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Name Of Toronto
The NAME OF TORONTO has a history distinct from that of the city itself . Originally, the term "Taronto" referred to a channel of water between Lake Simcoe
Lake Simcoe
and Lake Couchiching , but in time the name passed southward, and was eventually applied to a new fort at the mouth of the Humber River. Fort Toronto
Toronto
was the first settlement in the area, and lent its name to what became the city of Toronto. John Graves Simcoe identified the area as a strategic location to base a new capital for Upper Canada
Upper Canada
, believing Newark to be susceptible to American invasion. A garrison was established at Garrison Creek , on the western entrance to the docks of Toronto Harbour , in 1793; this later became Fort York
Fort York

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History Of Toronto
The HISTORY OF TORONTO, ONTARIO , CANADA begins several millennia ago. Archaeological finds in the area have found artifacts of First Nations dating back several thousand years. Prior to 1000 AD, the Wyandot people were likely the first group to live in the area, followed by the Iroquois . When Europeans first came to Toronto, they found a small village known as Teiaiagon on the banks of the Humber River. Between visits by European explorers, the village was abandoned by the Iroquois, who moved south of Lake Ontario
Lake Ontario
and the Mississaugas , a branch of the Ojibwa settled along the north shore of the lake. The French first set up trading posts in the area, including Fort Rouillé in 1750, which they abandoned as the British conquered French North America. In 1786, Lord Dorchester arrived in Quebec City as Governor-in-Chief of British North America
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York, Upper Canada
The TOWN OF YORK was the second capital of the district of Upper Canada and the predecessor to Toronto
Toronto
(1834) . It was established in 1793 by Lieutenant-Governor John Graves Simcoe
John Graves Simcoe
as a "temporary" location for the capital of Upper Canada, while he made plans to build a capital near today's London, Ontario
London, Ontario
. Simcoe renamed the location York after Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany
Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany
, George III 's second son. Simcoe gave up his plan to build a capital at London, and York became the permanent capital of Upper Canada
Upper Canada
on February 1, 1796. That year Simcoe returned to Britain and was temporarily replaced by Peter Russell
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Old Toronto
OLD TORONTO is the retronym of the original city of Toronto
Toronto
, Ontario , Canada
Canada
, from 1834 to 1998. It was first incorporated as a city in 1834, after being known as the Town of York , and became part of York County . In 1954, it became the administrative headquarters for Metropolitan Toronto
Toronto
. It expanded in size by annexation of surrounding municipalities, reaching its final boundaries in 1967. Finally, in 1998, it was amalgamated with the other "Metro" cities (York , North York
North York
, Etobicoke
Etobicoke
, Scarborough ); and the Borough
Borough
of East York , into the present-day "megacity" of Toronto. This was not a traditional annexation of the surrounding municipalities (where a city absorbs the said municipalities but officially remains the same city), but rather a new municipal entity
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Metropolitan Toronto
The MUNICIPALITY OF METROPOLITAN TORONTO was a upper tier level of municipal government in the Toronto
Toronto
, Ontario
Ontario
, Canada
Canada
area from 1954 to 1998. It was made up of the old city of Toronto, and numerous Townships, towns and villages that surrounded Toronto
Toronto
that were starting to rapidly urbanise after World War II. It was commonly referred to as "METRO TORONTO" or "METRO". Passage of the 1997 City of Toronto
Toronto
Act caused the 1998 amalgamation of Metro Toronto
Toronto
and its constituents into the present day City of Toronto
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Toronto
TORONTO (/təˈrɒntoʊ/ ( listen ), locally /təˈrɒnoʊ/ ( listen )) is a Canadian city and the provincial capital of Ontario
Ontario
. With a city population of 2,731,571 and a metropolitan population of 5,928,040, it is the most populous city and metropolitan area in Canada. A global city , Toronto is a centre of business, finance, arts, and culture, and is recognized as one of the most multicultural cities in the world. Indigenous peoples have inhabited the area now known as Toronto for thousands of years, with the city itself sitting at the southern terminus of the ancient Toronto Carrying-Place Trail . Permanent European settlement began in the 1790s, after the broadly disputed Toronto Purchase of 1787, when the Mississaugas
Mississaugas
surrendered the area to the British Crown
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Toronto Purchase
The TORONTO PURCHASE was the surrender of lands in the Toronto
Toronto
area from the Mississaugas of New Credit to the British crown
British crown
. An initial, disputed, agreement was made in 1787, in exchange for various items. The agreement was revisited in 1805, intended to clarify the area purchased. The agreement remained in dispute for over 200 years until 2010, when a settlement for the land was made between the Government of Canada and the Mississaugas for the land and other lands in the area. CONTENTS * 1 1787 purchase * 2 1805 indenture * 3 2010 settlement * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links 1787 PURCHASEUnder the Treaty of Paris which ended the conflict between Great Britain and its former colonies, the boundary of British North America was set in the middle of the Great Lakes. This made the land north of the border more important, strategically and as the place for Loyalists to settle after the war
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Battle Of York
United States
United States
victory * Parliament of Upper Canada evacuated * Burning of the legislative buildings * Dismissal of Roger Hale Sheaffe BELLIGERENTS United Kingdom Upper Canada Ojibway United States
United States
COMMANDERS AND LEADERS Roger Hale Sheaffe James Givins John Robinson Zebulon Pike Isaac Chauncey Henry Dearborn STRENGTH 300 regulars 300 militia 100 Natives 1,700 regulars 14 armed vessels CASUALTIES AND LOSSES 82 killed 43 wounded 69 wounded prisoners 274 captured 7 missing 55 killed 265 wounded * v * t * e St
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Battle Of Montgomery's Tavern
1 dead 5 wounded NATIONAL HISTORIC SITE OF CANADA OFFICIAL NAME Montgomery's Tavern
Montgomery's Tavern
National Historic Site of Canada DESIGNATED 1925 * v * t * e Upper Canada Rebellion and Patriot War
Patriot War
* UPPER CANADA REBELLION * Reform movement * Montgomery's Tavern * William Lyon Mackenzie * Charles Duncombe * Samuel Lount * Jesse Lloyd * Peter Matthews * Anthony Van Egmond * PATRIOT WAR * Caroline affair * Battle of Windsor
Battle of Windsor
* Battle of Pelee Island * Short Hills Raid * Battle of the Windmill * Hunters\' Lodges * Abram D. Smith * Bill Johnston * Nils von Schoultz The BATTLE OF MONTGOMERY\'S TAVERN was an incident in the Upper Canada Rebellion
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Great Fire Of Toronto (1849)
The GREAT FIRE OF TORONTO OF 1849, April 7, 1849, also known as the CATHEDRAL FIRE, was the first major fire in the history of Toronto
Toronto
, Ontario
Ontario
, Canada
Canada
. Much of the Market Block, the business core of the city, was wiped out, including the predecessor of the current St. James Cathedral . The 1831 building of the Toronto
Toronto
City Hall and St. Lawrence Market south of King was damaged and was torn down. CONTENTS * 1 Fire * 2 Fire fighting in the 1840s * 3 Aftermath * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links FIRE View of King St looking west from Jarvis prior to 1849. All buildings right of the tree (the "Market Block" and St. James church) were destroyed. The first building on the left is the former Toronto City Hall. It was damaged as were some of the buildings on the west. City Hall was replaced by St
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Great Fire Of Toronto (1904)
The GREAT FIRE OF TORONTO OF 1904 was a great fire that destroyed a large section of Downtown Toronto
Toronto
, Ontario
Ontario
, Canada on April 19, 1904. It was the second such fire for the city in its history. CONTENTS * 1 Incident * 2 Legacy * 3 Gallery * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 Bibliography * 7 External links INCIDENT This view shows damage on the north side of Front Street West. Front Street after the Toronto
Toronto
Fire of 1904 The fire was first spotted at 8:04 p.m., on April 19, 1904, by a Toronto
Toronto
Police constable on his regular street patrol. The flames were rising from the elevator shaft of the E "> This fire insurance map shows the area damaged by the fire. The fire destroyed more than 100 buildings
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Hurricane Hazel
HURRICANE HAZEL was the deadliest and costliest hurricane of the 1954 Atlantic hurricane season . The storm killed at least 400 people in Haiti
Haiti
before striking the United States near the border between North and South Carolina , as a Category
Category
4 hurricane . After causing 95 fatalities in the US, Hazel struck Canada as an extratropical storm, raising the death toll by 81 people, mostly in Toronto
Toronto
. As a result of the high death toll and the damage caused by Hazel, its name was retired from use for North Atlantic hurricanes . In Haiti, Hazel destroyed 40% of the coffee trees and 50% of the cacao crop, affecting the economy for several years to come. The hurricane made landfall near Calabash, North Carolina, and destroyed most waterfront dwellings near its point of impact. From North Carolina, it traveled north along the Atlantic coast
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Effects Of Hurricane Hazel In Canada
The EFFECTS OF HURRICANE HAZEL IN CANADA included 81 deaths and C$ 137,552,400 ($1,281,202,354 in 2017) in damages. Hazel , the deadliest and costliest storm of the 1954 Atlantic hurricane season , reached Toronto
Toronto
, Ontario
Ontario
by the evening of October 15, 1954. It peaked as a category 4 storm, but by the time it reached Canada, it was an extratropical category 1 storm after merging with an existing cold front south of Ontario. Due to an area of high pressure to the north-east, Hazel stalled over Toronto
Toronto
and lost most of its moisture. The worst-affected areas were communities near the Humber River , Holland Marsh , and Etobicoke Creek
Etobicoke Creek
. Prone to flooding, the Humber River raced downstream from Woodbridge when an earthen dam failed
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Amalgamation Of Toronto
The AMALGAMATION OF TORONTO was the creation of the current political borders of Toronto
Toronto
, Ontario
Ontario
, Canada after amalgamating , annexing , and merging with surrounding municipalities since the 18th century. The most recent occurrence of amalgamation was in 1998, which resulted in Toronto's current boundaries
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History Of Neighbourhoods In Toronto
Throughout its history, TORONTO HAS BEEN A CITY DIVIDED INTO MANY COMMUNITIES AND NEIGHBOURHOODS . As the city has grown, new neighbourhoods have been created out of primarily agricultural land. Over time, the neighbourhoods within existing areas have also been altered and rearranged. The variety and breadth of neighbourhoods within the city has led to the moniker "the city of neighbourhoods". An 1837 planned extension of the NEW TOWN, showing the area west of Peter Street to Garrison Creek at Niagara Road
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List Of Historic Places In Toronto
This article is a LIST OF HISTORIC PLACES IN THE CITY OF TORONTO , ONTARIO entered on the Canadian Register of Historic Places , whether they are federal, provincial, or municipal. See also List of historic places in Ontario
Ontario

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