphabet
, thought to have been invented by the calligrapher Ibn Muqlah Shirazi (Persian : ابن مقلهٔ شیرازی‎‎). The root of this Arabic
Arabic
term nasakh-a (نسخ) means "to copy". It either refers to the fact that it replaced its predecessor, Kufic script, or that this style allows faster copying of texts. With small modifications, it is the style most commonly used for printing Arabic
Arabic
, Persian , Pashto and Sindhi languages. This type of script was derived from Thuluth
Thuluth
by introducing a number of modifications resulting in smaller size and greater delicacy
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Hijab
A HIJAB (/hɪˈdʒɑːb/ , /hɪˈdʒæb/ , /ˈhɪ.dʒæb/ or /hɛˈdʒɑːb/ ; Arabic : حجاب‎‎ ḥijāb, pronounced or ) is a veil traditionally worn by Muslim
Muslim
women in the presence of adult males outside of their immediate family, which usually covers the head and chest. The term can further refer to any head, face, or body covering worn by Muslim
Muslim
women that conforms to a certain standard of modesty . Hijab
Hijab
can also be used to refer to the seclusion of women from men in the public sphere , or it may denote a metaphysical dimension, for example referring to "the veil which separates man or the world from God". Most often, it is worn by Muslim
Muslim
women as a symbol of modesty and privacy
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Jilbāb
The term JILBāB or JILBAAB (Arabic : جلباب‎‎) refers to any long and loose-fit coat or garment worn by some Muslim
Muslim
women. Wearers believe that this definition of jilbab fulfills the Quranic demand for a hijab . Jilbab, jubbah or jilaabah is also known as Chador
Chador
by Persian speakers in Iran
Iran
. The modern jilbāb covers the entire body. Some women will also cover the hands with gloves and the face with a "niqab". In Indonesia
Indonesia
, the word jilbab is used for a headscarf rather than a long baggy overgarment. In recent years, a short visor is often included to protect the face from the tropical sun
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Muslim Holidays
There are two official HOLIDAYS IN ISLAM: Eid Al-Fitr and Eid Al-Adha . Eid Al-Fitr is celebrated at the end of Ramadan (a month of fasting during daylight hours), and Muslims usually give zakat (charity) on the occasion. Eid Al-Adha is celebrated on the tenth day of Dhu al-Hijjah and lasts for three days, during which Muslims usually sacrifice a sheep and distribute its meat in 3 parts: among family, friends, and the poor. Both of the holidays occur on dates in the Arabic (Islamic) calendar , which is lunar, and thus their dates in the Gregorian calendar
Gregorian calendar
, which is solar, change each year
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Day Of Ashura
ASHURA (Arabic : عاشوراء‎‎ ʻĀshūrā’, colloquially : /ʕa(ː)ˈʃuːraʔ/; Urdu : عاشورا‎; Persian : عاشورا‎‎ /ɒːʃuːˈɾɒ/; Azerbaijani : Aşura Günü or English: Day of Remembrance) is the tenth day of Muharram
Muharram
in the Islamic calendar
Islamic calendar
. For Shi\'a Muslims, Ashura marks the climax of the Remembrance of Muharram
Muharram
, and commemorates the death of Husayn ibn Ali
Husayn ibn Ali
, the grandson of Muhammad
Muhammad
at the Battle of Karbala
Battle of Karbala
on 10 Muharram
Muharram
in the year 61 AH ( in AHt : October 10, 680 CE)
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Arba'een
ARBA\'EEN (Arabic : الأربعين‎‎, "forty"), CHEHLOM (Persian : چهلم‎‎, Urdu : چہلم‎, "the fortieth ") or QıRXı, İMAMıN QıRXı (Azerbaijani : امامین قیرخی, "the fortieth of Imam") is a Shia
Shia
Muslim religious observance that occurs forty days after the Day of Ashura
Day of Ashura
. It commemorates the martyrdom of Husayn ibn Ali
Husayn ibn Ali
, the grandson of Muhammad
Muhammad
, who was killed on the 10th day of the month of Muharram
Muharram
. Imam
Imam
Husayn ibn Ali
Husayn ibn Ali
and 72 companions were killed by Yazid I
Yazid I
's army in the Battle of Karbala in 61 AH (680 CE). Writing in forty batches has become a tradition among Islamic scholars
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Thawb
A THAWB or THOBE ( Arabic
Arabic
: ثَوب‎‎ / ALA-LC : thawb),` DISHDASHA (دِشداشَة / dishdāshah), KANDURA (كَندورَة / kandūrah), ' JALABIYYAH (shortened to jubbah) in upper Egypt
Egypt
, Sudan
Sudan
and Libya
Libya
, and in Somalia
Somalia
and Djibouti known as Khamiis, is an ankle-length Arab
Arab
garment , usually with long sleeves, similar to a robe , kaftan or tunic . It is commonly worn in the Arabian Peninsula , Iraq
Iraq
and neighbouring Arab
Arab
countries . A 'sarwal' or pyjama is typically donned underneath. CONTENTS * 1 Background * 2 Prevalence * 3 Name variations * 4 Other occasions * 5 See also * 6 References BACKGROUNDThe word thawb is the standard Arabic
Arabic
word for 'a garment'
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Keffiyeh
The KEFFIYEH or KUFIYA (Arabic : كوفية‎‎ kūfiyyah, meaning "from the city of Kufa
Kufa
" (الكوفة); plural كوفيات kūfiyyāt), also known as a GHUTRAH (غُترَة), SHEMAGH (شماغ šmāġ), ḥAṭṭAH (حَطّة), MASHADAH (مَشَدة), CHAFIYE (Persian : چَفیِه‎‎) or CEMEDANî (Kurdish : جه مه داني‎), is a traditional Middle Eastern headdress fashioned from a square scarf , usually made of cotton . It is typically worn by Arabs , as well as by some Mizrahi Jews
Mizrahi Jews
and Iranic nomads (especially Kurds ). It is commonly found in arid regions as it provides protection from sunburn , dust and sand. Its distinctive standard woven checkered pattern may have originated in an ancient Mesopotamian representation of either fishing nets or ears of grain, but the true origin of the pattern remains unknown
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Niqāb
A NIQAB OR NIQāB (/nɪˈkɑːb/ ; Arabic : نِقاب‎‎ niqāb , "veil" also called a ruband) is a cloth that covers the face as a part of sartorial hijab . It is worn by some Muslim women in public areas and in front of non-mahram men, especially in the Hanbali Muslim faith tradition. The niqab is worn in the Arab countries
Arab countries
of the Arabian Peninsula
Arabian Peninsula
such as Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Oman, and the United Arab Emirates. It is also worn in Somalia, Syria, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Bangladesh as well as some parts of the Palestinian territories
Palestinian territories
, Southern Iran
Southern Iran
and other areas with sizeable Muslim populations. Because of the wide variety of hijab worn in the Muslim world
Muslim world
, it can be difficult to definitively distinguish between one type of veil and another
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Shalwar Kameez
SHALWAR KAMEEZ, also spelled SALWAR KAMEEZ or SHALWAR QAMEEZ, is a traditional outfit originating in the Indian subcontinent
Indian subcontinent
. It is a generic term used to describe different styles of dress. The shalwar kameez can be worn by both men and women, but styles differ by gender. The shalwar (baggy trousers) and the kameez (long shirt) are two garments which are combined to form the shalwar kameez. It is the national dress of Pakistan
Pakistan
, and commonly worn throughout the Indian subcontinent
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Songkok
The SONGKOK or PECI or KOPIAH is a cap widely worn in Indonesia
Indonesia
, Brunei
Brunei
, Malaysia
Malaysia
, Singapore
Singapore
, the southern Philippines
Philippines
and southern Thailand
Thailand
, mostly among Muslim
Muslim
males. It is likely associated with the Malay culture . It has the shape of a truncated cone, usually made of black or embroidered felt , cotton or velvet . It is also worn by males in formal situations such as wedding feasts, funerals or festive occasions such as the Muslim
Muslim
Eid ul-Fitr and Eid al-Adha
Eid al-Adha

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Taqiyah (cap)
The TAQIYAH (also spelled TAGIYA; Arabic
Arabic
: طاقية‎‎ / ALA-LC : ṭāqīyah) is a short, rounded skullcap . They are often worn for religious purposes; for example, Muslims believe that Muhammad
Muhammad
used to keep his head covered, therefore making it mustahabb (i.e., it is commendable to cover the head in order to emulate him). Muslims often wear them during the five daily prayers . When worn by itself, the taqiyah can be any colour. However, particularly in Arab
Arab
countries, when worn under the keffiyeh headscarf, they are kept in a traditional white. Some Muslims wrap a turban around the cap, called an amamah in Arabic
Arabic
, which is often done by Shia and Sufi Muslims. In the United States
United States
and Britain taqiyas are usually referred to as "kufis "
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Eid Al-Ghadeer
THE EVENT OF GHADIR KHUMM (Arabic and Persian : واقعه غدیر خم) took place in February 632. It was where, among other things, the Islamic prophet Muhammad reportedly announced that "to whomsoever I am Mawla , Ali
Ali
is also their Mawla." Shia
Shia
Muslims believe this to be the appointment of Ali
Ali
as Muhammad\'s successor . Most Muslims accept the historicity of the event, but not all believe that this constituted an appointment of Ali
Ali
as the successor to the Prophet, since the word Mawla can have many meanings. The day's anniversary in the Islamic Calendar (18 Dhu al-Hijjah ) is celebrated by Shias as EID AL-GHADEER
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Chaand Raat
CHAAND RAAT (Bengali : চাঁদ রাত, Urdu
Urdu
: چاند رات‎, Hindi
Hindi
: चाँद रात; literally Night
Night
of the moon) is a Bengali , Urdu
Urdu
and Hindi
Hindi
locution used in Bangladesh
Bangladesh
, Pakistan
Pakistan
and India
India
for the eve of the Muslim
Muslim
festival of Eid ul-Fitr
Eid ul-Fitr
; it can also mean a night with a full moon
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Mawlid
MAWLID (Arabic : مَولِد النَّبِي‎‎ mawlidu n-nabiyyi, "Birth of the Prophet", sometimes simply called in colloquial Arabic مولد mawlid, mevlid, mevlit, mulud among other vernacular pronunciations; sometimes ميلاد mīlād) is the observance of the birthday of the Islamic prophet Muhammad
Muhammad
which is celebrated in Rabi\' al-awwal , the third month in the Islamic calendar . 12 Rabi' al-awwal is the accepted date among most of the Sunni scholars, while Shi'a scholars regard 17 Rabi' al-awwal as the accepted date. This seven days period, i.e. 12–17 Rabi' al-awwal, is assigned by Islamic Republic of Iran
Iran
as the unity week. The origin of Mawlid
Mawlid
observance dates back to the period of the early four Rashidun
Rashidun
Caliphs of Islam
Islam

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Ramadan
RAMADAN (/ˌræməˈdɑːn/ ; Arabic
Arabic
: رمضان‎‎ Ramaḍān, IPA: ; also romanized as RAMAZAN, RAMADHAN, or RAMATHAN) is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar
Islamic calendar
, and is observed by Muslims worldwide as a month of fasting ( Sawm
Sawm
) to commemorate the first revelation of the Quran
Quran
to Muhammad according to Islamic belief. This annual observance is regarded as one of the Five Pillars of Islam . The month lasts 29–30 days based on the visual sightings of the crescent moon , according to numerous biographical accounts compiled in the hadiths . The word Ramadan
Ramadan
comes from the Arabic
Arabic
root ramiḍa or ar-ramaḍ, which means scorching heat or dryness
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