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Mughals
The Mughal Empire
Empire
(Urdu: مغلیہ سلطنت‬‎, translit. Mughliyah Saltanat)[8][2] or Mogul Empire[9] was an empire in the Indian subcontinent, founded in 1526
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Moghul, Iran
Moghul (Persian: مغول‎, also Romanized as Moghūl)[1] is a village in Kenarporuzh Rural District, in the Central District of Salmas
Salmas
County, West Azerbaijan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 622, in 119 families.[2] References[edit]^ Moghul can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3767444" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database". ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)". Islamic Republic of Iran
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Sikh Confederacy
 Pakistan Misl
Misl
generally refers to the sovereign states of the Sikh Confederacy,[1][2] that rose during the 18th century in the Punjab region of the Indian subcontinent
Indian subcontinent
after the collapse of the Mughal Em
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List Of Countries And Dependencies By Area
This is a list of the world's countries and their dependent territories by area, ranked by total area. Entries in this list include, but are not limited to, those in the ISO 3166-1 standard, which includes sovereign states and dependent territories
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List Of Countries By Population
This is a list of countries and dependent territories by population. It includes sovereign states, inhabited dependent territories and, in some cases, constituent countries of sovereign states, with inclusion within the list being primarily based on the ISO standard ISO 3166-1. For instance, the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
is considered as a single entity while the constituent countries of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Kingdom of the Netherlands
are considered separately. In addition, this list includes certain states with limited recognition not found in ISO 3166-1. The population figures do not reflect the practice of countries that report significantly different populations of citizens domestically and overall
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Rupee
The rupee is the common name for the currency of India. Since many countries were a part of ancient India
India
so they also share their currency name with 'rupee' like Pakistan, Indonesia, Maldives, Mauritius, Nepal, Bhutan, Seychelles, Sri Lanka, and formerly those of Afghanistan, Tibet, Burma and British East Africa, German East Africa and Trucial States. Basically, the Indian rupee
Indian rupee
is referred to as simply a rupee, whereas for other countries it is mandatory for them to introduce their county name before rupeei.e. Pakistani rupee, Nepalese rupee, Mauritius rupee, Sri Lankan rupee etc.In the Maldives, the unit of currency is known as the rufiyah, which is a cognate of the Sanskrit
Sanskrit
rupya. The Indian rupees (₹) and Pakistani rupees (₨) are subdivided into one hundred paise (singular paisa) or pice
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Dam (Indian Coin)
A Dam was a small Indian copper coin. The coin was first introduced by Sher Shah Suri
Sher Shah Suri
during his rule of India
India
between 1540 and 1545, along with Mohur, the gold coin and Rupiya
Rupiya
the silver coin[1] Later on, the Mughal Emperors
Mughal Emperors
standardised the coin along with other silver (Rupiya) and gold (Mohur) coins in order to consolidate the monetary system across India. It is believed that this coin is one of the possible sources for the English phrase “I don't give a dam[n]″, due to its small worth.[2] See also[edit]Mohur History of RupeeReferences[edit]^ Mughal Coinage Archived 2008-05-16 at the Wayback Machine. at RBI Monetary Museum. Retrieved on 4 May 2008. ^ Gorrell, Robert, Watch Your Language: Mother Tongue and Her Wayward Children, University of Nevada Press, 1994
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Delhi Sultanate
The Delhi
Delhi
Sultanate
Sultanate
(Persian:دهلی سلطان, Urdu:دہلی سلیٹیٹ) was a Muslim
Muslim
sultanate based mostly in Delhi
Delhi
that stretched over large parts of the Indian subcontinent
Indian subcontinent
for 320 years (1206–1526).[5][6] Five dynasties ruled over the Delhi
Delhi
Sultanate sequentially: the Mamluk
Mamluk
dynasty (1206–90), the Khalji dynasty (1290–1320), the Tughlaq dynasty
Tughlaq dynasty
(1320–1414),[7] the Sayyid dynasty (1414–51), and the Lodi dynasty
Lodi dynasty
(1451–1526)
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Rajput States
During the medieval and later feudal/colonial periods, many parts of Northern regions of the Indian subcontinent
Indian subcontinent
were ruled as sovereign or princely states by various dynasties of Rajputs.Contents1 Early medieval dynasties 2 Rajput states 3 See also 4 References4.1 Bibliography5 External linksEarly medieval dynasties[edit] The term "Rajput" has been used as an anachronistic designation for several Hindu dynasties that confronted the Ghaznavid
Ghaznavid
and Ghurid invaders during the 11th and 12th centuries
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British Raj
Indian languagesGovernment ColonyMonarch of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and Emperor/Empressa •  1858–1901 Victoria •  1901–1910 Edward VII •  1910–1936 George V •  1936 Edward VIII •  1936–1947 George VI Viceroy
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Bahadur Shah II
Mirza Abu Zafar Sirajuddin Muhammad
Muhammad
Bahadur Shah Zafar
Bahadur Shah Zafar
(24 October 1775 – 7 November 1862) was the last Mughal emperor. He was the second son[1] of and became the successor to his father, Akbar
Akbar
II, upon his death on 28 September 1837. He was a nominal Emperor, as the Mughal Empire
Mughal Empire
existed in name only and his authority was limited only to the city of Delhi
Delhi
(Shahjahanbad). Following his involvement in the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the British exiled him to Rangoon
Rangoon
in British-controlled Burma, after convicting him on conspiracy charges. Zafar's father, Akbar II
Akbar II
had been imprisoned by the British and he was not his father’s preferred choice as his successor
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Outline Of South Asian History
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the history of South Asia: History of South Asia
South Asia
South Asia
South Asia

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South Asian Stone Age
The South Asian Stone Age
South Asian Stone Age
covers the Palaeolithic, Mesolithic
Mesolithic
and Neolithic
Neolithic
periods in South Asia. Evidence for the most ancient anatomically modern Homo sapiens
Homo sapiens
in South Asia
South Asia
has been found in the cave sites of Cudappah
Cudappah
of India, Batadombalena
Batadombalena
and Belilena
Belilena
in Sri Lanka.[1] In Mehrgarh, in what is today western Pakistan, the Neolithic
Neolithic
began c. 7000 BCE and lasted until 3300 BCE and the first beginnings of the Bronze Age
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Madrasian Culture
The Madrasian culture is a prehistoric archaeological culture of India, dated to the Lower Paleolithic, the earliest subdivision of the Stone Age.[1][2] It belongs to the Acheulian industry, and some scholars consider the distinction between the Madrasian and the broader, regional Acheulian tradition defunct.[3][4] The culture is characterized by bifacial handaxes and cleavers,[5] but also includes flake tools, microliths and other chopping tools. Most were made from quartzite.[6] The Madrasian was named for its type site of Attirampakkam, near to the city of Madras (now known as Chennai), discovered by British archaeologist and geologist Robert Bruce Foote
Robert Bruce Foote
in 1863.[2][3] The oldest tools at Attirampakkam have been dated to 1.5 million years ago using cosmic-ray exposure dating.[7] See also[edit]South Asian Stone Age Soanian
Soanian
cultureReferences[edit]^ Armand, J (1985)
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Soanian
The Soanian
Soanian
is an archaeological culture of the Lower Paleolithic
Lower Paleolithic
in the Siwalik region of the Indian subcontinent.[1] Contemporary to the Acheulean, it is named after the Soan Valley in Pakistan. Soanian sites are found along the Sivalik region in present-day India, Nepal and Pakistan.[2]Contents1 Findings 2 Spread across Shivalik Hills region 3 See also 4 References 5 Further reading 6 External linksFindings[edit]ChauntraKhasala KalanSivalik HillsSoan RiverMap of the Indian Subcontinent
Indian Subcontinent
showing important sites of the Soanian culture.The term "Soan Culture" was first used by Hellmut De Terra in 1936,[3] but D. N
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Bhirrana
Bhirrana, also Bhirdana and Birhana, is a small village located in Fatehabad District, in the Indian state of Haryana.[1][2]Contents1 Location 2 Excavations 3 Dating 4 Cultures 5 Dancing girl graffiti 6 Other findings 7 See also 8 References 9 Sources 10 Further reading 11 External linksLocation[edit] Bhirrana
Bhirrana
siteLocation Haryana, IndiaCoordinates 29°33′15″N 75°33′55″E / 29.55417°N 75.56528°E / 29.55417; 75.56528Length 190 m (620 ft)Width 240 m (790 ft)HistoryFounded Approximately 7570 BCEAbandoned Approximately 2600 BCEPeriods Hakra Wares to Mature HarappanCultures Indus Valley CivilizationSite notesExcavation dates 2003-04, 2004–05, 2005-06The site is situated about 220 km to the northwest of New Delhi on the New Delhi-Fazilka national highway and about 14 km northeast of the district headquarters on the Bhuna road in the Fatehabad district
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