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Nanchang Uprising
The Nanchang Uprising (simplified Chinese: 南昌起义; traditional Chinese: 南昌起義; pinyin: Nánchāng qǐyì; 1 August 1927) was the first major Nationalist Party of ChinaCommunist Party of China engagement of the Chinese Civil War, begun by the Chinese Communists to counter the Shanghai massacre of 1927 by the Kuomintang. The Kuomintang (KMT, or Nationalist Party) established a "Revolutionary Committee" at Nanchang to plant the spark that was expected to ignite a widespread peasant uprising
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Autumn Harvest Uprising
The Autumn Harvest Uprising (simplified Chinese: 秋收起义; traditional Chinese: 秋收起義; pinyin: Qīushōu Qǐyì) was an insurrection that took place in Hunan and Jiangxi provinces, China, on September 7, 1927, led by Mao Zedong, who established a short-lived Hunan Soviet. After initial success, the uprising was put down
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Government Of China

The governors of China's provinces and autonomous regions and mayors of its centrally controlled municipalities are appointed by the central government in Beijing after receiving the nominal consent of the National People's Congress (NPC). The Hong Kong and Macau special administrative regions (SARS) have some local autonomy since they have separate governments, legal systems, and basic constitutional laws, but they come under Beijing's control in matters of foreign policy and national security, and their chief executives are handpicked by the central government
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Government Of The Republic Of China
The Government of the Republic of China, also known retroactively as the Government of Nationalist China,[1][note 1] is the unitary government that exercises control over Taiwan and other islands in the free area. The president is the head of state. The government consists of Presidency and five branches (Yuan): the Executive Yuan, Legislative Yuan, Judicial Yuan, Examination Yuan, and Control Yuan. Originally established in 1912 in Nanking, the Government of the Republic of China relocated several times before finally moving to Taipei in the island of Taiwan in 1949 because of its military losses in the Chinese Civil War
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Order Of Battle
In modern use, the order of battle of an armed force participating in a military operation or campaign shows the hierarchical organization, command structure, strength, disposition of personnel, and equipment of units and formations of the armed force. Various abbreviations are in use, including OOB, O/B, or OB, while ORBAT remains the most common in the United Kingdom. An order of battle is distinct from a table of organisation, which is the intended composition of a given unit or formation according to the military doctrine of its armed force. Historically, an order of battle was the order in which troops were positioned relative to the position of the army commander or the chronological order in which ships were deployed in naval situations. As combat operations develop during a campaign, orders of battle may be revised and altered in response to the military needs and challenges
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Cai Tingkai
Cai Tingkai (simplified Chinese: 蔡廷锴; traditional Chinese: 蔡廷鍇; pinyin: Cài Tíngkǎi; Wade–Giles: Ts'ai T'ing-k'ai; 1892–1968) was a Chinese general. Cai was in overall command of the 19th Route Army of the Republic of China's National Revolutionary Army and other Chinese forces responsible for holding off the Imperial Japanese Army during the Shanghai War of 1932 on 28 January 1932. In November 1933 Cai and fellow 19th Route Army officer Li Jishen rebelled against the ruling Kuomintang regime and, with Jiang Guangnai, established the Fujian People's Government on 22 November 1933
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Li Hanhun
Li Hanhun (traditional Chinese: 李漢魂; simplified Chinese: 李汉魂; pinyin: Lǐ Hànhún; 7 October 1895 – 30 June 1987), courtesy name Bohao (伯豪) and assumed name Nanhua (南華) was a Chinese (Kuomintang) general from Wuchuan, Guangdong. He participated in the Northern Expedition and Second Sino-Japanese War, in which he served with distinction.[1] A portrayal of his conduct as a frontline commander in 1938 can be found in chapter 3 of Freda Utley’s China at War.[2] For the later War years 1939-1945, he served as Chair (governor) of the Guangdong provincial government
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Zhang Guotao

Born in Pingxiang County, Jiangxi, Zhang was involved in revolutionary activities during his youth. Zhang studied Marxist thought under Li Dazhao while attending Peking University in 1916. After his active role in the May Fourth Movement in 1919, Zhang became one of the most prominent student leaders and later joined the early organization of the CPC in October 1920. At the same time, Mao Zedong was a librarian working at Peking University, whom were acquainted with each other.[2][3] Zhang acted as the CPC's top party official at the first National Congress of the Communist Party of China in 1921[2] and was elected a member of the Central Bureau of the CPC in charge of organizing the work of Professional revolutionaries. After the congress, Zhang held the position of Director of Secretariat of the China Labor Union and Chief Editor of Labor Weekly, from which he became an expert in labor unions and mobilization
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Revolutionary Committee Of The Kuomintang
The Revolutionary Committee of the Chinese Kuomintang (abbreviated RCCK) is one of the eight legally recognised minor political parties in the People's Republic of China that follow the direction of the Communist Party of China. It was founded in January 1948, during the height of the Chinese Civil War, by members of the left wing of the Kuomintang (KMT), especially those who were against Chiang Kai-shek's policies. The first Chairman of the party was General Li Jishen, a senior Nationalist military commander who had many disputes with Chiang over the years, while Song Qingling (the widow of Sun Yat-sen) was named Honorary Chairwoman. Other early leading members were Wang Kunlun, Cheng Qian, He Xiangning and Tao Zhiyue. The party claims to be the true heir of Sun Yat-sen's legacy
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Traditional Chinese Characters

Traditional Chinese characters (traditional Chinese: /; simplified Chinese: /, Pinyin: Zhèngtǐzì/Fántǐzì)[1] are Chinese characters in any character set which does not contain newly created characters or character substitutions performed after 1946.[dubious ] Traditional Chinese characters are used in Taiwan, Hong Kong and Macau, as well as in most overseas Chinese communities outside Southeast Asia
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Guangdong

Guangdong (alternately romanized as Canton Province or Kwangtung) is a coastal province in South China on the north shore of South China Sea. The capital of the province is Guangzhou. With a population of 113.46 million (as of 2018[6]) across a total area of about 179,800 km2 (69,400 sq mi),[2] Guangdong is the most populous province of China and the 15th-largest by area. Its economy is larger than that of any other province in the nation and the 4th largest sub-national economy in the world with a GDP size of 1.47 trillion US dollars (9.73 trillion Chinese yuan) in 2018.[6] The Pearl River Delta Economic Zone, a Chinese megalopolis, is a core for high technology, manufacturing and foreign trade
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Comintern
The Communist International (Comintern), known also as the Third International (1919–1943), was an international organization that advocated world communism. The Comintern resolved at its Second Congress to "struggle by all available means, including armed force, for the overthrow of the international bourgeoisie and the creation of an international Soviet republic as a transition stage to the complete abolition of the state".[1] The Comintern was preceded by the 1916 dissolution of the Second International. The Comintern held seven World Congresses in Moscow between 1919 and 1935. During that period, it also conducted thirteen Enlarged Plenums of its governing Executive Committee, which had much the same function as the somewhat larger and more grandiose Congresses
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