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Murud-Janjira
Murud-Janjira
Murud-Janjira
( pron. (help·info)) is the local name for a fort situated on an island just off the coastal village of Murud, in the Raigad district
Raigad district
of Maharashtra, India.[1]Contents1 Origins of the name 2 Major features 3 History 4 See also 5 Sources 6 ReferencesOrigins of the name[edit]Janjira from outsideThe word Janjira is not native to India, and may have originated after the Arabic word Jazeera, which means an island. Murud was once known in Marathi as Habsan ("of Habshi" or Abyssinian). The name of the fort is a concatenation of the Konkani and Arabic words for Island, "morod" and "jazeera"
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Portugal
Portugal
Portugal
(Portuguese pronunciation: [puɾtuˈɣaɫ]), officially the Portuguese Republic
Republic
(Portuguese: República Portuguesa [ʁɛˈpuβlikɐ puɾtuˈɣezɐ]),[note 1] is a sovereign state located mostly on the Iberian Peninsula
Iberian Peninsula
in southwestern Europe. It is the westernmost country of mainland Europe, bordered to the west and south by the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
and to the north and east by Spain
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Shivaji
Shivaji
Shivaji
Bhonsle
Bhonsle
(Marathi [ʃiʋaˑɟiˑ bʱoˑs(ə)leˑ]; c. 1627/1630 – 3 April 1680) was an Indian warrior king and a member of the Bhonsle
Bhonsle
Maratha
Maratha
clan. Shivaji
Shivaji
carved out an enclave from the declining Adilshahi sultanate
Adilshahi sultanate
of Bijapur
Bijapur
that formed the genesis of the Maratha
Maratha
Empire. In 1674, he was formally crowned as the chhatrapati (monarch) of his realm at Raigad. Over the course of his life, Shivaji
Shivaji
engaged in both alliances and hostilities with the Mughal Empire, Sultanate of Golkonda, and Sultanate of Bijapur, as well as the English, Portuguese, and French colonial powers
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Sidi Yaqub
Siddi Yaqut Khan,[1] was a Mughal Admiral
Admiral
and coastal chieftain from Murud Janjira, he fought the British East India Company
British East India Company
during the Child's War. and later when the Ganj-i-Sawai
Ganj-i-Sawai
and other Mughal vessels, were captured by the pirates: Henry Every
Henry Every
and the fallen Thomas Tew.[2] In 1689 the strong Mughal fleet from Janjira commanded by the Sidi Yaqub and manned by Mappila
Mappila
and Abyssinians firmly blockaded Bombay.[3] After a year of resistance, the English surrendered, and in 1690 the company sent envoys to Aurangzeb's camp to plead for a pardon. See also[edit]Mughal Empire Child's War AurangzebReferences[edit]^ Richards, J.F. (1995). The Mughal Empire. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521566032. Retrieved 2015-04-10.  ^ Europe, 1450 to 1789: Encyclopedia of the Early Modern World ^ Faruki, Z
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Aurangzeb
Muhi-ud-Din Muhammad[3] (Persian: محي الدين محمد‎) (3 November 1618 – 3 March 1707),[1] commonly known by the sobriquet Aurangzeb
Aurangzeb
(Persian: اورنگ‌زیب‎ "Ornament of the Throne")[3] or by his regnal title Alamgir (Persian: عالمگير‎ "Conqueror of the World"),[4] was the sixth, and widely considered the last effective Mughal emperor
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Maharashtra
Maharashtra
Maharashtra
(/mɑːhəˈrɑːʃtrə/; Marathi: [məharaːʂʈrə] ( listen), abbr. MH) is a state in the western region of India
India
and is India's second-most populous state and third-largest state by area. Spread over 307,713 km2 (118,809 sq mi), it is bordered by the Arabian Sea
Arabian Sea
to the west and the Indian states of Karnataka, Telangana, Goa, Gujarat, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh
Madhya Pradesh
and the Union territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli. It is also the world's second-most populous subnational entity
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United Kingdom
The United Kingdom
United Kingdom
of Great Britain
Great Britain
and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
(UK)[15] or Britain,[note 11] is a sovereign country located off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom
United Kingdom
includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, and many smaller islands.[16] Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
is the only part of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
that shares a land border with another sovereign state, the Republic of Ireland
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Marathas
The Maratha
Maratha
(IPA: [ˈˈməraʈʰa"]; IAST:Marāṭhā; archaically transliterated as Marhatta or Mahratta) is a group of castes in India found predominantly in the state of Maharashtra. According to the Encyclopædia Britannica, "Marathas are people of India, famed in history as yeoman warriors and champions of Hinduism"[1][note 1]. The Maratha
Maratha
group of castes is a largely rural class of peasant cultivators, landowners, and soldiers
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Mughal Empire
The Mughal Empire
Empire
(Urdu: مغلیہ سلطنت‬‎, translit. Mughliyah Saltanat)[8][2] or Mogul Empire[9] was an empire in the Indian subcontinent, founded in 1526
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Maratha
The Maratha
Maratha
(IPA: [ˈˈməraʈʰa"]; IAST:Marāṭhā; archaically transliterated as Marhatta or Mahratta) is a group of castes in India found predominantly in the state of Maharashtra. According to the Encyclopædia Britannica, "Marathas are people of India, famed in history as yeoman warriors and champions of Hinduism"[1][note 1]. The Maratha
Maratha
group of castes is a largely rural class of peasant cultivators, landowners, and soldiers
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Granite
Granite
Granite
( /ˈɡrænɪt/) is a common type of felsic intrusive igneous rock that is granular and phaneritic in texture. Granites can be predominantly white, pink, or gray in color, depending on their mineralogy. The word "granite" comes from the Latin
Latin
granum, a grain, in reference to the coarse-grained structure of such a holocrystalline rock. Strictly speaking, granite is an igneous rock with between 20% and 60% quartz by volume, and at least 35% of the total feldspar consisting of alkali feldspar, although commonly the term "granite" is used to refer to a wider range of coarse grained igneous rocks containing quartz and feldspar. The term "granitic" means granite-like and is applied to granite and a group of intrusive igneous rocks with similar textures and slight variations in composition and origin
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Maritime Southeast Asia
Maritime Southeast Asia
Southeast Asia
is the maritime region of Southeast Asia
Southeast Asia
(as opposed to mainland Southeast Asia), and comprises the countries of Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, and East Timor.[1] Maritime Southeast Asia
Southeast Asia
is sometimes also referred to as Island Southeast Asia, Insular Southeast Asia
Southeast Asia
or Oceanic Southeast Asia. The 16th-century term "East Indies", and the later 19th-century term "Malay Archipelago" are also used to refer to maritime Southeast Asia. In Indonesia
Indonesia
and Malaysia, the Old Javanese term "Nusantara" is also sometimes used as a synonym for Maritime Southeast Asia. The term, however, is nationalistic and has shifting boundaries
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Sambhaji
Sambhaji
Sambhaji
(May 14, 1657 – March 11, 1689) was the second ruler of the Maratha kingdom. He was the eldest son of Shivaji, the founder of the Maratha Empire
Maratha Empire
and his first wife Saibai. He was successor of the realm after his father's death, and ruled it for nine years. Sambhaji's rule was largely shaped by the ongoing wars between the Maratha kingdom and Mughal Empire
Mughal Empire
as well as other neighbouring powers such as the Siddis, Mysore
Mysore
and the Portuguese in Goa
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Chimaji Appa
Shreemant Chimaji Ballal Peshwa
Peshwa
(aka Chimaji Appa)(1707–1740) was the son of Balaji Vishwanath
Balaji Vishwanath
Bhat and the younger brother of Bajirao Peshwa
Peshwa
of Maratha
Maratha
Empire. He was an able military commander who liberated the western coast of India
India
from Portuguese rule
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Anjanvel
Anjanwel is a small coastal town in Guhagar
Guhagar
taluka, Ratnagiri district, in the Konkan
Konkan
region and administrative division of the Indian state of Maharashtra. It is located around 80 kilometres (50 mi) north of the district headquarters of Ratnagiri, 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) north of its taluka, and 200 kilometres (120 mi) south of Mumbai, the state capital. Marathi is the official language, but Daldi, a dialect of Konkani language, is also spoken by large numbers of inhabitants. The nearest villages are Veldur, which is home of an Enron
Enron
plant, Dhopawe, Vanoshi T. Panchanadi, Navse, and Sakhari Trishul. The Gopalgad Fort, also known as Anjanvel Fort
Anjanvel Fort
(17°34′00″N 73°09′26″E / 17.566739°N 73.157358°E / 17.566739; 73.157358) is a coastal fort, half of the fort is on a hill and the other half is directly adjacent to the Arabian Sea
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Ahmednagar District
NH-50, NH-222 SH-10Average annual precipitation 501 mmWebsite Official website Ahmednagar
Ahmednagar
district is the largest district of Maharashtra
Maharashtra
state in western India. The historical Ahmednagar
Ahmednagar
city is the headquarters of the district. Ahmednagar
Ahmednagar
was the seat of the Ahmednagar
Ahmednagar
Sultanate of late medieval period (1496–1636 CE)
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