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Multinational Corporation
A multinational corporation (MNC) or worldwide enterprise[5] is a corporate organization that owns or controls production of goods or services in at least one country other than its home country.[6] A multinational corporation can also be referred to as a multinational enterprise (MNE), a transnational enterprise (TNE), a transnational corporation (TNC), an international corporation, or a stateless corporation.[7] There are subtle but real differences between these three labels, as well as multinational corporation and worldwide enterprise. Multinational corporations are subject to criticisms for lacking ethical standards, and that this shows up in how they evade ethical laws and leverage their own business agenda with capital, and even the military backing of their own wealthy host nation-states.Contents1 Overview 2 Theoretical background 3 Transnational corporations 4 Multinational enterprise 5
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Swedish Africa Company
The Swedish Africa Company
Swedish Africa Company
(Swedish: Svenska Afrikanska Kompaniet) was a Swedish trading company, founded in 1649 on the initiative of the Walloon-Dutch merchant Louis De Geer and his son Laurens, for whom Sweden
Sweden
had become a second home. The primary interest of the company was the trade on the Swedish Gold
Gold
Coast. The establishment of the pseudo Swedish Africa Company
Swedish Africa Company
caused much astonishment in the Amsterdam city council. History[edit] In 1648 De Geer's charter on exporting Swedish copper ended. Along with his son Laurens, and with a royal charter of Christina I of Sweden
Sweden
he founded the Swedish Africa Company, but moved its base from Gothenburg
Gothenburg
to Stade
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List Of Dutch East India Company Trading Posts And Settlements
The following were trading posts owned by the Dutch East India
India
Company and the Dutch West India
India
Company, presented in geographical sequence from west to east:Contents1 Africa1.1 Saint Helena 1.2 South Africa 1.3 Mozambique 1.4 Madagascar 1.5 Mauritius2 Middle East2.1 Yemen 2.2 Persia
Persia
(Iran)3 South Asia3.1 Bangladesh 3.2 India3.2.1 Malabar (Southern part of Westcoast India) 3.2.2 Coromandel (East coast of India)3.3 Sri Lanka4 Far East4.1 Burma 4.2 Arakan 4.3 Martaban 4.4 Thailand
Thailand
(Siam) 4.5 Malaysia 4.6 Dutch East Indies
Dutch East Indies
(Indonesia) 4.7 Vietnam
Vietnam
(Tonkin) 4.8 Taiwan 4.9 Japan5 See alsoAfrica[edit] Saint Helena[edit]Saint HelenaSouth Africa[edit] Cape of Good Hope
Cape of Good Hope
(Cape Colony): 1652-1806Mozambique[edit] Jan
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Corporate Headquarters
Corporate headquarters
Corporate headquarters
is a building or group of buildings that serve as the main base of operations and serve as the corporation's main offices for administrative and managerial staff, including strategic planners, corporate communications, accountants, lawyers, marketing staff, financial service staff, the Human Resources Department, and information technology (research) division.[6][7] Corporate headquarters takes responsibility for the overall success of the corporation and ensures corporate governance.[8] It is sometimes referred to as the head office, which is the location where the executives of a business work and where many of the key business decisions are made. Generally, corporate headquarters acts as a core when the business is operating
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New Imperialism
In historical contexts, New Imperialism
Imperialism
characterizes a period of colonial expansion by European powers, the United States, and Japan during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.[1] The period featured an unprecedented pursuit of overseas territorial acquisitions. At the time, states focused on building their empires with new technological advances and developments, making their territory bigger through conquest, and exploiting their resources. During the era of New Imperialism, the Western powers (and Japan) individually conquered almost all of Africa
Africa
and parts of Asia. The new wave of imperialism reflected ongoing rivalries among the great powers, the economic desire for new resources and markets, and a "civilizing mission" ethos
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Batavia Castle
Batavia may refer to:Contents1 Historical places 2 Modern places2.1 United States 2.2 Elsewhere3 Transportation 4 Other uses 5 See alsoHistorical places[edit] Batavia (region), a land inhabited by the Batavian people during the Roman Empire, today part of the Netherlands Batavia, Dutch East Indies, present-day Jakarta, the former capital of the Dutch East Indies (1619–1949)Old Batavia, the original downtown area of Jakarta Jakarta, the modern-day city, capital of IndonesiaBatavian Republic, the Netherlands from 1795 to 1806 as a French vassal state,
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Andries Beeckman
Andries Beeckman
Andries Beeckman
(baptized 31 August 1628, Hasselt
Hasselt
- buried 9 August 1664, Amsterdam)[1] was a Dutch painter of the 17th century. He is especially famous for his paintings of Southeast Asia
Southeast Asia
and Batavia c. 1660.[2] In 1657 he was known as Andries Beeckman
Andries Beeckman
from Zutphen and is last mentioned as finishing two paintings in Amsterdam
Amsterdam
in 1663.[3] An Andries Beeckman
Andries Beeckman
was buried on August 9, 1664 in the Nieuwe Kerk (Amsterdam)[1]Contents1 See also 2 Publication 3 Notes 4 External linksSee also[edit]History of JakartaPublication[edit]Menno Jonker, Erlend de Groot en Caroline de Hart, Van velerlei pluimage. Zeventiende-eeuwse waterverftekeningen van Andries Beeckman. Nijmegen, Uitgeverij Van Tilt, 2014
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Dutch East India Company In Indonesia
The Dutch East India Company
Dutch East India Company
(Dutch: Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie, "United East India Company"; VOC) had a presence in the Malay archipelago from 1603, when the first trading post was established, to 1800, when the bankrupt company was dissolved, and its possessions nationalised as the Dutch East Indies.Contents1 Background 2 Early settlements 3 Expansion 4 Impacts 5 Notes 6 ReferencesBackground[edit] A 1596 Dutch expedition lost half its crew, killed a Javanese prince and lost a ship but returned to the Dutch Republic with a load of spices, the profit from which encouraged other expeditions. Recognising the potential of the East Indies spice trade, and to prevent competition eating into Dutch profits, the Dutch Government amalgamated the competing merchant companies into the United East India Company (VOC). In 1602, the States General of the Netherlands granted it a 21-year monopoly in the spice trade in Asia
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Headquarters
Headquarters
Headquarters
(commonly referred to as HQ or HD) is/are the locations where most, if not all, of the important functions of an organization are coordinated. In the United States, the corporate headquarters represents the entity at the center or the top of a corporation taking full responsibility for managing all business activities.[1] In the UK, the term head office is most commonly used for the HQs of large corporations
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Batavia, Dutch East Indies
Batavia, also called Batauia[1] in the city's Malay vernacular, was the capital of the Dutch East Indies. The area corresponds to present-day Jakarta, Indonesia. Batavia can refer to the city proper or its suburbs and hinterland, the Ommelanden, which included the much-larger area of the Residency of Batavia in the present-day Indonesian provinces of Jakarta, Banten
Banten
and West Java. The founding of Batavia by the Dutch in 1619, on the site of the ruins of Jayakarta, led to the establishment of a Dutch colony; Batavia became the center of the Dutch East India
India
Company's trading network in Asia. Monopolies on local produce were augmented by non-indigenous cash crops. To safeguard their commercial interests, the company and the colonial administration absorbed surrounding territory. Batavia is on the north coast of Java, in a sheltered bay, on a land of marshland and hills crisscrossed with canals
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Nestlé
Nestlé
Nestlé
S.A. is a Swiss transnational food and drink company headquartered in Vevey, Vaud, Switzerland. It is the largest food company in the world, measured by revenues and other metrics, since 2014.[3][4][5][6][7] It ranked No. 64 on the Fortune Global 500 in 2017[8] and No. 33 on the 2016 edition of the Forbes Global 2000 list of largest public companies.[9] Nestlé's products include baby food, medical food, bottled water, breakfast cereals, coffee and tea, confectionery, dairy products, ice cream, frozen food, pet foods, and snacks. Twenty-nine of Nestlé's brands have annual sales of over CHF1 billion (about US$1.1 billion),[10] including Nespresso, Nescafé, Kit Kat, Smarties, Nesquik, Stouffer's, Vittel, and Maggi
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Etching
Etching
Etching
is traditionally the process of using strong acid or mordant to cut into the unprotected parts of a metal surface to create a design in intaglio (incised) in the metal.[1] In modern manufacturing, other chemicals may be used on other types of material. As a method of printmaking, it is, along with engraving, the most important technique for old master prints, and remains in wide use today. In a number of modern variants such as microfabrication etching and photochemical milling it is a crucial technique in much modern technology, including circuit boards. In traditional pure etching, a metal (usually copper, zinc or steel) plate is covered with a waxy ground which is resistant to acid.[2] The artist then scratches off the ground with a pointed etching needle[3] where he or she wants a line to appear in the finished piece, so exposing the bare metal
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The Hague
The Hague
The Hague
(/ðə ˈheɪɡ/; Dutch: Den Haag, pronounced [dɛn ˈɦaːx] ( listen), short for 's-Gravenhage; [ˈsxraːvə(n)ˌɦaːɣə] ( listen)) is a city on the western coast of the Netherlands
Netherlands
and the capital of the province of South Holland. With a metropolitan population of more than 1 million, it is the third-largest city in the Netherlands, after Amsterdam
Amsterdam
and Rotterdam. The Rotterdam– The Hague
The Hague
metropolitan area, with a population of approximately 2.7 million, is the 12th-largest in the European Union and the most populous in the country
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Netherlands
The Netherlands
Netherlands
(Dutch: Nederland, [ˈneːdərlɑnt] (listen)) is a country located in Northwestern Europe
Northwestern Europe
with some overseas territories. In Europe, it consists of twelve provinces that border Germany
Germany
to the east, Belgium
Belgium
to the south, and the North Sea
North Sea
to the northwest, with maritime borders in the North Sea
North Sea
with Belgium, Germany
Germany
and the United Kingdom.[11] Together with three island territories in the Caribbean Sea—Bonaire, Sint Eustatius
Sint Eustatius
and Saba—it forms a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
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London
London
London
(/ˈlʌndən/ ( listen)) is the capital and most populous city of England
England
and the United Kingdom.[7][8] Standing on the River Thames
River Thames
in the south east of the island of Great Britain, London has been a major settlement for two millennia. It was founded by the Romans, who named it Londinium.[9] London's ancient core, the City of London, largely retains its 1.12-square-mile (2.9 km2) medieval boundaries
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United Kingdom
The United Kingdom
United Kingdom
of Great Britain
Great Britain
and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
(UK)[15] or Britain,[note 11] is a sovereign country located off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom
United Kingdom
includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, and many smaller islands.[16] Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
is the only part of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
that shares a land border with another sovereign state, the Republic of Ireland
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